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The CHAIRMAN. It is not a question of what the manufacturers eharge for the material?
Capt. Daly. No, sir; we buy the material from different concerns.
The CHAIRMAN. That amount of money provides clothing for how many men?
Capt. Daly. For 960,000 men.
The CHAIRMAN. In that $152,000,000 is there included the material for your reserve stock?
Capt. Daly. No, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. This $152,000,000 is merely for the material necessary for the clothing?
Capt. Daly. No; that is not all material; it is the purchase of the material and the manufacture of the clothing,
The CHAIRMAN. It includes both?
The CHAIRMAN. How much out of the $152,000,000 is spent for material?
Capt. Daly. I can not state offhand, but I can insert the figures.
The following are the estimated quantities of materials to be purchased under the item of $152,000,000 asked for in recent deficiency estimate under the head of "Cloth, woolen, materials, etc.":
The CHAIRMAN. What else is there?
Capt. Daly. Of course, the $152,000,000 includes, as you have stated, the purchase of the material and the manufacture of the uniforms, both by contract and by our own plants; the purchase of underwear, shirts, stockings, campaign hats, and all articles of the uniform; all wearing apparel is included in that $152,000,000.
The CHAIRMAN. Can you tell us how much it costs for the complete personal equipment of a soldier, both winter and summer?
Capt. DALY. Yes, sir; $102.
Capt. DALY. No; that is for his initial equipment; that is to take a soldier and completely equip him with clothing and necessary equipage.
The CHAIRMAN. Just what does that furnish him with?
Capt. Daly. An olive-drab cotton uniform, a woolen uniform, summer underwear, winter underwear, stockings, shoes, overcoat, and blanket. The CHAIRMAN. How many suits of underwear do they get ? Capt. Daly. Three in summer and I think three in winter. The CHAIRMAN. And socks?
Capt. Daly. Eight pairs of cotton socks and six pairs of woolen socks.
The CHAIRMAN. How many shirts?
Capt. Daly. There is the blouse, of course, trousers, and hat. I will insert a complete list of the articles going to make up that equipment.
Table of the cost of a soldier's personal equipment including both summer and winter clothing and the total cost thereof, is submitted, viz:
1 bar, mosquito, single..
hall. Total cost.
Gen. SHARPE. Then there is a slicker and overcoat. We have discontinued the use of the poncho; the foot troops used to be provided with a poncho, and while we will not discontinue it here we will abroad, because Gen. Pershing recommends that only slickers shall be provided over there, and that will cost us more money than the poncho.
The CHAIRMAN. What else is there?
Capt. DALY. Purchase of materials for the manufacture of equipage and for the purchase and manufacture of equipage and repair of same, $70,577,607.74.
The CHAIRMAN. What is included in that?
Capt. Daly. The equipage includes tentage, tents, axes and helves, batons, kit bags, mosquito bars, bedsacks, blankets, brassards.
The CHAIRMAN. Are blankets included in the equipage!
The CHAIRMAN. I thought you said they were included in equipment.
Capt. Daly. No; they were included in the comparative cost of the materials; corn brooms, scrubbing brushes, bugles, colors, national; infantry and the various regiments;
cots, flags for the posts and garrisons and flags for the various staffs, such as artillery brigade, cavalry brigade, infantry division, cavalry division, post office, red cross, and telegraph; guidons, pickaxes and helves; tent pins; tent poles; music pouches; color slings; shovels, spades; shoe sticks; tent shields; tent stove; stovepipe; tent flies, wall, large and extra, canvas screens for latrines; whistles and chains.
The CHAIRMAN. What was allotted out of the previous appropriation for both of these items?
Capt. Daly. I do not recall.
Capt. Daly. For the purchase, repair, and maintenance of equipment required for the manufacture of clothing and equipage, including the supplies necessary to the operation of the same, $15,000; that is, the machinery and equipment at Jefferson ville and Philadelphia. For altering and fitting clothing and washing and cleaning same and washing and cleaning equipage when necessary, $315,000; for a suit of citizen's outer clothing, to cost not exceeding $10, to be issued upon release from confinement to each prisoner who has been confined under a court-martial sentence involving dishonorable discharge, $315,000; employees, $1,650,000.
