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could not only survive slavery, but rise from its cessation to a diversified industry, a vaster wealth, a more liberal education, a higher civilization, a prouder position in the respect of the civil. ized world. The enemy of slavery, we are the friend of the South. It is not from the destruction or the injury, but from the higher prosperity of the South that there would arise, as we believe, a higher prosperity for the North and a higher happiness to the whole.
Dr. Thornwell expresses the hope that, as the Union can never be restored, still peace may be preserved, and that two great republics may develop their different civilizations in common alliance against any attacks from foreign nations. We expressed in a former number of our Quarterly the wish that this peace might be preserved. To us war and slavery are twin evils. May God deliver both sections of our land from both. Nevertheless, the South in separation can never expect that slave-catching will remain the ex-officio duty of northern citizenship. No aid can be expected from northern arms to maintain oppression. No slavery can be permitted to set its foot in the western domain; no fillibuster or foreign conquest can be allowed to enlarge the slave empire. The scorpion must still be girt with fire, and his first and last good act must be suicide. The dismal prospect before the seceding states now appears to be, that not only will they fail in their visions of ruining northern commerce, but that they will forfeit the control of the market of the world for their sole staple, and, by losing the adhesion of the Border States, collapse in their schemes of southern empire. What can be expected from the seven petty cotton oligarchies on the Gulf but the adding a new force to the meaning of the word failure ?
But it is our purpose merely to defend the rightfulness of our past and present position, not to lay out a programme for the future. With the extreme states lies the responsibility for all the evils of disunion, and most of the misdoings that have prepared its way. Our view of the future is cheerful and trusting, trusting in that Providence that smiles upon its own cause. Even disunion has its compensations. It will make us what we have never yet been, fully and consistently a FREE nation. Countless will be the blessings of a full emancipation from the dread evils not only of slavery domination but of union with slaveholders. That disunion will hasten the downfall of slavery, and perhaps a reconstruction on a free basis. We are thankful that our national government and capital are rescued from the hands of traitors. Our hope and
trust is that it is a Providential hand that has placed at our helm the firmness, integrity, and natural statesmanship of Abraham Lincoln. Surrounded with a cabinet of rare ability, and standing as the impersonation of our national welfare, we rejoice that he exhibits those traits that concentrate popular sympathy, and believe that a rally to his firm support will in due time be held a test of patriotism.
ART. X.-FOREIGN RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
the satisfaction to see two of their friends,
(Revs. Messrs. Cheyne and Neal) who THE PROTESTANT CHURCHES. — The by their advanced Tractarian principles agitation which has sprung up in the bad drawn upon themselves the disfavor Church of England in consequence of and the censure of their diocesans, re. the publication of the Rationalistic Es- stored to their ecclesiastical functions. says and Reviews, is still on the in- | The ranks of the High Churchmen themcrease. The work itself was issued selves, however, are divided by a split in Febuary, 1861, by the greatest pub- which is daily widening. The organ of lishing house of England, in a fifth the extreme Romanizing portion, the edition, and one of the seven authors | Union, has become so openly and defi(the "Septem contra Christum") has antly Popish, that the better elements since been elected to the influential posi- recoil from what it advocates as the tion of rector of one of the Oxford col- | ultimate end of High Churchism leges. This seems to indicate that the While the Church of England is rent party has gained some strength among within by this Rationalistic controversy, the clergy and literary classes; but a struggle ng less fierce awaits her on already the evangelical element in the the political arena. The Dissenters are Church has become aroused. Petitions not discouraged by the defeats which are numerously signed, praying the bish the motions for an abolition of the Church ops to arrest the spreading of the heret rate has hitherto met with in one or both ical movement; even the powerless Con houses of the English Parliament, but vocation is appealed to for effective have been making more energetical measures. In some places the Evangel efforts