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Tom the Tyrant; who, as first minister his orders in the most arbitrary manne of the coffee - house, takes the govern- to the servants below him, as to the difment upon him between the hours of position of liquors, coals, and cinders. eleven and twelve at night, and gives
N° L. FRIDAY, APRIL 27.
Juv. SAT. XIV. 321.
by several tools and instruments, of twelvemonth ago, I often mixed with ' which they have a wonderful variety the rabble, and followed them a whole in this country. It was probably at day together, being wonderfully struck ' first an huge mis-Shapen rock that with the fight of every thing that is new grew upon the top of the hill, which or uncominon. I have, since their de. the natives of the country, after having parture, employed a friend to make cut it into a kind of regular agure, many inquiries of their landlord the up bored and hoilowed with incredible holiterer, relating to their manners and pains and industry, until they had conversation, as also concerning the re wrought in it all those beigeful marks which they made in this coun vaults and caverns into which it is ditry: for, next to the forming a right • vided at this day. As soon as this notion of such strangers, I mould be 'rock was thus curiously scooped to desirous of learning what ideas they have their liking, a prodigious number of conceived of us.
hands must have been emploved in The upholsterer, finding my friend chipping the out-fide of it, whic'ı is very inquilitive about these his lodgers, now as smooth as the su face of a brought him fome time since a little pebble; and is in 'everal places tiewn bundle of papers, which he assured him out into pillars that stand like the were written by King Sa Ga Yean Qua ? trunks of so many trees bound about Ranh Tow, and, as he supposes, lett 'the top with garlands of lives. It is behind by fo:ne mistake. These papers pa :bable that when this great work are now translated, and contain abund was begun, which must have been ance of very odu observations, which I many hundred years ago, there was find this litle fraternity of kings made . fome religion among this people: for during their stay in the ille of Great Bri • they give it the name of a temple,
I thall present my reader with a and have a tradition dat it was ile. Mort specimen of them in this paper, ' figned for den to pay their dera:ions and may perhaps communicate more to "in. An indeer there are seve: al reahim hereafter. In the article of London fons which make us think lidt be na. are the following words, which with tives of this colutry h..d fornierly out doubt are meant of the church of among them fome furt of worship; for St. Paul.
they set apart every seventh day as fa• On the most rising part of the town criu: hut upon my going into one of there ítands a huge houle, big enough these holy houses on that day, I could
to conta in the whole nation of which not obferve any circumitance of devo. • I'am king. Ourgood brother E Tow() ' tion in their behaviour. There was • Koam, king of the Rivers, is of opi "in deed ? manin black, who was mount' nion it was made by the han ls of that I el above the rest, and seemed to utter
great God to whom it is confecrated. ' something with a great deal of vehe. • The kings of Granajah and of the mence; but as for those underneath • Six Nations believe it was created with • him, instead of paying their worship • the earth, and produced on the fame to the Deity of the place, they were
day with the sun and moon. But for most of thein bowing and curtfying " my own part, by the best information one another, and a considerable num• I could get of this matter, I am apt • ber of them falt asleep.
