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ούχ' είδει Διός
Οφθαλμός: έγύς δ' έσι και σαρών σόνων.



HAT I might not lose myself From what has been already obfervede

upon a subje&t of so great extent I think we may make a natural conclu. as that of fame, I have treated it in a fion, that it is the greatest folly to seek particular order and method. I have the praise or approbation of any being, firit of all considered the reafons why besides the Supreme, and that for these Providence may have implanted in our two reasons; because no other being can mind such a principle of action. I have make a right judgment of us, and elteem in the next place fhewn from many con. us according to our merits; and because fiderations, firt, that fame is a thing we can procure no considerable benefit difficult to be obtained, and easily loft; or advantage from the esteem and appro. fecondly, that it brings the ambitious bation of any other being; man very little happiness, but fubjects In the first place, no other being can him to much uneañiness and disfatisfac- make a right judgment of us, and efteem tion. I shall in the last place Mew, that us according to our merits. Created it binders us from obtaining an end beings fee nothing but our outside, and which we have abilities to acquire, and can therefore only frame a judgment of which is accompanied with fulness of sa us from our exterior actions and beha. tisfaction. I need not tell my reader, viour; but how'unfit these are to give that I mean by this end that happinefs' us a right notion of each other's perwhich is reserved for us in another fe&tions, may appear from several conworld, which every one has abilities to fiderations. There are many virtues, procure, and which will bring along which in their own nature are incapable with it. fulness of joy and pleasures for of any outward representation; many • evertnoie.'

filent perfections in the soul of a good How the the pursuit after fame may man, which are great ornaments to huhinder us in the attainment of this great man nature, but not able to discover end, I fall leave the reader to collect themselves to the knowledge of others; from the three following confiderations. they are transacted in private, without

Firít, Because the itrong desire of noise or show, and are only visible to fame breeds several vicious habits in the the great Searcher of hearts. What acmind.

tions can express the intire purity of Secondly, Because many of those ac- thought which refines and fanctifies a tions, which are apt to procure fame, virtuous man? That secret rest and conare not in their nature conducive to this tentedness of mind, which gives him a our ultimate happiness.

perfect enjoyment of his present condiThirdly, Because if we should allow tion? that inward pleasure and complathe fame actions to be the proper instru. cency, which he feels in doing good? ments, both of acquiring fame, and of that delight and satisfaction which he procuring this happiness, they would takes in the prosperity and happiness of nevertheless fail in the attainment of this another? these and the like virtues are laft end, if they proceeded from a desire the hidden beauties of a soul, the secret of the first,

graces which cannot be discovered by a These three propositions are self-evi- mortal eye, but make the soul lovely dent to those who are versed in specula. and precious in his fight, from whom tions of morality. For which reason I no secrets are concealed. Again, there Thall not enlarge upon them, but pro- are many virtues which want an opportu. ceed to a point of the same nature, which mity of exerting and Mhewing themselves may open to us a more uncommon field in actions. Every virtue requires time of fpeculation,

and place, a proper object and a fic


conjun&ture of circumstances, for the provement, from those weak ftirrings due exercise of it. A state of poverty and tendencies of the will which have obscures all the virtues of liberality and not yet formed themselves into regular munificence. The patience and forti. purposes and designs, to the last intire tude of a martyr or confeffor lie conceale finishing and consummation of a good ed in the flourishing times of Christi- habit. He beholds the first imperfect anity. Some virtues are only seen in af- rudiments of a virtue in the soul, and fli&tion, and some in prosperity; some keeps a watchful eye over it in all it's in a private, and others in a public ca- progress, until it has received every pacity. But the great Sovereign of the grace it is capable of, and appears in it's world beholds every perfection in it's ob- full beauty and perfection. Thus we scurity, and not only sees what we do, see that none but the supreme Being can but what we would do. He views our esteem us according to our proper me, behaviour in every concurrence of af- rits, fince all others must judge of us fairs, and sees us engaged in all the pof- from our outward actions; which can fibilities of action. He discovers the

