Considerations on Representative Government
Parker, Son, and Bourn, 1861 - 340페이지
This book contains Mill's arguments in favor of a representative form of government, which was in Mill's view the ideal form a government should take. Mill thought that the best government was whatever kind would contribute to the most happiness in a society, both on an individual and an overall level. Democracy in particular creates the most overall happiness because, in Mill's thinking, it encourages individuals to participate in society. By taking active and intelligent interest in social issues, individuals develop their natural "human sympathies," learn to consider the common good, and are able to enjoy the benefits of working together with others. These types of social feelings of well-being--so important to utilitarians like Mill--simply aren't possible under other forms of government.
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John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) was a pioneering British politician and social reformer. First published in 1861, this volume contains Mill's detailed discussion of his theories of democracy and the ... 전체 리뷰 읽기
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able active administration advantage affairs allowed already amount appointed assembly authority become benefit better body candidate carried character civilization complete concern conduct considerable considered constitution democracy depends desirable despotism direct duty effect election electors equal evil exercise exist federal feelings form of government functions give given greater hands House human idea important improvement individual influence institutions interest justice kind knowledge least less limited majority matter means ment mere mind minister minority mode moral natural necessary never object obtain opinion Parliament party persons political popular portion position possess possible practical present principle Progress qualities question reason regard representation representative respect responsibility rule secure social society sufficient suffrage superior supposed things thought tion unless vote whole
287 페이지 - A PORTION of mankind may be said to constitute a Nationality, if they are united among themselves by common sympathies, which do not exist between them and any others — which make them co-operate with each other more willingly than with other people, desire to be under the same government, and desire that it should be government by themselves or a portion of themselves, exclusively.
104 페이지 - ... the proper office of a representative assembly is to watch and control the Government; to throw the light of publicity on its acts ; to compel a full exposition and justification of all of them which any one considers questionable; to censure them if found condemnable, and, if the men who compose the Government abuse their trust, or fulfil it in a manner which conflicts with the deliberate sense of the nation, to expel them from office, and either expressly or virtually appoint their successors...
325 페이지 - The government of a people by itself has a meaning and a reality ; but such a thing as government of one people by another does not and cannot exist. One people may keep another as a warren or preserve for its own use, a place to make money in, a human cattle farm to be worked for the profit of its own inhabitants.
133 페이지 - In a really equal democracy, every or any section would be represented, not disproportionately, but proportionately. A majority of the electors would always have a majority of the representatives; but a minority of the electors would always have a minority of the representatives. Man for man, they would be as fully represented as the majority.
53 페이지 - There is no difficulty in showing that the ideally best form of government is that in which the sovereignty, or supreme controlling power in the last resort, is vested in the entire aggregate of the community ; every citizen not only having a voice in the exercise of that ultimate sovereignty, but being, at least occasionally, called on to take an actual part in the government, by the personal discharge of some public function, local or general.
104 페이지 - Instead of the function of governing for which it is radically unfit, the proper office of a representative assembly is to watch and control the government; to throw the light of publicity on its acts; to compel a full exposition and justification of all of them which anyone considers questionable; to censure them if found condemnable, and...
289 페이지 - Where the sentiment of nationality exists in any force, there is a prima facie case for uniting all the members of the nationality under the same government and giving a government to themselves apart.
94 페이지 - The proper duty of a representative assembly in regard to matters of administration, is not to decide them by its own vote, but to take care that the persons who have to decide them shall be the proper persons.
287 페이지 - This feeling of nationality may have been generated by various causes. Sometimes it is the effect of identity of race and descent. Community of language, and community of religion, greatly contribute to it. Geographical limits are one of its causes.
6 페이지 - Thus, a people may prefer a free government, but if, from indolence, or carelessness, or cowardice, or want of public spirit, they are unequal to the exertions necessary for preserving it ; if they will not fight for it when it is directly attacked ; if they can be deluded by the artifices used to cheat them out of it; if by momentary discouragement, or temporary panic, .or a fit of enthusiasm for an individual, they can be induced to lay their liberties at the feet even of a great man, or trust...