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In that celebrated passage of Sallust, nary observers passes for wit. A fpite. where Cæfar and Cato are placed in ful saying gratifies so many little pas." such beautiful, but opposite lights; Cæ- fions in thole who hear it, that it gene. far's character is chiefly made up of rally meets with a good reception. The good-nature, as it shewed itself in all laugh rises upon it, and the man who it's fornis towards his friends or his utters it is looked upon as a shrewd faenemies, his servants or dependents, the tirist. This may be one reason why a guilty or the distressed. As for Cato's great many pleasant companions appear character, it is rather awful than amia- so surprisingly dull, when they have enble. Justice seems most agreeable to deavoured to be merry in print; the the nature of God, and mercy to that of public being more just than private man. A Being who has nothing to clubs or affemblies, 'in distinguishing pardon in himlelf, may reward every between what is wit and what is illman according to his works; but he nature. whose very best actions must be seen Another reason why the good-natured with grains of allowance, cannot be too man may sometimes bring his wit in mild, moderate, and forgiving. For question, is, perhaps, because he is apt this reason, among all the monstrous to be moved with compassion for those characters in human nature, there is misfortunes or infirmities, which anonone so odious, nor indeed so exquisitely ther would turn into ridicule, and by ridiculous, as that of a rigid severe tem- that means gain the reputation of a wit. per in a worthless man.
The ill-natured man, though but of This part of good-nature, however, equal parts, gives himself a larger field which consists in the pardoning and over to expatiate in; he exposes those failings looking of faults, is to be exercised only in human nature which the other would in doing ourselves juitice, and that too cast a veil over, laughs at vices which in the ordinary commerce and occur the other either excuses or conceals, rences of life; for in the public admi- gives utterance to reflections which the nistrations of justice, mercy to one may other itifles, falls indifferently upon be cruelty to others.
friends or enemies, exposes the person It is grown almost into a maxim, that who has obliged him, and, in hort, good-natured men are not always men sticks at nothing that may establish his of the most wit. This observation, in character of a wit. It is no wonder my opinion, has no foundation in na- therefore he succeeds in it better than ture. The greatest wits I have con. the man of humanity, as a person who versed with are men eminent for their makes use of indirect methods is humanity. I take therefore this remark more likely to grow rich than the fair to have been occasioned by two reasons. trader. First, because ill-nature among ordi.
END OF THE SECOND VOLUME.
S the profefled design of this work is to entertain it's readers in
general, without giving offence to any particular person, it would be difficult to find out so proper a patron for it as yourself, there being none whose merit is more universally acknowledged by all parties, and who has made himself more friends, and fewer ene. mies. Your great abilities, and unquestioned integrity, in those high employments which you have passed through, would not have been able to have raised you this general approbation, had they not been accompanied with that moderation in an high fortune, and that affability of manners, which are so conspicuous through all parts of your life. Your averfion to any oftentatious arts of setting to show those great services which you have done the public, has not likewise a little contributed to that universal acknowledgment which is paid you by your country.
The confideration of this part of your character, is that which hinders me from enlarging on those extraordinary talents, which have given you so great a águre in the British senate, as well as in that elegance and politeness which appear in your more retired conversation. I should be unpardonable, if, after what I have said, I hould longer detain you with an address of this nature : I cannot, however, conclude it without owning those great obligations which you have
S P E C T A T O R.
VOLUME THE THIRD.
No CLXX. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1711.
IN AMORI HAC OMNIA INSUNT VITIA: INJURIA,
.TER.EUN. Act. 1, Sc. Is ALL TREIL INCONVENIENCIES ARL INCIDENT TO LOVE: RLPROACHES, JLA.
LOUSIES, QUARRELS, RICONCILIMENTS, WAR, AND THEN PLACE.
TPON looking over the letters of desirés, and gives the party beloved so
my female correspondents, I find beautiful a figure in his imagination, several from women complaining of jea.. makes him believe the kindles the same lous husbands, and at the same time paflion in others, and appears as amiaprotesting their own innocence; and de- ble to all beholders. And as jealousy firing my advice on this occasion. I thus arises from an extraordinary love,
all therefore take this subject into my it is of lo delicate a nature, that it scorns confideration; and the more willingly, to take up with any thing less than an because I find that the Marquis of Ha. equal return of love. Not the warmest lifax, who, in his Advice to a Daughter, expreslions of affection, the loftest and has instructed a wife how to behave her moft tender hypocrify, are able to give self towards a false, an intemperate, a any fatisfaction, where we are not percholeric, a sullen, a covetous, or a filly fuaded that the affection is real, and the husband, has not spoken one word of a satisfaction mutual. For the jealous jealous husband.
