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eruelty I could be guilty of towards more gravity; but if you will leave me you? In return for your long and faith- and coquet it any where else, may your ful passion, I must let you know that mistress'yield! you are old enough to become a little T



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Have endeavoured in the course of ther with the various cocks of their hats,

my papers to do juftice to the age, all fatter us in this opinion. and have taken care as much as possible I had an humble fervant last summer, to keep myself a neuter between both who the first time he declared himself, sexes. I have neither spared the ladies was in a full-bottomed wig; but the day out of complaisance, nor the men out of after, to my no fmall surprise, he acpartiality; but notwithstanding the great cofted me in a thin natural one. integrity with which I have acted in ceived him at this our fecond interviews this particular, I find myself taxed with as a perfect stranger, but was extreme an inclination to favour my own half ly confounded, when his speech disco. of the fpecies. Whether it be that the vered who he was. I resolved, there. women afford a more fruitful field for fore, to fix his face in my memory for speculation, or whether they run more the future; but as I was walking in the in my head than the men, I cannot tell, Park the fame evening, he appeared to but I shall fet down the charge as it is me in one of those wigs that I think you laid against me in the following letter. call a night-cap, which had altered him

more effectually than before. He af. MR. SPECTATOR,

terwards played a couple of black riding I Always make one among a company wigs upon me with the same fuccels;

of young females, who peruse your and in short, assumed a new face, alfpeculations every morning. I am at molt every day in the first month of his present commissioned by our whole af- courtship. sembly, to let you know, that we fear I observed afterwards, that the variety you are a little inclined to be partial to. of cocks into which he moulded his bat, wards your own fex. We must how. had not a little contributed to his inerer acknowledge, with all due grati- positions upon me. tude, that in some cases you have given Yet as if all these ways were not suf. us our revenge on the men, and done ficient to distinguish their heads, you us justice. We could not easily have mult doubtless, Sir, have observed, that forgiven you several strokes in the dis- great numbers of young fellows have, fection of the coquette's heart, if you had for several months lait palt, taken upon not much about the same time made a them to wear feathers. facrifice to us of a beau's scull.

We hope, therefore, that these may, You may further, Sir, please to re with as much justice, be called Indian member, that not long lince you attack- princes, as you have stiled a woman in ed our hoods and commodes in such a coloured hood an Indian queen; and manner, as, to use your own expression, that you will, in due time, take these made very many of us ashamed to thew airy gentlemen into confideration. our heads. We mult, therefore, beg We the more earnestly beg that you leave to represent to you, that we are in would put a stop to this practice, lince hopes, if you would please to inake a it has already loit us one of the moit due inquiry, the men in all ages would agreeable members of our society, who be found to have been little less whimfi- after having refused several good estates, cal in adorning that part, than ourselves. and two titles, was lured from us lait The different forms of their wigs, toge- week by a mixed feather,

I am

his way.

I am ordered to present you the re Neeves. I struck this at first in a plain spects of our whole company, and am, Doily; but that failing, I struck it a fe. Sir, your very humble servant,

cond time in blue camblet; and repcaicd DORINDA. the stroke in several kinds of cloth, un

til at last it took effect. There are two Note. The person wearing the fea

or three young fellows at the other end ther, though our friend took him for

of the town, who have always their eye an officer in the guards, has proved to

upon me, and answer me stroke for be an errant linen-draper,

stroke. I was once so unwary as to

mention my fancy in relation to a new. I am not now at leisure to give my opi- fashioner surtout before one of these nion upon the hat and feather'; however, gentlemen, whowas disirgenuous enough to wipe off the present imputation, and to itcal my thought, and by that nicars gratify my female correspondent, I shall prevented iny intended itroke. here print a letter which I lately re I have a delign this spring to make ceived from a man of mode, who seems very contiderable innovations in the to have a very extraordinary genius in waistcoar; and have already begun with

a coup d' ejjai upon the teves, which

has succeeded very well. SIR,

I must further inform



you I

Presume I need not inform you, that will promise to encourage, or at least

among men of dress it is a common connive at me, that it is my denign to phrase to say, ' Mr. Such-a-one bas itike such a stroke the beginning or the • ftruck a bold stroke;' by which we next month, as Mall furprise the whole understand, that he is the first man who town, has had courage enough to lead up a I do not think it prudent to acquaint fashion. Accordingly, when cur tailors you with all the particulars of my intake measure of us, they always demand tended dress; but will only tell you, as whether we will have a plain fuit, or a lample of it, that I Mall very specdily strike a bold stroke. I think I may appear at White's in a cherry-coloured without vanity say, that I have ftruck hat. I took this hint from the ladies fome of the boldest and most successful hoods, which I look upon as the boldei strokes of any man in Great Britain. I stroke that sex has struck for these huswas the first that struck the long pocket dred years last part. I am, Sir, your about two years since; I was likewise moft obedient, moft humble servani, the author of the frosted button, which