than ever before for obtaining ical party and the High Churchmen | from Parliament at least a first install. have united to combat the intrusion of ment of their abolition. Many liberal Rationalism the more successfully, and Churchmen are fighting in this question some of the bishops, at least, have de by the side of the Dissenters against the clared their intention not to ordain any great prerogative of the state Church; alcandidate who is infected with the neo though, to the great regret and astonishlogical views. This rise of Rationalism ment of the friends of ecclesiastical indemay have contributed somewhat to an pendence, the Record, the leading organ of abatement of the controversy between the Evangelical party in the Established the Evangelical party and the High Church, uses its great influence for the Churchmen. In the diocese of London, preservation of the rate. The support it is true, the irritation of the Tractarian of Mr. Disraeli, who has tacked the clergy and their friends against the bish- | unconditional advocacy of the existing op for his vigorous opposition to their Church rates to the platform of the Tory Romanizing innovations has not abated, party, promises to be of less, if of any, and the bishop has even been threatened service to the cause, as it will tend to with legal proceedings. But in other enlist the sympathies of the Liberal party, places a reconciliation seems to be aimed to an even larger extent than before, in at, and the High Church party have had | favor of abolition. It is even believed that Mr. Disraeli's plan will give a new | ness, so as to enable themselves and impetus to the endeavors of those who their employes to attend divine service demand the abolition not only of Church in their respective places of worship rates, but of all official connection be- | during the day, and to join in the union tween the established Church and the meetings in the evening. In Glasgow, State. Thus, for example, the Spectator and some other towns, where the magisremarks: "Let Mr. Disraeli induce the trates declined to make a similar recomclergy to back his scheme, and he and mendation, the chief object of the holithey will probably see a liberal reaction, day was secured by agreement of the which will not stop short at Church rates leading citizens to close their places of if once aroused by the spectacle of a business at an early hour. In the union body of ministers of Christ working meetings in the evening, representatives day and night to secure the continued of the following denominations took part: existence of a compulsory Church rate." Established Church, Free Church, United The sympathy of public opinion with Presbyterian Church, English Episcopal the abolitionists has even induced a Church, Congregationalists, Wesleyans, zealous High Churchman, Mr. Hubbard, Baptists, Reformed Presbyterian Church, to prepare for the session of Parlia Original Secession Church, and the Evanment, which commenced on February gelical Union. 4, a compromise measure. He warns the clergy not to believe that which they THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.--The are now so forward to declare, that there statistics of the Roman Church in Enis any such change of public feeling as gland and Scotland, published in the will enable the Church to resist all attacks | Almanac for 1861, show an extraordiupon these rates. And the Guardian, a nary increase in the number of priests, High Church organ, thinks that if no churches, and convents. A comparison, such compromise is now adopted, the however, with other statistical docuopportunity of saving part of the rate for | ments, such as the official registers of the Church may pass away forever. marriages, leaves no doubt that the
Scotland is kept in a lively agitation membership has failed to keep pace by the progress of the Cardross case, the with this increase, if it has not actually nature and history of which have been decreased. In Ireland the number of fully recorded in former numbers of our Roman Catholics is believed by the best Review. The dissenting denominations authorities to be steadily on the decrease, of Scotland support, as it appears, with and amounts at present, according to a entire unanimity, the right of the Free calculation of the Irish Times, to 3,450,000 Church of Scotland to execute against souls in a total population of 5,950,000. its ministers the ecclesiastical decrees of On the other hand, it is believed that Dr. the General Assembly. The course of Cullen, the ultramontane Archbishop of the government, on the other hand, has Dublin, has succeeded in bringing the the approval of the Congregationalists of priesthood of Ireland generally into a subEngland, and as the London Patriot says, serviency to the Pope and the hierarchy, of quite a number of the provincial press such as would have been ridiculed as imof Scotland.
