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his own genius; but feldom elevates and another paper; though confidering her transports us where he does not fetch his all the poets of the age in which he writ hints from Homer.
were infected with this wrong way of Milton's chief talent, and indeed his thinking, he is rather to be admired tra diftinguishing excellence, lies in the su he did not give more into it, than that blimity of his thoughts. There are he did sometimes comply with the vi. others of the moderns who rival him in cious talte which still prevails fo mud every other part of poetry; but in the among modern writers. greatness of his sentiments he triump.is But tince several thoughts may be na. over all the poets both modern and an tural which are low and grovelling, an cient, Homer only excepted. It is im- epic poet Mould not only avoid such ferpollible for the imagination of man to tiinents as are unnatural or affected, bot ditend itself with greater ideas, than also such as are mean and vulgar. Hothose which he has laid together in his mer has opened a great field of raillery first, fecond, and fixth books. The to men of more delicacy than greatnets leventh, which describes the creation of of genius, by the homeliness of fome of the world, is likewise wonde:fully su his tentiments. But, as I have before blime, though not so apt to ftir up emo said, these are' rather to be imputed to tion in the mind of the reader, nor con the fimplicity of the age in which he fequently so perfect in the epic way of lived; to which I'may also add, of that writing, hecause it is filled with less which he described, than to any imperaction. Let the judicious reader com fection in that divine poet. Zoilus, pure what Longinus has observed on le among the ancients, and Monfieur Per. veral partages in Homer, and he will rault, among the moderns, pushed their find parallels for noit of them in the ridicule very far upon him, on accouise Paradise Lost.
of some such sentiments. There is no From what has been said we may in. blemish to be observed in Virgil under fer, that as there are two kinds of len-- this head, and but a very few in Milton. timents, the natural and the sublime, I fall give but one instance of this which are always to be pursued in an impropriety of thought in Homer, and heroic poem, there are also two kinds at the same time compare it with an inof thoughts which are carefully to be stance of the same nature, both in Vir. avoided. The first are such as are af. gil and Milton. Sentiments, which fected and unnatural; the second such raise laughter, can very seldom be ad. as are mean and vulgar. As for the mitted with any decency into an heroic first kind of thoughts, we meet with lit- poem, whoso business it is to excite pas. tle or nothing that is like them in Virgil: lions of a much nobler nature. Homer, he has none of those trifling points and however, in his characters of Vulcan puerilities that are so often to be met and Therlites, in his story of Mars and with in Ovid, none of the epigrammatic Venus, in his behaviour of Irus, and turns of Lucan, none of those swelling in other passages, has been observed to sentiments which are so frequent in have lapfed into the burlesque character, Statius and Claudian, none of those and to have departed from that serious mixed embellishments of Tasso. Every air which seems essential to the magnithing is just and natural. His fenti. ficence of an epic poem. I remember ments thew that he had a perfect infight but one laugh in the whole Æneid, into human nature, and that he knew which rises in the fifth hook, upon Moevery thing which was the most proper nætes, where he is represented as thrown to affect it.
overboard, and drying himself upon a Mr. Dryelen bas in fome places, rock. But this piece of mirth is lo well wwhich I may hereafter take notice of, timed, that the leverest critic can have iniliepresented Virgil's way of thinking nothing to say againft it; for it is in the as to this partieular, in the translation book of games and diverfions, where he has given us of the Æneid. I do the reader's mind may be supposed to be not renien ber that Homer any where sufficiently relaxed for such an enterfalls into the faults above-mentioned, taininent. The only piece of pleasantry which were indeed the false refinements in Paradise Lost, is where the evil spirits of later ages. Milton, it must be con. are described as rallying the angels upon felled, has sometimes erred in this re the success of their new-invented artile bect, as I hall thew more at large in lery. This paffage I look upon to be
the most exceptionable in the whole • For joy of offer'd peace; but I suppose poem, as being nothing else but a tring • If our proposals once again were beard,
« We should compel them to a quick result.' of puns, and those too very indifferent
To whom thus Belial in like gamesome
mood: -Satan beheld their plight,
• Leader, the terms wc fent were terms of And to his mates thus in derifion callid.
