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StATEMENT of KENNETH A. Roberts, MEMBER of CoNGREss, FourTH ALABAMA District

Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, I am here to urge this distinguished committee to make provisions for an increase above the budget of $6 million, as requested by the land-grant colleges for the extension and State experiment stations, with the bulk of this increase to be used to raise the salaries of the county agents. It is my earnest belief and contention that the county agents deserve this proposed increase as much as any other group in the country today. I am sure that I do not have to convince you gentlemen of the great contribution these county agents are making to modern agriculture in all parts of the country. I know you have in the past been a strong supporter of the Extension Service programs. But the county agents have not gotten their far share of increases in opposions for these programs and I appeal to you today to see that this share is fulfilled. My good friend, P. O. Davis, director of the extension service at Alabama Polytechnic Institute, that great land-grant college at Auburn, Ala., has said there are two most impressive and significant facts about American agriculture. One is that American farmers have developed the most efficient system of agriculture in the world. The second is that the United States is the only nation that has established and developed the land-grant college system of finding facts through research and making them available for application by people where they live and work. Mr. Chairman, this program, as you well know, is taken to the people where they live and work by the hard-working, patient, and underpaid county agents. In Alabama, as in other parts of the country, the county agent is everywhere a farmer is trying to farm. He is solving problems, developing new techniques, helping young men and women to learn lessons about life itself. Through every public medium, through personal contacts, and through demonstrations, the county agents is reaching the man on the farm with sound, useful information. The county agent is the teacher, the adviser, the friend to the rural folk of America. I think you will agree, at least I hope you will, that these dedicated workers deserve a reasonable salary increase. Last year, these men were granted a token increase, but it needs to be made equitable. Right now, the Congress and administration seem prone to grant a substantial raise to Federal employees. I urge you not to overlook the county agents, and I respectfully ask that you act to include in appropriations an increase of $6 million above the budget to assure a much-needed helping hand to these county agents.

SCHOOL-LUNCH PROGRAM

STATEMENT OF JOHN W. M’CORMACK, A REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS FROM THE STATE OF MASSA CHUSETTS

Mr. WHITTEN. We also have a statement from our majority leader, Mr. McCormack, which will be made a part of the record at this point:

CoNGREss of the UNITED STATEs, Hous E of REPRESENTATIVEs, OFFICE of THE MAJORITY LEADER Washington, D. C., March 12, 1958. Hon. JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Member of Congress, House Office Building, Washington, D. C.

DEAR JAMIE: I am taking the liberty of writing to you in relation to the schoollunch program, and the appropriation for the program for the fiscal year 1959. It is my understanding that $100 million was requested by the President for fiscal year 1958 and appropriated. Also, that the President has requested the same amount for fiscal year 1959. I respectfully submit, and earnestly urge, that this amount be increased for the following reasons: 1. The school population has gone up in recent years. 2. The number of institutions participating has increased in recent years. 3. The Federal reimbursement per meal has come down.

4. At one time, not so long ago, it was as much as 8 to 9 cents per meal, now, I am informed, it is as low as 3 to 4 cents per meal-that is, the Federal contribution.

5. The amount appropriated has not kept consistent with the growing population of the various schools participating.

6. The various schools participating in the program received surplus food through section 32 funds of the agricultural act.

7. During the fiscal year 1958, the amount of such surplus food has decreased substantially, which has the effect of reducing the school-lunch program.

It does seem to me that the facts enumerated in this letter are substantially correct, and that the same would justify an increase in the appropriation, and that the appropriation should be more than $100 million. I understand that persons connected with the schools are urging an appropriation of $130 million. With kind regards, I am Sincerely yours,

John, Majority Leader.

APPENDIX (The following information was supplied in response to interrogation on p. 2205:)

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION Support level and support price by commodities 1952 through 1957 crop years

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Commodity

Unit

Bushel.
Pounds.
..do..

do.
Hundredweight.
Pounds.
Bushel..

Pound..

Basic commodities:

Corn.
Cotton, extra long staple..
Cotton, upland...
Peanuts.
Rice, rough.
Tobacco

Wheat.
Mandatory nonbasic:

Honey
Dairy products:

Manufactured milk

Butterfat.
Tung nuts.
Mohair

Wool..
Other nonbasic:

Barley.
Beans, dry edible.
Cottonseed.
Flaxseed.
Rosin.
Turpentine
Oats
Rye.
Sorghums, grain
Soybeans.

Hundredweight.
Pound.
Ton
Pound.

..do

Bushel.
Hundredweight.
Ton
Bushel
Hundredweight.
Gallon.
Bushel.

.do.
Hundredweight.
Bushel.

1 Commercial area support

• Support level 2.40 times upland,

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LIST OF WITNESSES

Bagwell, J. C...-
Beach, R. P.
Benson, Hon. E. T.
Bergerm, W. C.
Coffman, C. T.
Dashner, L. A.
Dorny, C. H.
Farrington, R. L.
Grant, C. L.
Hamilton, T. E.
Heinen, R. W.
Koger, P. M.
McCormack, Hon. J. W.
McLain, M.'L.
Meyer, D. W.
Miles, H. A.
Morse, T. D.
Paarlberg, Don
Peterson, E. L.
Pitts, J. E., Jr.---
Rhodes, F.'M.
Roberts, Hon. K, A....
Roberts, R. S..
Scott, K. L.
Sorkin, Martin
Swingler, W. S.
Tootell, R. B

Page

1911 1960, 2072

2130 1960, 2072

1960 2072

1960 2072, 2130 1960, 2130, 2207

1960 1960 1960

2226 1960, 2072, 2130

1960 1911 2130 2130 2130 1911 2072 2225 2130 2130 2130 1960 1911

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