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the heart ;" an account of which I gave in these words, "It is that habitual disposition of soul, which in the sacred Writings is termed holiness, and which directly implies, the being cleansed from sin; from all filthiness both of flesh and spirit, and by consequence, the being endued with those virtues, which were in Christ Jesus; the being so "renewed in the image of our mind," as to be perfect as our Father in heaven is perfect.'

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In the same sermon I observed, "Love is the fulfilling of the law, the end of the commandment." It is not only the first and great command, but all the commandments in one; "Whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, if there be any virtue, if there be any praise,' they are all comprised in this one word, LovE. In this is perfection, and glory, and happiness. The royal law of heaven and earth is this, "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength." The one perfect good shall be your one ultimate end. One thing shall ye desire for its own sake, the fruition of him who is all in all. One happiness shall ye propose to your souls, even an union with him that made them; the having "fellowship with the Father and the Son;" the being "joined to the Lord in one spirit." One design ye are to pursue to the end of time, the enjoyment of God in time, and in eternity. Desire other things so far as they tend to this: Love the creature, as it leads to the Creator. But in every step you take, be this the glorious point that terminates your view. Let every affection and thought, and word, and action, be subordinate to this. Whatever ye desire or fear; whatever ye seek or shun; whatever ye think, speak, or do, be it in order to your happiness in God, the sole End, as well as Source of your Being.'

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I concluded in these words, "Here is the sum of the perfect law, the circumcision of the heart. Let the spirit return to God that gave it, with the whole train of its affections. Other sacrifices from us he would not; but the living sacrifice of the heart hath he chosen. Let it be con


tinually offered up to God, through Christ, in flames of holy love. And let no creature be suffered to share with him for he is a jealous God. His throne will he not divide with another; he will reign without a rival. Be no design, no desire admitted there, but what has him for its ultimate object. This is the way wherein those children of God once walked, who being dead, still speak to us; "Desire not to live, but to praise his Name; let all your thoughts, words, and works, tend to his glory. Let your soul be filled with so entire a love to him, that you may love nothing but for his sake." "Have a pure intention of heart, a steadfast regard to his glory in all your actions." For then, and not till then, is that mind in us, which was also in Christ Jesus, when in every motion of our heart, in every word of our tongue, in every work of our hands, we pursue nothing but in relation to him, and in subordination to his pleasure; when we too neither think, nor speak, nor act, to fulfil our own will, but the will of him that sent us: When, "whether we eat or drink, or whatever we do, we do it all to the glory of God."

It may be observed, this sermon was composed the first of all my writings, which have been published. This was the view of religion I then had, which even then I scrupled not to term Perfection. This is the view I have of it now, without any material addition or diminution. And what is there here, which any man of understanding, who believes the Bible, can object to? What can he deny, without flatly contradicting the Scripture? What retrench, without taking from the Word of God?

7. In the same sentiment did my Brother and I remain, (with all those young gentlemen in derision termed Methodists,) till we embarked for America, in the latter end of 1735. It was the next year, while I was at Savannah, that I wrote the following lines:

Is there a thing beneath the sun,

That strives with thee my heart to share?
Ah, tear it thence, and reign alone!

The Lord of every motion there!


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In the beginning of the year 1738, as I was returning from thence, the cry of my heart was,

O grant that nothing in my soul

May dwell, but thy pure Love alone!
O may thy Love possess me whole,

My joy, my treasure, and my crown!
Strange fires far from my heart remove:
My every act, word, thought, be Love!

I never heard that any one objected to this. And indeed, ' who can object? Is not this the language not only of every believer, but of every one that is truly awakened ? But what have I written, to this day, which is either stronger or plainer?

8. In August following I had a long conversation with Arvin Gradin, in Germany. After he had given me an account of his experience, I desired him to give me in writing a definition of the full Assurance of Faith, which he did in the following words:

66 Requies in sanguine Christi: firma fiducia in Deum et persuasio de gratia divina: tranquillita mentis summa, atque serenitas et pax, cum absentia omnis desiderii carnalis, et cessatione peccatorum etiam internorum."