never give them a just estimate of us, 'martyr and confeffor without the trial of since there are many perfections of fames and tortures, and will hereafter man which are not capable of appear. intitle many to the reward of actions, ing in actions;. many which, allowing which they had never the opportunity no natural incapacity of thewing themof performing. Another reason why selves, want an opportunity of doing it; men cannot form a right judgment of or, should they all meet with an opporus is, because the fame actions may be tunity of appearing by actions, yet those aimed at different ends, and arise from actions may be milinterpreted, and apquite contrary principles. Actions are plied to wrong principles; or though of to inixt a nature and so full of cir. they plainly discovered the principles cumstances, that as men pry into them from whence they proceeded, they could more or less, or observe some parts more never few the degree, strength, and than others, they take different hints, perfection of those principles. and put contrary interpretations on them; And as the supreme Being is the only so that the same actions may represent a proper judge of our perfections, so is man as hypocritical and designing to he the only fit rewarder of thein. This one, which make him appear a faint or is a consideration that comes home to hero to another. He therefore who looks our intereit, as the other adapts itself to upon the foul through it's outward ac

our ambition. And what could the tions, often fees it through a deceitful most aspiring, or the most felfish man inedium, which

is apt to discolour and delire more, were he to forin the no. pervert the object: so that on this ac tion of a being to whom he would recount also, He is the only proper judge commend himself, than such a know. of our perfections, who does not guess ledge as can dilcover the least appearat the sincerity of cur intentions troin ance of perfection in him, and such a the goodness of our actions, but weighs goodness as will proportion a reward the goodness of our actions by ile since. to it? rity of our intentions.

Let the ambitious man therefore tuin But further; it is impossible for out all his desire of fame this way; and that ward actions to represent the perfections he may propose to himself a fame worof the foul, because they can never Mew thy of his ambition, let him confider the strength of those principles from that if he einploys his abilities to the belt whence they proceed. They are not advantage, the time will come when the adequate expressions of our virtues, and fupreme Governor of the world, the cán only thew us what habits are in the great Judge of mankind, who sees every foul, without discovering the degree and degree of perfection in others, and polperfection of such habits. They are at felles all poffible perfection in himfelf, heit but weak relemblances of our in shall proclaim his worth before men and tentions, faint and imperfect copies that angels, and pronounce to him in the may acquaint us with the general de preience of the whale creation that beft fign, but can never express the beauty and most significant of applausesam and life of the original.

• Well done, thou good and faithful Judge of all the earth knows every dit "fervant, enter thou into thy Matters ferent state and degree of human im- ' joy,'


But the great





OLEASURE and recreation of one dramatic theatre licensed for the delight

kind or other are absolutely neces. and profit of this extensive metropolis, I fary to relieve our minds and bodies do humbly propofe, for the convenience from too conftant attention and labour: of such of it's inhabitants as are too dia where therefore public diversions are to ftant from Covent Garden, that another lerated, it behuves persons of diftince Theatre of Ease may be erected in some tion, with their power and example, to spacious part of the city; and that the preside over them in such a manner as to direction thereof may be made a francheck any thing that tends to the cor chise in fee to me, and ny heir's for ever. ruption of manners, or which is too And that the town may have no jealousy. mean or trivial for the entertainment of of my ever coming to an union with the reasonable creatures. As to the diver- set of actors now in being, I do further fions of this kind in this town, we owe propose to conftitute for my deputy my them to the arts of poetry and music: near kinsinan and adventurer, Kit Croto my own private opinion, with relation chet, whose long experience and imto such recreations, I have heretofore provements in those affairs need no re. given with all the frankness imaginable; commendation. It was obvious to every what concerns those arts at prelent the spectator, what a quite different foot the reader Thall have from my correspond- ftage was upon during his government; ents. The first of the letters with which and had he not been bolted out of his I acquit myself for this day, is written trap-doors, his garrison might have beld by one who proposes to improve our en out for ever, he baving by long pains, tertainments of dramatic poetry; and and perseverance arrived at the art of the other comes from thioe persons, making his army fight without pay or who, as soon as named, will be thought provisions. Linust confess it with a ines capable of advancing the present state of lancholy amazement, I see so wondermusic.

