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to words and actions; and are ever tor Whether these or other motives are menting themselves with fancies of their molt predominant, we learn from the own railing. They generally act in a modern histories of America, as well as disguise themselves, and therefore mif- from our own experience in this part of take all outward shows and appearances the world, that jealousy is no northern for hypocrisy in others; so that I be paision, but rages most in those nations lieve 'no men fee less of the truth and that lie nearest the influence of the fun. reality of things, than these great re It is a misfortune for a woman to be finers upon incidents, who are fo won born between the tropicks; for there lie derfully subtle and over-wise in their the hottest regions of jealousy, which as conceptions.
you come northward cools all along with Now what these men fancy they know the climate, until you scarce meet with of women by reflection, your lewd and any thing like it in the polar circle. vicious men believe they have learned Our own nation is very temperately by experience. They have seen the situated in this respect; and if we meet poor husband so milled by tricks and with some few disordered with the vioartifices, and in the midst of his in lence of this passion, they are not the quiries fo loft and bewildered in a crook- proper growth of our country, but are ed intrigue, that they still suspect an many degrees nearer the sun in their under-plot in every female action; and conftitutions than in their climate. especially when they see any resem After this frightful account of jeablance in the behaviour of two perfons, louly, and the perfons who are most subare apt to fancy it proceeds from the jeet to it, it will be but fair to fhew by fame design in both. These men therefore what means the pasion may be best albear hard upon the suspected party, pur- layed, and those who are poflessed with fue her close through all her turnings it set at ease. Other faults indeed are and windings, and are too well acquaint. not under the wife's jurisdiction, and ed with the chace, to be Aung off by mould, if possible, escape her obfervaany false steps or doubles: besides, their tion; but jealousy calls upon her partiacquaintance and conversation has lain cularly for it's cure, and deserves all her wholly among the vicious part of wo art and application in the attempt: bemen-kind, and therefore it is no won fides, she has this for her encouragement, der they censure all alike, and look that her endeavours will be always upon the whole sex as a species of im- pleasing, and that she will still find the postors. But if, notwithstanding their affection of her hufband rising towards private experience, they can get over her in proportion as his doubts and these prejudices, and entertain a favour suspicions vanith; for, as we have seen able opinion of some women; yet their all along, there is so great a mixture of own loose desires will itir up new sufpi- love in jealousy, as is well worth the tesions from another side, and make them parating. But this shall be the subject believe all men subject to the same in- of another paper, clinations with themselves.
AVING in my yesterday's paper in another what the jealous man is him
discovered the nature of jealousy, self guilty of, or to admire any thing in and pointed out the persons who are most which he himself does not excel. A subject to it, I muit here apply myself jealous man is very quick in his applito my fair correspondents, who desire cations, he knows how to find a double to live well with a jealous husband, edge in an invective, and to draw a faand to ease his mind of it's unjust fu- tire on himself oui of a panegyric on spicions.
another. He does not trouble himself The first rule I shall propose to be uh to consider the person, but to direct the forved is, that you never seem to ditlite character; and is fecretly pleased or con.
founded as he finds more or less of him with him, and to let in light upon your felt in it. The commendation of any actions, to unravel all your designs, and thing in another stins up his jealousy, as discover every secret, however trifling or it thews you have a value for others be- indifferent. A jealous husband has a fides himself; but the commendation of particular aversion to winks and whis. that, which he himlelf wants, infames pers, and if he does not see to the bot. him more, as it shews that in fome re tom of every thing, will be sure to go spects you prefer, others before himn. beyond it in his fears and suspicions. Jealousy is admirably described in this He will always expect to be your chief view by Horace in his ode to Lydia. confident, and where he finds himself
kept out of a secret, will believe there Quum tu, Lydia, Telepbi
is inore in it than there should be. And *Cervicom pojeam, it cerea Telepbi here it is of great concern, that you pre Landas bracbia, ve mezin
ferve the character of your fincerity uniFirvens difi ili bile tumet jecura forin and of a piece: for if he once finds a Tunc nec 17.017s mibi, nec cely
falfe gloss put upon any single action, hs Cerrá fede manet; bumor et ir genas Furiim labitur, arguenis
quickly fufpects all the rest; his work. Qadm lettis penitùs macerer ignibus.
ing imagination immediately takes 2
falfe bint, and runs off with it into feOD. X111. LIB. I.
