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INCORPORATION OF TOWNS.
Sec. 198. Filing petition.
| 201. Powers of town council. 199. Electors and their qualifications. 202. Officers. 200. Election board and canvass of votes. | 203. Treasurer, bond and qualifications.
Incorporation of SEC. 198. Any community having three hundred permanent inhabitowns.
tants may incorporate as provided in this Act. A petition shall first be presented to the judge of the United States district court presiding
over the division wherein the community is located, signed by at least -procedure.
sixty bona fide residents of such community, which petition shall set forth the boundaries of the proposed corporation, and state the number of inhabitants therein, and such other facts as the court may
require. The judge, by an order, shall prescribe the time and man-notice.
ner of giving notice of such incorporation. · Such notice having been given, the court shall hear objections to the incorporation made by interested parties, and, if satisfied that the public interests require the incorporation, by order, may make changes in the boundaries, and sball set forth the name thereof and give due notice of an election for the purpose of determining whether the same shall be incorporated.
At such election the qualified electors of the community may elect a -common coun- common council of seven members, who shall have the qualifications
of electors, such election to be under the control of a board of election: composed of three bona fide residents and property owners in the cor
poration to be appointed by the court or judge. Electors, and SEC. 199. The qualification of an elector for the first and all subsetheir qualifica
quent municipal elections shall be as follows: He shall be a male citizen tions.
of the United States or one who has declared his intention to become such, and of the age of twenty-one years, and shall have been a bona fide resident of Alaska for one year and of the proposed corporation for six months next prior to the date of election, or any subsequent one: Provided, There shall be added to the foregoing qualification in any election to determine whether or not a community shall incorpo. rate the following qualification: Every elector shall be the owner of
substantial property interests in the corporation. Election board SEC. 200. The election board shall canvass the votes cast, and if a
two-thirds majority are for incorporation they shall declare the comvotes.
munity duly incorporated under the name and style of — , and shall declare the seven persons receiving the highest number of votes duly elected councilmen of the corporation. The board shall tile a certified copy of the order with the clerk of the district court, the secretary of the district, and the commissioner residing in the corporation. After filing such orders the corporation shall be deemed complete and the councilmen shall, after duly qualifying before the United States commissioner residing in the corporation, enter upon the duties of their office, and shall hold the same for one year or until
their successors shall be elected and qualified. Power of town Sec. 201. The council shall have the following powers: council.
First. To provide suitable rules governing their own body, and to elect one of their members president, who shall be ex officio mayor.
Second. They may appoint, and at their pleasure remove, a clerk, treasurer, assessor, and such other officers as they deem necessary.
Third. To make rules for all municipal elections:
Fourth. By ordinance to provide for necessary street improvements, fire protection, water supply, lights, wharfage, sewerage, maintenance
thfifth. To impreal and pense tax o
of public schools, protection of public health, police protection, and the expense of assessment and collection of taxes.
Fifth. To impose and collect a poll tax on electors, tax on dogs, a general tax on real and personal property, possessory rights and improvements, and such license tax on business conducted within the corporate limits as the council may deem reasonable:
Provided, No such tax shall exceed one per centum on the assessed valuation of property, and all assessments made by the corporation assessor shall be subject to review by the council, and appeals may be taken from their decisions to the district court:
Provided further, No bonded indebtedness whatever shall be authorized for any purpose.
SEC. 202. In addition to the officers heretofore provided by this Act, Officers. there shall be elected a school board of three directors, who shall have the exclusive supervision, management, and control of the public schools and school property within said corporation, and shall be elected in the same manner and for the same term as the council.
SEC. 203. The treasurer of the corporation shall be ex officio treas- Treasurer, bond urer of the school board, and shall, before entering upon the duties of and qualifications. his office, take the oath prescribed by law and execute bonds to the corporation in an amount to be determined by the judge of the district court, which bond shall be approved by the council and the judge of the district court and filed in the office of the recorder of the corporation, and he shall give such additional bond as the council or judge of the district court may from time to time direct, but in no event shall such bonds be less than twice the amount of money in tbe hands of the treasurer at any one time, to be determined by the tax rolls and license books of the corporation, of the corporation clerk, and the clerk of the district court:
Provided, That fifty per cent of all license moneys provided for by Disposition of Act of Congress approved March third, eighteen hundred and ninety- license moneys. nine, entitled “An Act to define and punish crimes in the district of a
f 1899, Mar. 3, ch. Alaska and to provide a code of criminal procedure for said district,” R. ., 1091).