ful a genius laid alide, and the late

Naves of the stage now become it's maMR. SPECTATOR,

sters, dunces that will be sure to supI

Am confiderably obliged to you for press all theatrical entertainments and

your speedy publication of my last activities that they are not able them in-your's of the 18ch inftant, and am in felves to shine in! no small hopes of being fettled in the Every man that goes to a play is not poft of comptroller of the cries. Of all obliged to have either wit or underthe objections I have hearkened after in standing; and I inlift upon it, that all public coffee- houses, there is but one who go there Nould fee fomething which that seems to carry any weight with it, may improve them in a way of which viz. That such a poft would come too they are capable. In short, Sir, I would near the nature of a monopoly. Now, have fomething done as well as jaid on Sir, because I would have all sorts of the stage. A man may have an active people made easy, and being willing to body, though he has not a quick conhave more ftrings than one to my bow; ception; for the imitation therefore of in case that of comptroller should fail such as are, as I may lo speak, corpo. me, I have since formed another pro- teal wits or nimble fellows, I would fain je&t, which being grounded on the dio ask any of the present milinanagers, why viding of a present monopoly, hope should not rope-dancers, vaulters, tumwill give the public an equivalent t9 blers, ladder-walkers, and posture- matheir full content. You know, Sir, it stets, appear again on our itage? After is allowed that the business of the stage such a representation, a 'five-bar gate is, as the Latin has it, jucunda et idonea would be leaped with a better grace dicere vita. Now there being but one next time any of the audience went a


hunting, Sir, these things cry aloud bility and gentry, were zealoully inclined for reformation, and fall properly under to assist, by their solicitations, in inco. the province of Spectator General; but ducing so elegant an entertaiment as the how indeed should it be otherwise, while Italian music grafted upon English fellows, that for twenty years together poetry. For this end Mr. Dieupart and were never paid but as their mafter was Mr. Haym, according to their several in the humour, now presume to pay opportunities, promoted the introdu&ion others more than ever they had in their of Arlinöe, and did it to the best advanlives; and in contempt of the practice tage fo great a novelty would allow. It of persons of condition, have the info is not proper to trouble you with partilence to owe no tradelman a farthing at culars of the just complaints we all of the end of the week. Sir, all I propose us have to make; but so it is, that withis the public good; for no one can ima out regard to our obliging pains, we are gine I shall ever get a private shilling by all equally set aside in the present opera. it: therefore I hope you will recommend Our application therefore to you is only this matter in one of your this week's to insert this letter in your papers, that papers, and desire when my house opens the town may know we have all three you will accept the liberty of it for the joined together to make entertainments trouble you have received from, Sir, of music for the future at Mr. Clayton's

Your humble servant, house in York Buildings. What we
RALPH CROTCHET. promise ourselves, is, to make a fub.

Icription of two guineas, for eight times; P.S. I have assurances that the trunk. and that the entertainment, with the maker will declare for us.

