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paid at the time of the demand being $40, $45 and $50 per month. There were no concessions made by the firms and on January 2 a strike was inaugurated. A majority of the employers arranged for settlement by granting the increase demanded and recognition of the Boatmen's Union. The Bureau's agents were instrumental in arranging conferences and assisting to bring about settlements with several of the parties to the dispute. On March 30 settlement had been arranged by the other firms and practically all strikers had returned to work.

New York City, Boatmen.-On March 30, 1914, 90 boatmen employed in transportation of freight by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company in New York Harbor went on strike demanding recognition of the union and one day's rest in seven. Several efforts were made by the Bureau to bring the contestants together, but the company's agent refused to meet the strikers, stating that the matter had been adjusted to their entire satisfaction. The strike lasted 20 days, during which interval some new men were hired for a short time, finally discharged and the old hands taken back. The men returned to work without the union's approval on the old terms.

New York, Brooklyn, Brass Bed Makers.—A strike of 36 brass bed makers in a Brooklyn factory occurred on November 24. They demanded union recognition and the reinstatement of two men who had been discharged. On December 3 the Bureau's representatives visited the factory, conferred with the president of the company and arranged a conference with the union's business agent. A second conference was held with the president of the company and the union strike committee on December 5, when the demands of the strikers were granted and the difficulty was adjusted.

New York, Brooklyn, Brass Bed Workers.— Twenty-five brass bed workers employed in a Brooklyn factory went on strike August 24, 1914, to enforce a demand for an increase of wages averaging 20 per cent, and for recognition of the union. The Bureau intervened by request of the workers on September 14 and endeavored to arrange a conference, but without success, as the employer re fused to confer with the strikers. The firm refused to accede to the demands and secured other workmen to fill the positions. The places were filled on September 18.

New York, Queens, Bricklayers.—On July 1, 1914, a strike of building trades workers in Queens county was caused by a question of jurisdiction between the bricklayers and plumbers over the work of cutting holes through concrete flooring and the laying of tile sewers in the basement of the building. The Bureau intervened July 14 and arranged several conferences between representatives of the unions and of the superintendent of buildings for the Board of Education. These conferences resulted in settlement of the dispute by an order from the Superintendent of School Buildings which directed that the laying of tile drains should be included in the plumbing work on school buildings. The result was reported as a compromise.

New York, Brooklyn, Chandelier Workers. The chandelier workers employed by a Brooklyn firm threatened to strike on September 12, 1914, because of the discharge of one man. The union officials claimed that he had been discharged on account of his activity in union work. A conference was arranged by the mediators at the office of the Bureau after intervention had been requested by a union official. It was attended by a representative of the company and the business agent of the union, also the two mediators. It was agreed that the man who was discharged should be re-employed, with the understanding that thereafter he was not to distribute any literature or start any agitation of any kind during working hours, or in the shop. This agreement prevented the strike of 60 employees.

New York City,Children's Dress Makers—On March 17,1914, 1,350 girls employed in 32 shops controlled by the Independent Manufacturers' Association of Children's and Misses' Dresses went on strike, demanding recognition of the union and an increase of wages. The Bureau's agents arranged two conferences, one on March 24 and the other on March 26. At the latter it was agreed that the union should be recognized and wages advanced, each employer adjusting the wages in question with his own employees. This was accomplished and the strike ended March 30.

New York City, Children's Dress Makers.— Sixty-three children's dress makers employed in one factory went on strike March 17, 1914, demanding recognition of the union and increase of wages. The members of the firm contended that the strike was a violation of a contract between the Manufacturers' Association and the international and local unions, but the union claimed that the contract did not cover the case.' Several efforts were made to have a conference between the parties, but without success, until March 31. The union representative suggested that all facts relating to the dispute be taken up by a board of arbitration, but the employers claimed that the strikers had violated the agreement by stopping work before submitting their grievances in the manner prescribed in the agreement, and that there was nothing to arbitrate as long as the strike was in progress. Another conference was held on April 3, but the employer refused to do business with the official who represented the union. It was finally agreed that this man would withdraw from the situation, that the girls on strike might join any union of their choice and that a wage scale would be adjusted to their satisfaction. This was done and the strike ended April 13.

