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LICENSING OF TRADES (State examination boards grant certificates or licenses to nurses, pharmacists, physicians and other professions, and also to marine engineers and chauffeurs ; but the regulation of other licensed trades is delegated to municipalities. Of the various local laws only those applying to New York City are here reprinted.]

LICENSING OF ENGINEERS AND PILOTS OF VESSELS THE NAVIGATION LAW, CHAPTER 37 OF THE COXSOLIDATED LAWS § 17. Licenses. Every person employed as master, pilot or engineer on board of a steam vessel or a vessel propelled by machinery, carrying passengers or freight for hire, or towing for hire, shall be examined by the inspectors as to his qualifications, and if satisfied therewith they shall grant him a license for the term of one year for such boat, boats or class of boats as said inspectors may specify in such license. In a proper case, the license may permit and specify that the master may act as pilot, and in case of small vessels also as engineer and pilot. The license shall be framed under glass, and posted in some conspicuous place on the vessel on which he may act. Whoever acts as master, pilot or engineer, without having first received such license, or upon a boat or class of boats not specified in his license, shall be liable to a penalty of fifty dollars for each day that he so acts, except as in this article otherwise specified, and such license may be revoked by the inspectors for intemperance, incompetency or willful violation of duty. An applicant for license as master, pilot or engineer, to act as such on steam vessels, must be a citizen of the United States, at least twenty-one years of age, and to act as such on motor boats he shall be not less than eighteen years old. [As am’d by L. 1913, ch. 765.] $ 34.

Each person licensed shall pay five dollars for each original license and three dollars for each renewal thereof.

For the act regulating the pilotage of the port of New York see Navigation Law, $ 56.

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LICENSING OF CHAUFFEURS

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THE HIGHWAY LAW, CHAPTER 25 OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS $281. Definitions.- *

The term chauffeur ” shall mean any person operating or driving a motor vehicle, as an employee or for hire. [Added by L. 1910, ch. 374 ; am'd by L. 1911, ch. 491.)

$ 289. License of chauffeurs; renewals.- 1. License of chauffeurs. Appli.. cation for license to operate motor vehicles, as a chauffeur, may be made, by mail or otherwise, to the secretary of state or his duly authorized agent upon blanks prepared under his authority. The secretary of state shall appoint examiners and cause examinations to be held at convenient points throughout the state as often as may be necessary. Such application shall be accompanied by a photograph of the applicant in such numbers and forms as the secretary of state shall prescribe, said photograph to be taken within thirty days prior to the filing of said application and to be ac

accompanied by the fee provided herein. Before such a license is granted the applicant shall pass such examination as to his qualifications as the secretary of state shall require. No chauffeur's license shall be issued to any person under eighteen years of age. To each person shall be assigned some distinguishing number or mark, and the license issued shall be in such form as the secretary of state shall determine; it may contain special restrictions and limitations concerning the type of motor power, horse power, design and other features of the motor vehicles which the licensee may operate; it shall contain the distinguishing number or mark assigned to the licensee, his name, place of residence and address, a brief description of the licensee for the purpose of identification and the photograph of the licensee. Such distinctive number or mark shall be of a distinctly different color each year and in any year shall be of the same color as that of the number plates issued for that year. The secretary of state shall furnish to every chauffeur so licensed a suitable metal badge with the distinguishing number or mark assigned to him thereon without extra charge therefor. This badge shall thereafter be worn by such chauffeur affixed to his clothing in a conspicuous place, at all times while he is operating or driving a motor vehicle upon the public highway. Said badge shall be valid only during the term of the license of the chauffeur to whom it is issued as aforesaid. Every person licensed to operate motor vehicles as aforesaid shall indorse his usual signature on the margin of the license, in the space provided for the purpose, immediately upon receipt of said license, and such license shall not be valid until so indorsed. Every application for license filed under the provisions of this section shall be sworn to and shall be accompanied by a fee of five dollars, two dollars of which shall be for his examination aforesaid and three dollars for license fee. The license hereunder granted on or before August first, nineteen hundred and ten, shall take effect on that date, and licenses issued prior to January thirty-first, nineteen hundred and eleven, shall expire on that date. The fees for such licenses shall be one-half of the annual fees provided herein. [Subd. I added by L. 1910, ch. 374; am'd by L. 1911, ch. 491.)

