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CHAPTER 5

ARMY SERVICE AND POST SCHOOLS

Army War College, 506.
Aviation schools, 507.
Cavalry School, 508.
Coast Artillery School, 509.
Engineer School, 510.
Field Artillery School, 511.
Command and General Stadt School, 512.

Infantry School, 513.
Post schools :

Instruction in common branches, 515.

Vocational instruction, 516.
Schools for bakers and cooks, 517.
Instruction of citizens of American Republics.

517a.

Historical Note For complete list of general and special service schools see AR 350–105. The Infantry and Cavalry School was established at Fort Leavenworth, Kang., in pursuance of General Orders, No. 42, Adjutant General's Office, of May 7, 1881. Although not created by statute, its existence was recognized by Congress in several acts of appropriation, beginning with the act of Mar. 2, 1889. It was superseded by the "Army School of the Line," which was first recognized by statute in the act of Mar. 3, 1909 (35 Stat. 733), and the schools at Fort Leavenworth are now known as “The General Service Schools."

The provisions for service schools are usually only of a temporary nature, generally being found in appropriation acts.

508. Army War College.—For hire of clerks, purchase of stationery, furniture, and for contingent expenses incident to the establishment of the Army War College, having for its object the direction and coordination of the instruction in the various service schools, extension of the opportunities for investigation and study in the Army and militia of the United States, and the collection and dissemination of military information, twenty thousand dollars. Act of May 26, 1900 (31 Stat. 209).

For expenses of the Army War College, being for the purchase of the necessary special stationery; textbooks, books of reference, scientific and professional papers (newspapers) and periodicals; maps; police utensils; employment of temporary, technical, or special services and expenses of special lectures; for the pay of employees; and for all other absolutely necessary expenses, $78,000. Act of Feb. 28, 1929 (45 Stat. 1951), making appropriations for support of War Department.

The first paragraph of this section bas been omitted from the Code as not based on permanent law (J. A. G. 010.3, November 12, 1929, page 24). It is retained in the Military Laws as of bistoric interest.

A provision simllar to second paragraph bas appeared in prior and subsequent appropriation acte.

By virtue of paragraphs 192 and 193, Special Orders No. 141-0, W. D., June 17, 1919, and of a letter dated June 18, 1919, from The Adjutant General of the Army to the Commanding officer, Washington Barracks, D. C., the name Army War College was changed to General Staff College. The objects of the General Staff College are set forth In General Orders No. 112, W. D., 1919, and the above appropriation was made therefor.

By Section 1, General Orders, No. 40, War Department, Aug. 15, 1921, the name was again changed to "The Army War College,” under which designation appropriations are made in the annual War Department appropriation acts.

507. Aviation schools. The Secretary of War is hereby authorized and directed to establish and maintain at one or more established flying schools courses

of instruction for aviation students. Act of July 11, 1919 (h1 Stat. 109); 10 U. S. C. 296.

At the request of the Secretary of the Treasury the Secretaries of War and Navy are authorized to receive officers and enlisted men of the Coast Guard for instruction in aviation at any aviation school maintained by the Army and Navy, and such officers and enlisted men shall be subject to the regulations governing such schools. Act of Aug. 29, 1916 (39 Stat. 601); 14 U. S. C. 28.

The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to establish in or near Denver, Colorado, a branch of the Air Corps Technical School at Chanute Field, Illinois, and to accept on behalf of the United States, free from encumbrance or conditions and without cost to the United States, for use as a site for the extension to such school, the title in fee simple to nine hundred and sixty acres of land, more or less, within and without the city limits of the city of Denver, Colorado, including the property known as the “Agnes (Phipps) Memorial Sanitarium," together with existing buildings and equipment located thereon; and, also, a tract of land, within the State of Colorado, suitable for use as an aerial gunnery and bombing range by the Army Air Corps: Provided, That in the event a donor is unable to perfect title to any land tendered as a donation, condemnation of such land is authorized in the name of the United States, and payment of any and all awards for title to such land as is condemned, together with the cost of suit, shall be made by the donor, Scc. 2, at of Aug. 26, 1937 (50 Stat. 862).

For creating, maintaining, and operating at established flying schools and balloons schools courses of instruction for officers, students, and enlisted men, including cost of equipment and supplies necessary for instruction, purchase of tools, equipment, materials, machines, textbooks, books of reference, scientific and professional papers, instruments, and materials for theoretical and practical instruction;

Act of Feb. 28, 1929 (45 Stat. 1360), making appropriations for the support of the Army.