• Of hard contents, and full of force urgid "O friends, why come not on those victors
• proud! • Ere-while they fierce were coming, and
• Such as we might perceive amus'd them all, 6 when we
• And Jumbled many: who receives them "To entertain them fair with open front, . And breaft, (what could we more?) pro
• Had need from head to foot well understand; • pounding terms
• Not understood, this gift they have befidess Of composition, straight they chang'd their • They shew us when our foes walk not « minds,
upright.' Flesu off, and into strange vagaries fell Thus they among themselves in pleasant • As they would dance: yet for a dance they
Stood scoffing• Somewhat extravagant, and wild; perhaps
PRINCIPIBUS PLACUISSE VIRIS NON ULTIMA LAUS EST.
HOR. EP. XVII. LIB. I. VER. 350
agreeable or unwelcome to those cumstances, which add a dignity to the with whom he converses, according to familiar behaviour which distinguishes the motive from which that inclination him whom we call an agreeable man. appears to flow. If your concern for It is from this that every body loves pleasing others arises froin innate bene- and esteems Polycarpus. 'He is in the volence, it never fails of success; if vigour of his age and the gaiety of life, from a vanity to excel, it's disappoint- but has parted through very conspicuous ment is no less certain. What we call feenes in it; though no soldier, he has an agreeable man, is he who is endowed Shared the danger, and acted with great with the natural bent to do acceptable gallantry and generolity on a decisive things from a delight he takes in them day of battle. To have those qualities merely as such; and the affectation of which only make other men contpicuous that character is what constitutes a fop. in the world as it were supernumerary Under these leaders one may draw up to him, is a circumstance which gives all those who make any manner of fin weight to his most indifferent actions; gure, except in dumb how. A ra- for as a known credit is ready cash to s cional and select conversation is como trader, fo is acknowledged merit imposed of persons, who have the talent mediate distinction, and serves in the of pleafing with delicacy of tentiments place of equipage to a gentleman. This Aowing from habitual chastityof thought; renders Polycarpus graceful in mirth, but mixed company is frequently made important in business, and regarded up of pretenders to mirth, and is usu. with love, in every ordinary occurrence. ally peitered with constrained, obscene, But not to dwell upon characters which and painful witticisms. Now and then have such particular recommendations you meet with a inan, so exactly forme to our hearts, let us turn our thought ed for pleasing, that it is no matter what rather to the methods of pleasing which he is doing or saying, that is to say, muft carry men through the world who that ibere need no inanner of importance cannot pretend to such advantages. in it, to make him gain upon every Falling in with the particular humour body who hears or beholds him. This or manner of one above you, abstracted felicity is not the gift of nature only, from the general rules of good behavi.
our, is the life of a flave. A parasite of such an application for any thing differs in nothing from the meanest fer which related to himself. It fhers vant, but that the footman hires him.' understood what it was to be a fkit felf for bodily labour, subjected to go courtier, by juit admonitions aga 17 and come at the will of his matter, but importunity, and Mewing how forcit: the other gives up his very soul: he is it was to speak modely of your or. prostituted to fpak, and profeffes to There is indeed someiling think after the mode of him whom he thameless in taking all opportunities
This fervitude to a patron, in speak of your own affairs, that be we an honest nature, would he more griev- is guilty of it towards him on whom ous than that of wearing his livery; depends, fares like the beggar, at therefore we will speak of those methods expoles his fores, which initead of tr97. only, which are worthy and ingenuous. ing compassion makes the man be bas
The happy talent of pleasing either of turn away from the obiect. those above you or below you, seems to I cannot iell what is become of his be wholly owing to the opinion they but I remember about fixteen years ago have of your fincerity. This quality is an honest fellow, who so jully undeto attend tře agreeable man in all the stood how disagreeable the mentione: aitions of his life; and I think there
appearance of his wants would mai need no more be said in honour of it, him, that I have often refiected upo than that it is what forces the approba- him as a counterpart of Irus, whom i tion even of your opponents,