to think that this prodigious pile was • The Queen of the country appoint
ed two men to attend us, that had backs; with which they walk up and i enough of our language to make them • down the streets, and are as proud of < selves understood in fome few parti- ' it as if it was of their own growth. • culars. But we soon perceived these • We were invited to one of their • two were great enemies to one another, • public diversions, where we hoped to • and did not always agree in the same « have seen the great men of their coun• ftory. We could make a shift to ga try running down a stag or pitching a " ther out of one of them, that this " bar, that we might have discovered • island was very much infested with a ' who were the persons of the greatest
monitrous kind of animals, in the abilities among them; but instead of • shape of men, called Whigs; and he that, they conveyed us into a huge • often told us, that he hoped we should room lighted up with abundance of • meet with none of them in our way, candles, where this lazy people sat • for that, if we did, they would he still above three hours to see several api io kneck us down for being kings. ' feats of ingenuity performed by others,
Our other interpreter used to talk " who it seems were paid for it. very much of a kind of animal called - As for the women of the country, 3 To.v. that was as great a monster' not being able to talk with them, we
as the Whig, and would treat us as could only make our remarks upon Sil for being foreigners. These two them at a distance. They let the hair
Citatu es, it items, are born with a of their heads grow to a great length; • fecret antipathy to one another, and « but as the men make a great show
engage when they meet as naturally with heads of hair that are none of
as the el phant and the rhinoceros. • their own, the women, who they say . But as we saw none of either of these • have very fine heads of hair, tie it up fpecies, we are apt to think that our • in a knot, and cover it from being guides deceived us with misreprefen- ' seen. The women look like angels, tations and fictions, and amused us " and would be more beautiful than the " with an account of such monsters as ' sun, were it not for little black spots are not really in their country. " that are apt to break out in their faces,
These particulars we made a shift and sometimes rise in very odd figures. to pick out from the discourse of our I have observed that those little ble'interpreters; which we put together 'mishes wear off very soon; but when " as well as we could, being able to un they disappear in one part of the face,
ftard but here and there a word of they are very apt to break out in ano• what th- v fruid, and afterwards making ther, insomuch that I have seen a spot (up the meaning of it anong ourfelves. upon the forehead in the afternoon, (The men of the country are very cun ' which was upon the chin in the morn. "ning and ingenious in handicraft « works, but withal so very idle, that The author then proceeds to shew the ' we often iaw young lusty raw-boned absurdity of brecches and petticoats, • fellows carried up and down the street with many other curious oblervations,
in little covered rooms by a couple of which I hall reserve for another occa• porters who are hired for that service. fion. I cannot however conclude this
Their dress is likewise very barbarous, paper, without taking notice, that amidit
for they almolt strangle themselves these wild remarks there now and then • about the neck, and bind their bodies appears something very reasonable. I s with many ligatures, that we are apt cannot likewise forbear observing, that ¢ to think are the occasion of several we are all guilty in fone measure of the • diftempers among them, which our same narrow way of thinking, which
country is intirely free from. Instead we mect with in this abstract of the 11) • of those beautiful feathers with which dian Journal, when we fancy the cus! we adorn our heads, they often buy .toms, dresses, and manners, of other I up a monstrous bush of hair, which countries, are ridiculous and extrava• covers their heads, and falls down in gant, if they do not resemble those of I a large fleece below the middle of their
N°LI. SATURDAY, APRIL 28.
TORQUET AB OBSCENIS JAM NUNC SERMONIBUS AUREM.
Hor. Ep. II. 1. 127.
other sentences in plays, which are of M AY fortune, quality, and perfon, this kind, and which are commonly
are such as render me as condjitermed luscious expressions. cuous as any young woman in town. It This expedient, to fupply the deficiis in my power to enjoy it in all it's va ences of wit, has been used more or less, nities, but I have, from a very careful by most of the authors who have fuceducation, contracted a great aversion ceeded on the stage; though I know but to the forward air and fathion which is one who has profeffedly writ a play practiled in all public places and allem- upon the balis of the desire of multiplyblies. I attribute this very much to the ing our species, and that is the polite file and manners of our plays. I was Sir George Etherege; if I underitand hit night at the Funeral, where a con what the lady would be at, in the play fident lover in the play, Ipeaking of his called She would if she could. Other mistress, cries out that Harriot! poets have, here and there, given an in
to fold these arms about the waist of timation that there is this design, under • that beauteous, ftruggling, and at lait all the difguiles and affectations which
yielding fair!' Such an image as this a lady may put on; but no author, exought, by no means, to be presented to cept this, has made sure work of it, and a chaste and regular audience. I expect put the imaginations of the audience your opinion of this sentence, and re upon this one purpose, from the begincommend to your consideration, as a ning to the end of the connedy. It has Spectator, the conduct of the ftage at always fared accordingly; for whether present with relation to chastity and mo it he, tliat all who go to this piece would delty. I am, Sir, your conítant reader if they could, or that the innocents go and well-wifier.
