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speechless, till an occasion offered of fashed out his rosin in such just proporexpressing himself in the refuse of the tions and in such due time, that I could tyring-rooms. We had a judge that not forbear conceiving hopes of his bedanced a minuet with a Quaker for his, ing one day a moft excellent player. I partner, while half a dozen harlequins saw indeed but two things wanting to stood by as fpectators; a Turk drank render his whole action compleat, I me off two bottles of wine, and a Jew mean the keeping his head a little lower, eat me up half a ham of bacon. If I and hiding his candle. can bring my design to bear, and make I observe that Mr. Powell and the the masquers preserve their characters in undertakers had both the same thought, my assemblies, I hope you will allow and I think much about the fame time, there is a foundation laid for more ele- of introducing animais on their several gant and improving gallantries than any stages, though indeed with very different the town at present affords; and conse. success. The Sparrows and Chattinches quently, that you will give your appro at the Haymarket fly as yet very irre. bation to the endeavours of, Sir, gularly over the stage; and instead of Your most obedient humble servant. perciing on the trees and performing

their parts, theie young actors either get I am very glad the following epiftle into the galleries, or put out the candles; i obliges me to mention Mr. Powell a se. whereas Mr. Powell has fo well disci

cond time in the fame paper; for indeed plined his Pig, that in the firtt scene ho there cannot be too great encouragement and Punch dance a minuet together. I given to his skill in motions, provided am informed however, that Mr. Powell he is under proper restrictions,

refolves to excel his adversaries in their own way; and introduce Larks in his

next opera of Susanna, or Innocence THE Opera at the Hay-market, and Betrayed, which will be exhibited next

that under the Little Piazza in Co week with a pair of new Elders. vent Garden, being at present the two The moral of Mr. Powell's drama leading diversions of the town, and Mr, is violated, I confess, by Punch's naPoweil professing in his advertisements tional reflections on the French, and to set up Whittington and his Cat against King Harry's laying his leg upon the Rinaldo and Armida, my curiolity led Queen's lap in too ludicrous a manner me the beginning of last week to view before so great an aflembly. both thefe performances, and make my As to the mechanism and scenery, observations upon them.

every thing indeed was uniform and of First therefore, I cannot but observe a piece, and the scenes were managed that Mr. Powell wisely forbearing to very dextrously; which calls on me to give his company a bill of fare before take notice, that at the Haymarket the hand, every scene is new and unexpect- undertakers forgetting to change heir ed; whereas it is certain, that the un side-Scenes, we were prelented with a dertakers of the Haymarket, having prospect of the ocean in the midit of a railed too great an expectation in their delightful grove; and though the genprinted opera, very much disappoint the tlemen on the stage had very much conaudience on the itage.

tributed to the beauty of the grove, by The King of Jerusalem is olliged to walking up and down between the trees, come from the city on foot, instead of I must own I was not a little astonished being drawn in a triuinphant chariot by to see a well-dressed young fellow, in a white horses, as my opera-hook had full-bottomed wig, appear in the midst promised me; and thus while I expected of the sea, and without any visible conArmida's dragons thould rush forward cern taking inuif. towards Argantes, I found the hero was I thall only observe one thing farther, obliged to go to Armidi, and hard! her in which both dramas agree; which is, out of her coach.

We had also but a that by the squeak of their voices the very short allowance of thunder and herces of each are cunuchs ; and as the lightning; though I cannot in this place wit in both pieces is equal, I must preomit doing justice to the boy who had fer the performance of Mr. Powell, bethe direction of the two painted dragons, cause it is in our own language. I and made them !pid fire and linole; he ani, &c,


No XV.



OVID. ARS AM. I. 159.