A provision similar to fourth paragraph of this section has appeared in prior and subsequent appropriation acts.

1508. Cavalry School.--That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to establish upon the military reservation at Fort Riley a permanent school of instruction for drill and practice for the cavalry and light artillery service of the Army of, the United States, and which shall be the depot to, which all recruits for such service shall be sent;

Act of Jan. 29, 1887 (24 Stat. 372); 10 U. S. C. 1171.

For the purchase of texthooks, hooks of reference, scientific and professional papers, instruments, and materials for instruction; employment of temporary, technical, special, and clerical services; and for other necessary expenses of instruction at the Cavalry School, Fort Riley, Kansas, $20,610. Act of Fcb. 28. 1929 (15 Stat, 1366), making appropriations for the support of the War Dcpartment.

A provision similar to second paragraph has appeared in prior and subsequent appro priation acts.

The Cavalry and Light Artillery School was established in pursuance of the act of Jan. 29, 1887, supra, by General Orders, No. 17, Adjutant General's Office, of Mar. 14, 1892. See also in connection with this school the acts of Oct. 2, 1888 (25 Stat. 534), and Mar. 2, 1889 (id. 966).' This school was superseded by the "Mounted Service School at Fort Riley, Kans.," and provision was made therefor under that title from the act of Mar. 3, 1909 (35 Stat. 733), until the act of June 5, 1920 (41 Stat, 930), when the designation "the Cavalry School at Fort Riley, Kansas," was ad: pted.

The words "and light artillery service" in third line of the first paragraph of this section, contained in act of January 29, 1887 (24 Stat. 372), but omitted from the original Code, have been included in 10 U. S. C. 1171 (J. A. G. 010.3, November 12, 1929, page

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509. Coast Artillery School.- For purchase of engines, generators, motors, machines, measuring and nautical instruments, special apparatus, and materials for experimental purposes for the engineering and artillery and military art departments and enlisted specialists division; for purchase and binding of professional books treating of military and scientific subjects for library, for use of school, and for temporary use in coast defense [for newspapers and periodicals]; for incidental expenses of the school, including chemicals, stationery, printing and binding; hardware; materials; cost of special instruction , of officers detailed as instructors; employment of temporary, technical, or special services; for office furniture and fixtures; for machinery; for maintenance, operation, and repair of motortrucks; and unforeseen expenses; in all, $27,355. Title I, act of Mar. 4, 1933 147 Stat. 1587), making appropriations for the War Department.

The 1929 text of this section, based on act of February 28, 1929 (45 Stat. 1366), mak. ig appropriations for the War Department, is superseded by the above provision, which has been repeated in subsequent appropriation acts, changed as indicated in act of July 1, 1937 (50 Stat. 460).

The Artillery School was established at Fortress Monroe, Va., in pursuance of General Orders, No. 18, Adjutant General's Office, of Apr. 5, 1824. It ceased to exist in 1835 by reason of the transfer of the troops composing the school to other duties.

It was Festablisbed by General Orders, No. 9, Adjutant General's Office, of Oct. 30, 1836, A Code of regulations and plan of instruction was approved by the Secretary of War and published to the Army in General Orders, No. 5, Adjutant General's Office, or May 18, 1858. The school was again discontinued at the outbreak of the War of the Rebellion in 1861. It was reorganized by General Orders, No. 99, Adjutant General's Office, of Nov. 13, 1867. Although not created by statute, its existence has been fecugnized and the courses of study pursued have been sanctioned by Congress in several acts of appropriation. See the various acts of appropriation from that of June 20, 1878 (20 Stat. 223). It was first appropriated for as the “Coast Artillery School" in the act of Mar. 3, 1909 (35 Stat. 733).

510. Engineer School.-- *. for the operation, and maintenance of the Engineer School, including (a) compensation of civilian lecturers, and (b) purchase and binding of scientific and professional books, pamphlets, papers, and periodicals

and for the compensation of employees Title I, act of Apr. 26, 1934 (48 Stat. 629.), making appropriations for the War Department.

The 1929 text of this section, based on act of. Feb. 28, 1929 (45 Stat. 1363) making appropriations for the War Department, is superseded by the above provision, which has been repeated in subsequent appropriation acts.

