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above-mentioned needles, the reader letters, but several entire words which would not have been a little pleased to have always a place in passionate epishave seen them corresponding with one tles, as * Flames, Darts, Die, Lananother when they were guarded by spies guilh, Absence, Cupid, Heart, Eyes, and watches, or separated by castles and • Hang, Drown,' and the like. This adventures.
would very much abridge the lover's In the mean while, if ever this in- pains in this way of writing a letter, as vention should be revived or put in it would enable him to express the moft practice, I would propose, that upon useful and significant words with a single the lover's dial-plate there should be touch of the needle. written not only the four and twenty
No CCXLII. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7.
EREDITUR, EX MEDIO QUIA RES ARCESSIT, HABER E
Hor. Ep. 1. LIB. II. VER. 168.
TO WRITE ON VULGAR THLMES, IS THOUGHT AN EASY TASK.
able is her condition who comes within OUR speculations do not fogene. the power of fuch impertinents ! and
rally prevail over men's manners as how necessary is it to repeat invectives I could wish. A former paper of your's against fuch a behaviour! If the licenconcerning the misbehaviour of people, tious had not utterly forgot what it is to who are necessarily in each other's com be modest, they would know that ofpany in travelling, ought to have been fended modeity labours under one of á lafting admonition against transgres- the greatest sufferings to which human lions of that kind: but I had the fate life can be exposed. If one of these of your Quaker, in meeting with a rude brutes could reflect thus much, though fellow in a stage-coach, who entertain- they want shame, they would be moved ed two or three women of us, for there by their pity, to abhor an impudent bewas no man besides himself, with lan- haviour in the presence of the chaste and guage as indecent as ever was heard innocent. If you will oblige us with upon the water. The impertinent ob a Spectator on this subject, and procuire servations which the coxcomb made upon it to be pasted against every stage-coach our shame and confusion were fuch, that in Great Britain, as the law of the jourit is an unspeakable grief to reflect upon ney, you will highly oblige the whole them. As much as you have declaimed sex, for which you have professed so against duelling, I hope you will do us great an eteem; and in particular, the the justice to declare, that if the brute two ladies my late fellow-sufferers, and, has courage enough to send to the place Sir, your most humble servant, where he saw us all alight together to
REBECCA RIDINGHOOD, get rid of him, there is not one of us but has a lover who shall avenge the in. MR. SPECTATOR, fult. It would certainly be worth your THE matter which I am now going consideration, to look into the frequent to send you, is an unhappy story in inisfortunes of this kind, to which the low life, and will recommend itself, lo modest and innocent are exposed, by that you must excuse the manner of exthe licentious behaviour of such as are pressing it. A poor idle drunken weaver as much strangers to good-breeding as in Spittlefields has a faithful laborious to virtue. Could we avoid hearing what wife, who by her frugality and industry we do not approve, as easily as we can had laid by her as much money as purseeing what is disagreeable, there were chased her a ticket in the prefent lotiery. some consolation; but since in a box at She had hid this very privately in the a play, in an assembly of ladies, or even bottom of a trunk, and had given her in a pew at church, it is in the power number to a friend and confident, who of a gross coxcomb to utter what a wo. had promised to keep the fecret, and man cannot avoid hearing, how milere bring her news of the success. The
poor adventurer was one day gone any one single part of the character of abroad, when her careless husband, su a notable womin. Whilst they thouli fpecting the had saved some money, have been confidering the proper ingre. searches every corner, until at length dients for a fack-poilet, you should hear he finds this same ticket; which he im a dispute concerning the magnetic y're mediately carries abroad, fells, and of the loailitone, or perhaps the prefiure squanders away the money without the of the atmosphere: their Jangviare is wife's suspecting any thing of the mat. peculiar to themselves, and they Scorn
A day or two after this, this to express themselves on the meantit friend, who was a woman, comes and trifle with words that are not of a Latin brings the wife word, that the had a derivation. But this were supportable benefit of five hundred pounds. The itill, would they fuiter me to enjoy an poor creature overjoyed, flies up