to ii, to gue's only what she would if
She couid, the play has always been The complaint of this young lady is well received. so just, that the offence is gross enough It lifts an heavy empty sentence, to have displeased persons who cannot where there is added to it a lalcivious pretend to that delicacy and modetty, geiture of body; and when it is ioo low of which she is miluress. But there is a to be raised even by that, a fat meaning great deal to be said in behalf of an au is enlivened by making it a double one. thor. If the audience would but coníi- Writers, who want genius, never fail der the difficulty of keeping up a spright- of keeping this secret in referve, to create ly dialogue for five acts together, they a laugh, or raise a clap. I, who know would allow a writer, when he wants nothing of women but from seeing plays, wit, and cannot please any otherwise, can give great guests at the whole ftructo help it out with a little smuttiness. ture of the fair-tex, by being innocentI will answer for the poets, that no one ly placed in the pit, and infùlied by the ever writ bawd:y for any other rcafon petticoats of their dancers; the advanbut dearth of invention. When the tages of whose prerty perfons are a great author cannot strike out of himself any help to a dull play. When a poet flag's more of that which he has superior to in writing lusciously, a pretty girl can those who make up the bulk of his au move lasciviously, and have the same dience, his natural recourse is to that good consequence for the author. Dull which he has in common with them; poets in this cate use their audiences, as and a defcription which gratifies a fen- dull paradites do their patrons; when sual appetite will please, when the au- they cannot long divert them with their thor has nothing about him to delight a wit or humour, they bait their ears refined imagination. It is to such a with something which is agreeable to poverty, we must impute this and all their temper, though below their under,
fanding. Apicius cannot resist being are very ready to employ their talents pleased, if you give him an account of upon the composure or freedom of their a delicious meal; or Clodius, if you de- looks. Such incidents as these make 1 fcribe a wanton beauty; though at the fome ladies wholly absent themselves í same time, if you do not awake those from the play. house; and others never inclinations in them, no men are better miss the first day of a play, left it should judges of what is just and delicate in prove too luscious to admit their going converfation. But, as I have before with any countenance to it on the second. oblerved, it is easier to talk to the man, If men of wit, who think fit to write then to the man of sense.
for the stage, instead of this pitiful way It is remarkable, that the writers of cf giving delight, would turn their least learning are beit skilled in the luf- thoughts upon railing it from such good c'ous way. The poetesses of the age natural impulses as are in the audience, have done wonders in this kind; and but are choked up by vice and luxury, we are obliged to the lady who writ they would not only please, but befriend Ibrahim, for introducing a preparatory us at the same time. If a man had a scene to the very action, when the Empe, mind to be new in his way of writing, ror throws his bandkerchief as a signal might not he who is now represented as for his mistress to follow him into the a fine gentleman, though he beträys the pof retired part of the seraglio. It must honour and bed of his neighbour and l be confefTed his Turkish înajesty went friend, and lies with half the women in off with a good air, but, methought; the play, and is at laft rewarded with we made but a sad figure who waited her of the best character in it; I say, without. This ingenious gentlewoman, upon giving the comedy another cait, in this piece of bawdry, refined upon an might not such a one divert the audiencé awthor of the fasie lex, who, in the quite as weil, if at the catastrophe he Rover
, makes a country squire ftrip to were found out for a traitor, and met tis drawers. But Blunt is disappointed, with contempt accordingly? There is and the Emperor is underttood to go on seldom a person devoted to above ono to the utmoit
. The pleasantry of strip- darling' vice at a time, so that there is ping almoit naked has been since prac. room enough to catch at mens hearts to Liked, where indeed it should have begun, their good and advantage, if the poets Fery successfully at Bartholomew Fair. will attempt it with the honetty which
It is not here to be omitted, that in becomes their characters.