man withes himself a kind of deity to Jealousy is that pain which a man the person he loves: he would be the feels from the apprehension that be is not only pleasure of her fenfes, the employequally beloved by the person whom he ment of her thoughts; and is angry at intirely loves. Now because our in- every thing the admires, or takes delight ward passions and inclinations can never in, besides himself. make themselves visible, it is impoffible Phædria's request to his mistress upon for a jealous man to be thoroughly cured his leaving her for three days, is inimiof his fufpicions. His thoughts hang tably beautiful and nataral. at best in a state of doubtfulness and uncertainty; and are never capable of Cum milite ijfo præfens, al sens ut fics: receiving any fatisfaction on the advan. Dies nocte que me ames: me defideres: tageous fide; so that his inquiries are
Me fomnies: me expectes: de me cogitis: most successful when they discover no
Me speres: me te oblettes: mecum iuta fis: thing. His pleasure arises from his dir. Meus fac fis poftremò aximus, quando ego fume
TER. EUN, ACT.1. Sc.2. appointments, and his life is spent in pursuit of a secret that destroys his hap- When you are in company with that soldier, piness if he chance to find it.
behave as if you were absent: but continue An ardent love is always a strong in to love me by day and by night: want me; gredient in this passion; for the same af. dream of me; expect me; think of me; fection which Airs up the jealous man's
wisha for me; delight in me; be wholly
with me: in short, be my very foul, as I that directed the wise man in his advies am your's,
to husbands- Be not jealous over the
• wife of thy bosom, and teach her not The jealous man's disease is of so ma an evil leffon against thyself.' Ecclas. lignant a nature, that it converts all he And here, among the other torments takes into it's own nourishment. A which this passion produces, we may eool behaviour fets him on the rack, and usually observe that none are greater is interpreted as an instance of aversion mourners than jealous men, when the or indifference; a fond one raises his person who provoked their jealousy is fufpicions, and looks too much like dif- taken from them. Then it is that their fimulation and artifice. If the person love breaks out furiously, and throws he loves be chearful, her thoughts must off all the mixtures of suspicion which he employed on another; and if sad, choaked and smothered it before. The she is certainly thinking on himself. In beautiful parts of the character rise upshort, there is no word or gelture so in- permost in the jealous husband's mefignificant, but it gives him new hints, mory, and upbraid him with the ill feeds his suspicions, and furnishes him usage of fo divine a creature as was once with fresh matters of discovery: fo that in his poffeffion; whilft all the little imif we contider the effects of this paslion, perfections, that were before so uneasy one would rather think it proceeded to him, wear off from his remembrance, from an inveterate hatred, than an ex and Mew themselves no inore. ecllive love; for certainly none can meet We may fee by what has been said, with more disquietude and uneasiness that jealousy takes the deepest root ia mhan a suspected wife, if we except the men of amorous dispositions ; and of jealous husband.
these we may find three kindi who are But the great unhappiness of this most over-run with it. passion is, that it naturally tends to The first are those who are conscious alienate the affection which it is so fo- to themselves of any infirmity, whether licitous to ingross; and that for these it be weakness, old-age, deformity, ig. iwo reasons, because it lays too great a norance, or the like. These men are lo .contraint on the words and actions of well acquainted with the unamiable part ebe fufpected person, and at the same of themselves, that they have not the time Mews you have no honourable opi- confidence to think they are really be. nion of her; both of which are strong loved; and are so diftruitful of their own snotives to averfion.
merits, that all fondness towards them Nor is this the worst effect of jealou- puts them out of countenance, and fy; for it often draws after it a more fa- looks like a jest upon their persons. tal train of confequences, and makes the They grow suspicious on their firit look perion you suspect guilty of the very ing in a glass, and are itung with jeaCrines you are so much afraid of. It lousy at the light of a wrinkle. A is very natural for such who are treated handsome fellow immediately alarms al and upbı aided falsely, to find out an them, and every thing that looks young intimate friend that will hear their com or gay turns their thoughts upon their plaints, condole their sufferings, and wives. endeavour to soothe and assuage their A second sort of men, who are most 1ecret recentments. Besides, jealousy liable to this paffion, are those of cunputs a woman often in mind of an illning, wary, and distrustful tempers. It shing that the would not otherwise per- is a fault very juftly found in histories haps have thought of, and fills her ima. composed by politicians, that they leave gination with such an unlucky idea, as nothing to chance or humour, but art in time grows familiar, excites desire, ftill for deriving every action from some and loses all the shame and horror which plot or contrivance, for drawing up a might at first attend it. Nor is it a won- perpetual scheme of causes and events, der if the who suffers wrongfully in a and preserving a conftant correspondman's opinion of her, and has therefore ence between the camp and the counnothing to forfeit in his esteem, resolves cil table. And thus it happens in the to give him reason for his suspicions, affairs of love with men of too refined a and to enjoy the pleasure of the crime, thought. They put a construction on bance he must undergo the ignominy, a look, and find out a design in a smile; Such probably were was considerations they give new lenses and fignifications