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at its first regular session after the census enumeration shall be ascertained, and from time to time thereafter, shall reapportion the membership in the senate and house of representatives among the senatorial and representative districts on the basis of the population in each of exclusive priv. said districts who are citizens of the Territory; but the legislature ileges, etc., to corshall not grant to any corporation, association, or individual any spe- porations. cial or exclusive privilege, immunity, or franchise without the approval of Congress; nor shall it grant private charters, but it may by general private ch act permit persons to associate themselves together as bodies corporate incorpora. for manufacturing, agricultural, and other industrial pursuits, and for tions. conducting the business of insurance, savinga banks, banks of discount and deposit (but not of issue), loan, trust, and guaranty associations, for the establishment and conduct of cemeteries, and for the construction and operation of railroads, wagon roads, vessels, and irrigating ditches, and the colonization and improvement of lands in connection therewith, or for colleges, seminaries, churches, libraries, or any other benevolent, charitable, or scientific association: Provided, That no corporation, domestic or foreign, shall acquire : Real-estate hold
ů ings of corporaand hold real estate in Hawaii in excess of one thousand acres; and all these lir real estate acquired or held by such corporation or association contrary hereto shall be forfeited and escheat to the United States, but existing vested rights in real estate shall not be impaired.
No divorce shall be granted by the legislature, nor shall any divorce Divorce. be granted by the courts of the Territory unless the applicant therefor shall have resided in the Territory for two years next preceding the application, but this provision shall not affect any action pending when this Act takes effect; nor shall any lottery or sale of lottery tickets be allowed;
Lotteries. nor shall spirituous or intoxicating liquors be sold except under such Liquors. regulations and restrictions as the Territorial legislature shall provide;
nor shall any public. money be appropriated for the support or bene- Sectarian, etc., fit of any sectarian, denominational, or private school, or any school schools, not under the exclusive control of the government;
por shall the government of the Territory of Hawaii, or any politi- Government cal or municipal corporation or subdivision of the Territory, make any subscription to subscription to the capital stock of any incorporated company, or in s
in stock of corpora
"" tions, etc. any manner lend its credit for the use thereof;
nor shall any debt be authorized to be contracted by or on behalf of Contracting Terthe Territory, or any political or municipal corporation or subdivision ritorial debts rethereof, except to pay the interest upon the existing indebtedness, to stricted, etc suppress insurrection, or to provide for the common defense, except that in addition to any indebtedness created for such purposes the legislature may authorize loans by the Territory, or any such subdivision thereof, for the erection of penal, charitable, and educational institutions, and for public buildings, wharves, roads, and harbor and other public improvements, but the total of such indebtedness incurred in any one year by the Territory or any subdivision shall not exceed one per centum upon the assessed value of taxable property of the Territory or subdivision thereof, as the case may be, as shown by the last general assessment for taxation, and the total indebtedness for the Territory -limit to in. shall not at any time be extended beyond seven per centum of such debtedness. assessed value, and the total indebtedness of any subdivision shall not at any time be extended beyond three per centum of such assessed value, but nothing in this provision shall prevent the refunding of any existing indebtedness at any time; nor shall any such loan be made upon Period for rethe credit of the public domain or any part thereof, nor shall any bond deeming bonds, or other instrument of any such indebtedness be issued unless inade etc. redeemable in not more than five years and payable in not more than fifteen years from the date of the issue thereof; nor shall any such Bonds to be apbond or indebtedness be incurred until approved by the President of proved by Presi. the United States.
dent. SUP R S-VOL 2 77
TOWN, CITY, AND COUNTY GOVERNMENT. Town, etc., gov- SEC. 56. That the legislature may create counties and town and city ernment.
municipalities within the Territory of Hawaii and provide for the government thereof.
EXEMPTION OF ELECTORS ON ELECTION DAY.
Electors privi- SEC. 57. That every elector shall be privileged from arrest on elecleged from arrest. tion day during his attendance at election and in going to and return
ing therefrom, except in case of breach of the peace then committed,
or in case of treason or felony. —from military Sec. 58. That no elector shall be so obliged to perform military service, etc.
duty on the day of election as to prevent his voting, except in time of war or public danger, or in case of absence from his place of residence in actual military service, in which case provision may be made by law for taking his vote.
METHOD OF VOTING FOR REPRESENTATIVES.
Method of vot- SEC. 59. That each voter for representative may cast a vote for as ing for representa- many representatives as are to be elected from the representative distives.
trict in which he is entitled to vote. . Candidate re- The required number of candidates receiving the highest number of ceiving highest votes in the room number of votes.
1 votes in the respective representative districts shall be the representa
tives for such districts.
QUALIFICATIONS OF VOTERS FOR REPRESENTATIVES.
Qualifications of SEC. 60. That in order to be qualified to vote for representatives a voters for repre- person shallsentatives.