veral remote consequences, until he has When Telephus his youthful charms, proved very ingenious in working out His rosy neck and winding arms, his own misery With endleis rapture you recite,
If both these methods fail, the best And in the pleafing name delight; way will be to let him fee you are much My heart, infiam'd by jealous heats,
cait down and afflicted for the ill opinion With numberless refeniments beats;
be entertains of you, and the disquie. From my pale cheek the colour flies,
tudes he himself suffers for your fake. And all the man within mc dies :
There are many who take a kind of bar. By turns my hidden grief appears In riling lighs and falling tears,
barous pleasure in the jealousy of those That thew too well the warm defires,
who lore them, and insult over an aking The frient, Now, consuming fires,
heart, and triumph in their charms Which on my inmost vitals prey,
which are able to excite so much unAnd melt my very loul away.
Ardeat ipfa licet, tormenris gaudit amantis. The jealous man is not indeed angry
Juv. Sat. VI. VER. 208. if you dislike another: but if thole faults which are to be found in his Though equal pains her peace of mind destroy, own character, you discover not only A lover's torments give her spiteful joy. your diflike of another, but of hinself. But these often carry the humour so fare In short, he is so delirous of ingrofling until their affected coldness and indiffeall your love, that he is grieved at the rence quite kills all the fondness of a want of any charm, which he believes lover, and are then sure to meet in their has power to raise it; and if he finds by turn with all the contempt and scorn that your cenfures on others, that he is not is due to fo insolent a behaviour. On so agreeable in your opinion as he might the contrary, it is very probable a me: be, he naturally concludes you could lancholy, dejected carriage, the usual love him better if he had other qualifi- effects of injured innocence, may soften cations, and that by consequence your the jealous husband into pity, make affection does not rise to high as he him sensible of the wrong he does you, thinks it ought. If, therefore, his tem and work out of his mind all those fears per be grave or sullen, you must not be and suspicions that make you both untoo much pleased with a jest, or tranf- bappy. At least it will have this good ported with any thing that is gay or din effect, that he will keep his jealousy to verting. If his beauty be none of the himself, and repine in private, either be. beit, you muít be a profesed admirer cause he is fenìble it is a weakness, and of prudence, or any other quality he is will therefore hide it from your knowmaiter of, or at least vain enough to ledge, or because he will be apt to fear think he is.
fome ill effect it may produce, in coolIn the next place, you must be sure ing your love towards him, or diverting to be free and open in your conversation it to another, .
There is still another secret that can were so wholly taken up with the cruelty never fail, if you can once get it be of his orders, that the could not con. lieved, and which is often practised by sider the kindnels that produced thein, women of greater cunning than virtue. and therefore represented him in her This is to change fides for a while with imagination, rather under the frightful the jealous man, and to turn his own idea of a murderer than a lover. Hepasfion upon himself; to take fome oc rod was at length acquitted and dismissed casion of growing jealous of him, and by Mark Antony, when his soul was to follow the example he himself hath all in flames for his Mariamne; but heset you. This counterfeited jealousy fore their meeting, he was not a little will bring him a great deal of pleasure, alarmed at the report he had heard of if he thinks it real; for he knows ex his uncle's convertation and familiarity perimentally how much love goes along with her in his absence. This, therewith this passion, and will besides feel fore, was the first discourse he entersomething like the satisfaction of revenge, tained her with, in which she found it in seeing you undergo all his own tor no easy matter to quiet his fufpicions, tures. But this, indeed, is an artifice But at last he appeared to well satisfied fo difficult, and at the same time so dir of her innocence, that from reproaches ingenuous, that it ought never to be and wranglings he fell to tears and einput in practice but by tuch as have fkill braces. Both of thein wept very tenenough to cover the deceit, and inno- derly at their reconciliation, and Herod cence to render it excusable.