The United States Engineer School was established by Executive order, but has been recognized in the several acts of appropriation from the act of Mar. 3, 1873 (17 Stat. 546). It was originally located at Fort Totten, Willets Point, N. Y., but was removed in 1902 to Washington Barracks, D. C., per General Order, 155, A. G. 0., Nov. 27, 1901, und in the latter part of 1919 removed therefrom to Fort A. A. llumphreys, Va. (See General Orders No. 7, War Department, Jan. 30, 1:20.)

511. Field Artillery School.--For the pay of employees, the purchase of books, pamphlets, periodicals, and newspapers, procurement of supplies, materials, and equipment for instruction purposes, and other expenses necessary in the operation of the Field Artillery School of the Army, and for the instruction of the Army in Field Artillery activities, $26,805. Title 1, act of Feb. 23, 1931 (16 Stat. 1291), making appropriations for the support of the War Department. The 1929 text of this section, based on act of Feb. 28, 1929 (45 Stat. 1366), making appropriations for the War Department, is superseded by the above, which has been repeated in sulsequent appropriation acts.

In the act of Aug. 24, 1912 (37 Stat. 570), under the appropriation for "United States Service Schools" provision is made for a “School of Fire for Field Artillery at Fort Sin, Okla.," and this provision was continued in later acts.

512. Command and General Staff School.--For the purchase of textbooks, books of reference, scientific and professional papers, instruments, and material for in

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struction; employment of temporary, technical, special, and clerical services ; and for other necessary expenses of instruction, at the Command and General Staff School, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, $41,439. Act of Feb. 28, 1929 (45 Stat. 1952), making appropriations for the support of the War Department.

A similar provision has appeared in prior and subsequent appropriation acts.

513. Infantry School.--For the procurement of books, publications, instru. ments, and materials, and other necessary expenses for instruction at the Infantry School, and for pay of employees at the Infantry School and in the office of the Chief of Infantry, $60,583. Title 1, act of Mar. 1, 1933 (47 Stat. 1587), making appropriations for the War Department.

The 1929 text of this section, based on act of Feb. 28, 1929 (45 Stat. 1366), making appropriations for the War Department is superseded by the above provision, which has been repeated in subsequent appropriation acts.

514. This section, based on act of Feb. 28, 1929 (45 Stat. 1366), making appropriations for the War Department, was not repeated in the corresponding act for the fiscal year 1934 and thereafter.

515. Post schools; instruction in common branches.-Schools shall be established at all posts, garrisons, and permanent camps at which troops are stationed, in which the enlisted men may be instructed in the common English branches of education, and especially in the history of the United States; and the Secretary of War may detail such officers and enlisted men as may be necessary to carry out this provision. It shall be the duty of the post or garrison commander to set apart a suitable room or building for school and religious purposes. R. S. 1231; 10 U. 8. C. 1172.

For provision for instruction in military schools as to the effect of alcohol and narcotics on the human system, see 1210, post. 516. Vocational instruction.-*

In addition to military training, soldiers while in the active service shall hereafter be given the opportunity to study and receive instruction upon educational lines of such character as to increase their military efficiency and enable them to return to civil life better equipped for industrial, commercial, and general business occupations. Civilian teachers may be employed to aid the Army officers in giving such instruction, and part of this instruction may consist of vocational education either in agriculture or the mechanic arts. The Secretary of War, with the approval of the President, shall prescribe rules and regulations for conducting the instruction herein provided for, and the Secretary of War shall have the power at all times to suspend, increase, or decrease the amount of such instruction offered as may in his judgment be consistent with the requirements of military instruction and service of the soldier. Sec. 27, act of June 3, 1916 (89 Stat. 186); 10 U. S. C. 1176. 517. Schools for bakers and cooks.—*

for providing prizes to be established by the Secretary of War for enlisted men of the Army who gradnate from the Army schools for bakers and cooks, the total amount of such prizes at the various schools not to exceed $900 per annum;

*. Act of Feb. 28, 1929 (45 Stat. 1355), making appropriations for the support of the Army; Quartermaster Corp8; Subsistence of the Army.

A gimilar provision has appeared in prior and subsequent appropriation acts.

517a. Instruction of citizens of American Republics.—That the President be, and he hereby is, authorized, in his discretion and under such regulations as be may prescribe by Executive order, to permit citizens of the American republics to receive instruction, with or without charge therefor, at professional educational institutions and schools maintained and administered by the Government of the

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