First. Be a male citizen of the United States.
Second. Have resided in the Territory not less than one year preceding and in the representative district in which he offers to register not less than three months immediately preceding the time at which he offers to register.
Third. Have attained the age of twenty-one years.
Fourth. Prior to each regular election, during the time prescribed by law for registration, have caused his name to be entered on the reg ister of voters for representatives for his district.
Fifth. Be able to speak, read, and write the English or Hawaiian language.
METHOD OF VOTING FOR SENATORS.
Method of vot- SEC, 61. That each voter for senator may cast one vote for each sening for senators.
tors. ator to be elected from the senatorial district in which he is entitled to
The required number of candidates receiving the highest number of votes in the respective senatorial districts shall be the senators for such district.
QUALIFICATIONS OF VOTERS FOR SENATORS AND IN ALL OTHER
Qualifications of SEC. 62. That in order to be qualified to vote for senators and for voters.
voting in all other elections in the Territory of Hawaii a person must possess all the qualifications and be subject to all the conditions required by this Act of voters for representatives.
SEC. 63. That no person shall be allowed to vote who is in the Ter- Military service ritory by reason of being in the Army or Navy or by reason of being in Ter
fhoino in Territory, disattached to troops in the service of the United States.
• qualification. SEC. 64. That the rules and regulations for administering oaths and Ballou's Comholding elections set forth in Ballou's Compilation, Civil Laws, Appen- pilation. dix, and the list of registering districts and precincts appended, are to oaths, etc., con
-provision as continued in force with the following changes, to wit:
tinued in force. Strike out the preliminary proclamation and sections one to twenty- -exceptions. six, inclusive, sections thirty and thirty-nine, the second and third paragraphs of section forty-eight, the second paragraph of section fifty, and sections sixty-two, sixty-three, and sixty-six, second paragraph of section one hundred.
In section twenty-nine strike out all after the word “Niihau” and in lieu thereof insert: “The boards of registration existing at the date of the approval of this Act shall go out of office, and new boards, which shall consist of three members each, shall be appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, whose terms of office shall be four years. Appointments made by the governor when the senate is not in session shall be valid until the succeeding meeting of that body.”
In section thirty-one strike out “the first day of April and the thirtieth day of June, in the year eighteen hundred and ninety-seven," and insert in lieu thereof “the last day of August and the tenth day of October, in the year nineteen hundred.”
Strike out the words “and the detailed record” in sections fifty-two and one hundred and twelve.
Strike out “marshal” wherever it occurs and insert in lieu thereof “high sheriff.”
Strike out of section fifty-three the words “ except as provided in section one hundred and fourteen hereof."
In sections fifty-three, fifty-four, fifty-six, fifty-seven, fifty-nine, sixty, seventy-one, seventy-five, eighty-six, ninety-two, ninety-three, ninety-four, ninety-five, one hundred and eleven, one hundred and twelve, and one hundred and thirteen strike out the words “minister" and “minister of the interior” wherever they occur and insert in lieu thereof the words “secretary of the Territory."
In section fifty-six, paragraph three, strike out “interior office” and insert "office of the secretary of the Territory.”
In section fifty-six, first paragraph, after the words “ candidate for election” insert “to the legislature;” and in the last paragraph strike out the word “only.”
Strike out the word “elective” in section sixty-four.
In sections twenty-seven, sixty-four, sixty-five, sixty-eight, seventy, and seventy-two strike out the words “minister of the interior" or “minister” wherever they occur and insert in lieu thereof the word “governor."
Amend section sixty-seven so that it will read: “At least forty days before any election the governor shall issue an election proclamation and transmit copies of the same to the several boards of inspectors throughout the Territory, or where such election is to be held.”
In section seventy-five strike out the word “perfectly," and in section seventy-six strike out “in” and insert “on.”
In section one hundred and twelve strike out“ interior department” and insert in lieu thereof “office of the secretary of the Territory."
In section one hundred and fourteen strike out the word “Republic” wherever it occurs and insert in lieu thereof “ Territory.”
In section one hundred and fifteen strike out the words “minister" and “minister of the interior" and insert in lieu thereof “treasurer," and strike out all after the word “refreshments:” Provided, however, That for the holding of a special election before the first general elec
tion the governor may prescribe the time during which the boards of
registration shall meet and the registration be made. Altering bound- SEC. 65. That the legislature of the Territory may from time to time aries of election establish and alter the boundaries of election districts and voting predistricts.
cincts and apportion the senators and representatives to be elected from such districts.
CHAPTER 3.--THE EXECUTIVE.
THE EXECUTIVE POWER.
