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Mr. Godwin's book seems to us worthy of hearty praise. He is the first English writer who has undertaken the weighty task of describing from the original sources, so copious in French literature, and with the light of modern researches, the origin and career of this wonderful nation. We do not affect that narrow criticism which passes unnoticed an author's conscientious labor, careful estimates of historical evidence, and perspicuous arrangement and narration, to nose about after a slip in some trifling reference, or an inadvertence in syntax. A purist might observe in the work before us an occasional roughness or careless expression; the use of “got” as an auxiliary; an occasional betrayal in the text of the style and idiom of the authorities, as if portions of the matter had not had time to distill through the alembic of the author's own mind. But these are trivial things which revision would remove, and which critics usually mention in proof of their own acuteness. Mr. Godwin's general style is clear and dignified, and is constructed with the composite richness of modern times. His descriptive powers are vitalized by a strong regulated imagination. His analysis of character seems careful and independent; there is a fearless morality and sense of justice in his judgments which inspires us with confidence that wrong, however bedizened with robes or furred gowns, will find in him no winking apologist. Whether he will be able to make the personages of history live for us will be more severely tested in succeeding volumes. As he approaches the later periods, the qualities which distinguish the great historian from the chronicler, the biographer, the essayist, or even the brilliant story-teller, will be more and more required.' We have reason to believe that, with the priceless discipline of experience, and the copious resources which lie along his way, Mr. Godwin will not disappoint the high expectations which his opening volume justifies.
ART. VIII.—FOREIGN RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
of a Staffordshire miner, Richard Weaver.
The gentlemen who associated themTHE PROTESTANT CHURCHES. — The selves with Mr. Weaver in his labors British Branch of the Evangelical Alli- | were so thoroughly satisfied that spiritual ance held its fourteenth annual con-| good is being done by his means, that ference at Nottingham toward the they have prevailed upon him to promise close of October, and was warmly wel- to devote himself to similar endeavors comed by evangelical Christians of all for several months to come, if his health denominations. The report which the and strength do not fail him. president, Sir Eardley Culling, gave of The establishment of a closer Union the operations of the past year, clearly between the Church of England and showed that the Alliance in Great Brit- other Episcopalian Denominations, which ain does not fail to fulfill its great mis- hold the doctrine of apostolical succession. It increases in large classes of the sion, in particular the Eastern Churches, population the interest in the progress has always been a favorite scheme of religion in all parts of the world, it of the English High Churchmen. It strengthens the bonds of union between seems that, of late, a greater advance evangelical Christians of all denomina- | than ever before has been made toward tions and persuasions, and it is specially reaching this end. The Rev. G. Willuseful in enlisting the attention and the ¡ iams, Senior Fellow of King's College, co-operation of the British Christians in Cambridge, has proceeded to Armenia behalf of those countries and Churches for the purpose of assisting the Oriental which stand in need of aid from abroad. Churches in establishing hostels at Cam. It was the general impression that this bridge, for the education of youths from year's meeting was on the whole one of the East, the Patriarch of Armenia havthe most interesting that the British ing expressed a great desire for a nearer branch has yet held. Another meeting communion with the English Church. to which the evangelical Churches had The Russian government has determined looked forward with a great deal of upon laying the foundation of a Russian interest, was the Tercentenary of the hostel in Cambridge, and a hope is exScottish Reformation, which took place pressed that the Catholics of Etchmiazin at Edinburgh from the 14th to the 17th will follow the example by sending a of August. A number of interesting bishop of the Armenian Church, with a papers were read, but on the whole the number of the Armenian youth, to Enfestivity did not come up to the general gland, to be educated in the University. expectation. The presence of Mr. Chi- Dr. Wolff, the eccentric High-Church niquy, who has since been making the clergyman who some years ago attracted tour of the principal towns in Scotland, great attention by his journey to Boksoliciting subscriptions for the establish- hara, has presented