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shop, or if you please to call it so, my


MR. SPECTATOR, cell, is in that great hive of females which goes by the name of the New Ex. I Am mightily pleased with the hu. change; where I am daily employed in mour of the cat; be so kind as to en. gathering together a little stock of gain large upon that subject. Your's till from the finest flowers about the town, death,

JOSIAH HENPECK. I mean the ladies and the beaus. I have a numerous swarm of children, to whom

P.S. You must know I am married I give the best education I am able: but, to a Grimalkin. Sir, it is my misfortune to be married to a drone, who lives upon what I get,

WAPPING, OCTOBER 31, 1711. without bringing any thing into the common ftock. Now, Sir, as on the EVER since your Spectator of Tuesone hand I take care not to behave my day last came into our family, my felf towards him like a wasp, so likewise husband is pleased to call me his Oceana, I would not have him look upon me as

because the foolish old poet that you an humble-bee; for which reason I do have translated says, that the souls of all I can to put him upon laying up some women are made of sea-water. provifions for a bad day, and frequent. This, it seems, has encouraged my fauceo ly represent to him the fatal effects his box to be witty upon me. When I am loth and negligence may bring upon us angry, he cries: Pr'ythee, my dear, be in our old age. I must beg that you • calm ;' when I chide one of any serwill join with me in your good advice vants-Pr’ythee, child, do not bluster.' upon this occasion, and you will for ever He had the impudence about an hour oblige

ago to tell me, that he was a seafaring Your humble servant,

man, and must expect to divide his life

between storm and sunshine. When I Melissa. bestir myself with any fpirit in my fa

mily, it is high sea in his house; and PICCADILLY, OCTOBER 31, 1711.

when I fit ftill

without doing any thing,

his affairs forsooth are wind-bound. SIR,

When I ask him whether it rains, he I

Ain joined in wedlock for my sins to makes answer. It is no matter, so that one of those fillies who are described

"it be fair weather within doors.' In in the old poet by that hard name you short, Sir, I cannot speak my mind freegave us the other day. She has a flow- ly to him, but I either swell or rage, or ing mane, and a skin as soft as silk: but, do something that is not fit for a civil Sir, the passes half her life at her glass, woman to hear, Pray, Mr. Spectator, and almost ruins me in ribbons. For since you are so 'sharp upon other womy own part, I am a plain handicraft

men, let us know what materials your man, and in danger of breaking by her wife is made of, if you have one. I laziness and expensiveness. Pray, master, suppose you would make us a parcel of tell me in your next paper, whether I poor-spirited tame intipid creatures: but, may not expect of her lo much drudgery Sir, I would have you to know, we as to take care of her family, and to

have as good passions in us as yourself, curry her hide in case of refusal. Your and that a woman was never designed loving friend,

to be a milk-sop. BARNĄBY BRITTLE. L


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Hor. SAT. VII. L. 2. VER 92.


the use of pen, ink, and paper, but in Never look upon my dear wife, but I her presence. I never go abroad, ex

think of the happiness Sir Roger de cept the fometimes takes me with her in Coverley enjoys, in having such a friend her coach to take the air, if it may be as you to expose in proper colours the called so, when we drive, as we genecruelty and perverseness of his miitress. rally do, with the glasses up. I have I have very often willed you visited in overheard my servants lament my conour family, and were acquainted with dition, but they dare not bring me mes. my spoute; he would afford you for fages without her knowledge, becaule fonie months at least matter enough for they doubt my resolution to stand by one Spectator a week. Since we are not them. In the midst of this insipid way so happy as to be of your acquaintance, of life, an old acquaintance of mine, give me leave to represent to you our Tom Meggot, who is a favourite with present circumstances as well as I can her, and allowed to visit me in her in writing. You are to know then that company because he fings prettily, has I am not of a very different constitution routed me to rebel, and conveyed his from Nathaniel Henroost, whom you intelligence to me in the following have lately recorded in your specula- manner. My wife is a great pretions; and have a wife who makes a tender to music, and very ignorant of more tyrannical use of the knowledge of it; but far gone in the Italian taste. my easy teniper than that lady ever pre Tom goes to Armstrong, the famous tended to.