names of the authors of the poetry, may

be printed, to be sold in the house, with MR. SPECTATOR,

an account of the several authors of the WE E whose names

are fubscribed, vocal as well as the instrumental music think you the properett person to for each night; the money to be paid at fignify what we have to offer the town the receipt of the tickets, at Mr. Charles in behalf of ourielves, and the art which Lillie's. It will, we hope, Sir, be easily we profess, music. We conceive hopes allowed, that we are capable of underof your favour from the speculations on taking to exhibit by our joint force and the mistakes which the town run into different qualifications all that can be with regard to their pleasure of this done in music: but left you should think kind; and believing your method of fo dry a thing as an account of our projudging is, that you consider music only posal Mould be a matter unworthy jour valuable, as it is agreeable to, and paper, which generally contains some. heightens the purpose of poetry, we con- thing of public ule; give us leave to say, ient that that is not only the true way of that favouring our design is no less than reliming that pleasure, but also ihat reviving an art, which runs to ruin be without it a compoture of music is the the utmolt barbarism under an affectafame thing as a poem, where all the tion of knowledge. We aim at efta. rules of poetical numbers are observed, blishing some lettied notions of what is though the words have no sense or mean music, at recovering from negle&t and ing; to fay it shorter, mere mulical want very many families, who depend founds are in our art no other than non upon it; at making all foreigners who fenle verius are in poetry. Music there- pretend to fucceed in England to learn fore is to aggravate what is intended by the language of it as we ourselves have poetry; it must always have fome pal. done, and not be so infolent as to ex. lion or sentiment to express, or else vio. pect a whole nation, a refined and leamlins, voces, or any other organs of ed nation, thould submit to learn theirs. found, atyrd an entertain!nent very little In a word, Mi. Spectator, with all deabove the rattles of children. It was ference and humility, we hope to befrom this opinion of the matter, that have ourselves in this undertaking in wlien Mr. Clayton had finished his itu- such a manner, that all Englishmen dies in Italy, and brought over the opera who have ar y skill in mufic may be furof Arfinöe, that Mr. Hayon and Mr. thered in it for their profit or diversion Dieupart, who had the honour to be by what new things we fhall produce; well known and received among the noa never pretending to surpass others, ar


aserting that any thing which is a sci- recommending ourselves. We are, Sir, ence is not attainable by all men of all your most humble fervants, nations who have proper genius for it:

THOMAS CLAYTON. we say, Sir, what we hope for is not

NICOLINO HAYM. expected will arrive to us by contemning

CHARLES DIEUPART. others, but through the utmost diligence. T








HERE are some things which resolved to Thew the world, that great

cannot come under certain rules, honours cannot at all change his manbut which one would think could not ners; he is the same civil person he ever need them. Of this kind are outward was; he will venture his neck to bow civilities and salutations. These one out of a coach in full speed, at once, to would imagine might be regulated by Mew he is full of business, and yet is every man's common sense, without the not so taken up as to forget his old help of an initructor; but that which we friend. With a man who is not so well call common sente suffers under that formed for courtship and elegant beha. word; for it sometimes implies no more viour, such a gentleman as this seldom than that faculty which is common to finds his account in the return of his all men, but sometimes fignifies right compliments, but he will still go on, for reason, and what all men Mould consent he is in his own way, and must not

In th $ latter acceptation of the omit; let the neglect fall on your side, phrase, it is no great wonder people err or where it will, his buliness is still to To much againit it, fince it is not every be well-bred to the end. I think I have one who is possessed of it, and there are read, in one of our English comedies, fewer, who, agintt cominon rules and a description of a fellow that affected fashions, dare obey it's dictates. As to knowing every body, and for want of falutations, which I was about to talk judgment in time and place, would bow of, I observe, as I stroll about town, and Imije in the face of a judge Gtting there are great enormities committed in the court, would fit in an opposite with regard to this particular. You gallery and smile in the minister's face tall fometimes see a man begin the offer as he came up into the pulpit, and nod of a falutation, and observe a forbidding as if he alluded to some familiarities beair, or elcaping eye, in the person he is tween them in another place. But going to salute, and itop short in the pole now I happen to speak of lalutation at of his neck. This in the person who church, I must take notice that several believed he could do it with a good of my correspondents have inportuned grace, and was refused the opportunity, . me to consider that fubject, and lettle is justly resented with a coldness the the point of decorum in that particular. whole ensuing season. Your great beau I do not pretend to be the best cour, ties, people in much favour, or by any tier in the world, but I have often on means or for any purpose over-flattered, public occasions thought it a very great are apt to practise this, which one may absurdity in the company (during the call the preventing aspect, and throw royal presence) to exchange falutations their attention another way, left they from all parts of the room, when cerhould confer a bow or a courtesy upon a tainly common sense should fuggeft, person who might not appear to deserve that all regards at that time should be that dignity. Others you shall find so engaged, and cannot be diverted to any obsequious, and so very courteous, as other object, without disrespect to the there is no escaping their favours of this sovereign. But as to the complaint of kind, of this fort may be a man who my correspondents, it is not to be imais in the fifth or sixth degree of favour gined what offence some of them take with a minister; this good creature is at the custom of faluting in places of

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