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which you have ever most desired! Liberty is before your eyes; and liberty will soon bring riches, glory, renown. These are the rewards that Fortune holds out to the victors. The time, the place, our dangers, our wants, the splendid spoils of war, exhort you more than my words can do. As for myself, whether as a commander or a private soldier, make what use of me you will. Neither in soul nor in body will I be absent from your side; and you-you, I am persuaded, will prefer to command as rulers, rather than to obey as slaves. SALLUST (paraphrase from).


AT length, fellow-soldiers, we enter on the last of our battles. How many regions have we traversed, looking forward to the victory which we must this day achieve! We have crossed the Gran'i-cus, we have climbed the ridges of Cilicia, we have passed through Syria and Egypt; our very entrance into a country has been the signal of victory; what more irresistible incitements could we have to confidence and glory? The Persian fugitives, overtaken, rally and attempt to make head against us, simply because they can not fly. This is the third day that they have stood under their loads of armor, fixed in one position, scarcely surviving their terrors.

have joined them, tribes with barbarous names.

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What stronger proof of their desperate condition could they give than in burning their cities, and laying waste their fields; thus acknowledging, in act, that whatever they cannot destroy must fall into our hands! We hear of unknown tribes that Be sure, soldiers, their names are the most formidable part of them. But when were brave men scared by names? And how does it affect the fate of this contest to know who are Scythians, or who Cadusians? Obscurity is the lot of the ignoble. Heroes do not dwell in oblivion. These unwarlike hordes, dragged from their dens and caves, bring into the field their alarming names! Well, even in names we can beat them; for to such eminence in manly virtue have you arrived, that there is not a spot in the whole earth where the name of the Macedonians is not known and respected.

Observe the wretched appointments of these barbarians. Some have no weapon but a dart; others poise stones in a sling; few have proper and efficient arms. There stands the larger mob here stands the stronger army!

Soldiers! Intrepid sons of Macedonia! Your courage has



been tried in many a well-fought field; nor do I ask you now to show once more that bravery which could defy all odds, unless you see me, Alexander, your general, fighting to the last gasp, in front of the banners! My scars I shall count as ornaments. What spoils we seize shall be bestowed in honoring and enriching yourselves. Did Alexander ever stint you of your share?

Thus much to the brave. Should there be others here, - very few, if any, they must be,-let them consider, that, having advanced thus far, it is impossible for us to retreat. We must conqueror we must perish. There is no alternative. Such is the extent of country to be retraced, so multiplied and difficult are the rivers and mountains obstructing return, so hostile the tribes in our way, that we can cut a passage to our native land and our household gods no otherwise than by the sword. Forward, then, Macedonians-forward to the field, and victory shall secure at once your glory and your safety!

QUINTUS CURTIUS (paraphrase from).

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HALF a league, half a league, half a league onward, all in the valley of Death, rode the six hundred. "Charge!" was the captain's cry theirs not to reason why; theirs not to make reply; theirs but to do and die! Into the valley of Death rode the six hundred.

Cannon to right of them, cannon to left of them, cannon in front of them, volleyed and thundered. Stormed at with shot and shell, boldly they rode and well; into the jaws of Death, into the mouth of Hell, rode the six hundred.

Flashed all their sabers bare, flashed all at once in air, sabering the gunners there, charging an army, while all the world wondered. Plunged in the battery smoke, fiercely the line they broke; strong was the saber-stroke, making an army reel, shaken and sundered. Then they rode back; but not - not the six hundred!

Cannon to right of them, cannon to left of them, cannon behind them, volleyed and thundered; stormed at with shot and shell, they that had struck so well rode through the jaws of Death, half a league back again, up from the mouth of Hell, all that was left of them-left of six hundred! When can their glory fade? O, the wild charge they made!-all the world wondered. Honor the charge they made- honor the Light Brigade! Noble six hundred!



