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tions which others have not attended to, -Si quid novifti rectius iftis, and I Mould be very glad to see any

of Candidus imperii i si non, iis utere mecum.

EP. VI. LIB. 1. VER. ULT. our eminent wiiters publish their disa coveries on the fame subject. In thort, I would always be understood to write

If you have made any better remarks of

your own, communicate the n with caia my papers of criticism in the spirit which

dour; if not, make use of these i present Horace has expressed in those two famous lines

you wish.






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which children take no notice of while MR. SPECTATOR,

they are doing, which, upon reflection, Am the happy father of a very to when they thall themselves become fa.

wardly son, in whom I do not only thers, they will look upon with the utlee my life, but also my manner of life, molt sorrow and conuition, that they renewed. It would be extremely bene did not regard, before those whom they ficial to society, if you would frequently offended were to be no more seen. How resume subjects which ferve to bind there

many thoufand things do I remember, fort of relations faiter, and endear the which would have highly pleased my ties of blood with those of good-will, father, and I omitted for no other reaprotection, observance, indulgence, and ion, but that I thought what he proposveneration. I would, methinks, have ed the effect of humour and old age, this done after an uncommon method, which I am now convinced had reaton and do not think any one, who is not ca. and good fente in it. I carnot row pable of writing a good play, fit to un go into the parlour to him, and make dertake a work wherein there will necer.

his heart glad with an account of a :mat-, sarily occur lo many fecret instincts, and

ter whicli was of no consequence, but bialles of human nature which would

that I told it, and acted in i. The good pais unobserved by common eyes. I man and woman are long tince in their thank Heaven I have no outrageous of - graves, who used to fit and plot the fence againit my own excellent parents welfare of us their children, while, perto an iver for; but when I ain now and haps, we were sometimes laughing at then alone, and look back upon my past the old folks at another end of the hulle. life, from my earlieit infancy to this The tru:h of it is, were we merely to tiine, there are many faults which I follow nature in these great duties of life, committed that did not appear to me, though we have a strong initinct towards even until I myself became a father. I the perfirining of them, we should ise had not until then a motion of the yearn on both sides very deficient. Age is 10 ings of heart, which a man has when unwelcome to the generality of mankind, he sees his chili do a laudable thing, and growth towarıls manhood to defira. or the sudden damp which leizes him ble to all, that refignation to decay is too when he fears he will act something un difficult a talk in the father; and de. worthy. It is not to be imagined, ference, amidst the impulse of what a remorse touched me for a long fires, appears unreatonahle to the fun. train of childish negligences of my mo There are fo few' who can grow old withia ther, when I faw my wife the other day good race, and yet tewer who can come look out of the window, and turn as Ilow enough into the world, that a father, pale as alhes upon seeing my younger were he to be a&tuated by his deles, and hoy sliding upon the ice. These flight a fon, were he to contólt himself only, intimations will give you to underttand, neither of them behave himself as he that there are nuniberless little crines ought to the other. But when rafon


gay de

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interposes against instinct, where it would round the world, and observe the many carry either out of the interests of the misunderstandings which are created by other, there arises that happiest inter- the malice and infinuation of the meanett courle of good offices between those servants between people thus related, how dearest relations of human life. The necessary will it appear that it were infather, according to the opportunities culcated that men would be upon their which are offered to him, is throwing guard to support a constancy of affec. down blessings on the son, and the fon tion, and that grounded upon the princiendeavouring to appear the worthy off- ples of reason, not the impulses of infpring of such a father. It is after this Itinét? inanner that Camillus and his first born It is from the common prejudices riwell together. Camillus enjoys a pleas- which men receive from their parents, ing and indolent old age, in which that hatreds are kept alive from one gepillion is subdued, and reaton exalted. neration to another; and when men aet He waits the day of his dissolution with by inftinet, hatreds will descend when a relignation mixed with delight, and good offices are forgotten. For the dethe son fears the accession of his father's generacy of human life is such, that fortune with diffidence, leit he should our anger is more easily transferred to not enjoy or become it as well as his pre our children than our love. Love al. deceffor: Add to this, that the father ways gives something to the object it, knows he leaves a friend to the children delights in, and anger fpoils the perfon of his friends, an easy landlord to his against whom it is moved of foinething tenants, and an agreeable companion laudable in him: from this degeneracy to his acquaintance. He believes his therefore, and a frt of felf-love, we are ton's behaviour will make him frequent- , more prone to take up the ill-will of our ly remembered, but never wanted. This parents, than to follow them in their coinmerce is so well cemented, that friendships. without the pomp of saying- Son, be One would think there should need " a friend tu luch a one when I am gone;' no more to make men keep up this fort Camillus knows, being in his favour, of relation with the utmost' fanctity, is direction enough to the grateful ihan to examide their own hearts. If youth who is to succeed him, withoui every father remembered his own The admonition of his mentioning it. thoughts and inclinations when he was These gentlemen are honoured in all a son, and every son remembered what their neighbourhood, and the same effe&t he expected from his father, when he which the court has on the manners of himself was in a state of dependance, a kingdom, their characters have on all this one reflection would preserve men who live within the influence of them. from being diffolute or rigid in these