SEC. 66. That the executive power of the government of the Territory of Hawaii shall be vested in a governor, who shall be appointed
by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of -term. the United States, and shall hold office for four years and until his
successor shall be appointed and qualified, unless sooner removed by
the President. -qualifications. He shall be not less than thirty-five years of age; shall be a citizen
of the Territory of Hawaii; shall be commander in chief of the militia -authority. thereof; may grant pardons or reprieves for offenses against the laws
of the said Territory and reprieves for offenses against the laws of the United States until the decision of the President is made known thereon.
ENFORCEMENT OF LAW.
Powers of gov- SEC. 67. That the governor shall be responsible for the faithful ernor.
execution of the laws of the United States and of the Territory of Hawaii within the said Territory, and whenever it becomes necessary he may call upon the commanders of the military and naval forces of the United States in the Territory of Hawaii, or summon the posse comitatus, or call out the militia of the Territory to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion, insurrection, or rebellion in said Territory, and he may, in case of rebellion or invasion, or imminent danger thereof, when the public safety requires it, suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, or place the Territory, or any part thereof, under martial law until communication can be had with the President and his decision thereon made known.
GENERAL POWERS OF THE GOVERNOR.
-general pow. SEC. 68. That all the powers and duties which, by the laws of ers.
Hawaii, are conferred upon or required of the President or any minister of the Republic of Hawaii (acting alone or in connection with any other officer or person or body) or the cabinet or executive council, and not inconsistent with the Constitution or laws of the United States, are conferred upon and required of the governor of the Territory of Hawaii, unless otherwise provided.
SECRETARY OF THE TERRITORY.
Secretary of the SEC. 69. That there shall be a secretary of the said Territory, who Territory,appoint- shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and conment, etc.
sent of the Senate of the United States, and who shall be a citizen of the Territory of Hawaii and hold his office for four years and until his
successor shall be appointed and qualified, unless sooner removed by -duties. the President. He shall record and preserve all the laws and proceed
ings of the legislature and all acts and proceedings of the governor, and promulgate proclamations of the governor. He shall, within thirty days after the end of each session of the legislature, transmit to the President, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the United States one copy each of the laws and journals of such session. He shall transmit to the President, semiannually, on the first days of January and July, a copy of the executive proceedings, and shall perform such other duties as are prescribed in this Act or as may be required of him by the legislature of Hawaii.
ACTING GOVERNOR IN CERTAIN CONTINGENCIES.
Sec. 70. That in case of the death, removal, resignation, or dis- when to act as ability of the governor, or his absence from the Territory, the secretary governor. shall exercise all the powers and perform all the duties of governor during such vacancy, disability, or absence, or until another governor is appointed and qualified.
Sec. 71. That there shall be an attorney-general, who shall have the Attorney-generpowers and duties of the attorney-general and those of the powers and al. duties of the minister of the interior which relate to prisons, prisoners,
onera -duties, etc. and prison inspectors, notaries public, and escheat of lands under the laws of Hawaii, except as changed by this Act and subject to modification by the legislature.
SEC. 72. That there shall be a treasurer, who shall have the powers Treasurer. and duties of the minister of finance and those of the powers and duties duties, etc. of the minister of the interior which relate to licenses, corporations, companies, and partnerships, business conducted by married women, newspapers, registry of conveyances, and registration of prints, labels, and trade-marks under the laws of Hawaii, except as changed in this Act and subject to modification by the legislature.
Commissioner of COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC LANDS.
public lands. Sec. 73. That the laws of Hawaii relating to (2) public lands, the
laws, sales, etc., settlement of boundaries, and the issuance of patents on land-commis
Issuance 01 pacenus on land-COMIS- continued in force. sion awards, except as changed by this Act, shall continue in force until Congress shall otherwise provide. That, subject to the approval of the President, all sales, grants, leases, and other dispositions of the public domain, and agreements concerning the same, and all franchises granted by the Hawaiian government in conformity with the laws of
Change of terms. Hawaii between the seventh day of July, eighteen hundred and ninetyeight, and the twenty-eighth day of September, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, are hereby ratified and confirmed. In said laws « land patent” shall be substituted for "royal patent;" “commissioner of public lands” for “minister of the interior," "agent of public lands," and “commissioners of public lands," or their equivalents; and the words “that I am à citizen of the United States,” or “that I have declared my intention to become a citizen of the United States, as required by law,” for the words that I am a citizen by birth (or naturalization) of the Republic of Hawaii,” or “that I have received letters of denization under the Republic of Hawaii,” or “that I have received a certificate of special right of citizenship from the Republic of Hawaii.” And no lease of agricultural land shall be granted, sold, Lease
tural land. or renewed by the government of the Territory of Hawaii for a longer period than five years until Congress shall otherwise direct. All funds arising from the sale or lease or other disposal of such lands shall be
Note.-(2) By 1898, July 7, Res. No. 55 (2 Supp. R. S., 1895), it is specially provided that the public-land laws of the United States are not to apply to the Hawaiian Islands, but that Congress shall make special provision therefor.