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SOUND-SIGNALS FOR FOG, ETC. ART. 12. A steam ship shall be provided with a whistle or siren, sounded by steam or other efficient substitute for steam, so placed that the sound may not be intercepted by any obstructions, and with an effi. cient fog-horn to be sounded bymechanical means, and also with an efficient bell.* I sailing vessel of 20 tons gross tonnage and upwards shall be provided with a similar fog horn and bell.

Sailing vessels and boats of less than 20 tons gross tonnage shall not be obliged to be provided with a mechanical fog-horn, but if not so provided they shall make with any other instrument an efficient sound-signal at intervals of not more than one minute.

ARTICLE 12. (1) A steam-vessel not at anchor, but stopped and bar. ing no way upon her, shall sound, at intervals of not more than two minutes, two such prolonged blasts with an interval of about one second between them.

(e) A steam-vessel, when her engines are going full speed astern, shall sound on her whistle three short blasts.

(S) A vessel, if a steam-vessel, at anchor in a fair-way at sea, shall, at intervals of not more than two minutes, sound tuo prolonged blasts with her whistle or siren, followed by ringing her bell ; or, if a sailing.vessel, two blasts with her fog-horn, followed by ringing her bell.

(9) A steam-vessel and a sailing vessel when towing shall, at intervals of not more than two minutes, instead of the signal provided for under sec. tions (a) and (c) of this article, sound on the whistle, siren, or fog horn, thrce blasts in succession, viz, one prolonged blast followed by tico short blasts. A ressel towed may also gire this signal on her fog-horn but not on her whistle or siren.

(1) A steam-vessel wishing to indicate to another - The way is off my ship; you may feel your way past me," may sound on her whistle or siren three blasts, viz, short, long, short, with intervals of about one second . tween them.

PILOT SIGNALS. Sec. 3. A vessel wanting a pilot may sound on her fog.horn, whistle, or siren three blasts in succession, viz, short, short, long, with intervals of about one second between them.


ART. 19. In taking any course authorized or required by these regu. lations a steam.vessel under way shall indicate that course to any other ship which she has in sight by the following signals on her whistle or other steam-sound signal, viz:

One short blast to mean “ I am directing my course to starboard.”
Two short blasts to mean “I am directing my course to port.”
Three short blasts to mean "My engines are going full speed asteru."

* In all cases where the regulations require a bell to be used, a drum may be substituted on board Turkish vessels, and a gong where such articles are used on board small 8ca-going vessels.


ART. — Every ship may, if necessary, in order to attract attention, in addition to the lights which she is by these regulations required to carry, show a flare-up light, or use any detonating signal that can not be mistaken for a distress signal.


ART. 27. When a ship is in distress and requires assistance from other ships or from the shore, the following shall be the signals to be used or displayed by her, either together or separately; that is to say: In the day-time

1. A gun fired at intervals of about a minute.
2. The international code signal of distress indicated by N C.
3. The distant signal, consisting of a square flag, having either

above or below it a ball or anything resembling a ball.
4. Rockets or shells bursting in the air with a loud report, and

throwing stars of any color or description, fired one at a

time, at short intervals.
5. A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus.
At night-

1. A gun fired at intervals of about a minute.
2. Flames on the ship (as from a burning tar-barrel, oil-barrel,

3. Rockets or shells, as described under day-signals.
1. A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus.

Delegate for the Austro-Hungarian Government.

Delegate for Denmark.
G. S. NARES, Chairman of Committee,

Delegate for Great Britain.

Delegate for Italy.

Delegate for Norway.

Delegate for The Netherlands.

Delegate for the United States.
S. Ex. 53, pt. 3—!!



Resolved, That a committee, to be known as the Committee on Systems and Devices, shall be appointed by the President, and that it shall be the duty of the committee to examine and report upon any system or device connected with the business of the Conference, of which a written description, illustrated by plans whenever necessary, is furnished, and that only such as are favorably reported by the committee shall appear before the Conference.

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WASHINGTON, October 31, 1889. Rear-Admiral S. R. FRANKLIN, U. S. N.,

President International Marine Conference : SIR: In compliance with a resolution made by the International Ma. rine Conference, we have considered all systems and devices which have been laid before us up to the 30th instant, ou which day, in accordance with the rulivg of the said Conference, we closed our examination, and do now report as follows:

We have considered thirty-seven different proposals on night signaling, etc., at sea, but whilst glad to notice that this important subject is receiving so much attention, and thanking the authors of the various. systems for their trouble, we have not seen any plan equal to the Morse, which is already in use in many navies, including those of the United States, France, and Great Britain. · This system necessitates the employment of a trained signal-man, but is otherwise inexpensive, as it only requires one flashing lamp for night


work, and the steam-whistle or other sound-signal for fog. It can also be used with or without a code book.

Ten papers on preventing collisions at sea have come before us, but we do not consider it necessary to lay them before the Conference.

