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haviour, and began to make visits, fre Biblis was the second I aimed at, and quent allemblies, and lead out ladies her vanity lay in purchasing the adorers from the theatres, with all the other in. of others, and not in rejoicing in their Lignificant duties which the professed love itself. Biblis is no man's mistress, fervants of the fair place themselves in but every woman's rival. As soon as constant readiness to perform. In a I found this, I fell in love with Cloe, very little time, (having a plentiful for. who is my present pleasure and torment. tune) fathers and mothers began to re I have writ to her, danced with her, and gard me as a good match, and I found fought for her, and have been her man easy admittance into the best families in in the fight and expectation of the whole town to observe their daughters; but I, 'town these three years, and thought mywho was born to follow the fair to no self near the end of my wishes; when purpose, have by the force of my ill the other day she called me into her cloftar's made my application to three Jilts set and told me, with a very grave face, fucceflively.

that she was a woman of honour, and Hyæna' is one of those who form fcorned to deceive a man who loved her themselves into a melancholy and indo. with so much sincerity as she saw I did, Sent air, and endeavour to gain admirers and therefore the mult inform me that from their inattention to all around she was by nature the moit inconstant them. Hyæna can loll in her coach, ereature breathing, and begged of me with something so fixed in her counte not to marry her; if I infitted upon it, nance, that it is impossible to conceive I should; but that she was lately fallen her meditation is employed only on her in love with another. What to do or dress and her charms in that posture. say I know not, but desire you to inform If it were not too coarse a fimile, I me, and you will infinitely oblige, Sir, ihould say, Hyæna, in the figure she af- your most humble servant, fedts to appear in, is a spider in the

CHARLES YELLOW. midst of a cobweb, that is sure to defroy every fly that approaches it. The

ADVERTISEMENT. net Hyæna throws is so fine, that you are taken in it before you can observe Mr. Sly, haberdasher of hats, at the any art of her work. I attempted corner of Devereux Court in the Strand, her for a long and weary season, but I gives notice, that he has prepared very found her passion went no farther than neat hats, rubbers, and brushes for the to be admired; and she is of that unrea

use of young tradesmen in the last year sonable temper, as not to value the in. of their apprenticeship, at reasonable constancy of her lovers, provided the rates.

т çan boatt she once had their addresles,



E is a very unhappy man who sets dered, before you set a value upon his

the multitude, or affects a general and is only good-will, and you should reundiitinguishing applause ainong men. ceive his kindness as he is a good neighWhat pious men call the testimony of a bour in society, and not as a good judge good conscience, should be the measure of your actions in point of fame and of our ambition in this kind; that is to reputation. The satirift faid very well fay, a man of spirit thould contemn the of popular praise and acclamations praise of the ignorant, and like being • Give the tinkers and coblers their preapplauded for nothing but what he ' fents again, and learn to live of yourknows in his own heart he deserves, "self. It is an argument of a loose Benides which the character of the per- and ungoverned mind to be affected Son who coiniends you is to be eonlic with the promiicuous approbation of


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the generality of mankind; and a man felves would rather be possessed of; the of virtue thould be too delicate for so wise man applauds him whom he thinks coarse an appetite of fame. Men of most virtuous, the rest of the world him honour should endeavour only to please who is most wealthy. the worthy, and the man of merit Mould When a man is in this way of think. desire to be tried only by his peers. I ing, I do not know what can occur to thought it a noble sentiment which I one more monstrous, than to see persons heard yesterday uttered in conversation of ingenuity address their services and

_ I know,' said a gentleman,' a way performances to men no way addicted • to be greater than any man: if he has to liberal arts. In these cases, the praise ' worth in him, I can rejoice in his su on one hand, and the patronage on the

periority to me; and that satisfaction other, are equally the objects of ridi• is a greater act of the soul in me, than cule. Dedications to ignorant men are • any in him which can possibly appear as absurd as any of the speeches of Bul.

to me.' This thought could not pro- finch in the Droll: such an address one ceed but from a candid and generous is apt to translate into other words; and spirit; and the approbation of such minds when the different parties are thoroughis what may be esteemed true praise: ly considered, the panegyric generally for with the common rate of men there implies no more than if the author is nothing commendable but what they should say to the patron 'My very themselves may hope to be partakers of, good Lord, you and I can never unand arrive at: but the motive truly glo. • derstand one another, therefore I humrious is, when the mind is set rather to bly desire we may be intimate friends do things laudable, than to purchase 6 for the future.' reputation. Where there is that fin The rich may as well ask to horrow cerity as the foundation of a good name, of the poor, as the man of virtue or me. the kind opinion of virtuous men wil rit hope for addition to his character be an unfought, but a necessary confe- from any but such as himself. He that quence. The Lacedæmonians, though commends another, engages so much of a plain people, and no pretenders to po- his own reputation as he gives to that liteness, had a certain delicacy in their perfon commended; and he that has no. sense of glory, and facrificed to the muses thing laudable in himself is not of ability when they entered upon any great en to be such a surety. The wise Phocion terprise. They would have the com was so sensible how dangerous it was to memoration of their actions be trans- be touched with what the multitude mitted by the purest and most untainted proved, that upon a general acclamation memorialists. The din which attends made when he was making an oration, victories and public triumphs is by far he turned to an intelligent friend who less eligible than the recital of the ac stood near him, and asked in a surprited tions of great men by honest and wise manner- What flip have I made?' historians. It is a frivolous pleasure to I shall conclude this paper with a bilbe the admiration of gaping crowds; let which has fallen into my hands, and but to have the approbation of a good was written to a lady from a gentleman man in the cool reflections of his closet, whoin the had highly commended. The is a gratification worthy an heroic spirit. author of it had formerly been her lovThe applause of the crowd makes the When all possibility of commerce head giddy, but the attestation of a rea between them on the subject of love was sonable man makes the heart glad. cut off, the spoke so handsomely of him,