the nucleus of a ment of a library and theological semin library for the use of the students in the ary, was the event of deep interest, Russian hostel, and, to promote this plan and the establishment of a Protestant of union still more effectually, will underinstitute for more effectually carrying on take a mission of an entirely novel characthe missions among Roman Catholics, ter. “ I shall," he says, "assume the garwill prove one of its most important ment of a monk of the Eastern Church, resolutions. The Revival of Religion with a Bible in my hand, and the cross continues to be very marked, especially figured on my gown, which gown shall in Scotland and in some parts of Ireland. consist of black cloth. Wherever I find Deeply interesting papers on the history a bishop of the Christian Church, (let and present aspects of the revival move- him be either of the Russian, or Greek, ments in Scotland, Ireland, and Wales or Syrian Church,) I shall act under his were read at the late meeting of the advice and direction." Singular enough, Evangelical Alliance at Nottingham. A the promoters of this scheme meet, even considerable degree of interest among in the Roman Catholic Church, with more large numbers of the working class sympathy and co-operation than they population was excited by the preaching | probably expected. The Union Chrétienne, a French religious paper, edited by sembly at Ulm, in Wurtemberg, on AuAbbé Guettée, a distinguished scholar, gust 28 and the two following days, who has been suspended by the Arch- reported again, as it has been able to do bishop of Paris for his advanced Galli- for several years, a considerable increase can opinions, takes openly the same in its receipts, which amounted this ground. It regards the Euglish High year to one hundred and sixty-one thouChurchmen as the true representatives sand thalers. Since its origin the society of the Church of England, acknowledges has now expended more than one millthe English Church, together with those ion two hundred and fifty thousand of the East, as branches of the Catholic thalers for the support of about one Church, and endeavors to call forth in the thousand poor Protestant congregations Church of Rome an anti-papal, episco- in Roman Catholic countries. Besides palian movement. In connection with the regular contributions of its members, this scheme of a great union between the society begins to receive many libthe Episcopalian Churches, the efforts eral donations; thus the proceedings of of the Church of England to build up a this year's meetings were opened with strong hierarchy in all British colonies, the announcement that an inhabitant of and even to extend it beyond the do- Saxony had made to the society a donaminions of Great Britain, have a partic- tion of ten thousand thalers. As the ular significance. Arrangements have fame of the extensive operations of the been recently made for the erection of a society becomes better known from year new bishopric in Australia, the seat of to year, the number of applications which will be in all probability at Goul steadily increases. From all parts of burn, and a missionary bishop has been Europe, from Asia, from Algeria, from appointed for the islands of the Pacific, North and South America, feeble Protwho will exercise episcopal supervision estant congregations address the society over seventy or eighty islands of the for aid. A pleasing incident in the bisPacific not under the British crown. tory of the society, during the past year,
The Baptists report that their mem was the reception of larger contributions bership throughout Great Britain has from Austria, as the Protestant Churchconsiderably increased during the past es of that country had received for the year. They suffer, however, from in first time from their government the ternal dissensions. Mr. Spurgeon repre- permission to take up collections for the sents the leading Baptist paper of En purposes of the association. The Evangland, " The Freeman," as recreant to gelical Church Diet, which met at BarCalvinistic orthodoxy, and he himself is men, a flourishing commercial city in charged by many of his co-religionists the charming Wupperthal, a region of with transgressing in many points the Germany celebrated for the piety of its denominational landmarks. A revival inhabitants, entered this year upon a preacher of some celebrity, Mr. Guin new era in its history; as the Highness, has joined the Plymouth Brethren, Church party, which hitherto had susor, as they call themselves, the Chris tained the Diets in union with the tian brethren, a small denomination, Evangelical party for a common comhitherto but little known, but who | bat against Rationalism and unbelief, are reported to have received of late had this year declared, through their large accessions, and to have widely | leaders, Dr. Stahl and Dr. Hengstenberg, extended their influence.
their withdrawal. Dr. Stahl, as vice
president of the Diet, had insisted on GERMANY, AUSTRIA, PRUSSIA.
