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13. IRONY is expressing ourselves in a manner contrary to our thoughts; not with a view to deceive, but to add force to our remarks. We can reprove one for his negligence, by saying, "You have taken great care, indeed."
The prophet Elijah adopted this figure, when he challenged the priests of Baal to prove the truth of their deity. "He mocked them, and said, Cry aloud, for he is a god: either he is talking, or he is pursuing, or he is on a journey, or, peradventure, he sleepeth, and must be waked."
14. AMPLIFICATION OF CLIMAX consists in heightening all the circumstances of an object or action, which we desire to place in a strong light.
Cicero gives a lively instance of this figure, when he says, "It is a crime to put a Roman citizen in bonds: it is the height of guilt to scourge him; little less than parricide to put him to death: what name, then, shall I give to the act of crucifying him?"
Corrections of the False Syntax arranged under the Rules and Notes.
RULE 4. Frequent commission of sin hardens men in it. Great pains have been taken, &c.-is seldom found. The sincere are, &c.-is happy. What avail, &c.-Disappointments sink-the renewal of hope gives, &c.—is without limit. has been conferred upon us.-Thou canst not heal-but thou mayst do, &c.-consists the happiness, &c.-Who touchedst, or didst touch Isaiah's hallowed lips with fire.
Note 1. And wilt thou never be to Heaven resigned?—And who had great abilities, &c.
Note 2. Are peace and honour.—was controversy.
RULE 7. Them that you visited.-him that was mentioned.-he who preached repentance, &c.-they who died.-he who succeeded.
RULE 8. Time and tide wait, &c.-remove mountains.—are both uncertain. dwell with, &c.-affect the mind, &c.-What signify the counsel and care, &c.—are now perished.-Why are whiteness and coldness, &c.-bind them continually, &c.-render their possessor, &c.-There are errour and discrepance-which show, &c.
RULE 9. Is the same in idea.-is in the porphyry.-is remarkable, &c.— which moves merely as it is moved.-affects us, &c.-Man's happiness or misery is, in a great measure &c.—for it may be, &c.—was blameworthy. RULE 10. The nation is powerful.-The fleet was seen, &c.-The church has, &c.-is, or ought to be, the object, &c.—it is feeble.
RULE 11. My people de &c.-The multitude eagerly pursue pleasure as their, &c.—were divided in their sentiments, and they have referred, &c.-The people rejoice-give them sorrow.
RULE 12. Homer's works are &c.—Asa's heart. James Hart's book.
Note 1. It was the men, women, and children's lot, &c. or, It was the lot of the men, women, and children.-Peter, John, and Andrew's, &c.
Note 2. This is Campbell the poet's production; or, The production of Campbell, &c.--The silk was purchased at Brown's the mercer and haberdasher,
Note 4. The pupil's composing, &c.--rule's being observed.—of the presi dent's neglecting to lay it before the council
RULE 13. Of his audience.--put it on Jacob.-sprinkle them-and the shall, &c.-of his reputation.
Note. You were blamed; you were worthy.--where were you?-how far were you?
RULE 14. Who hast been, &c.—who is the sixth that has lost his life by
Who all my sense confinedst; or, didst confine.
Note. And who broughtest him forth out of Ur.
RULE 15. Who shall be sent, &c.-This is the man who, &c.
RULE 16. They to whom much is given. &c.-with whom you associate, &c. -whom I greatly respect, &c.-whom we ought to love, and to whom, &c.They whom conscience, &c.--With whom did you walk ?--Whom did you see?--To whom did you give the book?
RULE 17. Who gave John those books? We.-him who lives in Pearlstreet--My brother and he.--She and I.
RULE 18: Note 2. Thirty tuns.-twenty feet-one hundred fathoms.
Note 6. He bought a pair of new shoes-piece of elegant furniture.-pair of fine horses-tract of poor land.
Note 7. Are still more difficult to be comprehended.--most doubtful, or pre carious way, &c.-This model comes nearer perfection than any I, &c.
RULE 19: Note. That sort.--these two hours.-This kind, &c.---He saw one person, or more than one, enter the garden.
Note 2. Better than himself.--is so small.—his station may be, is bound by the laws.
Note 3. On each side, &c.-took each his censer.
RULE 20. Whom did they, &c.-They whom opulence,-whom luxury, &c, -Him and them we know, &c.-Her that is negligent, &c.—my brother and me, &c.-Ihom did they send, &c.-Them whom he, &c.
RULE 21. It is I.--If I were he.-it is he, indeed.--Whom do you, &c.— Who do men say, &c.-and who say ye, &c.—whom do you imagine it to have been?--it was I; but you knew that it was he.
RULE 25. Bid him come.-durst not do it.-Hear him read, &c.—makes us approve and reject, &c.-better to live-than to outlive, &c.-to wrestie. RULE 26: Note.--The taking of pains: or, without taking pains, &c.-The changing of times,--the removing and setting up of kings.
RULE 28: Note 3. He did me--I had written--he came home.-befallen my cousin he would have gone.--already risen.—is begun.-is spoken.would have written-had they written, &c.
RULE 29: Note 1. It cannot, therefore, be, &c.—he was not often pleas ing.--should never be separated.--We may live happily, &c.
RULE 30: Note. I don't know any thing; or, I know nothing, &c.--I did not see anybody; or, I saw nobody, &c.-Nothing ever affects her.—and take no shape or semblance, &c.-There can be nothing, &c.—Neither precept nor discipline is so forcible as example.