'HEN I was in France, I used lovers luckily bethought himself of add

to gaze with great astonishinent -ing a supernumerary lace to his liveries, at the splendid equipages, and party. which had so good an effect that he mare coloured habits, of that fantastic nation. ried her the very week after. I was one day in particular contemplat The usual conversation of ordinary ing a lady, that lat in a coach adorned women very much cherishes this natural with giided Cupids, and finely painted weakness of being taken with outside with the loves of Venus and Adonis. and appearance. Talk of a new-marThe coach was drawn by fix milk-white ried couple, and you immediately hear hories, and loaden behind with the fame whether they keep their coach and fix, number of powdered footmen. Just be or eat in plate; mention the name of an fore the lady were a couple of beautiful absent lady, and it is ten to one but you pages that were stuck among the harness, learn something of her gown and pettiand by their gay dresles and smiling coat. A ball is a great help to discourse, features, looked like the elder brothers and a birth day furnishes conversation of the little boys that were carved and for a twelvemonth after. A furbelow painted in every corner of the coach. of precious stones, an hat buttoned with

The lady was the unfortunate Cle a diamond, a brocade waistcoat or petanthe, who afterwards gave an occasion ticoat, are itanding topics. In short, to a pretty melancholy novel. She had they confider only the drapery of the for several years received the addresses species, and never cast away a thought of a gentleman, whom after a long and on those ornaments of the mind that intimate acquaintance the forsook, upon make persons illustrious in themselves the account of this shining equipage, and useful to others. When women are which had been offered to her by one of thus perpetually dazzling one another's great riches but a crazy constitution. imaginations, and filling their heads with The circumstances in which I saw her, nothing but colours, it is no wonder that were, it seemns, the disguises only of a they are more attentive to the superficial broken heart, and a kind of pageantry parts of life than the folid and substanto cover distress ; for in two months tial blessings of it. A girl who has after she was carried to her grave with been trained up in this kind of converthe saine pomp and magnificence; being fation, is in danger of every embroidered sent thither partly by the loss of one coat that comes in hur way. A pair of lovemy and partly by the possession of fringed gloves may be her ruin. In a another,

word, lace and ribbons, filver and gold I have often reflected with myself on galloons, with the like glittering gewthis unaccountable humour of woman gaws, are so many lures to women of kind, of being smitten with every thing weak minds or low educations, and that is showy and fuperficial; and on the when artificially displayed, are able to numberless evils that befal the sex from fetch down the most airy coquette from this light fantastical disposition. I my- the wildest of her flights and rambles. self remember a young lady, that was True happiness is of a retired nature, very warmly solicited by a couple of and an enemy to pomp and noise; it importunaté rivals, who, for several arises, in the first place, froin the enmonths together, did all they could

to joyment of one's felf; and, in the next, recommend themselves by complacency from the friendship and conversation of of behaviour, and agreeableness of con a few select companions; it loves shade versation. At length, when the compe-. and solitude, and naturally haunts groves tition was doubtful, and the lady unde- and fountains, fields and meadows: in termined in her choice, one of the young short, it feels everything it wants with

E 2


in itself, and receives no addition from, house, or the drawing-room; she lives multitudes of witnesses and spectators. in a perpetual motion of body, and reftOn the contrary, false happiness loves lessness of thought, and is never easy in to be in a crowd, and to draw the eyes any one place, when she thinks there is of the world upon her. She does not more company in another. The miffing receive any satisfaction from the ap of an opera the first night would be more plauses which she gives herself, but froin afflicting to her than the death of a child. the admiration which the raises in others. She pities all the valuable part of her She flourishes in courts and palaces, own sex, and calls every woman of a theatres and assemblies, and has no exift-, prudent, modeft, and retired life, a poorence but when she is looked upon. spirited unpolished creature. What a

Aurelia, though a woman of great mortification would it be to Fulvia, if the quality, delights in the privacy of a knew that her setting herself to view is country life, and passes away a great but exposing herself, and that the grows part of her time in her own walks and contemptible by being conspicuous! gardens. Her husband, who is her bo. I cannot conclude my paper, without fom friend and companion in her soli- observing, that Virgil has very finely tudes, has been in love with her ever touched upon this female passion for fince he knew her. They both abound dress and show, in the character of Cawith good sense, consummate virtue, and milla; who, though he feeins to bave a mutual esteem; and are a perpetual en- fhaken off all the other weaknesses of her tertainment to one another. Their fa- fex, is still described as a woman in this inily is under so regular an ceconomy, particular. The poet tells us, that, after in it's hours of devotion and repast, em- having made a great flaughter of the eneployment and diversion, that it looks my, she unfortunately cast her eye on a like a little commonwealth within itself. Trojan, who wore an embroidered tu'They often go into company, that they nic, a beautiful coat of mail, with a may return with the greater delight to mantle of the finest purple. A golden one another; and sometiines live in town, • bow,' says he, hung upon his thoulder; not to enjoy it fo properly as to grow ' his garment was buckled with a goldweary of it, that they may renew in en clafp; and his head was covered with thenielves the relish of a country life. an helmet of the fame shining metal.' By this means they are happy in each The Amazon immediately singled out o:her, beloved by their children, ailored this well-drefied warrior, being seized by their servants, and are become the with a woman's longing for the pretty envy, or rather the delight, of all that trappings that he was adorned with know them. How different to this is the life of

