페이지 이미지

and such as are assiduous at the levees of and twenty whispers, false alarms, ani great men. These worthies are got into private intimations, pass backward and an habit of being servile with an air, and forward from the porter, the valet, and enjoy a certain vanity in being known the patron himself, before the gaping for understanding how the world pafles. crew, who are to pay their court, are In the pleasure of this they can rise gathered together: when the scene is early, go abroad Neek and well-dressed, ready, the doors fly open and discover with no other hope or purpose, but to

his lord thip. make a bow to a man in court-favour, There are several ways of making this and be thought, by some insignificant first appearance. You may be either smile of his, not a little engaged in his half-drefled, and washing your felf, which intereits and fortunes. It is wondrous, is indeed the most stately; but this way that a man can get over the natural exilt- of opening is peculiar to military men, ence and poffeffion of his own mind to in whom there is something graceful in far, as to take delight either in paying exposing themselves naked; but the poor receiving such cold and repeated civi- liticians or civil officers, have usually lities. But what maintains the humour affected to be more reserved, and preserve is, that outward show is what most men a certain chastity of deportment. Whepursue rather than real liappiness. Thus ther it be hieroglyphical or not, this difboth the idol and idolater equally im- ference in the military and civil litt, I pose upon themselves in pleasing their will not say, but have ever understood imaginations this way. But as there the fact to be, that the close minitter is are very many of her majesty's good buttoned up, and the brave officer

opensubjects, who are extremely uncaly at breasted on these occasions. their own seats in the country, where all However that is, I humbly conceive from the skies to the center of the earth the buliness of a levee is to receive the is their own, and have a mighty long- acknowledgments of a multitude, that a ing to thine in courts, or to be partners man is wile, bounteous, valiant, and in ihe power of the world; I say, for the powerful. When the first thot of eyes benefit of these, and others who hanker is made, it is wonderful to oblerve how after being in the whisper with great much fubmission the patron's modesty men, and vexing their neighbours with can bear, and how much fervitude the the changes they would be capable of client's spirit can descend to. In the valt making in the appearance at a country multiplicity of butiness, and the crowd fesfions, it would not methinks be amiss about him, my lord's parts are uftrally to give an account of that market for so great, that to the astonishinent of the preferment, a great man's levee, whole allembly, he has something to

For ought I know, this commerce be say to every man there, and that so luittween the mighty and their slaves, very able to his capacity, as any man may justly represented, might do so much judge that it is not without talents that good, as to incline the great to regard men can arrive at great employments. business rather than ostentation; and I have known a great man a1k a flag. make the little know the use of their officer which way was the wind, 1 time too well, to spend it in vain appli commander of horse the present price of cations and addresles.

oats, and a stock-jobber at what dií. The famous doctor in Moorfields, count such a fund was, with as much who gained so much reputation for his eale as if he had been bred to each of hory predictions, is said to have had thote several ways of life. Now this is in his parlour different ropes to litile extremely obliging; for at the farne bells which hung in the room above time that the patron informs liimself of ftairs, where ihe doctor thought fit to matters, he gives the person of whoin be oraculous. If a girl had been de he inquires, an opportunity to exeit ceived by her lover, one bell was pulled; bimtelf. What adds to the pomp of and if a pealant had loft a cow, the fer those interviews is, that it is performed vant sung another. This inciho! was with the greatett silence and order imakept in respect to all other pallions and ginable. The patron is usually in the concerns, and the skilful waiter helow midst of the room, and some humble hifted the inquirer, and gave the doctor person gives him a whilp r, which bis notice accordingly. The levee of a lordship answers aloud - It is well. great man is laid after the fame manner, Yes, I am of your opinion. Prag

o inform yourself further, you may

be degree, as to set up a levee for any thing • fure of my fart in it.' This happy but a direct farce? But such is the man is dismifled; and my lord can turn weakness of our nature, that when men hinself to a business of a quite different åre a little exalted in their condition, nature, and off-hand gives as good an they immediately conceive they have ad answer as any great man is obliged to. ditional senses, and their capacities enFor the chief point is to keep in gene: larged not only above other 'men, but rals; and if there be any thing offered above human coinprehenfion itself. Thus that is particular, to be in hatte. it is ordinary to see a great man attend