| 429, § 160 (2 Supp. and any amendments made thereto, required to be paid by any resident, person, or corporation for business carried on within said corporation, shall be paid over by the clerk of the United States district court receiving the same to the treasurer of said corporation, upon taking his receipt therefor in duplicate, one of which duplicate receipts shall be forwarded to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States by the clerk as a voucher in lieu of cash, and the other receipt shall be retained by the clerk. The money received by the treasurer Use of money of the corporation shall be used, under the direction of the council, for school purfor school purposes. (2)
poses. NOTE.—(2) By 1901, March 3, ch. 859, post, p. 1807, a provision is added to this section providing for the disposition of any surplus money, also for the use of license money received for business carried on outside of incorporated towns for use of schools outside of incorporated towns.
OF EMINENT DOMAIN.
quired by condemnation.
ter to make surveys.
issued and served.
sation shall be assessed, and
measure of damages. 216. Report of commissioners. 217. Appeal. 218. New proceedings to cure defective
title. 219. Payment of damages. 220. To whom paid. 221. Final order of condemnation. 222. Putting plaintiff in possession. 223. Payment of costs. 224. Rules of practice.
Eminent do- SEC. 204. Subject to the provisions of this chapter, the right of main, exercise of eminent domain may be exercised in behalf of the following public right of.
uses: -public use. (1) All public uses authorized by the Government of the United
States. -public build- (2) Public buildings and grounds for the use of the district, and all ings.
other public uses authorized by Congress or other legislative authority
of the district. -public build- (3) Public buildings and grounds for the use of any precinct, city, ings for cities, etc. town, village, school district, or other municipal division, whether
incorporated or unincorporated; canals, aqueducts, flumes, ditches, or pipes conducting water, heat, or gas for the use of the inhabitants of any precinct, city, town, or other municipal division, whether incorporated or unincorporated; raising the banks of streams, removing obstructions therefrom, and widening, deepening, or straightening their channels; roads, streets, and alleys, and all other public uses for the benefit of any precinct, city, town, or other municipal division, whether incorporated or unincorporated, or the inhabitants thereof, which may be authorized by Congress or other legislative authority of the district.
(4) Wharves, docks, piers, chutes, booms, ferries, bridges of all kinds, roads, etc.
private roads, plank and turnpike roads, railroads, canals, ditches, flumes, aqueducts, and pipes for public transportation, supplying mines and farming neighborhoods with water, and draining and reclaiming lands, and for floating logs and lumber on streams not navigable,
and sites for reservoirs necessary for collecting and storing water. -roads, tun- (5) Roads, tunnels, ditches, flumes, pipes, and dumping places for nels, etc.
working mines; also outlets, natural or otherwise, for the flow, deposit, or conduct of tailings or refuse matter from mines; also an occupancy in common by the owners or possessors of different mines of any place for the flow, deposit, or conduct of tailings or refuse matter from their several mines, and sites for reservoirs necessary for collecting and
storing water. -private roads. (6) Private roads leading from highways to residences, mines, or
farms. -telephone (7) Telephone or electric-light lines. lines, etc.
-telegraph (8) Telegraph lines. lines. -sewerage. (9) Sewerage of any precinct, city, town, village, or other municipal
village, whether incorporated or unincorporated, or any subdivision
ar y es,
thereof, or of any settlement consisting of not less than ten families,
-tramway lines. (11) Electric power lines.
lines. SEC. 205. That the following is a classification of the estates and What estates in rights in lands subject to be taken for public use:
land may be ac(1) A fee simple, when taken for public buildings or grounds, or for quired by conlem
or nation. permanent buildings, for reservoirs and dams, and permanent flooding occasioned thereby, or for an outlet for a flow, or a place for the deposit of débris or tailings of a mine.
(2) An easement when taken for any other use.
(3) The right of entry upon and occupation of lands, and the right to take therefrom such earth, gravel, stones, trees, and timber as may be necessary for some public use.
SEC. 206. The private property which may be taken under this Classes of prichapter includes:
vate property that (1) All real property belonging to any person.
may be taken. (2) Lands belonging to the district, or to any precinct, city, town, village, or other municipal division, whether incorporated or unincorporated, not appropriated to some public use.
(3) Property appropriated to public use; but such property must not be taken unless for a more necessary purpose than that to which it has already been appropriated.
(4) Franchises for roads, bridges, and ferries, and all other franchises; but such franchises must not be taken unless for free highways, free bridges, railroads, or other more necessary public use.