WILL SPRIGHTLY. when I saw the town come readily into, being resolved to strike while the iron I have not time at present to make any was hot, I produced much about the reflections on this letter; but must not same time the scallop flap, the knotted however omit, that having thewn it to cravat, and made a fair push for the Will Honeycomb, he desires to be acfilver-clocked itocking.

quainted with the gentleman who writ A few months after I brought up the it, modish jacket, or the coat with close


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men whom I had employed, and told

me that they had certainly informed Y OU have given many hints in

agzinit me. Mr. Spectator, whatever your papers to the disadvantage the world may think of me, I am more of persons of your own sex, who lay coxcomb than fool, and I grew very inplots upon women. Among other hard quifitive upon this head, not a little plealed words you have published the term Male

with the novelty. My friend told me, Coquets, and been very levere upon such there were a certain set of women of faas give them selves the liberty of a little thion, whereof the number of fix made dalliance of heart, and playing fast and loose, between love and indifference, under the title of the Inquisition on Maids

a committee, who sat thrice a week, until perhaps an ealy young girl is re and Bachelors. It seems, whenever there duced to sighs, dreams, and tears; and

comes fuch an unthinking gay thing as languishes away her life for a careless myself to town, he must want all man. coxcomb, who looks astonished, and

ner of neceslaries, or be put into the inwonders at fuch an effect froin what in quisition by the first traderman he emhim was all but common civility. Thus ploys. They have constant intelligence you have treated the men who were


with cane-llops, perfumers, toymen, folute in marriage; but if

you design to

coach-makers, and china-houses. From he impartial, pray be so honest as to print the information I now give you, marriages have as conitant and regular

these several places there undertakers for of a certain set of women who never coquet for the matter, but with an high with vintners and apothecaries. All

correspondence, as the funeral-men have hand marry whom they please to whom bachelors are under their iminediate inthey please. As for my part, I should spection; and iny friend produced to me not have concerned myself with them, but that I understand I am pitched in an old uncle of mine who came to

a report given in to their board, where. upon by them to be married, against my

town with me, and myself, were infertwill, to one I never faw in my life. It ed, and we itood thus: “The uncle has been my misfortune, Sir, very in ' finoky, rotten, poor; the nephew raw, nocently, to rejoice in a plentiful for r but no fool, found at present, very tune, of which I am master, to bespeak

• rich. My information did not end a fine chariot, to give direction for two

here; but my friend's advices are to or three handsome snuff-boxes, and as many suits of fine cloaths ; but before good, that he could thew me a copy of

the letter sent to the young lady who is any

of these were ready, I heard reports to have me; which I inclote to you. of my being to be married to two or three different young women. Upon MAD 3 M, my taking notice of it to a young gen. THIS is to å't you know, that you tleman who is often in my company,

he are to be married to a beau chat told me smiling, I was in the inquisition. comes out on Thuriday fix in the crena You may believe I was not a little ing. Be at the Park. You cannotlıut startled at what he meant, and more so know 1 virgin fop; they have'a mind when he asked me if I had bespoke any to look faucy, but are out of coumita thing of late that was fine. I told him

The board has denied him to feveral; upon which he produced a de leveral good famiies. I wish you toy. torsption of my perfon, from the tradeia


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What makes my correspondent's case part, and the duty of protection to be the more deplorable, is, that as If find paid on the other. The ladies of the by the report from my censor of mar. inquisition understand this perfectly well; riages, the friend he speaks of is employed and where love is not a notive to a by the inquisition to take him in, as the man's chuling one whom they allot, phrase is. After all that is told him, they can with very much art, infinuate he has information only of one woman stories to the disadvantage of his ho. that is laid for hiin, and that the wrong nefty or courage, until the creature is one; for the lady commissioners have too much dispirited to bear up againtt a devoted him to another than the person. general ill reception, which he every against whom they have employed their where meets with, and in due time falls agent his friend to alarm him. The plot into their appointed wedlock for shelter. is laid so well about this young gentle. I have a long letter bearing date the man, that he has no friend to retire to, no fourth inftant, which gives me a large place to appear in, or part of the king. account of the policies of this court; and dom to fly into, but he must fall into die find there is now before them a very renotice, and be subject to the power of fractory person, who has escaped all the inquisition. They have their emis- their machinations for two years last faries and subititutes in all parts of this paft: but they have prevented two fucunited kingdom. The firit ttep they cessive matches which were of his own usually take, is to find from a corre inclination, the one by a report that his spondence, by their messengers and whis. mistress was to be married, and the very perers, with some domestic of the ba. day appointed, wedding.cloaths boughi, chelor, who is to be hunted into the and all things ready for her being given toils they have laid for him, what are to another; the second time by infinnat. his manners, his familiarities, his good ing to all his mittreis's friends and ac. qualities or vices; not as the good in quaintance, that he had been falfe to hiin is a recoinmendation, or the ill a leveral other women, and the like. The diminution, but as they affect or con poor man is now reduced to profess he tribute to the main inquiry, What estate designs to lead a fingle life; but the inhe has in him? When this point is well quisition give out to all his acquaintreported to the board, they can take in ance, that nothing is intended but the a wild roaring fox-hunter, as easily as a gentleman's own welfare and happiness. 1oft, gentle young fop of the town. The When this is urged, he talks ftill more way is to make all places uneasy to him, humbly, and protests he aims only at a but the scenes in whieh they have al life without pain or reproach; pleasure, lorted him to act. His brother hunts honour, and riches, are things for which men, bottle companions, his fraternity he has no taste. But notwithstanding of fops, shall be brought into the con all this, and what else he may defend Spiracy againit him. Then this matter himself with, as that the lady is too old is not laid in fo barefaced a manner be or too young, of a suitable humour, or fore him as to have it intimated, Mrs. the quite contrary, and that it is imporSuch-a one would make him a very pro fible they can ever do other than wranper wife; but by the force of their cor. gle from June to January, every body refpondence they shall make it, as Mr. tells him ail this is fpleen, and he mult Waller said of the marriage of the have a wife ; while all the members of dwarfs, as impracticable to have any the inquisition are unanimous in a cerwoman belides her they defign him, as tuin woman for him, and they think they it would have been in Adam to have re- all together are better able to judge then fused Eve. The man named by the he or any other private person whatso. conmifiion for Mis. Such-a-one, mall neither be in fa’hion, nor dare ever to appear in company, should he attempt