But we are now in the height of the one listening, bow to one at a distance, affair, and my lord's creatures have all and to call to a third at the same ina had their whispers round to keep up the Itant. A girl in new ribbands is not farce of the thing, and the dumb fhow more taken with herself, nor does the is become more general. He casts his betray more apparent coquetries, 'than eye to that corner, and there to Mr. even a wise man in fuch a circumstance Such-a-one; to the other? And when of courtship. I do not know any thing

did you come to town?' And perhaps that I ever thought fo very diftasteful juft before he nods to another; and en. as the affectation which is recorded of ters with him-But, Sir, I am glad Cæsar, to wit, that he would dictate to " to see you, now I think of it.' Each three several writers at the same time. of those are happy for the next four and This was an ambition below the greattwenty hours; and those who bow in 'ness and candour of his mindi Heinranks undistinguished, and by dozens deed (if any man had pretenfions to at a time, think they have very good greater faculties than any other mortal). profpeéts if they may hope to arrive at was the perfòn; bút such a way of acta: luch notices half a year hence.

ing is childish, and inconsistent with the The satirist fays, there is seldom com- manner of our being. And it appears mon sense in high fortune; and one from the very nature of things, that would think to behold a levee, that the "there cannot be any thing effe&tually great were not only infatuated with dispatched in the distraction of a public their fation, but also that they believed levee; but the whole seems to be a canall below were · seized too ; else how is Ipiracy of a set of servile slaves, to give it possible they could think of imposing up their own liberty to take away their upon themselves and others in luch a patron's understanding,




To prefers pobeh oblico e upon rupt either with Sounething that

argues faults that are easily cured both in love a dilinclination to be entertained by and friendship. In the latter, as far as him, has in it something fo disagreeable, it merely regards conversation, ihe per that the utmoit steps which may be son who neglects visiting an agreeable made in, farther enmity cannot give friend is punished in the very transgref, greater torment. The gay Corinna, fion; for a good companion is not found who sets up for an indifference and bein every rcom we go into. But the coming heedlessness, gives her husband case of Love is of a more delicate na all the torment imaginable out of mere ture, and the anxiety is inexpressible if infolence, with this peculiar vanity, that every little instance of kindness is not the is to look as gay as a maid in the reciprocal. There are things in this character of a wife. It is no matter fort of commerce which there are not what is the reason of a man's grief, if words to express, and a man may not it be heavy as it is. Her unhappy man poffibly know how to represent what is convinced that she means him no difyet may tear his heart into ten thousand honour, but pines to death because she prures. To be graye to a man's mirth, will not have so much deference to him

3 B

as to ayoid the appearances of it. The mean time I am (as much as I can in
author of the following letter is per- this ambiguous condition be any thing)
plexed with an injury that is in a degree Sir,
yet less criminal, and yet the source of

Your humble feryant, the utmost unhappiness,


GIVE me leave to make you a pre;
Have read your papers which relate sent of a character not yet described

to jealousy, and delire your advice in in your papers, which is that of a man my case, which you will say is not com- who treats his friend with the same odd mon. I have a wife, of whole virtue I variety which a fantastical female tyrant am not in the least doubtful; yet I can- practises towards her lover, I have for not be satisfied the loves me, which some time had a friendship with one of gives me as great uneasiness as being those mercurial persons: the rogue ! faulty the other way would do, I know know loves me, yet takes advantage of not whether I am not yet more misera: my fondness for him to use me as he ble than in that case, for she keeps por- pleases. We are by turns the beft feffion of my heart, without the return friends and the greatest strangers imaof her’s. I would desire your observar ginable; sometimes you would think us tions upon that temper in some women inseparable; at other times he avoids me who will not condescend to convince for a long time, yet neither he nor I their husbands of their innocence or their know why. When we meet next by love, but are wholly negligent of what chance, he is amazed he has not seen reflections the poor men make upon me, is impatient for an appointment the their conduct, (so they cannot call it fame evening: and when I exped he criminal,) when at the same time a little should have kept it, I have known him tenderness of behaviour, or regard to flip away to another place; where he thew an inclination to please them, has sat reading the news, when there is would make them intirely at ease. Do no post; smoaking his pipe, which he not such women deserve all the misin- feldom cares for; and staring about him terpretation which they negle& to avoid? in company with whom he has nothing Or are they not in the actual practice of to do, as if he wondered how he came guilt, who care not whether they are there. thought guilty or not? If my wife does That I may state my case to you the the most ordinary thing, as visiting her more fully, I Thall transcribe fome thort fifter, or taking the air with her mother, minutes I have taken of him in my alit is always carried with the air of a manack since latt spring; for you must secret: then she will fometimes tell a know there are certain seafons in the thing of no consequence, as if it was year, according to which, I will not say only want of memory made her conceal our friendship, but the enjoyment of it

