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ENGLAND, France, Russia and America;

Their Policy, Resources, and Probable Future.

A Revision with Important Modifications of the work by the same Author, entitled

“ ENGLISH AND FRENCH NEUTRALITY,” ETC.

By Rev. C. B. BOYNTON, D.D.,

Professor at the U. S. Naval Academy, Chaplain of the House of Representatives.

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TTO NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY 1274486A

ASTOR, LENOX AND TILDEN FOUNDATIONS

R 1926 L

Entered, according to an Act of Congress, in the year 1864, by

C, B. BOYNTON,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the

Southern District of Ohio.

PREFACE TO REVISED EDITION.

When this work was first published, the hostility of France and England to the American Republic, was chiefly manifested through their deceitful and miscalled neutrality. It was, in reality, a device for making war upon us without hazard or injury to themselves; a plan for destroying our commerce, without exposing their own; a plot for aiding our enemies, and destroying our Government, without being held accountable for the hostile act. But with the close of the war, this special form of foreign hostility passed away, and the mere question of the neutrality of these powers no longer attracted the attention of the public.

The name of the book, therefore, no longer expressed truly its leading idea. The intention of the writer was to show that France and England had allied themselves for the purpose of controlling both Europe and America; that they first attacked Russia, and then, carrying out their original plan, seized the first opportunity of interfering with the progress of our Republic. The mock neutrality was the form which this foreign conspiracy first assumed, and hence the former title of the book: “English and French Neutrality; and the Anglo-French Alliance, in their Relation to the United States and Russia.

But none of these designs against us have been abandoned, because of the close of the war. The jealousy of these Governments has only been intensified by our success. Their fears of our growing power are now greater than before, and the moment an occasion presents itself, their hostility will be more active than ever.

These pages have not been written with any desire to stir up strife. America desires no war, foreign or domestic. A contest with England or France should be avoided at almost any sacrifice that does not involve a principle or our

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