stairs uninterrupted ignorance; but les I to her husband, who was then at work, fall in, with their abstracted ideas of and desires him to leave his loom for things, as they call them, I mut not that evening, and come and drink with expect to finoke one pipe in qoiet. In a friend of his and her's below. . The a late fit of the gout I complained of man received this chearful invitation as the pain of that diiłemper, wlieniny bad husbands sometimes do, and after niece Kiity bogged leave to affure me, a cross word or two, told her he would that whatever I inizhit think, several not come. His wife with tendernes great philofophers, both ancient and renewed her importunity, and at length modern, wcre of opinion, that both said to him My love! I have within pleasure and pain were imaginary dile • these few months, unknown to you, tinctions, and that there was <scraped together as much money as thing as either in rerum natura. I have • has bought us a ticket in the lottery, often heard them affium, that the fire 6 and now here is Mrs. Quick come to was not hot; and one day when I, with • tell me, that it is come up this morn the authority of an old fellow, derred oing a five hundred pound prize.' The one of them to put my blue cloak on husband replies immediately - You my knees, the antwerel Sir, I will
lye, you flut, you have no ticket, for · reach the cloak; but take. Botice, I • I have sold it.' The poor woman • do not do it as allowing your descripupon this faints away in a sit, recovers, ' tion; for it might as well be cailed and is now run distracted. As she had yellow as blue; for colour is nching no design to defraud her husband, but .but the various infractions of the mars was willing only to participate in his of the sun.' Miss Dolly told me one good fortune, every one pities her, but day, that to say snow was white, is althinks her husband's punithment but lowing a vulgar error; ' for as it conjuit. This, Sir, is matter of fact, and 'tains a grcat quantity of nitrous parwould, if the pertons and circumstances 'ticlcs, it riglit more ruafonably be were greater, in a well-wrought play be supposed to be black,' In short, the called . Beautiful Distress.' I have young hufieys would persuade ine, that only sketched it out with chalk, and to belicve one's eyes is a sure way to be know a good hand can make a moving deceived; and have often advised me, picture with worse materials. Sir, &c. by no means, to trut any thing so fal
lible as my feases. What I have to beg MR. SPECTATOR,
of you now is, to turn one speculation I
Am what the world calls a warın to the due regulation of female litera.
fellow, and by good success in trade ture, so far at leait, as to make it conI have raised myself to a capacity of fistent with the quiet of firch whote tate making fome figure in the world; but it is to be liable to it's insults; and to no matter for that. I have now under tell as the difference between a gentle. my guardianship a couple of nieces, who man that should make cheese-cakes ard will certainly make me run mad; which raise paste, and a lady that reads Locke, you will not wonder at, when I tell you and understands the mathematics. In they are female virtuotos, and during which you will extremely oblige your the three years and a half that I have hearty friend and humble servant, had them under my care, they never in
ABRAHAM THRIFTT. the least inclined their thoughts towards T
No CCXLIII. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8.
FORMAM QUIDEM IPSAM, MARCE FILI, ET TANQUAM FACIEM HONESTI VIDES:
QUASI OCULIS CERNERETUR, MIRABILES AMORES (UT AIT PLATO) EXCITARET SAPIENTIÆ.
YOU SEE, MY SON MARCUS, THE VERY SHAPE AND COUNTENANCE, AS IT WERE,
OF VIRTUE; WHICH IF IT COULD BE MADE THE OBJECT OF SIGHT, WOULD (AS PLATO SAYS) EXCITE IN US A WONDERFUL LOVE OF WISDOM.
Do not remember to have read any virtue, ascribes all good qualifications,
discourse written expressly upon the of what kind soever, to the virtuous beauty and loveliness of virtue, without inan. Accordingly Cato, in the chaconsidering it as a duty, and as the racter Tully has left of him, carried means of making us happy both now matters so far, that he would not allow and hereafter. I design therefore this any one but a virtuous man to be handspeculation as an essay upon that sub- fome. This indeed looks more like a ject, in which I shall consider virtue no philofophical rant than the real opinion farther than as it is in itself of an ami- of a wise man; yet this was whai Cato able nature, after having premised, that very seriously maintained. In short, I understand by the word Virtue such a the Stoics thought they could not sufgeneral notion as is affixed to it by the ficiently represent the excellence of virwriters of morality, and which by de- tue, if they did not comprehend in the vout men generally goes under the name notion of it all possible perfections; and of religion, and by men of the world therefore did not only suppose, that it under the name of honour.
was transcendently beautiful in itself, Hypocrisy itself does great honour, or but that it made the very body amiable, rather justice, to religion, and tacitly and banished every kind of deformity acknowledges it to be an ornament to from the person in whom it resided. human nature. The hypocrite would It is a common observation, that the not be at 1o much pains to put on the most abandoned to all jente of goodness, appearance of virtue, if he did not know
are apt to with those who are related to it was the most proper and effectual them of a different character; and it is means to gain the love and esteem of very observable, that none are inore mankind.
struck with the charms of virtue in the We learn from Hierocles, it was a fair-fex, than those who hy their very common saying among the heathens, admiration of it are carried to a defire of that the wise man hates nobody, but only ruining it. loves the virtuous.