New York City, Cigar Makers.-On February 18, 1914, 28 employees in a cigar factory went on strike because of a reduction in their wages of from one to five dollars per thousand cigars. A request for intervention was received from the workers and the Bureau arranged a conference on April 27, which was attended by representatives of the company and of the International Cigar Makers' Union. At this conference the difficulties were adjusted, the reduction was withdrawn and the strike ended on April 28.

New York City, Cigar Makers.— A strike of 75 cigar makers in a New York factory occurred on March 1, 1914. The cause of the strike was the demand of the firm to manufacture a new brand of cigars at a price which was below what the union considered fair wages. The Bureau intervened by request of the workers on April 23, interviewed the members of the firm and the union officials and arranged a joint conference on April 27. No favorable results followed. On May 7 another joint conference was held at which the firm withdrew its previous offer of an increase in piece price and presented a lower price. This resulted in breaking up the conference. Several efforts were made to renew

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the conference but the firm refused to confer again with the union officials. The employers filled their shop with non-union employees, claiming that conditions were normal by July 6, although the union asserted that the strike was still in effect.

New York City, Cloak and Suit Makers.-- On June 15, 1914, 25 cloak and suit makers employed by one firm went on strike as the men and the firm could not agree on prices paid for the work. The Bureau's agents arranged a conference on July 7 between representatives of the company and of the union. An understanding was reached in regard to prices and also it was agreed that no strike or lockout should occur thereafter until the matter had been reported to the Bureau of Mediation and Arbitration and the Bureau had had an opportunity to adjust the trouble. This agreement ended the strike and the men returned to work July 8.

New York City, Diamond Workers.-- Two hundred diamond cutters and polishers employed by one firm went on strike December 9, 1913, because of the discharge of one employee. On December 30 the Bureau's agents interviewed both sides to the dispute and tried to have a conference but the employer refused to met any of the strikers. Mediation with the strikers separately resulted in their return to work on January 2, ending the strike.

New York City, Egg Inspectors.— On July 23, 1914, 450 men employed as egg inspectors by 160 firms, nearly all of whom were members of the Mercantile Exchange, went on strike, demanding reduction of working hours from 54 to 50 per week and recognition of the union. On July 28 the Bureau's agents intervened, interviewed the parties to the strike and endeavored to bring about an adjustment. At that time a number of small firms, employing 60 people, settled with the union, but with the proviso that the agreement when entered into should hold good only on condition that the majority of the employers consented to the terms and signed trade agreements. Various conferences

. were arranged between representatives of the employers and the union but the majority of the former refused to accede to the demands of the union. Owing to trade conditions the Bureau advised the men to return to their former employment, which they did, and the strike was declared off on August 18.

New York City, Glove Cutters.— On September 3, 1914, 112 men working as glove cutters in New York City went on strike in 12 shops controlled by the Glove Manufacturers' Association. The cause of the strike was a demand for an increase of 25 cents per dozen for cutting men's gloves and 20 cents for ladies' gloves, also for recognition of the union. When the Bureau's agents intervened on September 9, there was no inclination on the part of the Manufacturers' Association to meet the strikers in conference but on September 17 the mediators succeeded in arranging a joint conference. The manufacturers stated that they could not under any circumstances agree to the increase of wages demanded by the union, while the union officers refused to recede from their demands. At another conference on October 10 it was agreed that a flat increase of 15 cents per dozen gloves would be paid for the cutting of all gloves and a price list was agreed upon. This agreement was ratified and the strike was declared at an end on October 13.

New York City, Hat Frame Makers.- On November 15, 1913, 40 hat frame makers working for one firm struck without making any demands, according to the statement of the employer, but the union contended that the firm had locked out their employees. The Bureau intervened on November 29 and tried to arrange a conference but was not successful as the employer stated that the strike had ended November 22 by the employment of other workers. Other efforts to arrange a conference failed.

New York City, Kosher Butchers.- On January 12, 1914, 40 kosher butchers employed in four shops went on strike, demanding shorter hours and union recognition.

recognition. An effort had been made to have a general strike in the trade but the men did not go out. The Bureau intervened January 20 and the employers' representative stated that the matter would be adjusted. The strikers returned to work and all the shops were working with normal force of employees on January 22.

New York City, Leather Workers.- Fifty-three fancy leather goods workers employed in one factory went on strike October 18, 1913, when the firm refused to reinstate two employees. The employers stated that the reason for their discharge was incompetency but the strikers believed it was on account of their union

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