My son and I are not of fortune to several capacities. The power and subcommunicate our good actions or in- jection between them, when broken, tentions to fo many as these gentlemen make them more emphatically tyrants do; but I will be bold to say, my son and rebels against each other, with has, by the applause and approbation greater cruelty of heart, than the dir. which his behaviour towards me has ruption of states and einpires can pofligained him, occafioned that many an bly produce. I fall end ihis application old man, helides myself, has rejoiced. to you with two letters which paised Other men's children follow the exam - between a mother and son very lately, pie of mine, and I have the inexprellible and are as follows. happiness of overhearing our neighbours, as we ride by, point to their children, and

DEAR FRANK, jay, with a voice of joy - There they go." IF the pleasures, which ! have the

You cannot, Mr. Spectator, pass your grief to hear you pursue in town, do time better than in infinuating the de not take up all your time, do not deny lights which these relations well regard- your mother so much of it, as to read ed beltow upon each other. Ordinary seriously this letter. You said before passages are no longer such, but mutual Mr. Letacre, that an old woman might love gives an importance to the most in- live very well in the country upon liais different things, and a merit to actions my jointure, and that your father was a the most insignificant. When we look fond fool to give me a rent-cbarge of

eight hundred a year to the prejudice of Both your sisters are crying to see the his son. What Lelacre said to you upon passion which I smother; but if you that occasion, you ought to have borne please to go on thus like a gentleman of with more decency, as he was your the town, and forget all regards to your. father's well-beloved servant, than to self and family, I Mall immediately have called him country-put. In the enter upon your estate for the arrear first place, Frank, I must tell you, I due to me, and without one tear more will have my rent duly paid, for I will condemn you for forgetting the fondne's make up to your sisters for the partiality of your inother, as much as you have I was guilty of, in making your father the example of your father. O Frank, do to inuch as he has done for you. I do I live to omit writing myself, your may, it seems, live upon half my join affectionate mother,

A.T. ture! I lived upon much less, Frank, when I carried you from place to place MADAM, in these arms, and could neither eat,


Will come down to-morrow and pay dress, or mind any thing for feeding the money on my knees. Pray write and tending you a weakly child, and so no more. I will take care you never thedding tears when the convulsions you shall, for I will be for ever hereafter were then troubled with returned upon your most dutiful fon,

F. T. you. By my care you out grew them, to throw away the vigour of your youth I will bring down new heads for my in the arms of harlots, and deny your sisters. Pray let all be forgotten, mother what is not your's to detain.




Hok. Ep. XVIII. LIB. I. VER. 103.