-Torumque incauta per agmen, Fulvia! the confiders her husband as her

Fæmineo prædæ et Spoliorum ar debat amore.

FEN. 11. VER. 788. steward, and looks upon discretion and good house wifery as little domestic vir- This heedless pursuit after these glitter. tues, unbecoming a woman of quality. ing trifles, the poet (by a nice concealed She thinks lite loft in her own family, moral) represents to have been the deand fancies herself out of the world struction of his female hero. when she is not in the sing, the play



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to be very satirical upon the little in Fleet Street; a third lends me an Muff that is now in fashion; another in- heavy complaint againit frirged Gloves. forms me of a pair of silver Garters To be brief, there is scarce an ornabuckled below the knee, that have been ment of either sex which one or other


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of my correspondents has not inveighed letters with private fcandal and black againit with some bitterness, and recom accounts of particular persons and fa

mended to my observation. I must milies. The world is so full of ill- therefore, once for all, inform my readers, nature, that I have lampoons sent me

that it is not my intention to fink the by people who cannot spell, and satires dignity of this my paper with reflections composed by those who scarce know how upon red-heels or top-knots, but rather

to write. By the last poft in particular, to enter into the paflions of mankind, I received a packet of scandal which is and to correct those depraved sentiments not legible; and have a whole bundle of that give birth to all those little extra letters in women's hands that are full of vagancies which appear in their outward blots and calumnies, insomuch, that dress and behaviour. Foppish and fan-, when I see the name Cælia, Phillis, tallic ornaments are only indications of Paltora, or the like, at the bottom of á vice, not criminal in themselves. Ex- fcrawl, I conclude on course that it tinguish vanity in the mind, and you brings me some account of a fallen virnaturally retrench the little superfluities gin, a faithless wife, or an amorous wiof garniture and equipage. The blos dow. I must therefore inform these my soms will fall of theinfelves when the correspondents, that it is not my design root that nourishes them is deitroyed. to be a publisher of intrigues and

I shall therefore, as I have said, ap. cuckoldoms, or to bring little infamous ply my remedies to the first feeds and stories out of their present lurking holes principles of an affected dress, without into broad day-light. If I attack the descending to the dress itself; though at vicious, I shall only set upon them in a the same time I must own, that I have body; and will not be provoked, by the thoughts of creating an officer under me, worst usage I can receive from othews, to to be intituled—' The Cenfor of Small make an example of any particular cri.

Wares,' and of allotting him one day minal. In short, I have so much of a in a week for the execution of such his Drawcansir in me, that I shall not pass office. An operator of this nature might over a single foe to charge whole armies. a&t under me with the same regard as a It is not Lais nor Silenus, but the Harfurgeon to a physician; the one inight lot and the Drunkard, whom I Mallenbe employed in healing those blotches deavour to expofe; and shall consider and tumours which break out in the the crime as it appears in a species, not body, while the other is sweetening the as it is circumftanced in an individual. blood and rectifying the constitution. I think it was Caligula who wished the To speak truly, the young people of whole city of Rome had but one neck, both sexes are so wonderfully apt to that he might behead them at a blow. thoot out into long fwords or sweeping I Mall do, out of humanity, what that trains, bushy head-dresses, or full-bot- emperor would have done in the cruelty tomed periwigs, with several other in- of his temper, and aim every stroke at cumbrances of dress, that they stand in a collective body of offenders. At the need of being pruned very frequently, same time I am very sensible, that noleft they should be oppressed with orna thing spreads a paper like private caments, and over-run with the luxuri. lumny and defamation; but as my speance of their habits. I am much in culations are not under this neceflity, doubt, whether I should give the pre- they are not exposed to this temptation. ference to a Quaker that is trimmed close In the next place, I must apply myand almost cut to the quick, or to a self to my party correspondents, who Beau that is loaden with such a redund are continually teazing me to take noance of excrescences. I must therefore tice of one another's proceedings. How defire my correspondents to let me know often am I asked by both sides, if it is how they approve my project, and whe- posible for me to be an unconcerned ther they think the erecting of such a fpe&tator of the rogueries that are coinparty censorship may not turn to tiie e!n.o mitted by the party which is opposite to lument of the public; for I would not him that writes the letter? About two do any thing of this nature rafhly and days since I was reproached with an old