stion THE PROTESTANT CHURCHES. — The of civil marriage and of the political Two Great Religious Assemblies of Prot- / rights of Dissenters, and when the cenestant Germany, the meeting of the tral committee opposed this as producGustavus Adolphus Association and the tive of disagreement, he, and with him Church Diet, were never more important his party, declined taking further part and interesting than this year. Both for the present. Nevertheless the athave again confirmed their claim to be tendance was large, and the meeting, ranked among the most influential re- which as usual discussed profound quesligious gatherings of Protestant Chris- i tions on scientific theology, and schemes tendom. The Gustavus Adolphus Society, for practical usefulness, was characterwhich held its seventeenth General As-ized, in consequence of the absence of the High-Church element, by a pure of the Reichsrath with such force, that spirit of brotherly love.
that body almost unanimously passed a The two Protestant Churches of Hun- resolution that the rights of the dissent gary, after having forced the gov- i ing denominations had in some cases ernment to forego its pretensions, are been violated, and that the ecclesiastical rejoicing at the recovery of their consti- | legislation of Austria ought to be regu. tutional rights. In the Reformed Church | lated in accordance with the principles all the congregations are again governed of right and justice. The Protestants by the former Church constitution; in of Austria felt never more confident the Lutheran Church only sixteen Scia- | than at present, that the day when full vonian congregations adhere to the new equality of rights with their Roman constitution proclaimed by the Imperial | Catholic fellow-citizens will be granted Patent of September 1, 1859, and have to them, cannot be much longer postconstituted themselves an independent poned. In other German States the superintendentship, with which the rest influence of Rome has met with even of the Church refuses to hold ecciesiastical greater reverses. The government communion. Both Churches held in of Baden has officially declared the late September and October General Assem concordat as abandoned, and the Legisblies, which occupied themselves with lature of the Grand Duchy of Darmsecuring the newly recovered rights of | stadt has resolved, with all votes against the Churches, with obtaining from the two, to call on the government to break government an unequivocal acknowledg- off its negotiations with the bishop of ment of the fundamental law of Hun the country, to whom a great many garian Protestantism of 1791, with concessions had been made, and to regextending the control of the Churchulate the legal relations of the Catholic over the Protestant schools, with carry Church to the State by a special law. ing through a presbyterian constitution where it does not yet exist, and with
ITALY. preparations for the convocation of the General Synods of the Churches. In THE PROTESTANT CHURCHES.—The no Austrian province is the PROGRESS OF intelligence on the Progress of ProtPROTESTANTISM at present more marked estantism in Italy has never been than in Bohemia. Numerous conver more cheering and more full of promise sions of Roman Catholics are reported for the future than during the past three from a number of places. One Protest months. The successes of Garibaldi and ant pastor writes to the Protestant Victor Emanuel have, for the first time Church Gazette of Pesth, that in the since the suppression of the Reformation village of Spalow sixty adult persons in the sixteenth century, thrown open have legally declared their intention to the whole peninsula to the free and open join the Evangelical Church, and that proclamation of the doctrines of evanall the adult inhabitants over eighteen | gelical Christianity. In the kingdom years of age will soon follow this of Sardinia the work consolidates and example. The Baptist Churches of extends itself. In Val d'Aosta there Germany, Switzerland, and Denmark seems to be a great spirit of inquiry held their triennial convention at Ham awakened. The Waldensian minister at burg on October 4. Their cause is | Courmayeur and Aosta, Rev. Mr. Curie, highly prosperous and steadily pro- | has issued a work entitled, “The Minisgressing. Their membership, during ter and the Priests; or, an Answer to the the past three years, has increased from Attacks of the Clerical Party in Sardinia five thousand nine hundred and one to against Protestantism," (Le Ministre seven thousand nine hundred and eight, et les Prétres, etc.,) which has produced and the number of preaching stations quite a ferment among the priests of that from five hundred and seventy-four to valley, who call it " Le comble du poison." seven hundred and fifty-six.