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T has been from age to age an affec- I have often observed, there is not a

tation to love the pleasure of folitude, man breathing who does not differ from among those who cannot possibly be sup- all other men, as much in the sentiments posed qualified for palling life in that of his mind, as the features of his face. manner. This people have taken up The felicity is, when any one is so happy from reading the many agreeable things as to find out and follow what is the which have been writ on that subject, proper bent of his genius, and turn all for which we are beholden to excellent his endeavours to exert himself accordpersons who delighted in being retired ing as that prompts himn. Inttead of and abstracted from the pleasures that this, which is an innocent method of inchant the generality of the world. enjoying a man's self, and turning out This way of life is recommended indeed of the general tracks wherein you have with great beauty, and in such a man. crowds of rivals, there are those who ner as disposes the reader for the time pursue their own way out of a sourness to a pleasing forgetfulness, or negli- and spirit of contradiction: these men gence of the particular hurry of life in do every thing which they are able to which he is engaged, together with a support, as if guilt and impunity could longing for that itate which be is charm not go together. Thev chuse a thing ed with in description. But when we only because another dislikes it; and are consider the world itself, and how few fect forfooth an inviolable constancy in there are capable of a religious, learned, matters of no manner of moment. Thus or philofophic solitude, we shall be apt sometimes an old fellow shall wear this to change a regard to that sort of soli. or that sort of cut in his cloaths with tude, for being a little singular in en- great integrity, while all the relt of the joying time after the way a man himself world are degenerated into buttons, likes best in the world, without going pockets, and loops unknown to their So far as wholly to withdraw from it. anceltors. As insignificant as even this


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is, if it were searched to the bottom, ticular way, next to this admirable chayou perhaps would find it not fincere, ra&ter, I am ihe inoft enamoured of Irus, but that he is in the fashion in his heart, whose condition will not admit of such and holds out from mere ohltinacy. largesies, and perhaps would not be But I am running from my intend: d capable of making them, if it were. purpote, which was to celebrate a cer Irus, though he is now turned of fifty, tain particular manner of pailing away has not appeared in the world, in his life, and is a contradiction to no man, real character, since five and twenty, but a resolution to contra&t none of the at which age he ran out a small pati. exorbitant delires by which others are mony, and spent fome time after with endlaved. The best way of separating rakes who had lived upon him: a course à man's felf from the world, is to give of ten years time, pafled in all the little up the defire of being known to it. alleys, by-paths, and sometimes open After a man has preserved his innocence, taverns and itreets of this town, gave and performed all duties incumbent up. Irus a perfect skill in judging of the inon him, his time spent his own way is clinations of mankind, and acting acwliat makes his lite differ from that of cordingly. He ferioully considered he a save. If they who affect show and was poor, and the general horror which pomp knew how many of their specta- most men have of all who are in that tors' derided their trivial talte, they condition. Irus judged very rightly, would be very much less elated, and that while he could keep his poverty a have an inclination to examine the merit secret, he should not feel the weight of of all they have to do with : they would it; he improved this thought into an af foon find out that there are many who fectation of closeness and covetouíneis. make a figure below what their fortune Upon this one principle he refolved to or merit entitles them to, out of mere govern his future life; and in the thirty: choice, and an elegant desire of ease and fixth year of his age he repaired to Long dilincumbrance. It would look like a Lane, and looked upon several diefies romance to tell you in this age of an old which hung there deserted by their first man who is contented to pass for an masters, and exposed to the purchase of humourist, and one who does not un the beit bidder. At this place he exderstand the figure le ought to make in changed his gay Mabbiness of cloaths the world, while he lives in a lodging fit for a much younger man, to warm of ten shillings a week with only one ones that would be decent for a much fervant; while he dresses himself accord. older one. Irus came out thoroughly ing to the season in cloth or in stuff, and equipped from head to foot, with a little has no one necessary attention to any oaken cane in the form of a substantial thing but the bell which calls to prayers man that did not mind his dreis, turned iwice a day. I lay it would look like of fifty. He had at this time fifty a fable to report that this genileman pounds of ready-money; and in this gives away all which is the overplus of habit, with this fortune, he took his a gicat fortune, by fecret methods, to present lodging in St. John's Street, at other mer. If he has not the pomp of ihe mansion-house of a taylor's widoir, a numerous train, and of profeflors of who wathes and can clear- starch his service to hiin, he has every day he lives bands. From that time to this he has the conscience that the widow, the fa- kept the main stock, without alteration therleis, the mourner, and the stranger, under or over, to the value of fire blets his unfeen hand in their prayers. pounds. He left off all his old acThis humourist gives up all the compli- quaintance to a man, and all his arts ments which people of his own coniliof life, except the play of backgammon, tion could make him, for the pleasures upon which he has more than hore liis of helping the afflicted, supplying the charges. Trus has, ever fince he caine needy, and befriending the veglected into this neighbourhood, given all the This humourilt keeps to himtelf much intimation he skilfully could of being a niore than he wants, and gives a vast close hunks worth money: nobody refuse of his fuperfluities to purchase comes to visit him, he receives no leto heaven, and hy freeing others from the ters, and tells his money morning and temptations of worldly want, to carry a, evening. He has, from the public pa. retinue with him thither.