A virtuous mind in a fair body is inTully has a very beautiful gradation deed a fine picture in a good light, and of thoughts to fhew how amiable virtue therefore it is no wonder that it makes is. Wo love a virtuous man, says he, the beautiful fex all over charms. who lives in the remoteit parts of the As virtue in general is of an amiatle earth, though we are altogether out of and lovely nature, there are some partithe reach of his virtue, and can receive cular kinds of it which are more so than from it no manner of benefit; nay, one others, and these are such as dispose us who died several ages ago, raises a secret to do good to mankind. Temperance fondness and benevolence for him in our and abstinence, faith and devozion, are minds, when we read his story: nay, in themselves perlaps as laudable as any what is still more, one who has been other virtues, but those which make a the enemy of our country, provided his man popular and beloved, are justice, wars were regulated by justice and hu- charity, munificence, and, in short, all manity, as in the instance of Pyrrhus, the good qualities that render us benewhom Tully mentions on this occalion ficial to each other. For which reaton in opposition to Hannibal. Such is the
even an extravagant man, who has no. natural beauty and loveliness of virtue! thing else to recommend him but a false Stoicism, which was slie pedantry of generosity, is often more beloved and
3 N 3
efteemed than a person of a much more which are of fo amiable a nature in finished character, who is defective in themselves, and have nothing to do with this particular.
the points in dispute. Men of virtue, The two great ornaments of virtue, though of different interests, ought to which shew her in the most advantage. consider themselves as more nearly unit. ous views, and make her altogethered with one another, than with the vi. lovely, are chearfulness and good-nature. cious part of mankind, who embark These generally go together, as a man with them in the same civil concerns. cannot be agreeable to others who is not We should bear the same love towards a caly within himself. They are both very man of honour, who is a living antagorequisite in a virtuous mind, to keep out nist, which Tully tells us in the fore. melancholy from the many serious mentioned passage every one naturally thoughts it is engaged in, and to hinder does to an enemy that is dead. In short, it's natural hatred of vice from souring we should esteem virtue though in a foe, into severity and cenforiousness. and abhor vice though in a friend.
If virtue is of this amiable nature, I speak this with an eye to those cruel what can we think of those who can treatments which men of all fides are look upon it with an eye of hatred and apt to give the characters of those who ill-will, or can suffer their aversion for do not agree with them. How many a party to blot out all the merit of the persons of undoubted probity, and experson who is engaged in it? A man emplary virtue, on either side, are black must be excessively stupid, as well as ened and defamed? how many men of ancharitable, who believes that there is honour exposed to public obloquy and no virtue but on his own fide, and that reproach? Those therefore who are there are not men as honest as himfelf either the instruments or abettors in such who may differ from him in political infernal dealings, ought to be looked principles. Men may oppose one ano. upon as persons who make use of relither in some particulars, but ought not gion to promote their cause, not of their to carry their hatred to those qualities cause to promote religion.
No CCXLIV. MONDAY, DECEMBER 10.
JUDEX IT CALLIDUS AUDIS.
Hor. SAT. VII. LIB. II. VIR. fola A JUDGE OF PAINTING YOU, AND MAN OF SKILL. CREICK.
