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No CCLXV. THURSDAY, JANUARY 3. .

DIXERIT E MULTIS ALIQUIS, QUID VIRUS IN ANGUES
ADJICIS ? ET RABIDÆ TRADIS OVILE LUPÆ?

OVID. DE ART. AM. LIB. 111, VIR. 7,
BUT SOME EXCLAIN-WHAT PHRENZY RULES YOUR MIND?
WOULD YOU INCREASE THE CRAFT OF WOMAN-KIND;
TEACN THEM NEW WILYS AND ARTS? AS WELL YOU MAY
INSTRUCT A SNAKE TO BITE, OR WOLF TO PREY.

CONGREVE.

O corriends fratre defined an woman
NE of the fathers, if I am rightly be substituted in the place of those anti-

quated commodes. But our female proto be • Süvv daozéseov-An animal that jectors were all the lait summer fo taken • delighis in finery.' I have already up with the improvement of their pettitreated of the sex in two or three papers, coats, that they had not time to attend conformably to this definition, and to any thing else; but having at length have in particular observed, that in all sufficiently adorned their lower parts, ages they have been more careful than they now begin to turn their thoughts the men to adorn that part of the head, upon the other extremity, as well rewhich we generally call the outside. membering the old kitchen proverb,

This observation is so very notorious, ' that if you light your fire at both ends, that when in ordinary discourse we say " the middle will inift for itself.' å man has a fine head, a long head, or I am engaged in this speculation by a a good head, we express ourselves me- fight which I lately met with at the taphorically, and speak in relation to his opera. As I was standing in the hinder understanding; whereas when we say part of the box, I took notice of a little of a woman, the has a fine, a long, or cluler of women sitting together in the a good head, we speak only in relation prettiest coloured hoods that I ever saw, to her commode.

One of them was blue, another yellow, It is observed among birds, that na- and another pbilemot; the fourth was of ture has lavished all her ornaments upon a pink colour, and the fifth of a pale the male, who very often appears in a green. I looked with as much pleasure most beautiful head-dress: whether it upon this little party-coloured assembly, be a crest, a comb, a tuft of feathers, as upon a bed of tulips, and did not or a natural little plume, erected like a know at first whether it might not be kind of pinnacle on the very top of the an embassy of Indian queens; but upon head. As nature on the contrary has my going about into the pit, and taking poured out her charms in the greatest them in front, I was immediately undes abundance upon the female part of our ceived, and saw so much beauty in every fpecies, so they are very asliduous in face, that I found them all to be Engbestowing upon themselves the finest lith. Such eyes and lips, cheeks and garnitures of art. The peacock, in all foreheads, could be the growth of no his pride, does not display half the co other country. The complexion of their Jours that appear in the garments of a faces hindered me from observing any British lady, when she is drefied either farther the colour of their hoods, though for a ball or a birth-day,

I could easily perceive by that unspeak. But to return to our female heads. able satisfaction which appeared in their The ladies have been for some time in looks, that their own thoughts were a kind of moulting season, with regard wholly taken up on those pretty orna. to that part of their dress, having cait ments they wore upon their heads. great quantities of ribbon, lace, and laminformed that this fashion spreads cambric, and in fome measure reduced daily, insomuch that the Whig and Tory that part of the human figure to the ladies begin already to hang out different beautiful globular form, which is na- colours, and to shew their principles in tural to it. We have for a great while their head-dress. Nay, if I may believe expected what kind of ornament would my friend Will Honeycomb, there is a

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certain old coquette of his acquaintance the palest features look the most agreewho intends to appear very luddenly in able in white farfanet; that a face which a rainbow hood, like the Iris in Dryden's is overfluhed appears to advantage in Virgil, not questioning but that among the deepest scarlet; and that the darkest fuch variety of colours the shall have a complexion is not a little alleviated by a charm for every heart.

black hood. In short, he is for losing My friend Will, who very much va the colour of the face in that of the lues himself upon his great insight into hood, as a fire burns dinily, and a gallantry, tells me, that he can already candle goes half out, in the light of the guess at the humnour a lady is in by her fun. · This,' says he, ‘ your Ovid himhood, as the courtiers of Morocco know • felf has hinted where he treats of the disposition of their present emperor these matters, when he tells us that the by the colour of the dress which he blue water nymphs are dressed in skyputs on.

When Melelinda wraps her • coloured garments; and that Aurora, head in Aame colour, her heart is fet " who always appears in the light of the upon execution. When the covers.it • rifing lun, is robed in saffron.' • with purple, I would not,' says he, Whether there his observations are • advise her lover to approach her; but justly grounded I cannot tell: but I have • if the appears in white, it is peace, often known him, as we have stood to« and he may hand her out of the box gether behind the ladies, praise or diswith fafety.'

praise the complexion of a face which he Will informs me likewise, that these never saw, from observing the colour of hoods may be used as signals. Why her hood, and has been very seldom out « elfe,' says he, 'does Cornelia always in these his guelles.

put on a black hood when her husband As I have nothing more at heart than • is gone into the country?'

the honour and improvement of the fair. Such are my friend' Honeycomb's fex, I cannot conclude this paper with: dreams of gallantry. For my own part, out an exhortation to the British ladies, I impute this diversity of colours in the that they would excel the women of all hoods to the diversity of complexion in other nations as much in virtue and good the faces of my pretty countrywomen. fense, as they do in beauty; which they Ovid in his Art of Love has given some may certainly do, if they will be as inprecepts as to this particular, though I dustrious to cultivate their minds, as find they are different from those which

they are to adorn their bodies: in the prevail among the moderns. He recom mean while I shall recommend to their mends a red itriped filk to the pale com most serious confideration the saying of plexion, white to the brown, and dark an old Greek poetto the fair. On the contrary, my friend Will, who pretends to be a greater ma

Γυναικί κόσμος και τρόπος, και ο χρυσία. fter in this art than Ovid, tells me, that

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No CCLXVI. FRIDAY, JANUARY 4.