2. Chauffeur's licensed registration book. Upon the receipt of such an application, the secretary of state shall thereupon file the same in his office, and register the applicant in a book or index which shall be kept in the same manner as the book or index for the registration of motor vehicles, and when the applicant shall have passed the examination provided for in the preceding section, the number or mark assigned to such applicant together with the fact that such applicant has passed such examination shall be noted in said book or index. [Subd. 2 aducd by L. 1910, ch. 374.]

3. Unauthorized possession or use of license or badge. No chauffeur having been licensed as herein provided shall voluntarily permit any other person to possess or use his license or badge, nor shall any person while operating or driving a motor vehicle use or possess any license or badge belonging to another person, or a fictitious license or badge. [Subd. 3 added by L. 1910, ch. 374.]

4. Unlicensed chauffeurs cannot drive motor vehicle. No person shall operate or drive a motor vehicle as a chauffeur upon a public highway of this state after the first day of August, nineteen hundred and ten, unless such person shall have complied in all respects with the requirements of this section; provided, however, that a nonresident chauffeur, who has registered under provisions of law of the foreign country, state, territory or federal district of his residence substantially equivalent to the provisions of this section, shall be exempt from license under this section; and provided, further, he shall wear the badge assigned to him in the foreign country, state, territory or federal district of his residence in the manner provided in this section. [Subd. 4 added by L. 1910, ch. 374.]

5. Renewal. Such license shall be renewed annually upon the payment of the same as provided in this section for the original license, such renewal to take effect on the first day of February of each year.

The secretary of state may refuse to issue or renew a license if he deems the applicant not qualified to receive such license, but the refusal of the secretary of state may be reviewed by writ of certiorari. For renewals to take effect on and after February first, nineteen hundred and twelve, the fee shall be two dollars. [Subd. 5 added by L. 1910, ch. 374; am'd by L. 1911, ch. 491.)

Original 88 281, 302–306 of the Highway Law, relative to chauffeurs, were repealed by L. 1910, ch. 374.

LICENSING OF MOVING-PICTURE MACHINE OPERATORS

THE GENERAL CITY LAW, CHAPTER 21 OF THE CONSOLIDATED LAWS § 18. License to operate moving picture apparatus.- It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to operate any moving picture apparatus and its connections in a city of the first class unless such person or persons so operating such apparatus is duly licensed as hereinafter provided. Any person desiring to act as such operator shall make application for a license to so act to the mayor or licensing authority designated by the mayor, unless the charter of said city so designates, which officer shall furnish to each applicant blank forms of application which the applicant shall fill out. Such officer shall make rules and regulations governing the examination of applicants and the issuance of licenses and certificates. A license shall not be granted to an applicant unless he shall have served as an apprentice under a licensed operator, for a period of not less than six months prior to the date of the application; the application must be made in writing, and contain a verified statement to that effect; it must be accompanied by the affidavit of the licensed operator to the same effect; before entering upon the period of apprenticeship the applicant must register his name and address with the officer issuing such license. The applicant shall be given a practical examination under the direction of the officer required to issue such license and if found competent as to his ability to operate moving picture apparatus and its connections shall receive within six days after such examination a license as herein provided. Such license may be revoked or suspended at any time by the officer issuing the same. Every license shall continue in force for one year from the date of issue unless sooner revoked or suspended. Every license, unless revoked or suspended, as herein provided, may at the end of one year from the date of issue thereof be renewed by the officer issuing it in his discretion upon application and with or without further examination as he may direct. Every application for renewal of license must be made within the thirty days previous to the expiration of such license. With every license granted there shall be issued to every person obtaining such license a certificate, certifying that the person named therein is duly authorized to operate moving picture apparatus and its connections. Such certificate shall be displayed in a conspicuous place in the room where the person to whom it is issued operates moving picture apparatus and its connections. No person shall be eligible to procure a license unless he shall be of full age. Any perBon offending against the provisions of this section, as well as any person who employs or permits a person not licensed as herein provided to operate moving picture apparatus and its connections, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not exceeding the sum of one hundred dollars, or imprisonment for a period not exceeding three months, or both. [Added by L. 1911, ch. 252.]

LAWS OF 1901, CHAPTER 466, BEING THE REVISED CHARTER OF GREATER NEW

YORK $ 529-a. No person to operate moving picture apparatus and its connections without a license. It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to operate any moving picture apparatus and its connections in the city of New York unless such person or persons so operating such apparatus is duly licensed as hereinafter provided. Any person desiring to act as such operator shall make application for a license to so act to the commissioner of water supply, gas and electricity of the city of New York who shall furnish to each applicant blank forms of application which the applicant shall fill out.

