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ORDERS AND COMPLIANCES
III. ACCIDENT PREVENTION
VI. WOMEN AND MALE MINORA
CHILDREN FOUND IN MERCANTILE ESTABLISHMENTS
14 to 16 YEARS OF AGE,
TOTAL UNDER 16
(A) Proceedings Instituted Before October 1, 1919
V. CHILDREN Under 14 years...
1 From 14 to 16 years: Certificates
(1c) 2 (d)
4 (a) $160
(B) Proceedings Instituted in Current Year I. ADMINISTRATION Interfering with inspector..
* Figures in parentheses denote cases withdrawn.
le) Includes two cases which were closed during the year ended September 30, 1913, but not so reported until after the end of the year.
Includes one case in which jail sentence was imposed. 6) Includes three cases in which defendant left jurisdiction of court, and two cases in which grand jury failed to indict.
(h) Includes one case in which defendant left jurisdiction of court.
DISTRIBUTION OF PROSECUTIONS BY KINDS OF BUSINESS
NUMBER OF PROSECUTIONS FOR
KIND OF BUSINESS
* Includes one case for interference with inspector. † Includes two cases for interference with inspector.
34 Cleanliness or repair of workrooms, halls, etc......
VI. WOMEN AND MALE MINORS
556 97 77 81
(4) REPORT OF DIVISION OF INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE
(A) REPORT OF DIRECTOR Hon. JAMES M. LYNCH, Commissioner of Labor:
Sir: I herewith submit report of the Division of Industrial Hygiene for the six months ending September 30, 1914. The Division is an entirely new departure and to New York State be longs the honor of having first established a Division of Industrial Hygiene in connection with enforcement of labor laws. A short history of the development of this organization may properly form a part of this report.
In 1907 New York State was the first in the western hemisphere to establish medical inspection of factories directly in connection with the enforcement of labor laws, and one medical inspector of factories was appointed. The result of surveys and work in this connection demonstrated the necessity of having technical experts attached to the Department of Labor, also the necessity of, and means for, pursuing scientific investigations in order to determine the causes of occupational or industrial poisonings and diseases, the cause of industrial accidents, and the means for minimizing or preventing same.
Through the courtesy of St. Bartholomew's Clinic, the De partment in 1911 was the first to establish a laboratory devoted to scientific work in this direction and with clinical connection where individuals could be studied from a medical standpoint. The research work undertaken by the Department in this connection has been recognized and has done much to awaken interest in the questions of ventilation, lighting and industrial poisonings, the apparatus and methods devised by the attaches of the Department becoming recognized and used in scientific work.
In 1912 a mechanical engineer was appointed and special attention was given by him to questions of accident prevention and installation of proper exhaust systems.
Where there was failure to comply with the various sections of the Labor Law, at times it became necessary to prosecute. This brought forth the fact that it was necessary for the Department to have experts other than physicians, for industrial hygiene is