pers, a knowledge of what generally Of all men who affect living in a par. paffes, funs all discourses of money,



but shrugs his shoulders when you talk Bacchus to the aid of my profession of of securities; he denies his being rich the theatre. So that while some people with the air, which all do who are vain of quality are beljeaking plays of me of being fo: he is the oracle of a neigh- to be acted upon such a day, and others, bouring justice of peace, who meets him hogsheads for their houtes againit such at the coffee-house; the hopes that what a time ; I am wholly employed in the he has must come to somebody, and that agreeable service of wit and wine : Sir, he has no heirs, have that effect where I have sent you Sir Roger de Coverley's ever he is krown, that he every day has letter to me, which pray comply with three or four invitations to dine at dif- in favour of the Bumper Taveri. Be ferent places, which he generally takes kind, for you know a player's utmost care to chule in such a manner, as not pride is the approbation of the Spectator. to feem inclined to the richer man. All I am your admirer, though unknown, the young men respect him, and say he

RICHARD ESTCOURT. is just the same man he was when they were boys. He uses no artifice in the world, but makes use of men's designs TO MR. ESTCOURT, AT HIS HOUSE upon him to get a maintenance out of them. This he carries on by a certain

COVERLEY, DEC. THE 18th, 1711, pcevilhnels, (which he acts very well) that no one would believe could possibly OLD COMICAL ONES, enter into the head of a poor fellow.


HE hogsheads of neat port came His mien, his dress, his carriage, and safe, and have gotten thee good his language, are fuch, that you would reputation in these parts; and I am glad be at a loss to guess whether in the active to hear, that a fellow who has been part of his life he had been a sensible laying out his money ever since he was citizen, or a scholar that knew the born, for the mere pleasure of wine, world. These are the great circum has bethought himself of joining profit Itances in the life of Irys, and thus does and pleasure together. Our fexton he pass away his days a ftranger to man (poor inan) having received strength kind; and at his death, the worst that from thy wine fince his fit of the gout, will be said of him will be, that he got is hugely taken with it: he says it is by every man who had expectations given by nature for the use of families, from him, more than he had to leave that no steward's table can be without him.

it, that it strengthens digestion, excludes I have an inclination to print the fol- surfeits, fevers, and physic; which green lowing letters; for that I have heard the wines of any kind cannot do. Pray get author of them has somewhere or other

a pure snug room, and I hope next term feen ine, and by an excellent faculty in to help fill your bumper with our peomimicry my correspondents tell me he ple of the club; but you must have no can assume my air, and give my taci- bells stirring when the Spectator comes; furnity a lynets which diverts more than I forbore ringing to dinner while lie any thing I could say if I were present, was down with me in the country. Thus I am glad my silence is atoned Thank you for the little hams and Poi. for to the good company in town. He

tugal onions; pray keep some always has carried his skill in imitation so far, by you. You know my supper is only as to have forged a letter from my friend good Cheshire cheese, best mustard, a Sir Roger in luch a manner, that any golden pippin, attended with a pipe of one but I, who am thoroughly acquaint John Sly's best. Sir Harry has itolen eil with him, would have taken it for all your songs, and tells the story of the genuine,

Fifth of November to perfection.

Yours, to serve you, MR. SPECTATOR,

ROGER DE COVERLEY. HAVING observed in Lilly's Gram.

mar how sweetly Bacchus and We have lost old John since you were Apollo run in a verse: 'I have, to pre- here. serve the amity between themn, called in




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