TEMPLE, MARCA 3, 1711. to evade their determination. The female fix whoily" gorern do YOUR Speculation this day on the

fubie&t of idleness has employed meitic life; and by this ineuns, when me, ever since I read it, in furrowful rethey think fit, they can low diffentions flections on my having loitered away the berween the dearest friends, nay inake terni, or rather the vacation, of ten years father and son irreconciicable enemies in this piact, and unhappily fuffered 'a in spite of all the lies of gratiude on one good chambel and iludy to lie idle as




lang. My books, except those I have I assure you, Sir, I heartily lament this taken to deep upon, have been totally lots of time, and am now resolved, if neglected, and my Lord Coke and other possible, with double diligence, to revenerable authors were never fo flighted trieve it, being effectually awakened by in their lives. I spend most of the day the arguments of Mr. Slack out of the at a neighbouring coffee-house, where senseless stupidity that has so long pofwe have what I may call a Lazy Club. sessed me. And to demonstrate that We generally come in night-gowns, penitence accompanies my confeffion, with our stockings about our heels, and and constancy my resolutions, I llave Sometimes but one on. Our salutation locked my door for a year, and delive at entrance is a yawn and a stretch, and you would let my companions know I then without more ceremony we take am not within. I am with great reour place at the lolling-table, where our fpect, Sir, your most obedient lervant, discourse is, what I fear you would not


N. B. read out, therefore shall not insert. But

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may find several beauties in Milton,

poeins of Homer and Virgil, will easily must likewise observe, that as the greatpardon the length of my discourse upon eft malters of critical learning differ Milton. The Paradise Lost is looked upon among one another, as to some particuby the best judges, as the greatest produc- lar points in an epic poem, I have not tion, or at least the noblelt work of ge bound myself scrupuloully to the rules nius in our language, and therefore de which any one of them has laid down serves to be set before an English reader upon that art, but have taken the liin it's full beauty. For this reason, though berty sometimes to join with one, and I have endeavoured to give a general sometimes with another, and sometimes idea of it's graces and imperfections to differ from all of them, when I have in my fix tirk papers, I thought myself thought that the rearon of the thing was obliged to beltow one upon every book

on my fide. in particular. The first three books I We may consider the beauties of the have already dispatched, and am now fourth book under three heads. In the entering upon the fourth. I need not first are those pictures of ftill-life, which acquaint my reader that there are mul. we meet with in the description of Eden, titudes of beauties in this great author, Paradise, Adam's bower, &c. In the especially in the descriptive parts of this next are the machines, which comprepoem, which I have not touched upon, hend the speeches and behaviour of the it being my intention to point out those good and bad angels. In the last is the only, which appear to me the most ex. conduct of Adam and Eve, who are the quilite, 'or thole which are not so obvio principal actors in the poem. ous to ordinary readers. Every one that In the description of Paradise, the has read the critics who have written poet has observed Aristotle's rule of laupon the Odyssey, the Iliad, and the vishing all the ornaments of di&tion on Fèneid, knows very well, that though the weak unactive parts of the fable, they agree in the opinions of the great which are not supported by the beauty beauties in those poems, they have ne of fentiments and characters. Accord. vertheless each of them discovered feve ingly the reader may observe, that the ral malter-strokes, which have escaped expressions are more forid and elaborare the observation of the reft. In the same

in these defcriptions, than in most other manner, I question not but any writer, parts of the poem. I must further adid, who dal treat of this subject after me, that though the drawings of gardens,


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