We had not been a month fine writer of music, and desires him to married, when the found in me a certain put this sentence of Tully in the scale pain to give offence, and an indolence of an Italian air, and write it out for that made me hear little inconveniencies my spoute from him. « An ille mibi rather than dispute about thein. From liber cui mulier imperat? Cui leges this observation it foon came to that pass, imponit, prafcribit, jubet, vetat, quod that if I offered to go abroad, she would 'videtur? Qui nihil imperanti negare, get between me and the door, kiss me, ' nihil recufare aude: ? Pofcit? dandum and say he could not part with me; and ell. Vocat? viniendum. Ejici? then down again I sat. In a day or two · abeundum. Minitaiur? extimisiin. atter this first pleasant step towards con dum: Does he live like a gentleman fining me, he declared to me, that I ' who is commanded by a woman? He was all the world to her, and Me thought to whom the gives law, grants and Be ought to be all the world to me. • denies what he pleafes? who can rei• If,' said the, my dear loves me as ther deny her any thing she asks, or ? much as I love him, he will never be ' refuse to do any thing the commands ?'

tired of my company.' This declara To be short, my wife was extremely tion was followed hy my being denied pleated with it; faid, the Italian was the to all my acquaintance; and it very soon only language for music; and admired came to that pass, that to give an answer how wonderfully tender the sentiment at the door before my face, the servants and how pretty the accent is of that would ask her wherher i was within or language, with the relt that is said by not; and the would aniwer No wish rote on that occasion. Mr. Mégget is great fondness, and tell me I was a good sent for to sing this air, which he perdear. I will not enumerate more little forms with mighty applau e; and my circumstances to give you a livelier ferte wife is in extaly on the occalion, and of my condition, but tell you in gere- glad to find, by my being so much ral, in at from such steps as these at fiiit, pleased, that I was atlatt come into the I now live the life of a prisoner of Itate; notion of the Italian ; ' For,' said they 2ny letters are opened, and I have not • it glows upon one when one muce

6 comes


comes to know a little of the language: it is very well; for as soon as the Spec. "-and pray, Mr. Meggot, fing again tator is read out, I fall without more • those notes, Nihil imperanti negare, ado, call for the coach, name the hour s nibil recufare.' You may believe I was when I shall be at home, if I come at not a little delighted with my friend all; if I do not, they may go to dinner. Tom's expedient to alarm me, and in if my spouse only swells and says no. obedience to his summons I give all this thing, Tom and I go out together, and ftory thus at large; and I am resolved, all is well, as I said before ; but if she when this appears in the Spectator, to begins to command or expoitulate, you declare for myself. The manner of the fall in my next to you receive a full ac. insurrection I contrive by your means, count of her resistance and submission, which thall be no other than that Tom for submit the dear thing must to, Sir, Meggot, who is at our tea-table every your most obedient humble servant, morning, shall read it to us; and if my

ANTHONY FREEMAN. dear can take the hint, and say not one word, but let this be the beginning of P.S. I hope I need not tell you that a new life without farther explanation, I desire this may be in your very next.




Virg. Æn. I. VIR. 608.


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T is the great art and secret of Chri- gives an evil action all possible black-

ftianity, if I may use that phrase, to ness and horror, or in the emphatical manage our actions to the best advan. language of sacred writ, ' makes sin ex. tage, and direct them in such a manner,

ceeding sinful.' that every thing we do may turn to ac If, in the last place, we consider the count at that great day, when every nature of an indifferent intention, we thing we have done will be set before mall find that it destroys the merit of a

good action; abates, but never takes In order to give this consideration it's away, the malignity of an evil action; full weight, we may caft all our actions and leaves an indifferent action in it's under the division of such as are in natural itate of indifference. theinselves either good, evil, or indif. It is therefore of unspeakable advan. ferent. If we divide our intentions af- tage to possess our minds with an habi. ter the saine manner, and consider them tual good intention, and to aim all our with regard to our actions, we may dif- thoughts, words, and actions, at some cover that great art and secret of reli- laudable end, whether it be the glory of gion which I have here mentioned. our Maker, the good of mankind, or

