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freedom to place the eye of an ox, bull, of heteroptics, as all wrong notions of or cow, in one of his principal goddesses, religion are ranked under the general by that frequent expression of

name of heterodox. All the pernicious

applications of sight are more immediΒοάπις πότνια "Ηρη

ately under the direction of a Spectator; The ox-ey'd venerable Juno.

and I hope you will arm your readers Now as to the peculiar qualities of against the mischiefs which are daily

done by killing eyes, in which you will the eye, that fine part of our constitu. tion seems as much the reception and highly oblige your wounded unknown

friend, seat of our passions, appetites, and in

T.B. clinations, as the mind itself; and at least

MR. SPECTATOR, it is as the outward portal to introduce them to the house within, or rather the You profesed in several papers your common thorough-fare to let our affec. of Spectator', to correct the offence com

particular endeavours in the province tions pass in and out. Love, anger, mitted by Itarers who difturb whole afpride, and avarice, all visibly move in semblies without any regard to time, those little orbs. I know a young lady that cannot fee a certain gentleman pass that a starer is not usually a perfon to

place, or modelty. You complained also by without Shewing a secret desire of be convinced by the reason of the thing, feeing him again by a dance in her eye: nor so easily rebuked, as to amend by balls; nay, The cannot for the heart of her help looking half a street's length adınonitions. I thought therefore fit to after any man in a gay dress. You can acquaint you with a convenient me not behold a covetous spirit walk by a

chanical way, which may easily prevent goldsmith's shop without casting a with or correct staring, by an optical contris. ful eye at the heaps upon the counter. and commodious like opera-glasses, fit

ance of new perspective glaties, thort Does not a haughty person thew the for short-fighted people as well

as others, temper of his foul in the

supercilious these glasses making the objects appear, roll of his eye? and how frequently in either as they are feen by the naked eye, the height of passion does that moving picture in our head start and stare, 32- than life, or bigger and nearer. A per

or more distinct, though somewhat lets ther a redness and quick flashes of light son may, by the help of this invention, ning, and makes all it's humours sparkle take a view of another without the imwith Sre, as Virgil finely describes it.

pertinence of staring; at the same time -Ardentis ab ore

it hall not be possible to know whom Scintillæ abfifiunt: oculis micat acribus ignis. or what he is looking at. One may Æn. XII. VER. 101. Jook towards his right or left hand,

when he is supposed to look forwards! From his wide nostrils Alies

this is set forth at large in the printed A fiery stream, and sparkles from his eyes.

DRYDEN. proposals for the sale of these glasses, to

be had at Mr. Dillon's in Long Acre, As for the various turns of the eye. next door to the White Hart. Now, fight, such as the voluntary or involun. Sir, as your Spectator has occafioned tary, the half or the whole leer, I shall the publishing of this invention for the not enter into a very particular account benefit of modest spectators, the inventor of them, but let me observe, that oblique desires your admonitions concerning the vision, when natural, was anciently the decent use of it; and hopes, by your mark of bewitchery and magical fasci- recommendation, that for the future nation, and to this day it is a malignant beauty may be beheld without the torill look; but when it is forced and af. ture and confusion which it fuffers from fected, it carries a wanton design, and the insolence of ftarers. By this means in play.houses, and other public places, you will relieve the innocent from an this ocular intimation is often an assig- insult which there is no law to punith, nation for bad practices: but this irre. though it is a greater offence than many gularity in vision, together with such which are within the cognizance of jur. enormities as tipping the wink, the cir- tice. I am, Sir, your moft humble cumspective roll, the side-peep through a fervant, thin hood or fan, must be put in the class






VIRG. Æn. VIVER. 625.

