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port side. This lantern shall be carried at not less than 3 feet below the white light before mentioned.

ARTICLE —. (a) All fishing vessels and fishing boats of 20 tons gross tonnage, or upwards, when under way and when not required by tho following regulations in tbis article to carry and show the lights therein named, shall carry and show the same lights as other vessels under way.

(b) All vessels and boats when engaged in fishing with drift-pets shall exhibit two white lights from any part of the vessel where they can be best seen. Such lights shall be placed so that the vertical distance between them shall be not less than 6 feet and not more than 10 feet; and so that the horizontal distance between them measured in a line with the keel of the vessel shall be not less than 5 feet and not more than 10 feet. The lower of these two lights shall be the more forward, and both of them sball be of such a character and contained in lanterns of such construction as to show all round the horizon, on a dark night with a clear atmosphere, for a distance of not less than 3 miles.

NOTE.-The following subsections (c) and (d) and (e) of this article only apply to vessels engaged in trawl.fishing, by which is meant the dragging of an apparatus along the bottom of the sea attached to any vessel in motion,

(c) All vessels under steam when engaged in trawling, having their trawls in the water and not being stationary, in consequence of their gear getting fast to a rock or other obstruction, shall carry on or in front of the foremast, and in the same position as the white light which other steam.ships are required to carry, a lantern showing a white light ahead, a green light on the starboard side, and a red light on the port side, such lantern to be so constructed, fitted, and arranged as to show an unbroken white light over an arc of the horizon of four points of the compass, an unbroken green light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, and an unbroken red light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, and it shall be 80 fixed as to show the white light from right ahead to two points on the bow on each side of the vessel, the green light from two points on the starboard bow to four points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and the red light from two points on the port bow to four points abast the beam on the port side. Such vessels shall also carry a white light in a lantern, so constructed as to show a clear and unbroken light all round the horizon, the lantern containing such white light to be carried lower than the lantern showing the grecn, white, and red lights, as aforesaid, so, however, that the actual distance between them shall not be less than 6 feet nor more than 12 feet.

(d) All sailing vessels of 7 tons gross tonnage and upwards, engaged in trauling, having their trawl in the water and not being stationary in consequence of their gear getting fast to a rock or other obstruction, shall carry a white light in a lantern so constructed as to show a clear and unbroken light all round the horizon, and also provide a sufficient supply of red pyrotechnic lights, which shall each burn for at least thirty seconds, and shall, when 80 burning, be visible for the same distance under the same conditions as the white light. The white light shall be shown from sunset to sunrise. One of the pyrotechnic lights shall be shown on approaching to or being ap. proached by another vessel, in sufficient time to prevent collision.

All lights mentioned above shall be visible at a distance of 2 miles.

(e) Sailing vessels of less than 7 tons gross tonnage engaged in trawling, having their traul in the water, and not being stationary in consequence of their gear getting fast to a rock or other obstruction, shall not be obliged to carry the white light mentioned in section (d) of this article, but if they do not carry such light, they shall have at hand a lantern showing a bright white light, and shall, on approaching to or being approached by another vessel, exhibit it where it can best be seen in sufficient time to prevent collision; and instead of showing a red pyrotechnic light they may show a flare-up light.

(f) All vessels and boats when employed in line fishing with their lines out and attached to their lines, and when not at anchor or stationary, shall carry the same lights as vessels when engaged in fishing with drift-nets.

(9) If a vessel or boat when fishing becomes stationary in consequence of her gear getting fast to a rock or other obstruction, she shall show the light and make the fog-signal for a vessel at anchor.

(h) Fishing vessels and boats may at any time use a flare-up in addition to the lights which they are by this article required to carry and show. All flare-up lights exhibited by a vessel when trawling or fishing with any kind of drag.net shall be shown at the after part of the vessel, excepting that, if the vessel is hanging by the stern to her fishing gear, the flare-up lights shall be exhibited from the bow.

(i) Every fishing vessel and every boat when at anchor between sunset and sunrise shall exbit a white light visible all round the horizon at a distance of at least 1 mile.

(k) Fog-signals not discussed.

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE UPON GENERAL DIVIS

IONS 2, 4, AND 6 OF THE PROGRAMME.