RULE 31. For himself.--among themselves.--with whom he is, &c.—With whom did, &c.-From whom did you receive instruction?
RULE 33. My brother and he, &c.-You and I, &c. He and I--John and be, &c.--Between you and me, &c.
RULE 34. And entreat me, &c.—and acting differently, &c.
Note 1. But he may return--but he will write no more.
Note 2. Unless it rain.-If he acquire riches, &c.
RULE 35. Than I.--as well as he, than they.-but he.--but he and I.--but them who had gone astray.
Promiscuous Examples.--Him who is from eternity, &c.-depends all the happiness,-which exists, &c.-the enemies whom, &c.-Is it I or he whom you requested?-Though great have been,-sincerely acknowledge. There was, in the metropolis.-exercising our memories. was consumed.-Aflu. ence may give-but it will not of this world often choke.-Them that hơn
measure is,-unworthy your.--were faithless.-After I had vis I, consent. Yesterday I intended to walk out, but was.teen,-leave three.-If he go,-make the eighth time that he 1.-is nobler.—was possessed, or that ever can be.-one g aller ones.-honesty is.-it to be.-will follow me,-I shall d stray.--he could not have done.--feeling a propensity.
Corrections of the Exercises in Punctuation. Idleness is the great fomenter of all corruptions in the hu e friend of order has made half his way to virtue.
The indulgence of a harsh disposition, is the introductio ry. To be totally indifferent to praise or censure, is a real d r. The intermixture of evil in human society, serves to exer g graces and virtues of the good.
Charity, like the sun, brightens all its objects. Gentleness e great avenue to mutual enjoyment. You, too, have your ility and knowledge, with poor apparel, excel pride and ig costly attire. The best men often experience disappointme uld be seasonably administered. No assumed behaviour e the real character.
Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generati my dear child, to make virtue thy chief study. Canst thou betrayer of innocence, to escape the hand of vengeance? De terrours, chose a prime minister. Hope, the balm of life, so very misfortune. Confucius, the great Chinese philosopher, good, as well as wise. The patriarch Joseph is an illustrious le piety.
. Peace of mind being secured, we may smile at misfortune. nt pleasure, he sacrificed his future ease and reputation. ned for great enterprises, could not fail of rendering him cons > path of piety and virtue, pursued with a firm and cons
RULE 6. We have no reason to complain of the lot of man, nor of the mutability of the world. Sensuality contaminates the body, depresses the understanding, deadens the moral feelings of the heart, and degrades man from his rank in creation.
Self-conceit, presumption, and obstinacy, blast the prospect of many a youth. He is alternately supported by his father, his uncle, and his elder brother. The man of virtue and honour, will be trusted, relied upon, and esteemed. Conscious guilt renders one mean-spirited, timorous, and base. An upright mind will never be at a loss to discern what is just and true, lovely, honest, and of good report. Habits of reading, writing, and thinking, are the indispensable qualifications of a good student. The great business of life is, to be employed in doing justly, loving mercy, and walking humbly with our God. To live soberly, righteously, and piously, comprehends the whole of our duty.
In our health, life, possessions, connexions, pleasures, there are causes of decay imperceptibly working. Deliberate slowly, execute promptly. An idie, trifling society, is near akin to such as is corrupting. This unhappy person had been seriously, affectionately admonished, but in vain.
RULE 7. How much better it is to get wisdom than gold. The friendships of the world can exist no longer than interest cements them. Eat what is set before you. They who excite envy, will easily incur censure. A man who is of a detracting spirit, will misconstrue the most innocent words that can be put together. Many of the evils which occasion our complaints of the world, are wholly imaginary.
The gentle mind is like the smooth stream, which reflects every object in its just proportion, and in its fairest colours. In that unaffected civility which springs from a gentle mind, there is an incomparable charm. The Lord whom I serve, is eternal. This is the man we saw yesterday.
RULE 8. Idleness brings forward and nourishes many bad passions. True friendship will, at all times, avoid a rough or careless behaviour. Health and peace, a moderate fortune, and a few friends, sum up all the undoubted articles of temporal felicity. Truth is fair and artless, simple and sincere, uniform and consistent. Intemperance destroys the strength of our bodies, and the vigour of our minds.
RULE 9. As a companion, he was severe and satirical; as a friend, captious and dangerous. If the spring put forth no blossoms, in summer there will be no beauty, and in autumn, no fruit. So, if youth be trifled away without improvement, manhood will be contemptible, and old age, miserable. RULE 10. They believed he was dead. He did not know that I was the man. I knew she was still alive. The greatest misery is, to be condemned by our own hearts. The greatest misery that we can endure, is, to be condemned by our own hearts.
RULE 1. The path of truth is a plain and safe path; that of falsehood is a perplexing maze. Heaven is the region of gentleness and friendship; hell, of fierceness and animosity. As there is a worldly happiness, which God perceives to be no other than disguised misery; as there are worldly honours, which, in his estimation, are a reproach; so, there is a worldly wisdom, which, in his sight, is foolishness.
But all subsists by elemental strife;
RULE 1. The three great enemies to tranquillity, are vice, superstition, and idleness: vice, which poisons and disturbs the mind with bad passions superstition, which fills it with imaginary terrours; idleness, which loads it with tediousness and disgust.