possible in the early part of this century. A third series of commemoration sery. The success of the Papal tribute, and the ices in bonor of the Scotch Reformation thousands who were secretly drafted off took place on December 20, the three for service in the Papal brigade, are hundredth anniversary of the meeting of regarded as significant signs of a revived the first General Assembly of the Church | vitality in Irish Romanism, and so are of Scotland. This meeting may be said the vast numbers of chapels, convents, to have completed the "First Reforma- | nunneries, orders of lay brethren, and tion" of Scotland, and it was natural | the remarkable and universal hostility to that the three hundreth anniversary of missions. the day should be selected as the most
GERMANY. fitting occasion for a grand, united demonstration. Throughout the length and THE PROTESTANT CHURCHES.-The breadth of the land the day was observed | new year has opened in Germany with as a half holiday. The magistrates of a considerable increase in the influence Edinburgh, Ayr, Greenock, Perth, and of Rationalism on the government of other considerable towns, recommended several state Churches. In Baden, the citizens to close their places of busi- | where, for several years, the learned Dr. Ullmann, so well known throughout sia, the Minister of Worship, notwiththe theological world as the able editor i standing the opposition of the retrograde of the Studien und Kritiken, the best party, continues to establish parochial theological quarterly of Germany, has councils, which will give to the laity an been at the head of the Supreme Eccle- active participation in the affairs of the siastical Council, the reins of Church Church. The organization and convogovernment have been taken out the cation of a General Synod of the Prus. hands of the Evangelical party and sian Church is expected soon to take placed in those of Rationalists. In the place. Even in the kingdom of Saxony adjoining Palatinate, a province of Bava- a new Church constitution has been proria, the Rationalists are likewise look- posed by the government and discussed ing up, as the government bas granted by the legislature, which, while re-enseveral of their petitions, and even en- forcing again the belief in all the standcouraged them to put themselves in ards of old Lutheranism, yet provides open opposition to the clergy, the great for the regular meeting of a General majority of whom are tirmly attached to Synod, with enlarged powers. Nearly evangelical principles. These two suc- all the important German states will cesses of the Rationalistic party have now soon be in possession of a repregreatly strengthened their hopes in the sentative constitution, a change which other German states. They regard their greatly strengthens the hope for a brilprospects as the more bright, since it is liant future of the German Evangelical a well-known fact that most of the lead- | Churches. ers of the liberal political parties throughout Germany sympathize with, and favor
THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. and promote the movement.
The attachment of the Roman Cathol. It is, however, highly probable that
ics of Germany to their Church shows the temporary victory of the Rationalists
itself in some districts stronger and more will eventually lead to many good con
general than in most other countries. sequences. It caunot be denied that in
The regular collection of the Peter's Germany the Rationalists have, on
pence (one penny a week) is organized the whole, been more favorable to the
| throughout the land, and several in. cause of religious liberty than the Lu
stances are recorded of congregations theran and the Evangelical parties. In
where every adult member is enrolled fact, they have been looked upon by the
as a member of the association. No. people at large as the only defenders of
where does the society make a greater the principle, although they are by far show than in the archdiocese of Cologne, less liberal than the evangelical free | where the Mayors of Cologne. Boon. Churches, Methodists and Baptists,) | Aix-la-Chapelle, and Dusseldorf. have which, during the last years, have
| accepted a place in the Provincial Comsprung up under the influence of En
n- | mittee of the Association. glish and American views. The struggle in Baden was even nominally more fought on the ground of reforms in the
FRANCE. Church constitution than on doctrinal THE PROTESTANT CHURCHES.-Tbe ground, and had therefore the sympathy great contest in the Reformed State of many divines, as, for example, Dr. Church, between the Orthodox and the Schenkel, who are not supposed to sym- | | Rationalistic parties, has been carried pathize with the doctrines of the party, on during the past three months with The same decree, which inaugurates the more than usual vigor. The lines of new regime in Baden, gives to the distinction become more marked, and Church a greater independence of the the opinion is gaining ground that there State, and limits within the Church the will not much longer be room in the hitherto prevailing hierarchical and ab- same Church for parties so divergent solutistic principle of administration by | in their tendencies. A warm discussion important democratic innovations. bas, in particular, been called forth by