The commissioner of water supply, gas and electricity shall make rules and regulations governing the examination of applicants and the issuance of licenses and certificates.

The applicant shall be given a practical examination under the direction of the commissioner of water supply, gas and electricity and if found competent as to his ability to operate moving picture apparatus and its connections shall receive within six days after such examination a license as herein provided. Such license may be revoked or suspended at any time by the commissioner of water supply, gas and electricity. Every license shall con. tinue in force for one year from the date of issue unless sooner revoked or suspended. Every license, unless revoked or suspended, as herein provided, may at the end of one year from the date of issue thereof be renewed by the commissioner of water supply, gas and electricity in his discretion upon application and with or without further examination as said commissioner may direct. Every application for renewal of license must be made within the thirty days previous to the expiration of such license. With every license granted there shall be issued to every person obtaining such license a certificate, made by the commissioner of water supply, gas and electricity or such other officer as such commissioner may designate, certifying that the person named therein is duly authorized to operate moving picture apparatus and its connections. Such certificate shall be displayed in a conspicuous place in the room where the person to whom it is issued operates moving picture apparatus and its connections. No person shall be eligible to procure a license unless he shall be a citizen of the United States and of full age. Any person offending against the provisions of this section, as well as any person who employs or permits a person not licensed as herein provided to operate moving picture apparatus and its connections, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not exceeding the sum of one hundred dollars or imprisonment for a period not exceeding three months, or both, in the discretion of the court. [Added by L. 1910, ch. 654.]

INSPECTION OF STEAM BOILERS AND LICENSING OF STEAM ENGINEERS IN

NEW YORK CITY.

LAWS OF 1901, CHAPTER 466, BEING THE REVISED CHARTER OF GREATER

NEW YORK § 342. Steam boilers; inspection of; not to be operated without certificate.

Every owner, agent or lessee of a steam boiler or boilers in use in The City of New York shall annually, and at such convenient times and in such manner and in such form as may by rules and regulations to be made there. for by the police commissioner be provided, report to the said department the location of each steam boiler or boilers, and thereupon, and as soon there. after as practicable, the sanitary company or such member or members thereof as may be competent for the duty herein described, and may be detailed for such duty by the police commissioner shall proceed to inspect such steam boilers, and all apparatus and appliances connected therewith; but no person shall be detailed for such duty except he be a practical engineer, and the strength and security of each boiler shall be tested by atmospheric and hydrostatic pressure and the strength and security of each boiler or boilers so tested shall have, under the control of said sanitary company, such attachments, apparatus and appliances as may be necessary for the limitation of pressure, locked and secured in like manner as may be from time to ting adopted by the United States inspectors of steam boilers or the secretary of the treasury, according to act of Congress, passed July twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and sixty-six; and they shall limit the pressure of steam to be applied to or upon such boiler, certifying each inspection and such limit of pressure to the owner of the boiler inspected, and also to the engineer in charge of same, and no greater amount of steam or pressure than that certi. fied in the case of any boiler shall be applied thereto. In limiting the amount of pressure, wherever the boiler under test will bear the same, the limit desired by the owner of the boiler shall be the one certified. Every owner, agent or lessee of a steam boiler or boilers in use in The City of New York shall, for the inspection and testing of such or each of such boilers, as provided for in this act, and upon receiving from the police department a certificate setting forth the location of the boiler inspected, the date of such inspection, the persons by whom the inspection was made, and the limit of steam pressure which shall be applied to or upon such boiler or each of such boilers pay annually to the police commissioner for each boiler, for the use of the police pension fund, the sum of two dollars, such certificate to continue in force for one year from the granting thereof when it shall expire, unless sooner revoked or suspended. Such certificate may be renewed upon the payment of a like sum and like conditions, to be applied to a like purpose. It shall not be lawful for any person or persons, corporation or corporations, to have used or operated within The City of New York any steam boiler or boilers except for heating purposes and for railway locomotives, without having first had such boiler or boilers inspected or tested and procured for such boiler or each of such boilers so used or operated the certificate herein provided for. The superintendent and inspectors of boilers, in the employ of the police department, in the city of Brooklyn, and the boiler inspectors in

* For statute regulating examination of stationary engineers in Buffalo, see the charter, L. 1914, ch. 218, § 13, subd. 5. As to general responsibility of persons in charge of steam boilers, see Penal Law, $8 1052, 1893, given in part, p 212, ante.

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