THERE is nothing which more night startles us in our beds, as much

astonishes a foreigner, and frights as the breaking in of a thief. The lowa country 'squire, than the cries of Lon- gelder's horn has indeed something mua don. My good friend Sir Roger often fical in it, but this is feldom heard withdeclares, that he cannot get them out of in the liberties. I would therefore pro. his head or go to Neep for them, the first pose, that no inftrument of this nature' week that he is in town. On the con should be made use of, which I have trary, Will Honeycomb calls them the not tuned and licensed, after having Ramage de la Ville, and prefers them to carefully examined in what manner it the sounds of larks and nightingales, may affect the ears of her Majesty's liege with all the music of the fields and subjects. woods. I have lately received a letter Vocal cries are of a much larger exfrom some very odd fellow upon this sub- tent, and indeed so full of incongruities ject, which I shall leave with my reader and barbarisms, that we appear a diswithout saying any thing further of it. tracted city to foreigners, who do not

comprehend the meaning of such enorSIR,

mous outcries. Milk is generally sold 1

Am a man out of all business, and in a note above E la, and in founds fa

would willingly turn my head to any exceeding shrill, that it often sets our thing for an honest livelihood. I have teeth on edge. The chimney-sweeper invented several projects for raising many is confined to no certain pitch; he fomemillions of money without burdening times utters himself in the deepest bass, the subject, but I cannot get the parlia- and sometimes in the sharpest treble; ment to listen to me, who look upon sometimes in the highest, and sometimes me, forsooth, as a crack, and a projector; in the lowest note of the gamut. The so that despairing to enrich either my- same observation might be made on the felf or my country by this public.fpirit- retailers of small-coal, not to mention edness, I would make some proposals to broken glaffes or brick.duft. In these you relating to a design which I have therefore, and the like cales, it should very much at heart, and which may be my care to sweeten and mellow the procure me a handfome subsistence, if voices of these itinerant tradesmen, before you will be pleased to recommend it to they make their appearance in our streets, the cities of London and Westminster. as also to accommodate their cries to

The post I would aim at, is to be their respective wares; and to take care comptroller general of the London cries, in particular, that those may not make which are at present under no manner the most noile who have the least to sell, of rules or discipline. I think I am which is very observable in the venders pretty well qualified for this place, as of card-matches, to whom I cannot but being a man of very strong lungs, of apply the old proverb of Much cry, great insight into all the branches of our but little wool.' British trades and manufactures, and of Some of these last-mentioned musia competent skill in music.

cians are so very loud in the fale of these The cries of London may be divided trifling manufactures, that an honest into vocal and inttrumental. As for the fplenetic gentleman of my acquaintance latter, they are at present under a very bargained with one of them never to great disorder. A freeman of London come into the street where he lived: but has the privilege of disturbing a whole what was the effect of this contract ? ftreet for an hour together, with the Why, the whole tribe of card-matchtwanking of a brass kettle or a frying makers which frequent that quarter, pan. The watchman's thump at mid pailed by his door the very next day, in


3 P

hopes of being bought off after the same the traditional cries of their forefathers, manner.

have invented particular songs and tunes It is another great imperfection in our of their own such as was, not many London cries, that there is no just time years since, the paltry-man, commonly or measure observed in them. Our news known by the name of the Colly-Mollyshould indeed be publithed in a very Puff; and such as is at this day the quick time, becaule it is a commodity vender of powder and wash-balls, who, that will not keep cold. It should not, if I am rightly informed, goes under the however, be cried with the fame preci- name of Powder-Watt. pitation as fire: yet this is generally the I must not here omịt one particular case. A bloody battle alarms the town absurdity which runs through this whole from one end to another in an instant. vociferous generation, and which rena Every motion of the French is published ders their cries very often not only inin fo great a hurry, that one would think commodious, but altogether useless to the enemy were at our gates. This the public; I mean, that idle accom. likewise I would take upon me to regu, plishment which they all of them aim at, late in such a manner, that there should of crying so as not to be understood. be some distinction made between the Whether or no they have learned this spreading of a victory, a march, or an from several of our affected fingers, I incampment, a Dutch, a Portugal, or a will not take upon me to lay; but most Spanish mail. Nor mußt I omit under certain it is, that people know the wares this head those excesive alarms with they deal in rather by their gunes than which leveral boisterous ruftics infelt by their words; insomuch that I have our streets iq turnip-season; and which sometimes seen a country boy run out to are more inexcusable, because these are buy apples of a bellows. niender, and wares which are in no danger of cool. gingerbread from a grinder of knives ing upon their hands.