(5) All rights of way for any and all the purposes mentioned in section two hundred and four, and any and all structures and improvements thereon, and the lands held and used in connection therewith, must be subject to be connected with, crossed, or intersected by any other right of way or improvements or structures thereon. They must also be subject to a limited use, in common with the owner thereof, when necessary; but such uses, crossings, intersections, and connections must be made in manner most compatible with the greatest public benefit and least private injury.
(6) All classes of private property not enumerated may be taken for public use, when such taking is authorized by law. SEC. 207. Before property can be taken it must appear:
Facts necessary (1) That the use to which it is to be applied is a use authorized by to be found before law.
condemnation. (2) That the taking is necessary to such use.
(3) If already appropriated to some public use that the public use to which it is to be applied is a more necessary public use.
The plaintiff or defendant or any party interested in the proceedings can appeal to the United States circuit court of appeals for the ninth circuit from any finding or judgment made or rendered under this chapter, as in other cases. Such appeal does not stay any further proceedings under this chapter.
Sec. 208. In all cases where land is required for public'use, the dis- Parties may trict, or its agents in charge of such use, may survey and locate the make location and same; but it must be located in the manner which will be most com- enter to make surpatible with the greatest public good and the least private injury, and Veys. subject to the provisions of section two hundred and thirteen. The district, or its agents in charge of such public use, may enter upon the land and make examination, surveys, and maps thereof, and such entry shall constitute no cause of action in favor of the owners of the land, except from injuries resulting from negligence, wantonness, or malice.
Jurisdiction of Sec. 209. All proceedings under this chapter must be brought in the district court. the district court of the district. They must be commenced by filing
a complaint and issuing a summons thereon. The complaint Sec. 210. The complaint must contain: and its contents.
(1) The name of the corporation, association, commission, or person in charge of the public use for which the property is sought, who must be styled plaintiff.
(2) The names of all owners and claimants of the property, if known, or a statement that they are unknown, who must be styled defendants.
(3) A statement of the right of the plaintiff.
(4) If a right of way be sought, the complaint must show the location, general route, and termini, and must be accompanied with a map thereof, so far as the same is involved in the action or proceeding.
(5) A description of each piece of land sought to be taken, and whether the same includes the whole or only a part of the entire parcel or tract. All parcels lying in the precinct and required for the same public use may be included in the same or separate proceedings, at the option of the plaintiff, but the court may consolidate or separate them to suit the convenience of parties. When application for the condemnation of a right of way for the purposes of sewerage is made on behalf of a precinct, town, or settlement, the chief executive officer of the same, or, if the same be unincorporated, any three citizens authorized thereunto by a written instrument, signed by not less than one-half of the whole number of male inhabitants of such precinct, town, or settlement over the age of twenty-one years, which fact shall be set forth
in the complaint, may be named as plaintiff.. Summons, what Sec. 211. Upon the filing of such complaint a summons shall be to contain.
issued, which shall contain the names of the parties, a description of the lands proposed to be taken, a statement of the public use for which it is sought, and a notice to the defendants to appear before the court or judge, at a time and place therein specified, and show cause
why the property described should not be condemned, as prayed for -service, etc. in the complaint. Such summons shall, in other particulars, be in the
form of a summons in a civil action, and shall be served in like manner upon each defendant named therein at least twenty days previous to the time designated in such notice for the hearing, and no copy of the complaint need be served. But the failure to make such service upon a defendant does not affect the right to proceed against any or all other
of the defendants upon whom service of the summons had been made. Who may de- Sec. 212. All persons named in the complaint in occupation of, or fend.
claiming an interest in, any of the property described in the complaint, or in the damages for the taking thereof, though not named, may appear, answer, or demur, each in respect to his own property or
interest. Court to deter
Sec. 213. The court or judge has power: mine propriety of proceedings, etc.
(1) To regulate and determine the place and manner of making the connections and crossings and enjoying the common uses mentioned in subdivision five of section two hundred and six of this chapter, and of the occupying of canyons, passes, and defiles for railroad purposes, as permitted and regulated by law.
(2) To determine whether or not the use for which the property is sought to be appropriated is a public use within the meaning of the laws relating to the district.
(3) To limit the amount of property sought to be appropriated, if in the opinion of the court or judge the quantity sought to be appro
priated is not necessary. -to appoint (4) If the court or judge is satisfied that the public interests require commissioners. the taking of such lands, it or he must make an order appointing
three competent persons, resident in the precinct, commissioners to ascertain and determine the amount to be paid by the plaintiffs to each