This is not lishing an agreeable charašter, that is wholly unnatural; for, they say, the no way a slave to either of those pursuits. men-authors draw themselves in their A man that is temperate, generous, v1. chief characters, and the wonen-writer's liant, chaste, faithful and honest, may, may be allowed the fame liberty. Thus, at the same time, have wit, humour, as the sale wit gives his hero a good mirth, good-breeding, and gallantry. furtune, the female gives her heroine a While he exerts thele latter qualities, good gallant, at the end of the play. twenty occasions might be invented to But, indeed, there is hardly a play one
thew he is matter of the other noble vir. can go to, but the hero or fine gentle. tues. Such chara&ers would smite and man of it struts off upon the fame ac reprove the heart of a man of sense, when count, and leaves us to consider what he is given up to his pleasures. He goal office he has put us to, or to em
would see he has been mistaken all this play ourselves as we please. To be while, and be convinced that a found pale, a man who frequents plays would constitution and an innocent mind are have a very respectful notion of himself, the true ingredients for becoming and pere he to recolle&t how often he has enjoying life. All men of true taste been ufed as a pimp to ravishing tyrants, would call a man of wit, who fould or fuccessful rakes. When the actors turn his ambition this way, a friend and make their exit on this good occasion, benefactor to his country ; but I am at the ladies are sure to make an examining a loss what name they would give him, glance from the pit, to see how they who makes use of his capacity for consobila whal palles ; and a few lewd fools trwý purposes.
N° LII. MONDAY, APRIL 30.
OMNES UT TECUM MERITIS PRO TALIBUS ANNOS
VIRG. Æx, 1. 78.
TO CROWN THY WORTH, SHE SHALL BE EVER THINE,
N ingenious correspondent, like a end of the table; which we doubt not
iprightly wife, will always have but she will grace with a very hideous the last word. I did not think my last aspect, and much better become the feat letter to the deformed fraternity would in the native and unaffected uncomelihave occasioned any answer, eipecially ness of her person, than with all the since I had promised them so sudden a superficiat airs of the pencil, which, as visit; but as they think they cannot thew you have very ingeniously observed, vatoo great a veneration for my person, niih with a breath; and the most innocent they have already sent me up an answer: adorer may deface the fhrine with a faAs to the proposal of a marriage he- lutation, and, in the literal senfe of our tween myself and the matchless Hecatisa, poets, snatch and imprint his balmy I have but one objection to it; which is, kifles, and devour her melting lips: in that all the society will expect to be ac Mort, the only faces of the Pictish kind quainted with her; and who can be sure that will endure the weather, must be of of keeping a woman's heart long, where Dr.Carbuncle's die; though his, in truth, The may have fo much choice? I am the has cost him a world the painting; but more alarmed at this, because the lady then he boasts with Zeuxes, in ater. seems particularly smitten with men of nitatem pingo; and oft jocolely tells the their make.
fair ones, would they acquire colours I believe I shall set my heart upon her; that would stand killing, they must no and think never the worse of my mistress longer paint but drink for a complexion; for an epigram a smart fellow writ, as a maxim that in this our age has been he thought, against her ; it does but the pursued with no ill success; and has more recommend her to me. At the been as admirable in it's effects, as the fame time I cannot but discover that his famous cosmetic mentioned in the Postmalice is stolen from Martial.
man, and invented by the renowned
British Hippocrates of the pestle and Taxa places, audita places, si non videare Tota places, neutro, ji videare, places.
mortar ; making the party, after a due
course, rosy, hale, and airy; and the Whiit in the dark on thy soft hand I hung, best and most approved receipt now ex. And heard the tempting Siren in thy tongue,
tant for the fever of the spirits. But to What flames, what darts, what anguilh, I return to our female candidate, who, 1 endur'd!
understand, is returned to herself, and But when the candle enter'd I was cur’d. will no longer hang out false colours;
as she is the first of her sex that has done YOUR letter to us we have received, us so great an honour, she will certainly,
as a signal mark of your favour and in a very short time, both in profe and brotherly affection. We shall be heartily verse, be a lady of the most celebrated glad to see your short face in Oxford; deformity now living; and meet with and since the wisdom of our legislature adınirers here as frightful as herself. has been immortalized in your specula- But being a long- headed gentlewoman, tions, and our personal deformities in I am apt to imagine the has some further fome sort by you recorded to all po- design than you have yet penetrated; fterity; we hold ourfelves in gratitude and perhaps has more mind to the Spec. bound to receive, with the highest re tator than any of his fraternity, fpect, all such persons as for their extra. person of all the world the could like for ordinary merit you thall think fit, from a paramour: and if so, really I cannot time to time, to recommend unto the but applaud her choice; and Mould be board. As for the Pictish damfel, we glad if it might lie in my power, ** have an easy-chair prepared at the upper effect an amicable accommodation be