Gen. SHARPE. I would like to explain something that I think would be of interest to you. The law prohibits the wearing of the uniform by anyone who has been discharged. Of course, the appropriation only provides for the purchase of citizen's clothing for men who have been dishonorably discharged from one of the prisons, but down in Texas last fall we had a case brought up where the sheriff threatened to arrest a man who had been discharged; he was not discharged from one of these prisons, you understand, but there was no way of his getting home except by wearing his uniform, which was his, because at that time he had paid for it. He had severed his connection with and had been discharged from the Government. Then the question came up how we could get him home without being arrested either for wearing Government clothing or for indecent exposure of his person. The only way to do it was to get him a suit of clothing, but we really had no authority to do so. There are unusual cases like that coming up all the time. He would have been arrested for either one of these two causes, because the sheriffs are watching for such men.
Capt. Daly. Employees, $1,650,000. They are additional operatives that we have taken on in connection with the enlargement of
our plants for the manufacture of clothing; they are cutters, trimmers, machine operators, foreman, laborers, sorters, and so on. We have wool clippings and cotton clippings at our manufacturing plants, and we have men employed, as well as women, sorting the wool from the cotton and putting it up in bales, and then twice a year we sell that to the highest bidder--at least, that has been the practice, to sell to the highest bidder—and the money reverts back to the credit of the appropriation.
The CHAIRMAN. What else?
Capt. Daly. No; that reserve is 50 per cent of the $152,000,000 for clothing and $70,000,000 for equipment.
The CHAIRMAN. Is that a six months' reserve for 2,000,000 men!
Capt. DALY. No, Mr. Chairman; it is a six months' reserve for 1,000,000 men.
The CHAIRMAN. Suppose you were directed to furnish clothing for 1,000,000 men; how many shoes, suits of clothes, etc., in excess of 1,000,000 is it necessary to provide ?
Gen. SHARPE. We have a table which I can submit showing that, Mr. Chairman. I think, so far as shoes alone are concerned, the supply for 1,000,000 men is about 6,000,000 pairs of shoes for the initial equipment, as we call it, and the upkeep for one year.
The CHAIRMAN. That covers one item. You would average that at six pairs of shoes for each man?
Gen. SHARPE. Yes; for one year.
The CHAIRMAN. I do not mean that. Suppose you were just ordered to outfit 1,000,000 men ?
Gen. SHARPE. This table I am referring to, Mr. Chairman, will show the amount which is required for the initial equipment.
The CHAIRMAN. What I have in mind is this: If you have 1,000,000 men, of course, if they wore the same size shoes and the same size blouse and trousers, you would order 1,000,000 suits of clothes and 1,000,000 pairs of shoes, but because of the variation of size you have to make provision for some excess; now, has that been worked out?
Gen. SHARPE. Yes, sir.
Gen. SHARPE. Yes, sir. It is a very long table and gives everything under this item of clothing and garrison and camp equipage.
TABLE 1.--Statement of quantities of articles of equipment required for 10
field armies, war strength (approximate strength 43,000 officers, 1,018,270 enlisted men), together with estimated quantities required for maintenance, for periods of 90 days.
Ambulance. (See Ve
hicles.) Aparejo, complete. Auto truck. (See Vehi
spondent's. Bridle, riding Broom:
Oil, typewriter.. Carborundum wheel,
with fixtures.. Cargador's kit, pack train Cement, ambroid, ounces Chair, folding.. Chest, commissary, with
sleeve insignia, service: Regimental sergeant
major, pair.. Master signal electrician, pair.. Chief musician, pair. Sergeant, first class: Quartermaster
Corps, pair.... Hospital Corps,
pair.. Signal Corps, Dair..
509, 135 2,127,405 4,163, 945 2, 235 8, 205
17, 145 273 1,069
2, 161 2,784 11, 352 22, 488 2,577 10,081
20,389 150 6501
1,250 150 650
1, 250 2, 235 8, 256
17, 195 109, 440 437, 760 492, 480 20,000 80,000 90,572 1,578 6,234 12,546 2,625 11, 475 21,975 9,798
146,970 186, 162 513
2,039 4,091 25,000
100 000 151, 744 981
3.943 7 867 3,975 12.925 28, 825 174.930 699, 720 1,019,50 12, 114 60.570
61,798 513 2. 039
45 504 2. 133
504 2, 133