and fciffars. Nay, lo ftrangely infaThere are others who affect a very tuated are some very eminent artists of flow tiine, and are, in my opinion, much this particular grace in a cry, that none more tunable than the former; the coo. but their acquaintance are able to guess per in particular (wells his latt note in at their profesion; for who elle can an hollow voice, that is not without it's know, that' work if I had it,' Thould harmony; nor can I forbear being in. be the figuification of a corn-cutter? {pired with a molt agreeable melancholy, Foralmuch therefore as persons of this when I hear that lid and folemn air rank are seldom men of genius or capawith which the public are very often city, I think it would be very proper; asked, if they have any chairs to mend? that some man of good sense and round Your own memory may suggest to you judginent Mould preside over thele pub. znany other lamentable ditties of the Tic cries, who should permit none to lift same nature, in which the music is won up their voices in our streets, that have dentally languishing and melodious. mot tunable throats, and are not only

I am always pleased with that parti. able to overcome the noise of the crowd, cular time of the year which is proper and the rattling of coaches, but also to for the pickling of diil and cucumbers; vend their respective merchandises in but alas, this cry, like the song of the apt phrases, and in the most distinct and muightingale, is not heard above two agrecable sounds. I do therefore hummonths. It would therefore be worth, bly recommend myself as a person righewhile to confider, whether the same air ly qualified for this post; and if I meet wight not in some cases be adapted to with fitting encouragement, thall comcher words.

municate fonie other projects which I have It might likewise deserve our most re. by me, that may no less conduce to the rious consideration, how far, in a well emolument of the public. I am, Şir, &c. regulated city, thole humourists art to

RALPH CROTCHET; bu wierated, whio, not contented with с


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and attention to produce, I hope your Grace will forgive and endeavour to preserve this work from oblivion, by affixing to it your memorable name.

I shall not here presume to mention the illustrious passages of your life, which are celebrated by the whole age, and have been the subject of the most fublime pens; but if I could convey you to posterity in your private character, and describe the stature, the behaviour, and aspect of the Duke of Marlborough, I question not but it would fill the reader with more agreeable images, and give him a more delightful entertainment than what can be found in the following, or any other book.

One cannot, indeed, without offence to yourself, observe, that you excel the rest of mankind in the least, as well as the greatest endowments. Nor were it a circumstance to be mentioned, if the graces and attractions of your person were not the only pre-eminence you have above others, which is left, almoit, unobserved by greater writers.

Yet how pleasing would it be to those who hall read the surprising revolutions in your story, to be made acquainted with your ordinary life and deportment? How pleasing would it be to hear that the same man, who had carried fire and sword into the countries of all that had opposed the cause of liberty, and struck a terror into the armies of France, had, in the midst of his high station, a behaviour as gentle as is usual in the first steps towards greatness! And if it were possible to express that easy grandeur, which did at once persuade and command; it would appear as clearly to those to come, as it does to his contemporaries, that all the great events which were brought to pass under the conduct of so well-governed a spirit, were the blellings of heaven upon wisdom and valour; and all which seem adverse fell out by divine permission, which we are not to search into.

You have passed that year of life wherein the most able and fortu. nate captain, before your time, declared he had lived enough both to nature and to glory; and your Grace may make that rehection with much more justice. He spoke it after he had arrived at empire by an usurpation upon those whom he had enslaved; but the Prince of Mindleheim may rejoice in a sovereignty which was the gift of him whose dominions he had preserved. 3 P 2


Glory established upon the uninterrupted success of honourable de. signs and actions is not subject to diminution; nor can any attempes prevail against it, but in the proportion which the narrow circuit of rumour bears to the unlimited extent of fame.

We may congratulate your Grace not only upon your high atchieve. ments, but likewise upon the happy expiration of your command, by which your glory is put out of the power of fortune: and when your person shall be fo too, that the Author and Disposer of all things may place you in that higher mansion of bliis and immortality which is prepared for good princes, lawgivers, and heroes, when he in his due time removes them from the envy of mankind, is the hearty prayer of,

Your Grace's most obedient,

Molt devoted, humble Servant,


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