poured out his whole foul to her in the I fhall conclude this essay with the warmest protestations of love and con. story of Herod and Mariamne, as I ftancy; when amidit all his fighs and have collected it out of Josephus; which languishings she asked him, whether the may serve almoft as an example to what- private orders he left with his uncle eyer can be laid on this subject. Joseph were an instance of such an in
Mariamne had all the charms that famed affection. The jealous king beauty, birth, wit, and youth, could was immediately roused at so unexpe&tgive a woman; and Herod all the love ed a question, and concluded his uncie that such charms are able to raise must have beer. too familiar with her, warm and amorous disposition. In the before he would have discovered such a midst of this his fondness for Mariamne, secret. In short, he put his uncle to he put her brother to death, as he did death, and very dificultly prevailed upon her father not many years after. The himself to spare Mariamne. barbarity of the action was represented After this he was forced on a second to Mark Antony, who immediately journey into Egypt, when he committed fummoned Herod into Egypt, to answer his lady to the care of Sohemus, with for the crime that was there laid to his the same private orders he had before charge. Herod attributed the summons given his uncle, if any mischief befel to Antony's desire for Mariamne, whom him. In the mean while Mariamne fo therefore, before his departure, he gave won upon Sohemus by her presents and into the custody of his uncle Joseph, obliging conversation, that ihe drew all with private orders to put her to death, the secret from bin, with which Herod if any such violence was offered to him had intrusted him; so that after his reself.' This Joseph was much delighted turn, when he flew to her with all the with Mariamne's conversation, and en- transports of joy and love, the received deavoured with all his art and rhetoric, him coldly with sighs and tears, and all to set out the excess of Herod's passion the marks of indifference and averfion. for her; but when he still found her cold This receptior
. fo ftirred up his indig. and incredulous, he inconsiderately told nation, that he had certainly nain her her, as a certain instance of her lord's with his own hands, had not he feared affe&tion, the private orders he had left he himself should have become the behind him, which plainly shewed, ac greater sufferer by it. It was not long cording to Joseph's interpretation, that after this, when he had another violent he could neither live nor die without return of love upon him; Marianne her. This barbarous instance of a wild was therefore fent for to him, whom he unreasonable passion quite put out, for endeavoured to soften and reconcile with a time, those little remains of affection all possible conjugal caresses and endear-, She still had for her lord: her thoughts ments; but the declined his embraces, and
answered all his fondness with bitter in. before him on the like occasion. Nor vectives for the death of her father and her would Herod rest here; but accused her brother. This behaviour lo incensed Ile- with great vehemence of a design upon sod, that he very hardly refrained irom his life, and by his authority with the Striking her; when in the heat of their judges had her publicly condemned and quarrel there came in a witness, suborned exccutei. Herod soon after her death bytome of Mariamne's enemies, whoac grew melancholy and dejected, retiring cuted her to the king of a design to poin from the public administration of affairs fon him. Herou was now prepared to into a folitary foreit, and there aban. hear any thing in her prejudice, and doning himself to all the black conside-" immediately ordered her servant to be rations, which naturally arise from a stretched upon the rack: who in the ex- pallion made up of love, remorse, pity, tremity of his tortures contest, that his and defpair. He used to rave for his mistrefs's aversion to the king arote froin Marianne, and to call upon her in foinething Sohemus had told her; but his difracted fits; and in all probability as for any defign of poisoning, hentter would soon have followed her, had not Iv disowned the least knowledge of it. his thoughts been seasonably called off This confession quickly proved fatal to from so fad an object by public itorms, Sohemus, who now lay under the fine which at that time very nearly threaten. fuspicions and sentence that Jofeph had ed him.
N° CLXXII. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 17.
XON SOL. UM SCIENTIA, RÚÆ EST REMOTA A JUSTITIA, CALLIDITAS POTIUS
QUAM SAPIENTIA EST APPELLANDA; VERUM ETIAM ANIMUS PARATUS A) PERICULUM, SI SUA CUPIDITATE, NON UTILITATE COMMUNI, IMPELLITUR, AUDACIA, POTIUS NOMEN HABEAT, QUAM FORTITUDINIS
PLATO APUD Tell. AS YNOWLEDGE, WITHOUT JUSTICE, OUGHT TO BE CALLED CUNNING, RATHER
THAN WISDOM; SO A MIND PREPARED TO MEET DANGER, IF EXCITED SY IT'S OWN EAGERNESS, AND NOT THE PUBLIC GOOD, DESERVES THE NAME OF AUDACITY, RATHER THAN OF COURAGE,
to human society than that good upon what we think we ought to contalents among men should be held ho. demn : yet this must be our condition in nourable to those who are endowed with all the parts of life, if we suffer ourthein without any regard how they are selves to approve any thing but what applied. The gifts of nature and ac tends to the promotion of what is good complishments of art are valuable but as and honourable. If we would take true they are exerted in the interests of vir- pains with ourselves to consider all things tue, or governed by the rules of honour. by the light of reason and justice, though We ought to abitract our minds from a man were in the height of youth and athe observation of any excellence in those morous inclinations, he would look upon we converfe with, until we have taken a coquette with the same contempt or fone notice, or received some gocd in, indifference as he would upon a coxformation of the disposition of their comb: the wanton carriage in a woman minds; otherwite the beauty of their would disappoint her of the admiration persons, or the charms of their wit, may which the aims at; and the vain dress er make us fond of those whom our reason discourse of a man would destroy the and judgment will tell us we ought to comeliness of his shape, or goodness of abhor.