Grecian law, that forbids any man to There is another set of correspondents Itand as a nenter or a looker-on in the to whom I mult address myself in the divitions of ki» country. However, as ticond place; I mean fuch as fill that I am very fentible my paper would lose

without advice.


it's whole effect, should it run into the intended for an answer to a inultitude of outrages of a party, I shall take care to correspondents; but I hope he will par. keep clear of every thing which looks don me if I single out one of them in that

way. If I can any way assuage particular, who has made me lo very private infiammations, or allay public humble a request, that I cannot forbear ferments, I fall apply myself to it with complying with it. my utmost endeavours; but will never let my heart reproach me with having

TO THE SPECTATOR, done any thing towards increasing those feuds and animosities that extinguish re

MARCH 15, 1710-11. ligion, deface government, and make a

I Am at present so unfortunate, as to nation miserable.

have nothing to do but to mind my What I have said under the three fore. own business; and therefore beg of you going heads will, I am afraid, very that you will be plealed to put me into much retrench the number of my corre fome Imall port under you. I observa fpondents: I shall therefore acquaint my that you have appointed your printer reader, that if he has started any hint and publisher to receive letters and adwhich he is not able to pursue; if he has vertilements for the city of London; and met with any surprising story which he shall think myself very much honoured does not know how to tell; if he has hy you, if you will appoint me to take discovered any epidemical vice which has in letters and advertisements for the city escaped my oblervation, or has heard of Westminster and the dutchy of Lanof any uncommon virtue which he caster. Though I cannot promise to fill would desire to publish; in short, if he such an employment with fufficient abihas any materials that can furnish out lities, I will endeavour to make up with an innocent diversion, I shall promile induitry and fidelity what I want in him my beft aflıstance in the working of parts and genius. I am, Sir, your mott them up for a public entertainment. obedient fervant, This paper my reader will find was с




Juv. SAT.X. 191.


VINCE our persons are not of our It is happy for a man, that has any of

making, when they are lucha these oddnesses about him, if he can appear defective or uncemely, it is, me be as merry upon himself, as others are thinks, an honest and laudable fortitude apt to be upon that occasion; when he to dare to be ugly; at least to keep our can postess himself with such a chearfulselves from being abashed with a con ness, women and children, who are at sciousness of imperfections which we firit frighted at him, will afterwards be cannot help, and in which there is no as much pleased with him. As it is guilt. I would not defend an haggard barbarous in others to railly him for nabeau for passing away much time at a tural defects, it is extremely agreeable glass, and giving foftneiles and languilh- when he can jelt upon himself for them ing graces to deformity; all I intend is, Madame Maintenon's first husband that we ought to be contented with our was an hero in this kind, and has drawn countenance and Mape, lo far, as never many pleasantries from the irregularity to give ourselves an unealy reflection on of his chape, which le describes as very that subject., It is to the ordinary people, much resembling the letter Z. He diwho are not accustomed to make very verts himelf likewise, by representing proper remarks on any occasion, matter to his reader the make of an engine and of great jest, if a man enters with a -pully, with which he used to take off prominent pair of shouiders into an af his hat. When there happens to be femibly, or is dittinguished by an expan any thing ridiculous in-a visage, and fion of inouth, or obliquity of aspect, the owner of it thinks it an aspect of


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