RESOLUTION.

Resolved, That the President appoint committees on the several gen. eral divisions of the programme, except general divisions 3 and 5.

MOTION.

Mr. GOODRICH (United States). That the several committees be increased each by two, and that the Committee on Collocation also be increased by two members.

The following are the committees appointed in accordance with the above resolution and motion :

Committee No. 1.

To examine and report upon the subjects contained in general divisions 2, 4, and 6 of the programme proposed by the United States Delegates.

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(d) Sufficiency of crew.
(e) Inspection of vessels.
(f) Uniform certificates of inspection.

GENERAL DIVISON 4.

UNIFORM REGULATIONS REGARDING THE DESIGNATING AND MARK

ING OF VESSELS.

(a) Position of name on vessels.
(6) Position of name of port of registry on vessels.
(c) Size of lettering.
(d) Uniform system of draft marks.

GENERAL DIVISION 6.

NECESSARY QUALIFICATIONS FOR OFFICERS AND SEAMEN, INCLUD.

ING TESTS FOR SIGHT AND COLOR BLINDNESS.

(a) A uniform system of examination for the different grades. (6) Uniform tests for visual power and color blindness. (c) General knowledge of methods employed at life-saving stations. (d) Uniform certificates of qualification.

WASHINGTON, December 5, 1889. To Rear-Admiral SAMUEL R. FRANKLIN, U. S. Navy,

President International Marine Conference, Washington, D. C.: SIR: The committee appointed to examine and report upon the sub. jects contained in general divisions 2, 4, and 6 of the programme proposed by the United States Delegates, beg to submt the following report.

GENERAL DIVISION 2.

REGULATIONS TO DETERMINE THE SEAWORTHINESS OF VESSELS.

(a) Construction of vessels.
(6) Equipment of vessels.
(c) Discipline of crew,
(d) Sufficiency of crew.
(e) Inspection of vessels.
f) Uniform certificates of inspection.

1. It is the opinion of the committee that, upon the subjects contained in the sections of this division, no international rule could be made which would secure beneficial results. It is thought that the Conference would be limited in each case to a recommendation fixing a minimum for the objects which it is desired to secure under each of these sections. If such a minimum were made the legal requirement it would have an injurious effect upon the present standard of efficiency in many countries.

2. In other countries, where such efficiency does not exist, it is thought that it will be best secured by the same means which have secured it elsewhere, leaving each nation to modify such means in ways which will best adapt them to the particular methods of the respective gov. ernments.

3. Again, it is found that the present rules existing in different countries upon several of these questions are different in many respects, though probably equally efficient. It would, therefore, become necessary in forming an international rule in such cases to recommend changes in the existing rules of several countries which to some of them might be impracticable. This is thought to be undesirable. However, the committee earnestly recommend that

4. All vessels, whether propelled by steam or sail, should possess a margin of strength over and above that which is required to enable them to perform the work for which they were designed and built. A chain, a bridge, or any other structure, the failure of which would entail the loss of human life, in variably bas a considerable reserve of strength provided ; in other words, the admitted working load is always much less than the computed strength, or the strength ascertained by actual test; certainly it is no less important that the hull of a vessel should contain a similar reserve.

5. To attempt to formulate rules for the construction of vessels of ali sizes and for all trades would far exceed the proviuce of this committee, and besides, any arbitrary rules would probably much bamper the advance in design and the method of construction.

6. Therefore, to obtain as much as seems to be practicable in this direction, it is desirable to rely upon efficient and oft-repeated inspection, when upon the least indication of distress or of rupture showing, very substantial additions should be made before the vessel is allowed to again proceed to sea.

7. Ocean-going steam-vessels which carry passengers should be additionally protected by having efficient bulk-heads so spaced that when any two compartments be filled with water the vessel will still remain in a seaworthy condition, and two at least of the amidships bulk-heads should be tested by water pressure to the height of the deck next above the water-line.

GENERAL DIVISION 4.

UNIFORM REGULATIONS REGARDING THE DESIGNATING AND MARK

ING OF VESSELS.

(a) Position of name on vessels.
(6) Position of name of port of registry on vessels.
(c) Size of lettering.
(d) Uniform system of draft marks.

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