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the governor a statement of the new address. Every such policeman shall when on duty wear a metallic shield with the words “railroad police ” or “steamboat police," as the case may be, and the name of the corporation for which appointed inscribed thereon, which shall always be worn in plain view, except when employed as a detective. The compensation of every such policeman shall be such as may be agreed upon between him and the corporation for which he is appointed, and shall be paid by the corporation. When any corporation shall no longer require the services of any such policeman it may file notice to that effect in the office in which notice of his appointment was originally filed, and thereupon such appointment shall cease and be at an end. The governor may also at pleasure revoke the appointment of any such policeman by filing a revocation thereof in the office of the secretary of state and mailing a notice of such filing to the corporation for which he was appointed, and also to the person whose appointment is revoked, at his last post-oflice address as the same appears in the commission or the latest statement thereof on file. If such person thereafter, knowing of such revocation or having in any manner received notice thereof, exercises or attempts to exercise any of the powers of a policeman, under this section, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor; and the filing and mailing of such notice, as above provided, shall be presumptive evidence that such person knew of the revocation. [As am'd by L. 1911, ch. 817.)

PROVIDING FOR BAIL OF RAILWAY EMPLOYEES IN CASES OF ACCIDENT

CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE 8 554-a. Bail of certain railroad employees. Whenever a person employed as an engineer, fireman, motorman, conductor, trainman or otherwise, on a train or car of a steam, elevated or street surface railroad, is arrested in any city on a criminal charge, arising from an accident in connection with the operation of such train or car, resulting in an injury or death to a person or injury to property, such engineer, fireman, motorman, conductor, trainman or other employee, shall be immediately taken before a magistrate, if one is accessible, and otherwise, before a captain or sergeant of police, or acting sergeant of police, or lieutenant of police, in charge of a police station in such city, and be given an opportunity to be admitted to bail. Such bail shall be taken in the same manner, so far as practicable, as is provided by section five hundred and fifty-four of this code, for the taking of bail in case of misdemeanors by a captain or sergeant of police, or acting sergeant of police, or lieutenant of police, in a city or village, except that the amount of bail shall be fixed by such officer at not exceeding one thousand dollars, and except that the undertaking shall provide for the appearance of the defendant before the magistrate, coroner, or other officer, who, except for this section, would be authorized to take such bail. Such officer may, however, in his discretion, instead of exacting bail, release such employee on his own recognizance, conditional for his appearance as above provided in case an undertaking is required. [Added by L. 1903, ch. 614; am'd by L. 1912, ch. 99.]

UNCLAIMED ARTICLES FOUND IN PUBLIC VEHICLES TO BE SOLD FOR

BENEFIT OF EMPLOYEES' ASSOCIATION

RAILROAD LAW, CHAPTER 49 OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS $ 199. Sale of unclaimed property. It shall be the duty of every street surface railroad corporation doing business in this state, and of every corporation engaged in this state in the business of carrying passengers for hire in cabs, coaches, or other similar vehicles or of letting such vehicles for hire, or in the business of operating a line of stages or omnibuses, which shall have unclaimed property left in its cars, cabs, coaches, stages or other similar vehicles, to ascertain if possible, the owner or owners of such property, and to notify such owner or owners of the fact by mail as soon as possible, after such property comes into its possession. Every such corporation which shall have such property not perishable, in its possession for the period of three months, may sell the same at public auction, after giving notice to that effect, by one publication, at least ten days prior to the sale, in a daily newspaper published in the city or village in which such sale is to take place, of the time and place at which such sale will be held, and such sale may be adjourned from time to time until all the articles offered for sale are sold. All perishable property so left, may be sold by any such corporation without notice, as soon as it can be, upon the best terms that can be obtained.

$ 200. Disposition of proceeds.-All moneys arising from the sale of any such unclaimed property, after deducting charges for storage and expenses of sale, shall be paid by any such corporation to the treasurer of any association, composed of the employees of such corporation, having for its object the pecuniary assistance of its members in case of disability caused by sickness or accident, for the use and benefit of such association and its members; and where no such association of the employees of any such corporation is in existence at the time of any such sale, such moneys shall be paid over to the county treasurer of the county or if in a city, to the chief fiscal officer thereof, in which such sale took place for the benefit of such city or county.

Compare Railroad Law, $ 68, relating to sale of " Unclaimed freight and baggage.”

§ 33. *

FREE TRANSPORTATION OR REDUCED RATES FOR EMPLOYEES PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS LAW, CHAPTER 48 OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

* *. 2. No common carrier subject to the provisions of this chapter shall, directly or indirectly, issue or give any free ticket, free pass or free transportation for passengers or property between points within this state, except to its officers, employees, agents, surgeons, physicians, attorneys-atlaw, and their families; to ministers of religion, officers and employees of railroad young men's christian associations, inmates of hospitals, charitable and eleemosynary institutions and persons exclusively engaged in charitable and eleemosynary work; and to indigent, destitute and homeless persons and to such persons when transported by charitable societies or hospitals, and the necessary agents employed in such transportation; to inmates of the national homes or state homes for disabled volunteer soldiers and of soldiers' and sailors' homes, including those about to enter and those returning home after discharge, and boards of managers of such homes; to necessary care

takers of property in transit; to employees of sleeping-car companies, express companies, telegraph an dtelephone companies doing business along the line of the issuing carrier; to railway mail service employees, post-office inspectors, mail carriers in uniform, customs inspectors and immigration inspectors; to newsboys on trains, baggage agents, witnesses attending any legal investigation or proceeding in which the common carrier is interested, persons injured in accidents or wrecks and physicians and nurses attending such person; to the carriage free or at reduced rates of persons or property for the United States, state or municipal governments, or of property to or from fairs and expositions for exhibit thereat. (Subd. 2 am'd by L. 1914, ch. 38; and L. 1914, ch. 116.)

3. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit the interchange of free or reduced transportation between common carriers of or for their officers, agents, employees, attorneys, surgeons, and their families, and their household and personal effects, nor to prohibit any common carrier from carrying passengers or property free, with the object of providing relief in cases of general epidemic, pestilence or other calamitous visitation; nor to prohibit any common carrier from transporting persons or property as incident to or connected with contracts for construction, operation or maintenance, and to the extent only that such free transportation is provided for in the contract for such work, nor to prevent any common carrier from transporting children under five years of age free. Provided further, that nothing in this chapter shall prevent the issuance of mileage, excursion, school or family commutation, commutation passenger tickets, half fare tickets for the transportation of children under twelve years of age, or any other form of reduced rate passenger tickets, or joint interchangeable mileage tickets, with special privileges as to the amount of free baggage that may be carried under mileage tickets of one thousand miles or more. But before any common carrier subject to the provision of this chapter shall issue any such mileage, excursion, school or family commutation, commutation, half fare, or any other form of reduced rate passenger tickets, or joint interchangeable mileage ticket, with special privileges as aforesaid, it shall file with the commission copies of the tariffs of rates, fares or charges on which such tickets are to be based, together with the specifications of the amount of free baggage permitted to be carried under such joint interchangeable mileage ticket, in the same manner as common carriers are required to do with regard to other rates by this chapter. Nor shall anything in this chapter prevent the issuance of passenger transportation in exchange for advertising space in newspapers at full rates.

The term “employees” as used in subdivisions two and three of this section, when referring to employees of a common carrier, shall include furloughed, pensioned, and superannuated employees, persons who have become disabled or infirm in the service of any such common carrier, and the remains of a person killed in the employment of a carrier and ex-employees traveling for the purpose of entering the service of any such common carrier; and the term “families ” as used in such subdivisions shall include the families of those persons named in this proviso, also the families of persons killed, and the widows during widowhood and minor children during minority of persons who died, while in the service of such common carrier. [Subd. 3, am'd by L. 1914, ch. 38.)

COMPLAINTS TO PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS

PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS LAW, CHAPTER 48 OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS

§ 45. General powers and duties of commissions in respect to common car. riers, railroads and street railroads.

2. Each commission shall have the general supervision of all common carriers, railroads, street railroads, railroad corporations and street railroad corporations within its jurisdiction as hereinbefore defined, and shall have power to and shall examine the same and keep informed as to their general condition, their capitalization, their franchises and the manner in which their lines and property, owned, leased, controlled or operated, are managed, conducted and operated, not only with respect to the adequacy, security and accommodation afforded by their service, but also with respect to their compliance with all provisions of law, orders of the commission and charter requirements. Each commission shall have power, either through its members or responsible engineers or inspectors duly authorized by it, to enter in or upon and to inspect the property, equipment, buildings, plants, factories, power-houses and offices of any of such corpora. tions or persons, including the right for such inspection purpose to ride upon any freight locomotive or train or any passenger locomotive or train while in service; and to have upon reasonable notice the use of an inspection locomotive or special locomotive and inspection car for a physical inspection once annually of all the lines and stations of each common carrier under its supervision; and to the extent that such facilities for inspection involve transportation each commissioner and each such employee shall pay the published one-way fare established by the common carrier for the transportation of persons by regular passenger trains over the distance covered by such inspection. The cost of such transportation, if the commission so elects, may be paid upon bill rendered to the commission after the transportation has been furnished and the amount thereof ascertained.

3. Each commussion and each commissioner shall have power to examine all books, contracts, records, documents and papers of any person or corporation subject to its supervision, and by subpæna duces tecum to compel production thereof. In lieu of requiring production of originals by subpæna duces tecum, the commission or any commissioner may require sworn copies of any such books, records, contracts, documents and papers or parts thereof to be filed with it.

§ 48. Investigations by commission.- 1. Each commission may, of its own motion, investigate or make inquiry, in a manner to be determined by it, as to any act or thing done or omitted to be done by any common carrier, railroad corporation or street railroad corporation, subject to its supervision, and the commission must make such inquiry in regard to any act or thing done or omitted to be done by any such common carrier, railroad corporation or street railroad corporation in violation of any provision of law or in violation of any order of the commission.

2. Complaints may be made to the proper commission by any person or corporation aggrieved, by petition or complaint in writing setting forth any thing or act done or omitted to be done by any common carrier, railroad corporation or street railroad corporation in violation, or claimed to be in violation, of any provision of law or of the terms and conditions of its franchise or charter or of any order of the commission. Upon the presentation of such a complaint the commission shall cause a copy thereof to be forwarded to the person or corporation complained of, which may be accompanied by an order, directed to such person or corporation, requiring that the matters complained of be satisfied, or that the charges be answered in writing within a time to be specified by the commission. If the person or corporation complained of shall make reparation for any injury alleged and shall cease to commit, or to permit, the violation of law, franchise or order charged in the complaint, and shall notify the commission of that fact before the time allowed for answer, the commission need take no further action upon the charges. If, however, the charges contained in such petition be not thus satisfied, and it shall appear to the commission that there are reasonable grounds therefor, it shall investigate such charges in such manner and by such means as it shall deem proper, and take such action within its powers as the facts justify.

3. Whenever either commission shall investigate any matter complained of by any person or corporation aggrieved by any act or omission of a common carrier, railroad corporation or street railroad corporation under this section it shall be its duty to make and file an order either dismissing the petition or complaint or directing the common carrier, railroad corporation or street railroad corporation complained of to satisfy the cause of complaint in whole or to the extent which the commission may specify and require.

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