페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

read rent

read

rent

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

{strown, stro

swet, R.

sworn

strewe

swollen, R.

swum

swung
taken
taught

told

torn
told

[blocks in formation]

amiliar writing and discourse, the following, and some other improperly terminated by instead of ed; as, "learnt, sp latcht," They should be, "learned, spelled, spilled, stopped, u may now conjugate the following irregular ve er similar to the conjugation of regular verbs: aris do, go, grow, run, lend, teach, write. Thus, to ar ve mood, pres. tense, first person, sing. I arise; , I arose; perf. tense, I have arisen, and so on, thr moods, and all the tenses of each mood; and the articiples. us, pres. arising, perf. arisen, comp

arisen. In the next place, conjugate the same verb in the second person sing. through all the moods and tenses; and then in the third person sing. and in the first pers. plural. After that, you may proceed in the same manner with the words begin, bind, &c. Now read the XI. and XII. lectures four or five times over. and learn the order of parsing a verb. You will then be prepared to parse the following verbs in full; and I presume, all the other parts of speech. Whenever you parse, you must refer to the Compendium for definitions and rules, if you cannot repeat them without. I will now parse a verb, and describe all its properties by applying the definitions and rules according to the systematick order.

"We could not accomplish the business."

Could accomplish is a verb, a word which signifies to do—active, it expresses action--transitive, the action passes over from the nom. "we" to the object "business"—regular, it will form its imperfect tense of the indic. mood and perf. part. in ed-potential mood, it implies possibility or power-imperfect tense, it denotes past time however distant-first pers. plural, because the nom. "we" is with which it agrees, agreeably to RULE. 4. A verb must agree, &c. Conjugated-Indic. mood, present tense, first pers. sing. I accomplish; imperfect tense, I accomplished; perfect, I have accomplished; pluperfect, I had accomplished; and so on.-Speak it in the person of each tense through all the moods, and conjugate in the same manner every verb you parse.

EXERCISES IN PARSING.

These exercises contain a complete variety of Moods and Tenses.

I learn my lesson well. Charles, thou learnest thy lesson badly. John, do you write a good hand? Those ladies wrote a beautiful letter, but they did not despatch it. Have you seen the gentleman to whom I gave the book? He has gone. They had received the news before the messenger arrived. Wher. will those persons return? My friend shall receive his reward. He will have visited me three times, if he come to-morrow.

Orlando,
Remem-

If Eliza study diligently, she will improve. If Charles studies he does not improve. Unless that man shall have accomplished his work by midsummer, he will receive no wages. obey my precepts, unless you wish to injure yourself. bor what is told you. The physician may administer the medicine, but Providence only can bless it. I told him that he might go, but he would not. He might have gone last week, had he conducted himself properly; (that is, if he had conducted, &o.) Boys, prepare to recite your lessons. Young ladies, let me hear you repeat what you have learned. Study, diligently,

o understood: NOTE 1, under RULE 32.

sing a pronoun, if the noun for which it stands is not expr ay it represents some person or thing understood.

LECTURE XIII.

HE AUXILIARY, PASSIVE, AND DEFECTIVE VERB

I. AUXILIARY VERBS

you attend to the following additional remarks o Verbs, you will do well to read again what is said em in lecture XI. page 140. The short account t their application in conjugating verbs, have alr m quite familiar to you; and you have undoubt that, without their help, we cannot conjugate any the tenses, except the present and imperfect of and subjunctive moods, and the present of the nd infinitive. In the formation of all the other ten

rought into requisition.

f the auxiliary verbs are defective in conjugation; re used only in some of the moods and tenses; onnected with principal verbs, they are conjugate ing manner :

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

CAN.

Pres.
Tense.

Imperf.
Tense.

Pres.
Tense.

Imperf.
Tense.

Pres.
Tense.

Imperf.

Tense.

Pres.

Tense.

Imperf.
Tense.

Pres.
Tense.

Imperf.

Tense.

Pres.
Tense.

Imperf.
Tense.

Sing. I can, thou canst, he can.
Plur. We can, ye or you can, they can.
Sing. I could, thou couldst, he could.
Plur. We could, ye or you could, they could.
WILL.

Sing. I will, thou wilt, he will.
Plur. We will, ye or you will, they will.
Sing. I would, thou wouldst, he would.
Plur. We would, ye or you would, they would.
SHALL,

Sing. I shall, thou shalt, he shall.

Plur. We shall, ye or you shall, they shall.

(Sing. I should, thou shouldst, he should.

Plur. We should, ye or you should, they should.
TO DO.

Sing. I do, thou dost or doest, he doth or does.
Plur. We do, ye or you do, they do.

S Sing. I did, thou didst, he did.

Plur. We did, ye or you did, they did.
Participles. Pres. doing. Perf. done.
TO BE.

Sing. I am, thou art, he is.

Plur. We are, ye or you are, they are.

(Sing. I was, thou wast, he was.

Plur. We were, ye or you were, they were.
Participles. Pres. being. Perf. been.
TO HAVE.

Sing. I have, thou hast, he hath or has.
Plur. We have, ye or you have, they have.
Sing. I had, thou hadst, he had.

Plur. We had, ye or you had, they had.
Participles. Pres. having. Perf. had.

Do, be, have, and will, are sometimes used as principal verbs: and when employed as such, do, be, and have, may be conjuga ted, by the help of other auxiliaries, through all the moods and

tenses.

Do. The different tenses of do, in the several moods, are thus formed: Indicative mood, pres. tense, first pers. sing. I do; imperfect tense, I did; perf. I have done; pluperfect, 1 had done; first future, I shall or will do; sec. fut. I shall have done. Subjunctive mood, pres. tense, If I do; imperf. if I did; and so on. Imperative mood, do thou. Potential, pres. may, can, or must do, &c. Infinitive, present, to do; perf. to have done. Participles, pres. doing; perf. done; compound, ing done.

I

« 이전계속 »