, it beforé; and this is only to dally with rises or falls. In March and April he my anxiety. I have complained to her was as various as the weather ; in May of this behaviour in the gentlest termis and part of June I found him the fprightimaginable, and beseeched her not to use lieft best-humoured fellow in the world; him, who desired only to live with her in the dog days he was much upon the like an indulgent friend, as the most indolent; in September very agreeable

, morofe and unfociable husband in the but very busy; and since the glass fel! world. It is no easy matter to describe ļaft to changeable, he has made threa our circumstance, but it is miserable appointments with me, and broke them with this aggravation, that it might be every one. However I have good hopes easily mender, and yet na remedy en of him this winter, especially if you deavoured. She reads you, and there will lend me your affistance to reform is a phrafe or two in this letter which him, which will be a great ease and plea. the will know came from me. If we sure to, Sir, enter into an explanation which may

Your most humble fervant. tend to our future quiet hy your means, you fall have our joint thanks; in the 17!!.

[ocr errors]

Ост. 93

[ocr errors]


Νήπιοι, εδ' ίσασιν έσω πλέον ήμισυ σαντος,
ουδ' εν ον μαλέχη τε δε ασφοδέλω μεγόνείας.

His. OPER. IT DIER. LIB. I. VÌR. 403

NOR THE CILAT BLESSINGS OF A FRUGAL BOARD. THERE is a story in the Arabian perance prévents them; if exercise clears long languished under an ill habit of nor overstrains them; if exercise raises body, and had taken abundance of re. proper ferments in the humours, and medies to no purpose. At length, says promotes the circulation of the blood, the fable, a physician cured him by the temperance gives nature her full play, following method: he took an hollow and enables her to exert herself in ali ball of wood, and filled it with several her force and vigour; if exercise diffidrugs; after which he closed it up fo pates a growing distemper, temperance artificially that nothing appeared. He starves it. likewise took a mall, and after having Physic, for the most part, is nothing hollowed the handle and that part which else but the substitute of exercise and Arikes the ball, he inclosed in them fe- temperance. Medicines are indeed ab. veral drugs after the fame manner as in folutely necessary in acute distempers,. the ball itself. He then ordered the that cannot wait the flow operations of fultan, who was his patient, to exercise these two great instruments of health; himself early in the morning with these but did men live in an habitual course rightly prepared inftruments, until such of exercise and temperance, there would time as he ihould sweats when, as the be but little occasion for them. AcAtory goes, the virtue of the medicaments cordingly we find that those parts of the perfpiring through the wood, had fo world are the most healthy, where they · good an influence on the fultan's con- sublift by the chace; and that men lived hitution, that they cured him of an in- longest when their lives were employed difpofition which all the compositions in hunting, and when they had little he had taken inwardly had not been food besides what they caught. Blisterable to remove. This eastern allegory ing, cupping, bleeding, are seldom of is finely contrived to thew us how be- use but to the idle and intemperate; as neficial bodily labour is to health, and all those inward applications which are that exercife is the most effectual phyfic. fo much in practice among us, are for I have described in my hundred and the most part nothing else but expedients fifteenth paper, from the general Aruc- to make luxury conlftent with health. bure and mechanism of an human bo- The apothecary is perpetually employed dy, how absolutely necessary exercise is in countermining the cook and the vintfor it's preservation :, I shall in this ner. It is faid of Diogenes, that meetplace recoinmemd a great preservative of ing a young man who was going to a health, which in many cafes produces feast, he took him up in the street and the fame effe&ts as exercife, and may in carried him home to his friends, as one some meafure fupply it's place, where who was running into imminent danger, opportunities of exercise are wanting. had he not prevented him. What would The preservative I am fpeaking of is that philosopher have said, had he been temperance, which has those particular present at the gluttony of a modern advantages above all other means of meal? Would not he have thought the bealth, that it may be practised by all master of a family mad, and have begged ranks and conditions, at any season, or his fervants to tie down his hands, had in any place. It is a kind of regimen he seen him devour fowl, fifh, and Aeth; into which every man may put himself, Swallow oil and vinegar, wines and without interruption to business, ex. fpices; throw down fallads of twenty pence of money; or loss of time. If different herbs, sauces of an hundred exercise throws off all fuperfluitjes, tem. ingredients, confections and fruits of