COVENT GARDEN, DEC. 7. man of wit may extremely affect one for
the present, but if he has not discretion, I me
forbear expressing to you the fatif- wise man that has not so great a ftock faction which a whole clan of virtuosos of wit, shall nevertheless give you a far Nave received from those hints which greater and more fafting fatisfaction: you have lately given the town on the just so it is in a picture that is smartly cartons of the inimitable Raphael. It touched, but not well studied; one may hould be methinks the business of a call it a witty pi&ture, though the painter Spectator to improve the pleasures of in the mean time may be in danger of hight, and there cannot be a more im- being called a fool. On the other hand, inediate way to it than recommending a pičture that is thoroughly underftood the study and observation of excellent in the whole, and well performed in the drawings and pi&tures. When I firit particulars, that is, begun on the founwent to view those of Raphael which dation of geometry, carried on by the you have celebrated, I must confess I rules of perspective, architecture, and was but barely pleased; the next time I anatomy, and perfected by a good hariked them better; but at last, as I grew mony, a juft and natural colouring, and better acquainted with them, I fell such passions and expressions of the deeply in love with them, like wife mind as are almost peculiar to Raphael; fpe ches they funk deep into my heart; this is what you may juftly ftile a wife for you know, Mö. Spectator, that a pişture, and which seldigm fads to strike
us dumb, until we can assemble all our MR. SPECTATOR, faculties to inake but a tolerabie judg- THOUGH I am a woman, çet I ment upon it. Other pictures are made am one of those who confeís themfor the eyes only, as rattles are inade selves highly pleased with a speculation for children's ears; and certainly that you obliged the world with Tome time picture that only pleases the eye, with ago, from an old Greek poet you call out representing some well-chosen pait Simonides, in relation to the several na.. of nature or other, does but shew what tures and dikinctions of our own sex. fine colours are to be sold at the colour- I could not but admire how justly the shop, and mocks the works of the Crea- characters of women in this age fall in tor. If the best imitator of nature is with the times of Simonides, there benot to be esteemed the best painter, but ing no one of those forts I have not at he that makes the greatest thow and some time or other of my life met with glare of colours; it will necessarily fol a sample of. But, Sir, the subject of low, that he who can array himself in this prefent address, are a set of women the most gaudy draperies is bett dressed, comprehende 1, I think, in the ninth Ipeand he that can speak loudest the best cies of that speculation, called the apes; orator. Every man when he looks on the description of whom I find to be a picture should examine it according to —That they are such as are both ugly that share of reason he is matter of, or • and ill-natured, who have nothing he will be in danger of making a wrong • beautiful themselves, and endeavour to judgment. If men as they walk abroad • detract from or ridicule every thing would make more frequent observations • that appears so in others.' Now, Sir, on those beauties of nature which every this fest, as I have been told, is very inoment present themselves to their view, frequent in the great town where you they would be better judges when they live; but as my circumstance of life oblaw her well imitated at home: this liges me to reside altogether in the counwould help to correct those errors which try, though not many miles from Lonmost pretenders fall into, who are over• don, I cannot have inet with a great hasty in their judgments, and will not number of them, nor indeed is it a dekay to let reason come in for a share in sirable acquaintance, as I have lately the decision. It was for want of this found by experience. You must know, that men mistake in this case, and in Sir, that at the beginning of this suincommon life, a wild extravagant pencil mer, a family of these apes came and for one that is truly bold and great, an settled for the season not far from the impudent fellow for a man of true cou place where I live. As they were itrangers rage and bravery, hasty and unreason. in the country, they were visited by the able actions for enterprizes of spirit and ladies about them, of whom I was one, resolution, gaudy colouring for that with an humanity usual in those that which is truly beautiful, a false and in- pass most of their time in folitude. The sinuating discourse for timple vruth ele apes lived with us very agreeably our gantly recommended. The parallel will own way until towards the end of the hold through all the parts of life and summer, when they began to bethink painting too; and the virtuosos above. themselves of returning to town; then it mentioned will be glad to see you draw was, Mr. Spectator, that they began to it with your terms of art. As the iha set themselves about the proper and dirtindows in a pi&ture represent the serious guishing business of their character; and, or melancholy, so the lights do the as it is said of evil spirits, that they are bright and lively thoughts: as there
apt to carry away a piece of the house thould be but one forcible light in a they are about to leave, the apes, with, picture, which Mould catch the eye and out regard to common mercy, civility, fall on the hero; so there should be but or gratitude, thought fit to mimic, and one object of our love, even the Author fall foul on the faces, dress and behaviof nature. These and the like reflections our, of their innocent neighbours, bewell improved, might very much contri- ftowing abominable censures and difbute to open the beauty of that art, and graceful appellations, commonly called prevent youmg people from being poison- nick-names, on all of them; and in ed by the ill gusto of any extravagant short, like true fine ladies, made their workman that should be imposed upon honett plainness and fincerity matter of us. I am, Sir, your mot humble lere ridicule. I could not but acquaint you
with these grievances, as well at the de.