"Repose in the blood of Christ: a firm confidence in God and persuasion of his favour: the highest tranquillity, serenity, and peace of mind, with a deliverance from every fleshly desire, and a cessation of all, even inward sins."

This was the first account I ever heard from any living man, of what I had before learned myself from the Oracles of God, and had been praying for, (with the little company of my friends,) and expecting for several years.

9. In 1739, my Brother and I published a volume of Hymns and Sacred Poems. In many of these we declared our sentiments strongly and explicitly: See page 24.

Turn the full stream of nature's tide :

Let all our actions tend

To thee, their source; thy love the guide,
Thy glory be the end.

Earth then a scale to heaven shall be:
Sense shall point out the road :
The creatures all shall lead to thee,
And all we taste be God.

Again. Lord, arm me with thy Spirit's might,
Since I am call'd by thy great Name:
In thee my wand'ring thoughts unite,
Of all my works be thou the aim;
Thy love attend me all my days,
And my sole business be thy praise.

Again. Eager for thee I ask and pant,

So strong the principle divine
Carries me out with sweet constraint,
Till all my hallow'd soul be thine;
Plung'd in the Godhead's deepest sea,
And lost in thine immensity !

Once more. Heavenly Adam, Life Divine,
Change my nature into thine,

p. 122.

p. 125.

Move and spread throughout my soul,
Actuate and fill the whole.

p. 153.

to the same

It would be easy to cite many more passages effect. But these are sufficient to show, beyond contradiction, what our sentiments then were.

10. The first tract I ever wrote expressly on this subject was published in the latter end of this year. That none might be prejudiced before they read it, I gave it the indifferent title of The Character of a Methodist." In this I described a perfect Christian, placing in the front, "Not as though I had already attained." Part of it I subjoin without any alteration.

'A Methodist is one, who loves the LORD his GOD with ✨all his heart, with all his soul, with all his mind, and with all his strength. God is the Joy of his heart, and the Desire of his soul, which is continually crying, "Whom have I in heaven but thee; and there is none upon earth whom I desire but thee. My God and my All! Thou art

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the Strength of my heart, and my Portion for ever." He is therefore happy in God; yea, always happy, as having in him a well of water springing up unto everlasting life, and overflowing his soul with peace and joy. Perfect love having now cast out fear, he rejoices evermore. Yea, his joy is full, and all his bones cry out, "Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who, according to his abundant mercy, hath begotten me again unto a living hope of an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled, reserved in heaven for me."

"And he, who hath this hope, thus full of immortality, in every thing giveth thanks, as knowing that this, (whatsoever it is,) is the Will of God in Christ Jesus concerning him. From him, therefore, he cheerfully receives all, saying, "Good is the Will of the Lord;" and whether he giveth or taketh away, equally blessing the Name of the Lord. Whether in ease or pain, whether in sickness or health, whether in life or death, he giveth thanks from the ground of the heart, to him who orders it for good; into whose hands he hath wholly committed his body and soul, as into the hands of a faithful Creator. He is, therefore, anxiously careful for nothing, as having cast all his care on him that careth for him, and in all things resting on him, after making his request known to him with thanksgiving.

'For indeed he prays without ceasing; at all times the ́language of his heart is this, "Unto thee is my mouth, though without a voice, and my silence speaketh unto thee." His heart is lifted up to God at all times, and in all places. In this he is never hindered, much less interrupted by any person or thing. In retirement or company, in leisure, business, or conversation, his heart is ever with the Lord. Whether he lie down or rise up, God is in all his thoughts: he walks with God continually, having the loving eye of his soul fixed on him, and every where seeing him that is invisible.

And loving God, he loves his neighbour as himself: he loves every man as his own soul. He loves his enemies;

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