his under&anding. I lay the goodness When we fuffer ourselves to be thus of his understanding, for it is no less carried away by mere beauty, or mere common to see men of sense commence wit, Omniamante, with all her vice, will coxcombs, than beautiful women bebear away as much of our good-will as come immodest. When this happens in the most innocent virgin or discreetelt either, the favour we are naturally inmation; and there cannot be a more ab clined to give to the good qualities they
have from nature Mould abate in pro. of the post convicted of perjury. But portion. But however juft it is to mea: conversation is fallen so low in point of fure the value of men by the application morality, that as they say in a bargain of their talents, and not by the emi Let the buyer look to it;' so in nence of those qualities abstracted froin friendship, he is the man in danger who their use; I say, however just such a is inost apt to believe: he is the more way of judging is, in all ages as well likely to suffer in the commerce, who as this, the contrary has prevailed upon begins with the obligation of being the the generality of mankind. How many more ready to enter into it. lewd devices have been preserved from But those men only are truly great, one age to another, which had perihed who place their ambition rather in acas soon as they were made, if painters quiring to themselves the conscience of and sculptors had been esteemed as worthy enterprises, than in the profpect much for the purpose as for the execu, of glory which attends them. These tion of their designs? Modest and well exalted spirits would rather be secretly governed imaginations have by this the authors of events which are service. means lost the representations of ten able to mankind, than, without being thousand charming portraitures, filled such, to have the public fame of it. with images of innate truth, generous Where therefore an eminent merit is zeal, courageous faith, and tender hu robbed by artifice or detraction, it does manity; instead of which, fatyrs, furies, but increase by such endeavours of it's and moniters, are recommended by those enemies: the impotent pains which are arts to a shameful eternity.
taken to fully it, or diffuse it among a The unjuit application of laudable crowd to the injury of a single person, talents, is tolerated in the general opi- will naturally produce the contrary efnion of men, not only in fuch cases as fect; the fire will blaze out, and burn are here mentioned, but also in matters up all that attempt to finother what they which concern ordinary life. If a lawyer cannot extinguith. were to be esteemed only as he uses his There is but one thing necessary to parts in contending for justice, and keep the possession of true glory, which were immediately despicable when he is, to hear the opposers of it with paappeared in a cause which he could not tience, and preferve the virtue by which but know was an unjust one, how ho- it was acquired. When a man is tho. nourable would his character be ? and roughly persuaded that he ought neither how honourable is it in such among us, to admire, with for, or pursue any thing who follow the profession no otherwise, but what is exactly his duly, it is not than as labouring to protect the injured, in the power of fealons, perions or acto subdue the oppressor, to imprison the cidents, to diminish his value. He only careless debtor, and do right to the pain. is a great man who can neglect the apful artificer; but many of this excellent plause of the multitude, and enjoy binsharacter are overlooked by the greater Ielf indepen-lent of it's favour. This number; who affect covering a weak is indeed an arduous talk; but it should place in a client's title, diverting the comfort a glorious spirit that it is the course of an inquiry, or finding a skil- higher step to which human parure can ful refuge to palliate a falsehood; yet it arrive, Triumph, applause, acclama. is still called eloquence in the latter, tion, are dear to the mind of man; but though thus unjustly employed: but re it is still a more exquisite delight to ay solution in an assafsin is according to to yourself, you have done well, than reafon quite as laudable, as knowledge to hear the whole human race pronounce and wisdong exercised in the defence of you glorious, except you yourself can an ill cause,
join with them in your own reflections. Were the intention stedfastly confi. A mind thus equal and uniform may be dered, as the meafure of approbation, deserted by little fashionable admirers all falsehood would soon be out of coun- and followers, but will ever be had in tenance: and an address in impofing reverence by souls like iiself. The upon mankind, wonld be as contempti- branches of the oak endure all the feable in one state of life as another. " A fons of the year, though it's leaves fall couple of courtiers making profeflions off in autumn; and these too will be reof esteem, would inake the same figure stored with the returning spring. т after breach of promise, as two knights