But although the Rationalists are gen- | the publication of two letters of Mr. Pouerally believed to have taken the lead in lain, formerly a “Liberal," and pastor this movement for the reconstruction of at Havre, now pastor at Lausanne, the Protestant State Church, the other Switzerland, who protests against the parties are at least making some ad-stay in the Church of men "who. yield vanoes in the same direction. In Prus. 1 no more authority to the Bible than to
the writings of Plato and Aristotle." | tendencies, there was found one conforOther impressive declarations on the ring on him the Patriarchate of Franco Orthodox side have been made by the in case of a separation with Rome. The newly appointed Professor Bois, at the Diocesan Cbapter of Troyes, however, Theological School of Montauban, who declared this rumor to be a vile calumny, undertook the defense of miracles against and the Moniteur emphatically denied the neologists, and the editor of the Es any sympathy on the part of the empepérance, the chief organ of the Evangeli ror with the schemes of the abovecal party, who demands the re-establish named pamphlet. Nevertheless, the ment of the presbyterian system, with hostility of the clergy and the "Church" its local Synods and its General Assem party in France against the emperor bly, in order to watch over the enforce- | seems not to have abated, and even the ment of Church discipline, and the purity extraordinary service recently rendered of doctrine. The Rationalists, on the by French diplomacy to the Roman other hand, are even widening the Catholic Church in China and in Turkey, breach, as some of the most talented have not been able to produce a better among their writers, especially among
feeling. the younger clergy, are abandoning the
ITALY. standard of old-fashioned Rationalism for openly avowed Pantheism. This THE PROTESTANT CHURCHES.—The portion of the party has found powerful progress of Protestantism in all parts of allies in some of the leading periodicals İtaly continues to be satisfactory. The of France, which openly reject the papal former kingdom of Naples, in particular, system, proclaim the superiority of the distinguishes itself before other provinces Protestant form of Christianity, and ac by the willingness with which it re. knowledge the great influence of the Bi ceives the Bible. While in Tuscany and ble on the progress of civilization, while Piedmont the demand for Bibles, on the they, on the other hand, view the mod part of the native booksellers, has been ern German systems of speculative phi very small, those of the city of Naples losophy as the truest and highest expo have bought up whole cases at a time, sition of the essence of Christianity. and they employ agents with barrows Even that most important of all French to hawk them through the streets. In periodicals, the Revue des deux Mondes, the villages round the city the colporhas opened its columns to Mr. Ernest teurs have also met with great success. Renan, the distinguished French orient- | In Umbria, formerly a part of the papal alist, for the advocacy of these doctrines. territory, the sale of Bibles has been tol. It is worthy of note, however, that not erably good, though the colporteurs did only the Rationalistic literature, but not escape abuse, and were interrupted also the chief works of orthodox French in some places by the police. Besides Protestantism, are favorably reviewed the Bible, a number of able Protestant by not a few of the best literary pa works have had a good sale. The pampers, an indisputable sign that the liter- phlets of Dr. De Sanctis, in particular, ary classes of France intend to remain are eagerly read, and so are the works emancipated from the rule of Rome. of several other Italian converts, and it
is greatly regretted that the native ProtTHE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.-- i estant literature is not yet more copious. The indignation of the Roman Catholic Among the translations from the English press against the emperor is intense and other languages, M'Crie's History of strouger than even against Victor Eman the Reformation in Italy has, in particular, uel. He is commonly spoken of as a awakened a great interest, and found a traitor, and is charged with the intention large circulation. The number of misof following the example of Henry VIII., sionaries and colporteurs, natives and and severing all connection of the French foreigners, is steadily increasing. Among Church with Rome, in order to make other associations, the British Society himself her head. A pamphlet, advoca- | for the Propagatiou of the Gospel among ting such views, was maintained to the Jews will take an active part in the have received its inspiration from the Tuil work of evangelization. and arrangeeries, and a rumor even obtained wide ments for immediate missionary work currency through ultramontane journals | bave been made in Leghorn, Ancona, that among the papers of the late Bishop | Bologna, and other places. Thus the Coeur, of Troyes, of known Gallican | prospects of Protestantism may be said
FOURTH SERIES, VOL. XIII.-21