A good intention joined to a good ac the benefit of our own rouls. tion, gives it it's proper force and effi. This is a fort of thrift or good hus. cacy: joined to an evil action, exte bandry in moral life, which does not nuates it's malignity, and in some cases throw away any single action, but makes may take it wholly awav; and joined to every one go as far as it can. It mulan indifferent action turns, it to a virtue, tiplies the means of salvation, increases and makes it meritorious as far as hu the number of our virtues, and dimiman a&tions can be fo.

nithes that of our vices. In the next place, to consider in the There is something very devout, fame manner the influence of an evil in though not solid, in Acofta's antwer ió tention upon our actions. An evil in- Limborch, who objects to him the multention perverts the best of actions, and tiplicity of ceremonies in the Jewish remakes them in reality, what the father's ligion, as washings, dresses, meats, purwith a witty kind of zeal have termed gations, and the like. The reply which the virtues of the heathen world, so the Jew makes upon this occasion, is, to many fhining sins. It destroys the in- the best of my remembrance, as folnocence of an indifferent action, and lows - There are not duties enough,'


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says he, in the essential parts of the mended to us by the apostle in that un. « law for a zealous and active obedi common precept, wherein he directs us

ence. Time, place, and person, are to propose to ourselves the glory of our • requisite, before you have an oppor

Creator in all our most indifferent ac. tunity of putting a moral virtue into tions, whether we eat or drink, or • practice. We have therefore,' says ( whatsoever we do.' he, enlarged the sphere of our duty, A person therefore who is poffelled ' and made many things which are in with such an habitual good intention, « themselves indifferent, a part of our as that which I have been here speaking • religion, that we may have more oc of, enters upon no single circumitance

cafions of thewing our love to God, of life, without considering it as well• and in all the circumstances of life be plealing to the great Author of his be• doing something to please him.' ing, conformable to the dictates of reae

Monfieur St. Evremond has endea. son, suitable to human nature in genevoured to palliate the superstitions of the ral, or to that particular station in which Roman Catholic religion with the same Providence has placed him. He lives in kind of apology, where he pretends to a perpetual sense of the Divine Presence, contider the different spirit of the Papiits regards himself as acting, in the whole and the Calvinists, as to the great points course of his existence, under the obwherein they disagree. He tell us, that servation and inspection of that Being, the former are actuated by love, and who is privy to all his motions, and all the other by fear; and that in their ex his thoughts, who knows his down. pressions of duty and devotion towards ' fitting and his up-rifing, who is about the Supreme Being, the former seem • his path, and about his bed, and spieth particularly careful to do every thing out all his ways.' In a word, he re. which may possibly please him, and the members that the eye of his Judge is al. other to abstain from every thing which ways upon him, and in every action he may poflibly displease him.

reflects that he is doing what is comBut notwithstanding this plausible rea- manded or allowed by him who will son with which both the Jew and the hereafter either reward or punith it, Roman Catholic would excuse their re This was the character of those holy spective superstitions, it is certain there men of old, who in that beaut ful phrale is something in them very pernicious to of Scripture are said to have 'walked mankind, and destructive to religion; I with God.' because the injunction of fuperfluous When I employ myself upon a paper ceremonies makes such actions duties, of morality, I generally consider how I as were before indifferent, and by that may recommend the particular virtue means renders religion more burthen. which I treat of, by the precepts or exsome and difficult than it is in it's own amples of the ancient heathens; by that nature, betrays many into fins of omnif means, if possible, to shame those who fion which they could not otherwise be have greater advantages of knowing guilty of, and fixes the minds of the their duty, and therefore greater obliVulgar to the shadowy unessential points, gations to perform it, into a better course instead of the more weighty and more

of life: besides that many among us are important matters of the law.