What makes the love of popular or as to give occasion for this letter, general praise ftill more ridiculous, is, shat it is usually given for circumstances which are foreign to the perfons ad. I should be insensible to a stupidity, if mired. Thus, they are the ordinary ata I could forbear making you my actendants on power and riches, which knowledgments for your late mention may be taken out of one man's hands, of me with so much applause. It is, I and put into another's. The applica- think, your fate to give me new fentition only, and not the possession, inakes ments; as you formerly inspired me those outward things honourable. The with the true sense of love, lo do you vulgar and men of sense agree in ad. now with the true sense of glory. As miring men for having what they them- desire had the least part in the passion I





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heretofore professed towards you, so has ments of her who has said this of me. vanity no ihare in the glory to which Fame is a babbler, but I have arrived at you have now raised me. Innocence, the highest glory in this world, the comknowledge, beauty, virtue, fincerity, mendation of the moft deserving perion and discretion, are the constant orna. in it.




Virg. Æn. X. VER. 824.


THE following letter being written P.S. It is prudence in you to keep

to my bookseller, upon a subject out of my sight; for to reproach me, of which I treated some time since, I that Might overcomes Right, on the fhall publish it in this paper, together outside of your letter, I shall give you with the letter that was inclosed in it. a great knock on the full for it.



Was there ever such an image of paMR. Spectator having of late defs ternal tenderness ! It was usual among

canted upon the cruelty of parents some of the Greeks to make their flaves to their children, I have been induced drink to excess, and then expose them (at the request of several of Mr. Spec- to their children, who by that means tator's admirers) to inclose this letter, conceived an early averfion to a vice which I assure you is the original from which makes men appear fo monstrous a father to his own son, notwithstanding and irrational. I have exposed this the latter gave but liitle or no provoca- pi&ture of an unnatural father with the tion. It would be wonderfully oblig- fame intention, that it's deformity may ing to the world, if Mr. Spectator deter others from it's resemblance. If would give his opinion of it in some of the reader has a miud to see a father of his speculations, and particularly to

the fanie Itamp represented in the most (Mr. Buckley,) your humble servant. exquisite ftrokes of humour, he may

meet with it in one of the finest comeSIRRAH,

dies that ever appeared upon the English are a faucy audacious rascal, stage: I mean the part of Sir Sampson and both fool and mad, and I care in Love for Love. not a farthing whether you comply or I must not, however, engagé myself no; that does not raze out my impreso blindly on the side of the son, to whom fions of your infolence, going about the fond letter above-written was dirailing at me, and the next day to fol. rected. His father calls him a ' saucy licit my favour: these are incontisten and audacious rascal' in the first line, cies, such as discover thy reason de- and I am afraid upon examination he praved. To be brief, I never desire to will prove but an ungracious youth. see your face; and, tirrah, if you go 'To go about railing at his father, to the work-house, it is no disgrace to and to find 110 other place but the outme for you to be supported there; and + side of his letter to tell him that if you farve in the streets, I will never • might overcomes right,' if it does not give any thing underhand in your be. discover his reason to be depraved,' and half. If I have any more of your scribe that he is either fool or mad,' as the bling nonsense I will break your head choleric old gentleman tells him, we the first time I fet fight on you. You may at least allow that the father will are a stubborn beait; is this your gra- do very well in endeavouring to better citude for my giving you money? You' his judgment, and give him a greater rogue, I'll better your judgment, and • sense of his duty.' But whether this give you a greater sense of your duty to may be brought about . by breaking his (1 regret to say) your father, &c "head,' or giving him a great knock

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on the scull,' ought, 'I think, to be favours Tould be a less inducement well considered. Upon the whole, I good-will, tenderness, and commiferawish the father has not met with his tion, than the conferring of them; and match, and that he may not be as equally that the taking care of any person should paired with a son, as the mother in endear the child or dependent more to Virgil.

the parent or benefactor, than the pa

rent or benefactor to the child or de-Crudelis tu quoque mater: Crudelis maler magis, an puer improbus ille ?

pendent; yet so it happens, that for one Improbus ille puer, crudelis i'u quoque mater.

cruel parent we meet with a thousand ECL. VIII. VER.


undutiful children. This is indeed

wonderfully contrived (as I have forCruel alike the mother and the son.