The have formerly mentioned. This mar, guilty man has an honour for the judge whom I have mifled for some years i who with justice pronounces against him my walks, and have heard was for the sentence of death itself. The au way employed about the army, made i thor of the fentence at the head of this a maxim, that good wigs, delicate liner, paper, was an excelent judge of human and a chearful air, were to a poor de life, and pasted his own in company the pendent the same that working-tools are most agreeable that ever was in the world. to à poor artificer. It was no firallesAugustus lived amongit his friends as if tertainment to me, who knew his c. he had his fortune to make in his own cumstances, to see him, who had faftei court: candour and atfability, accom two days, attribute the thinne's the panied with as much power as ever told him of to the violence of some garmortal was vested with, were what inade Jantries he had lately been guilty of him in the utmost manner agreeable The skilful diffembler carried this en among a set of admirable men, who had with the utmost address; and if I thoughts too high for ambition, and fufpected his affairs were narrow, is on views too large to be gratified by what attributed to indulging himself in feine he could give them in the dilpofal of an fashionable vice rather than an irra empire, without the pleasures of their proachable poverty, which faved to mutual conversation. A certain ina credit with those on whom he depended. nimity of taile and judgment, which is The main art is to be as little trcublenatural to all of the fame order in the some as you can, and make all yon hope fpecies, was the band of this fociety; for come rather as a favour from your and the empercrassumed 10 figure in it, patron than claim from you. Buti : but what he thought was his due from here prating of what is the method of his private talents and qualifications, as pleasing so as to succeed in the world, they contributed to advance the plea. when there are crowds who have, it fures and sentiments of the company. city, town, court, and country, arrived
Cunning people, hypocrites, ali who at considerable acquiations, and se are hut half virtuous, or half wile, are feem incapable of acting in any contar: incapable of tasting the refined pleasure tenor of life, but have gone on from of lich an equal company as could one fuccessful error to another: therewholly exclude the regard of fortune in fore I think I may fherren this enquiry their conversations. Horace, in the after the method of pleasing; and as the discourse from whence I take the hint old beau faid to his son, once for all of the present fpeculation, lays down Pray, Jack, be a fine gentleman,' fo excellent rules for conduct in conver may 1, to my reader, abriuge my in. fation with men of power; but he speaks triétions, and finish the art of pleasirg, it with an air of one who had no need in a word. Be rich."
No CCLXXXI. TUESDAY, JANUARY 22.
PECTORIBUS INHIANS SPIRANTIA CONSULIT IXTA.
Virg. Æn. IV, VER. 64.
ANXIOUS THE REEKING INTRAILS ME CONSULTS.
AVING already given an account
is made use of in the thermometer, to
thew the change of weather. with the several discoveries made on that Nor muft I here omit an experiment occafion; I thall here, according to my one of the company assured us he himpromise, enter upon the dissection of a felf had made with this liquor, which Coquette's Heart, and communicate to he found in great quantity about the the public such particularities as we ob- heart of a coquette whom he bad forfrved in that curious piece of anatomy. merly diffected. He affirmed to us, that
I thould perhaps have waved this un. he had actually inclosed it in a small dertaking, had not I been put in mind tube made after the manner of a wei. of iny promise by several of my un ther-glass; but that instead of acquaintknown correspondents, who are very ing him with the variations of the at. importunate wiih me to make an ex- mosphere, it thewed him the qualities ample of the coquette, as I have already of those persons who entered the room done of the beau. It is therefore in where it itood. He affirmed also, that compliance with the request of friends, it role at the approach of a plume of tbat I have looked over the minutes of feathers, an embroidered coat, or a pair my former dream, in order to give the of fringed gloves; and that it fell as soon public an exact relation of it, which I as an ill-naped periwig, a clumsy pair ihall enter upon without farther preface. of shoes, or an unfashionable coat, came
Our operator, before he engaged in into his house: nay, he proceeded to far this visionary dissection, told us, that as to assure us, that upon his laughing there was nothing in his art more diffi aloud when he stood by it, the liquor cult than to lay open the heart of a co. inounted very sensibly, and immediately quette, by reason of the many labyrinths sunk again upon his looking serious. and receiles which are to be found in it, In short, he told us, that he knew very and which do not appear in the heart of well hy this invention whenever he had any other animal.