unreasonably disposed to give a fairer This zealous and active obedience hearing to a Pagan philosopher, than to however takes place in the great point a Christian writer. we are recommending; for if, initead I Mall therefore produce an instance of prescribing to ourtelves indifferent of this excellent frame of mind in a actions as duties, we apply a good in- fpeech of Socrates, which is quoted by tention to all our most indifferent ac- Erasmus. This great philofopher on tions, we make our very existence one the day of his execution, a little before continued act of obedience, we turn our tle drauglit of poison was brought to diversions and amusements to our eter him, entertaining his friends with a difnal advantage, and are pleasing him, course on the immortality of the foul, whom we are made to pleare, in all the has these words. Whether or no God circumstances and occurrences of life.

of my actions, I know It is this excellent frame of mind, ' not; but this I am sure of, that I have this holy officiouiness, if I may be al at all times made it my endeavour to lowed to call it such, which is recoin please him, and I have a good kope


will approve

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that this my endeavour will be accept. could scarce forbear looking upon him ed by him.' We find in these words of as a faint, and deliring him to pray for that great man the habitual good inten. him; or as that ingenious and learned tion which I would here inculcate, and writer has expressed himself in a much with which that divine philosopher al more lively manner- When I reflect ways acted. I shall only add, that on such a speech pronounced by such Erasmus, who was an unbigotted Ro a person, I can scarce forbear crying out man Catholic, was so much transported - Sancte Socrates, ora pro nobis:with this passage of Socrates, that he “ O holy Socrates, pray for us." L



Juv. SAT. III. VER. 124.



I Did

Did some time ago lay before the goods of a tradesman without intention

world the unhappy condition of the or ability to pay him. Of the few of trading part of mankind, who suffer by the class which I think fit to consider, want of punctuality in the dealings of there are not two in ten who succeed, persons above them; but there is a let of insomuch that I know a man of good men who are much more the objects of sense who put his son to a blacksmith, compassion than even those, and these though an offer was made him of his are the dependents on great men, whom being received as a page to a man of they are pleased to take under their pro- quality. There are not more cripples tection as such as are to share in their . come out of the wars than there are friendship and favour. These indeed, from those great services; some through as well from the homage that is accept- discontent lose their speech, fome their ed from them, as the hopes which are memories, others their senses or their given to tbem, are become a sort of cre. lives; and I seldom see a man thoroughditors; and these debts being elebts of ly discontented, but I conclude he has honour, ought, according to the accus. had the favour of some great man. I tomed maxim, to be firit discharged. have known of such as have been for

When I speak of dependents, I would twenty years together within a month of not be underitood to mean those who a good employment, but never arrived are worthless in themselves, or who, at the happiness of being possessed of any without any call will press into the com- thing. pany of their betters. Nor, when I There is nothing more ordinary, than speak of patrons, do I mean those who that a man who is got into a considereither have it not in their power, or have able station, Mall immediately alter his no obligation to allift their friends; but manner of treating all his friends, and I speak of such leagues where there is from that moment he is to deal with you power and obligation on the one part, as if he were your fate. You are no and merit and expectation on the other. longer to be consulted, even in matters

The division of patron and client, which concern yourself; but your patron may, I believe, include a third of our is of a species above you, and a free nation; the want of merit and real worth communication with you is not to be exin the client, will strike out about ninety- pected. This perhaps may be your connine in an hundred of these; and the dition all the while he bears oifice, and want of ability in patrons, as many of when that is at an end, you are as inti. that kind. But however, I must beg mate as ever you were, and he will take leave to say, that he who will take up it very ill if you keep the dittance he another's time and fortune in his fer- prescribed you towards him in his granvice, though he has no prospect of re deur. One would think this Tould be warding his merit towards him, is as a behaviour a man could fall into with unjuft in his dealings as he who takes up the worse grace imaginable; but they


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