merly observed) for the support of every

living species; but at the same time that Or like the crow and her egg, in the it hews the wisdom of the Creator, it Greek proverb.

discovers the imperfection and degene

racy of the creature. Κακά κόρακε» κακόν ώον. ,

The obedience of children to their Bad the crow, bad the egg.

parents is the bafis of all government,

and set forth as the measure of that.obe. I must here take notice of a letter dience which we owe to those whom which I have received from an unknown Providence hath placed over us. correspondent, upon the subject of my It is Father Le Compte, if I am paper, upon which the foregoing letter not inistaken, who tells us how want of is likewise founded. The writer of it duty in this particular is punished aseems very much concerned Jest that mong the Chinese, insomuch that if a paper Mould seem to give encourage- fon should be known to kill, or so much ment to the disobedience of children to.. as to itrike his father, not only the criwards their parents; but if the writer minal but his whole family would be of it will take the pains to read it over rooted out, nay the inhabitants, of the again attentively, I dare fay his appre- place where he lived would be put to the hensions will vanish. Pardon and re sword, nay the place itself would be conciliation are the penitent daughter razed to the ground, and it's foundarequests, and all that I contend for in tions sown with salt: for, say they, her behalf; and in this case I may use there must have been an utter depravathe laying of an eminent wit, who, tion of manners in that clan or society upon some great mens pressing him to of people who could have bred up among forgive his daughter who had married them to horrid an offender. To this I against his consent, told them he could shall add a paslage out of the first book refuse nothing to their instances, but of Herodotus. That historian, in his that he would have them remember account of the Persian customs and rethere was difference between giving and ligion, tells us, it is their opinion that forgiving

no man ever killed his father, or that I muit confess, in all controversies it is possible such a crime should be in between parents and their children, I nature; but that if any thing like it am naturally prejudiced in favour of should ever happen, they conclude that the former.' The obligations on that the reputed fon must have been illegitilide can never be acquitted, and I think mate, supposititious, or begotten in it is one of the greatest reflections upon adultery. Their opinion in this partihuman nature that paternal instinct cular thews fufficiently what a notion hould be a stronger motive to love than they mult have had of undutifulness in Slial gratitude; that the receiving of general.


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HUR. OO. VIII. L. II. VER. 18.


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WINCE I made some reflections Give me leave, Sir, to give you my

upon the general negligence used history. You are to know that I am a in the case of regard towards women, daughter of a man of a good reputation, or, in other words, fince I talked of tenant to a man of quality. The heir wenching, I have had epistles upon that of this great house tock it in his head subject, which I fall, for the present to cast a favourable eye upon me, and entertainment, insert as they lie before succeeded. I do not pretend to fay he

promised me marriage:, I was not a

creature Gilly enough to be taken by fo MR, SPECTATOR,

foolish a story: but he ran away with As your speculations are not confined me up to this town, and introduced me

to any part of human life, but con to a grave matron, with whom I board. cern the wicked as well as the good, I ed for a day or two with great gravity, must desire your favourable acceptance and was not a little pleased with the of what I, a poor strolling girl about change of my condition, from that of a town, have to say to you. I was told country life to the finest company, as I by a Roman Catholic gentleman who believed, in the whole world. My

picked me up last week, and who, I hun ble servant made me understand hope, is absolved for what passed be. that I should be always kept in the plen. tween us; I say, I was told by such a tiful condition I then enjoyed: when person, who endeavoured to convert me after a very great fondness towards me, to his own religion, that in countries he one day took his leave of me for four where popery prevails, besides the ad or five days. In the evening of the vantage of licensed stews, there are large same day my good landlady came to me, endowments given for the Incurabili, 1 and observing ine very pensive, began? think he called them, such as are paft to comfort me, and with a smile told all remedy, and are allowed such main me I must see the world. When I was tenance and support as to keep them deaf to all the could say to divert me, without farther care till they expire. The began to tell me with a very frank This manner of treating poor finners air that I must be treated as I ought, has, methinks, great humanity in it; and not take these squeamish humours and as you are a person who pretend to upon me, for my friend had left me to carry your reflections upon all subjects the town; and, as their phrase is, she whatever that occur to you, with can- expected I would see company, or ! dour, and act above the tense of what must be treated like what I had brought misinterpretation you may meet with, I myself to. This put me into a fit of beg the favour of you tó lay before all crying: and I imine liately, in a true the world the unhappy condition of us sense of my condition, threw myself on poor vagrants, who are really in a way the floor, deploring my fate, calling of labour instead of idleness. There upon all that was good and sacred to are crowds of 11s whose manner of live

fuccour me. While I was in all this lihood has long ceased to be pleaiing to agony, I observed a decrepit old fellow us; and who would willingly lead a come into the room, and looking with new life, if the rigour of the virtuous a senfi of pleasure in his face at all my did not for ever expel us from coming vehemence and transport. In a paule into the world again. As it now hap- of my ditress I heard him say to be pens, to the eternal infamy of the male thaméiefs old woman who stood by me lex, falhood among you is not re She is certainly a new face, or elie proachful, but credulity in wonen is ih its it rarely,' With that the infamous.

g ...,19,!n, who was making tier


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