ID VERO EST, QUOD EGO MIHI PUTO PALMARIUM,
ME REPERISSE, QUOMODO ADOLESCENTULUS
MERETRICUM INGENIA ET MORES POSSIT NOSCERE:
MATURE UT CUM COGNORIT PERPETUO OVERIT.

TEK. EUN, ACT. V. SC. 4.

LOOK UPON IT AS MY MASTER-PIECE, THAT I HAVE FOUND OUT HOW A YOUNG FELLOW MAY KNOW THE DISPOSITION AND BEHAVIOUR OF HARLOTS, AND BY EARLY KNOWING COME TO DETEST THEM.

O vice or wickedness which people spect ihe sincerity of their virtue, who are

fall into from indulgence to de too warmly provoked at other people's fires which are natural to all, ought to personal lins. The unlawful commerce place them below the compassion of the of the fexes is of all other the hardest virtuous part of the world; which in to avoiit; and yet there is no one which deed often makes me a little apt to lu you all hear the rigider part of wo.

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mankind speak of with so little mercy. scene of the second act of the Humorous It is very certain that a modest woman Lieutenant. Leucippe, who is agent cannot abhor the breach of chastity too for the king's lult, and bawds at the much; but pray let her hate it for her. Same time for the whole court, is very self, and only pity it in others. Will pleasantly introduced, reading her ni. Honeycomb calls these over-offended la nutes as a person of business, with two dies, the outrageously virtuous. maids, her under-tecretaries, taking in

I do not delign to fall upon failures ftructions at a table before her. Her in general, with relation to the gift of women, both those under her present tuchastity, but at present only enter upon telage, and those which she is laying that large field, and begin with the con wait for, are alphabetically let down in fideration of poor and public whores. her book; and the is looking over the The other evening passing along near letter C, in a muttering voice, as if beCovent Garden, I was jogged on the tween soliloquy and speaking out, the elbow as I turned into the piazza, on the says right-hand coming out of James Street,

Hermaidenhead will yield me; let me see now; by a young flim girl of about seventeen,

She is not fitteen they say: for her com who with a pert air asked me if I was

plexionfor a pint of wine. I do not know but

Cloe, Cloe, Cloe, here I have her, I should have indulged my curiosity in Cloe, the daughter of a country gentleman; having some chat with her, but that I

Her age upon tifteen. Now her complexion. am informed the man of the Bumper A lovely brown; here `tis; eyes black and knows mc; and it would have made a rolling, Itory for him not very agreeable to some The body neatly built; she strikes a lute well, part of my writings, though I have in Sings most enticingly: these helps confider'd,

Her maidenhead will amount to some three other's so frequently said that I am

hundred, wholly unconcerned in any scene I am

Or three hundred and fifty crowns, 'twill in, but merely as a spectator. This

bear it handsomely, impediment being in my way, we stood under one of the arches by twilight; To buy him a hunting nag

Her father's poor, some little share deducted, and there I could observe as exact fea. tures as I had ever seen, the moit agree These creatures are very well inftruetable shape, the fineit neck, and bosom, ed in the circuitances and manners of in a word, the whole person of a woman all who are any way related to the fairexquisitely beautiful. She affected to one whoin they have a delign upon. As allure me with a forced wantonness in Cloe is to be purchased with three hunher look and air; but I saw it checked dred and fifty crowns, and the father with hunger and cold: her eyes were taken off with a pad; the merchant's wan and

eager, her drets thin and taw wife next to her, whoabounds in plenty, dry, her mien genteel and childish. This is not to have downright money, but the Atrange figure gave me much anguish of mercenary part of her mind is engaged heart, and to avoid being seen with her with a present of plate and a little ambiI went away, but could not forbear tion. She is made to underttand that it giving her a crown. The poor thing is a man of quality who dies for her. lighed, curtfied, and with a blessing ex The examination of a young girl for bu. pressed with the utmost vehemence, turn finels, and the crying down her value ed from me. This creature is what they for being a flight thing, together with call newly come upon the town,' but, every other circumitance in the scene, who, I suppose, falling into cruel hands, are inimitably excellent, and have the was left in the first month from her disa true spirit of comedy; though it were honour, and exposed to pass through the to be withed the author had added a cirhands and discipline of one of those bags cuintance which should make Leucippe's of hell whom we call bawds. But lelt basepels more odious. I should grow too suddenly grave on It must not be thought a digression this subject, and be myself outrageously from my intended fpeculation, to talk good, I shall turn to a scene in one of of bawds in a discourse upon wenches; Fletcher's plays, where this character is for a woman of the town is not thodrawn, and the economy of wliore- roughly and properly such, without havdom most admirably described. The ing gone through the education of one passage I would point to is in the third of these houses. But the compashonare

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