SOLDIERS, the chief, Malinski, has betrayed
His post, and fled. I would that every knave
He has left behind might strip the patriot cloak
And follow him. Such ruffian spirits taint
The cause of freedom. They repel its friends,
And so disfigure it by blood and violence,
That good men start, and tremble to embrace it.
But now, my friends, a sterner trial waits us:
Within yon castle's walls we sleep to-night,
Or die to-day before them. Let each man
Preserve the order of advance, and charge
As if he thought his individual sword

Could turn the scale of fate. String every heart
To valor's highest pitch; fight, and be free!
This is no common conflict, set on foot

For hireling hosts to ply the trade of war.
Ours is a noble quarrel. We contend

For what's most dear to man, wherever found –
Free or enslaved a savage, or a sage;

very life and being of our country.
'Tis ours to rescue from the oblivious grave,
Where tyrants have combined to bury them,
A gallant race, a nation, and her fame;
To gather up the fragments of our State,
And in its cold, dismembered body breathe
The living soul of empire. Such a cause
Might warm the torpid earth, put hearts in stones,
And stir the ashes of our ancestors,

Till from their tombs our warrior sires come forth,
Range on our side, and cheer us on to battle.
Strike, then, ye patriot spirits, for your country!
Fight, and be free! for liberty and Poland.

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MEN of action! men of might!

Stern defenders of the right!

Are you girded for the fight?

Have you marked and trenched the ground,

Where the din of arms must sound,

Ere the victor can be crowned?


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Lost the right you had by birth.
Lost-lost!-freedom for the earth.
Freemen, up! The foe is nearing!
Haughty banners high uprearing-
Lo, their serried ranks appearing!
Freemen, on! The drums are beating!
Will you shrink from such a meeting?
Forward! Give them hero greeting!

From your hearths, and homes, and altars,
Backward hurl your proud assaulters.
He is not a man that falters.

Hush! The hour of fate is nigh.
On the help of God rely!
Forward! We will do or die!




OUR band is few, but true and tried,

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our leader frank and bold; The British soldier trembles when Marion's name is told. Our fortress is the good green wood, our tent the cypress-tree; We know the forest round us as seamen know the sea.

We know its walls of thorny vines, its glades of reedy grass,
Its safe and silent islands within the dark morass.

Woe to the English soldiery that little dread us near!
On them shall light, at midnight, a strange and sudden fear;
When, waking to their tents on fire, they grasp their arms in vain ;
And they who stand to face us are beat to earth again;
And they who fly in terror deem a mighty host behind,
And hear the tramp of thousands upon the hollow wind.

Well knows the fair and friendly moon the band that Marion


The glitter of their rifles, the scampering of their steeds.
'Tis life to guide the fiery barb across the moonlight plain;
'Tis life to feel the night-wind that lifts his tossing mane.
A moment in the British camp - a moment -and away,

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Back to the pathless forest, before the peep of day.

Grave men there are by broad Santee, grave men with hoary hairs:
Their hearts are all with Marion, for Marion are their
And lovely ladies greet our band with kindliest welcoming,
With smiles like those of summer, and tears like those of spring.
For them we wear these trusty arms, and lay them down no more
Till we have driven the Briton for ever from our shore.




THIS day, O soldiers, will terminate or establish the largest empire that any age has known. But recently lords of all the climes from the Hellespont to the ocean, we have now to fight, not for glory, but for safety, and, for what we prize above safety -liberty! If we can not make a stand here, no place of retreat remains. By continued armaments every thing in our rear is exhausted. The cities are deserted. The very fields are abandoned by their cultivators. Our wives and children, who have followed the levies, are but so many spoils prepared for the enemy, unless we interpose our bodies as a rampart before these dearest objects and pledges of affection.

On my part, I have collected an army such as the largest plain can hardly contain. I have chosen a field of battle where our whole line can act. The rest depends on yourselves. Dare to conquer, and you will conquer! We hear of the enemy's reputation. Reputation!· - As if that were a weapon which brave men had not learnt to despise! These spacious plains expose the poverty of your foe-a poverty which the Cilician mountains concealed. We perceive thin ranks, wire-drawn wings, a center quite drained; while their last line faces to the rear, in readiness to fly.

If we but conquer now, all the victories of the war will be transferred to us. The enemy have no place of refuge; here the Euphrates bars them in, and there the Tigris. A heavy booty impedes their operations. Entangled in the spoils they have won from us, they may be easily overwhelmed; and thus the means of our triumph will be its reward.

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