a man of senle or a coxcomb in his He defired us first of all to observe room. the pericardiuin, or outward case of the Having cleared away the pericardium, heart
, which we did very attentively; or the case and liquor above-mentioned, and by the help of our glasses dilcerned we came to the heart itself. The out.. in it millions of little scars, which feein- ward furface of it was extremely fliped to have been occafioned by the points pery, and the mucro, or point, to very of innumerable darts and arrows, that cold withal, that, iipon endeavouring to from time to time had glanced upon the take hold of it, it glided through the outward coat; though we could not dir fingers like a smooth piece of ice. cover the smallest orifice, by which any The fibres were turned and twisted in of them had entered and pierced the irio, a more intricate and perplexed manner ward lubítance.
than they are usually found in other Every smatterer in anatomy knows hearts; insomuch that the whole heart that this pericardiuin, or case of the was wound up together in a Gordian heart, contains in it a thin reddith li- knot, and must have tad very irregue quor, supposed to be bred from the va lar and unequal motions, whilft it was pours which exhale out of the heart, employed in it's vital tunction. and, being stopped here, are condenied One tiing we thought very observ. into this watery substance. Upon exa- able, namely, that npon examining all miring this liquor, we found that it bad the vessels which came into it or ifiued in it all the qualities of tbat spirit which cut of it, we could not discover any
communication that it had with the and center of it. We there observed a tongue.
little figure, which, upon applying ou We could not but take notice like- glafles to it, appeared dressed in a very wise, that Yeveral of those little nerves in fantastic manner. The more I looked the heart which are affected by the sentie upon it, the more I thought I had seen ments of love, hatred, and other pass the face before, but could not possibly fions, did not descend to this before us recollect either the place or time; when, from the brain, but froin the muscles at length, one of the company, who which lie about the eye.
had examined this figure more nicely Upon weighing the heart in my hand, than the rest, fhewed us plainly by the I found it to be extremely light, and make of it's face, and the several turns confequently very hollow, which I did of it's features, that the little idol which not wonder at, when, upon looking into was thus lodged in the very middle of the inside of it, I saw multitudes of the heart was the deceased beau, whole cells and cavities running one within head I gave some account of in my lat another, as our historians describe the Tuesday's paper. apartments of Rosamond's Lower. Se As soon as we had finished our disa veral of these little hollows were stuffed fection, we resolved to make an experiwith innumerable forts of trifles, which ment of the heart, not being able to de. I thall forbear giving any particular ac termine among ourselves the nature of count of, and Mali therefore only take it's substance, which differed in so many notice of what lay first and uppermott, particulars from that of the heart in which, upon our unfolding it, and ap other females. Accordingly we laid it plying our microscopes to it, -appeared into a pan of burning coals, when we to be a flame-coloured hood.
observed in it a certain salamandrine We are informed that the lady of this quality, that made it capable of living heart, when living, received ihe ad in the inidst of fire and flame, without dresses of several who made love to her, being consumed, or so much as finged. and did not only give each of them en As we were admiring this frange couragement, but made every one the phænomenon, and Itanding round the converted with believe that the regarded heart in a circle, it gave a most prodihim with an eye of kindness; for which gious sigh or rather crack, and difperled realon we expected to have teen the im all at once in finoke and vapour. This preilion of multitudes of faces among imaginary noise, which methought was the several plaits and foldings of the louder than the burtt of a cannon, proheart; but to our great surprise not a duced such a violent shake in my brain, fingle print of this nature discovered it that it diffipated the fumes of deep, and telt until we came into the very core left me in an instant broad awake.
No CCLXXXII. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23,
SPES INCERTA FUTURI.
VIRG. ÆN. vill. VIR.580,
T is a lamentable thing that every , bent upon fantastical advantages which
they had no reason to believe Mhould ever ftantly uttering sentences against the have arrived to them. By this unjust fickleness of fortune, when people ge- measure of calculating their happiness, nerally bring upon themselves all the ca- they often mourn with real affliction for Jamities they fall into, and are constant. imaginary losses. When I am talking ly heaping up matter for their own for of this unhappy way of accounting for row and disappointment. That which ourselves, I cannot but reflect upon a produces the greatest part of the delu. particular set of people, who, in their lions of mankind, is a false hope which own favour, resolve every thing that is people indulge with so fanguine a flas- possible iņto what is probable, and then tery to themtelves, that their hearts are reckon on that probability as on what