3 B a

numberless sweets and favours? What thirst, whenever any distemper or duty unnatural motions and counterferments of life may, put her upon such diffimuit such a medley of intemperance culties; and at the same time give her produce in the body? For my part, when an opportunity of extricating herself i behold a fashionable table fet out in from her oppressions, and recovering the all it's magnificence, I fancy that I see several tones and Iprings of her distendgouts and dropfies, fevers and lethar- ed vesfels. Belides that abstinence well gies, with other innumerable distem- timed often kills a sickness in embryo, pers, lying in ambuscade among the and destroys the firft seeds of an indir dishes.

position. It is observed by two or three Nature delights in the most plain and ancient authors, that Socrates, notwithsimple diet. Every animal but man ftanding he lived in Athens during that keeps to one dish. Herbs are the food great plague, which has made fo much of this species, filh of that, and flesh of noise through all ages, and has been cea third. Man falls :. pon every thing lebrated at different times by such emithat comes in his way, not the smallest nent hands; I say, notwithstanding that fruit or excresence of the earth, scarcea he lived in the time of this devouring berry or a mushroom can escape him. peftilence, he never caught the least in

It is impossible to lay down any de- fection, which these writers unanimouity terminate rule for temperance, because ascribe to that uninterrupted temperance what is luxury in one inay be tempe. which he always observed. rance in another; but there are few that And here I cannot but mention an have lived any time in the world, who observation which I have often made, are not judges of their own conftitu. upon reading the lives of the philofotions, fo far as to know what kinds and phers, and comparing them with any cvliat proportions of food do bett agree series of kings or great men of the fame with thein. Were I to consider my number. If we consider these ancient Teaders as my patients, and to prescribe sages, a great part of whose philosophy such a kind of temperance as is accom conlisted in a temperate and abitemious i modated to all persons, and such as is courfe of life, one would think the life particularly suitable to our climate and of a philosopher and the life of a man way of living, I would

copy the follow were of two different dates. For we ing rules of a very eminent physician. find that the generality of these wise men s Make your whole repast out of one were nearer an hundred than fixty years ** dish. If you indulge in a second, of age at the time of their respective • avoid drinking any thing Arong, until deaths. But the mott remarkable in

you have finished your meal;' at the Itance of the efficacy of temperance to* lame time abitain from all sauces, or wards the procuring of long life, is what : at least fuch as are not the most plain we meet with in a little book published

• and simple.' A man could not be by Lewis Cornaro the Venetian; which well guilty of gluttony, if he stuck to I the rather mention, because it is of - these few obvious and easy rules.' In undoubted credit, as the late Venetian - the first case, there would be no variety ambassador, who was of the same famiof taftes to folicit his palate and occasion ly, attested more than once in conver*excefs; nor in the second, any artificial fation, when he resided in England. provocatives to relieve fatiety, and create Cornaro, who was the author of the lita false appetite. Were I to prescribe a tle treatise I am mentioning, was of an rule for drinking, it should be formed infirm constitution, until about forty, upon a faying quoted by Sir William when by obstinately persisting in an exa& Ternple- The first glass for myself, course of temperance, he recovered a

the second for my friends, the third perfect state of health ; infamuch that at for good-lumour, and the fourth for fourscore be published his book, which

mine enemies. But becaule it is im- has been translated into English under possible for one who lives in the world the title of · Sure and certain Methods to diet hiinself always in so philosophical of attaining a long and healthy Life.'

a manner, I think every man should He lived to give a third and fourth edi- have his days of abitinence, according tion of it, and after having passed his as his constitution will permit. There hundredth year, died without paia et are great reliefs to nature, as they qua. agony, and like one who falls asleep. lity her for Nruggling with hunger and The treatise I mention has been takea


« 이전계속 »