A number of them publicly tore a copy
of the book in pieces in the marketTHE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. place of Aosta, but, much against their It is generally believed that the Austrian expectation, greatly contributed thereby Concordat may now be regarded as to an increase of the sale of the book. virtually abolished. Some of the griev- Mr. Curie has since made inquiries to ances of the Protestant and Greek ascertain whether an edition of his book Churches were set forth in the meetings | might not be brought out in Italian, and whether any society would take it up. i there also; but the charge of the congreMr. Curie's place of meeting in Aosta gations at Leghorn and Pisa affords is always crowded to the door, and a him ample work, and beyond an occalarger place is much required. He has sional visit to the new localities men. been invited to visit numerous villages tioned he cannot go. In Naples and around and to hold meetings. Mr. Jay, Sicily active operations have likewise a Waldensian minister, who studied for been commenced. A late agent for the a year in Edinburgh, bas gone to aid him British and Foreign Bible Society, has by occupying Courmayeur, and is now been for some time at Palermo, and has supplied with an active, pious colporteur. written to some of his friends that his In the former Papal States the city of success in selling Bibles has been very Bologna will be the prominent center of great, there being a great demand for the work of evangelization. A Vaudois them. Father Gavazzi and a popular evangelist has settled there, and what is Sicilian preacher, Frate Pantaleone, still more important, the most zealous Gavazzi's chaplain, have been very and learned among the Italian converts active in haranguing large crowds on from the Roman Catholic Church, Mr. the errors of the papacy. Toward the Mazarella, hitherto leader of the Evan- close of October Gavazzi commenced in gelical Protestant congregation of Genoa, the former church of the Jesuits at Nahas been appointed by the government ples lectures on the New Testament. to the chair of Moral Philosophy in the Efforts were made to prohibit his preachUniversity of Bologna, and has accepted ing, but Garibaldi protected him. The the appointment on the express condition English residents of Naples, who applied that his exertions for spreading the prin-| to Garibaldi for the permission of buildciples of evangelical Christianity woulding a church, received not only this perbe in no way interfered with. The Ed- mission, but also the donation of a suitinburgh Bible Society has dispatched a able piece of land. The British and colporteur to Umbria and the Marches, Foreign Bible Society and the Edinburgh to take advantage of the openings there. Bible Society have both dispatched their In Tuscany, the Waldensian Theological agents to the city of Naples with a large Hall at Florence has been opened with supply of Bibles, and a large number of nine students; and a letter has been re copies has been, unimpeded, sold in the ceived from a priest at Brescia, announc streets. Rev. Mr. Cresi, who for some ing his resolution to go to Florence months has been stationed as a missionduring the winter to attend the lectures. ary at Bologna, has expressed his desire An additional female school for the chil to return to Naples, his native country, dren of the upper classes has just been in order to preach the Gospel there, and opened in Florence, under the auspices from thence to do what he can for Sicily of two deaconesses from the establish until some minister be provided. An ment of Protestant Deaconesses at English gentleman of well-known liberKaiserswerth in Germany. The colpor ality, Mr. Henderson, of Park, has taken teurs throughout Tuscany, notwithstand- | the support of this young minister upon ing their number, find a good sale both himself. The Waldenses, according to for Bibles and tracts. One of them at the last accounts, were sending two coltended a fair at the small town of Pon- porteurs into Sicily, whose headquarters tedera, and sold in a short time fifty for the present will be Palermo, and copies of the Bible. The progress in other colporteurs will be sent by other the flourishing city of Leghorn, where parties to Messina, and along the eastfor a few weeks after the reopening of the ern coast of the island. Thus a number place of meeting many former attend- of Protestant agencies are at work ants absented themselves through fear throughout Italy. The British and of annoyances, is now again highly sat Foreign Bible Society has twenty-four isfactory. The hall, which holds about colporteurs employed, the Edinburgh two hundred persons, is always crowded | Bible Society eight, the Italian Society to the door, and many cluster around į at Geneva twelve, and a considerable who cannot find admission. The Wal number are employed by the Vaudois densian minister at Leghorn, Rev. Mr. Bible and Tract Society. Still many Ribetti, has had an invitation from a regret that the unprecedented opportunumber of people in the village of Calvi, nities for the evangelization of Italy near Pisa, and from another place about which exist at present do not induce forty miles distant, to open meetings | more of the religious societies of Prot