We have examined twenty-tive papers on various subjects, and consider that those numbered 2, 5, 9, 17, 20, and 25, under "miscellaneous," are interesting. The sheets showing the maneuvering powers of ships under various speeds, and numbered 20, are well worth the attention of every one interested in this subject.

The committee are of opinion that, considering the importance of gen. eral division 5, “Saving Life and Property at Sea," and the number of devices which have been presented, it would appear desirable to appoint a special committee to consider that subject, composed, as far as possible, of delegates who have made a study of the matter, and therefore the propositions dealing with “ Life-Saving Apparatus” have not been considered.

Furthermore, it might be necessary, in some cases, to carry out some practical experiments.

We inclose herewith forms showing the subjects dealt with, the names of the author or inventor, and our remarks thereon.

N. BOWDEN-SMITH, Chairman,

Delegate from Great Britain. THO. VERBRUGGHE,

Delegate from Belgium. H. VETILLART,

Delegate from France. A. O. MONASTERIO,

Delegate from Merico. S. I. KIMBALL,

Delegate from United States.



Namo and address of writer.


Remarks of committee.


1 Maritime Electric Manufactur- Search light ..

Will be considered in life-saving ing Company.

section. 2 E. M. Brown, 1285 Broadway, Electric-light illuminating Not within scope of the Confer. New York.

ence. 3 John M. Hayward, Newfound. Night signaling, A B C sys. Esanined. laud.

tem. 4 Aug. Watson, 218 Twelfth Storm and flood signaling...

Do. street, northwest, Washing.

ton, D.C. 5 Chas. Oatman, 131 Cambridge Signal lantern

This appears a good lamp and is Place, Brooklyn, N. Y.

well reported on by United

States naval officers. 6 A. F. Ward, Philadelphia, Pa.... Semaphoric color signals ... Examined. 7 W. H. Ward, Monongahela City, Nautical sigpals, ocean tele. Do. Pa.

8 John Milne, 53 Cedar street, Method and devices for sig.

New York.

9 J. M. Batcheliler, 1210 Massa- Submarine signals ........ Do.

chusetts avenue, Washing.

ton, D. C.
10 A. S. Harrison, Burgoyne Cot. Stellar codo of signals.......

tage, Carona road, Burnt
Ashe Park S. E., London, Eng.

11 Wm. G. Spiegel, New York Marine signals....
12 Chas. E. Bridge, captain and Conversation between veg. Do.
acting signal officer, Eleventh

sels at sea. Brigade, National Guard,

State of New York. 13 J. L. Fleischer, inspector coast Relation between light and Does not come within the scope lights, Denmark.

attached fog-signals.

of the Conference. 11 Jos. Wall, commanding steam- Distress and intercommu. Examined.

ship Montreal, Dominion Line, nication signals.

Liverpool, Eng. 15 T. R. Elton, 7 Diamond Harbor Maritime code of signals.... Proposing the changing of the road, Calcutta.

color of flags, which the committee does not think advis.

able. 16 G. W. Robertson, Mt. Vernon, New system of signals...... Does not come within the scopo Ind.

of the Conference. 17 Wm. M. Crowley, Salt Lake Signaling

Examined. City, Utah. 18 John H. Mowe, 1503 Pennsyl. | System of signals....

Do. vania avenue, Washington,

D. C. 19 HI. Lathamer, commanding Ger. System of night signals..... Do.

man steam.ship Hungaria. 20 Baker & Roberts, Providence, Night code of marine sig. Do. R. I.

nals. 21 S. F. Aminoff....

Signal flags..

The proposed system has several

advantages, but it is pot advis. able to change color the flags which have been known

for so many years. 22

Mr. Coston, 136 Pearl street, Night-signaling chart..... Examined.

New York. 23 F. C. Johnson

Night.signal system

Do. 21 Curtis Tilton, 419 Walnut street, Flash-light system...

Do. Philadelphia 25 Crosby Automatic Signal Com- Automatic signal apparatus. Not to be considered by Conferpany, Providence, R. I.

ence unless course indicating

signals are introduced. 26 Gartner. Harris, Savannah, Ga Marine signals

Same as No. 25. 27 0. C. Hansen, care Gabriel Light-louse fog-horn Not within the scope of the ConFedde, 71 Stone street, New

ference as regards light-houses, York.

but is worth a trial on board

ship. Ferilinand Forster, care Thog. Sound-signals.

Drew Stetson, 23 Murray
street, New York.
Lieut. Fletcher, U.S. Navy.


Do. 30 A. Van Vliet, Paterson, S.J. System of throwing out col.




ored bullets in a fog. 31 D. Ruggles, Fredericksburg, Signaling with guns, rock. Do.

ets, eto. 32 Mr. James, Imperial Japanese Helm signal-lights.....

Do. Navy. 33 Rear-Admiral Luce, U. S. Navy. Proposing additional lights, Not within the scope of the Con.

etc., to light-louses.

ference. 34 John Maurice, 1245 California Proposing system of lights Examined. avenue, Chicago, Ill.

for determining distance
of ships.


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