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CHAPTER 19

LAND AND BUILDINGS

Arsenals:

| Private buildings in the District of CoEstablishment, 937.

lumbia Continued.

1 Abolition when unnecessary, 938.

Rental by Government Continued. Air Corps stations and depots, 938a.

In time of war, 960. Public airports, lease of public lauds for, Unauthorized, probibited, 961. 939,

Requisition by War Department, 962. i Aviation fields :

Cemeteries, erection of beadstones and Reservation from public lands, 940.

preservation of records, 964. Donation to the United States, 941.

National cemeteries : Public buildings:

Acquisition of sites, 965.

Donation of sites. by States, 965a.
Assigoment of space, 9418.
Draping in mourning prohibited, 941b.

Appraisal of sites, 966.

Payment for sites, 967. Operation of vending stands by blind' per

Care and maintenance, 969. sons, 941c.

Depredations, 970. Use in connection with inauguration cere

Jurisdiction, 971. menies, 941d.

Porter's lodge, 972. Transfer of jurisdiction, 941e.

Inclosures, headstones, and registers, 973. Public building sites :

Rights of burial: Condemnation, 942,

: General provision, 974. Asseat of State legislatures to acquisition,

Discharged Army nurses, 975. 943.

Members of Cabinet during World War, Opinion of Attorney General on validity of

975a. title, 944.

Confederate veterans, 976. Public building construction :

Indigent Union veterans, 977. Plans and estimates, 945.

Superintendents of National cemeteries ; Cost limits, 9452.

appointment and compensation, 977a. Buildings at military posts :

Arlington Memorial Amphitheater memoAcquisition of sites for barracks and quar

rials and entombments, 978. ters, 946.

Foreign cemeteries : Construction and repair to be by, con

American Battle Monuments Commission, tract, 948.

979. Cost limit:

Dedication of chapels and other memoQuarters for officers, 949.

rials, 979a. Permanent barracks and quarters, 950.

City of Mexico, 981. Hospitals, 952.

Cuba and China, 982. Expenditures limited, 953.

Fortifications : Use of rooms :

Construction, 983.
For post-office purposes, 954. ,

Installation of armament, 983a.
For school and religious purposes, 955. Temporary construction, 984.
By post exchanges, 956.

Lands in general:
In connection with Indian education, 957. Declaration of taking, 984a.
Buildings :

Disposition of surplus, 984b. Lease to the United States, consideration, Restrictions on purchase, 985. 957a.

Release when conveyed to individuals tor Lease to United States, for housing Federal 1. use of United States, 986, agencies, 957b.

Lands for national defense purposes : Private buildings in the District of Co- Condemnation, 988. lumbia :

Donation, 989. Rental by Government :

Military reservations: For storage purposes, 958.

Establishment of town sites, 991." In lieu of others, 959,

Establishment of national forests, 992.

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Military reservations Continued.

River and harbor lands : Establishment of game farms and tigh- Condemnation : cultural stations, 992a.

General provision, 1024. Easements for electric transmission lines, In aid of person, company, or corpora993.

tion, 1025. Easements for gas, water, and sewer In aid of State or State agency, 1026. mains, 994.

Right of possession and compensation, Jurisdiction where national forests estab

1027. lished, 995.

Donation to the United States, 1028. Jurisdiction of Fort Leavenworth, Kans. Easements for public roads and streets, 996.

1028a. Lease, 997.

Exchange, 1028b. Operation of common carrier motor ve- Sale, 1029. hicles, 997a.

Memorials; erection in the District of CoPermits :

lumbia, 1030. For public utilities, 998.

Military posts; establishment, 1031. For roads, ferry landings, and bridges, National military parks : 999.

Investigations, surveys, and acquisition of Revocable licenses:

sites, 1032. American National Red Cross, 1000. Administration, 1033. Young Men's Christian Association, Offenses and jurisdiction, 1036. 1001.

Action for death or injury, 1037. For removal of sand and gravel, Fort Use for military maneuvers, 1038. Douglas, Utah, 1002.

National monuments : Sale :

Establishment, 1039. In general, 1002a.

Depredations, 1040. of surplus, 1003.

Permits for investigation, 1041. Rights of States under swampland Public works : advance planning, 1042. grants, 1004

Roads : Claims of individual citizens, 1005.

Repairs, 1043. Appraisal, 1006.

Donation of land for, 1044. Transfer to other departments, 1006a. Jurisdiction over Conduit Road, 1044a. To States, counties, or municipalities, Jurisdiction not affected by Federal high1007.

way act, 1045. Public sale, 1008.

Rights-of-way for telegraph lines, 1045a. Expenses, 1009.

Roads to national cemeteries : Reports, 1010.

Maintenance, 1046. Reports of property becoming surplus, Railroads excluded, 1047. 1011,

Conveyance to States, counties, and muRepeal of prior authority, 1012.

nicipalities, 1048. Transfer :

Roads and trails in Alaska; board of road To Interior Department, 1013.

commissioners, 1049. To Department of Agriculture, 1013a. Statue of Liberty; maintenance and repairs, To and from Navy Department, 1014.

1051, To Public Health Service and Veterans' | United States Disciplinary Barracks: Administration, 1015.

Officers and guards, 1054.
To National Park Service, 1016.

Designation, 1055.
Flood-control lands ; condemnation, 1019. Branches, 1056.
National Forests; acquisition of lands for, Government and control, 1057.
1020.

Duties of commandant, 1058.
Nitrate plants, acquisition of lands for, 1021., Washington Aqueduct, 1059.

937. Arsenals; establishment.--The Chief of Ordnance, under the direction or the Secretary of War, may establish depots of ordnance and ordnance stores in such parts of the United States and in such numbers as may be deemed necessary. R. S. 1165; 10 U. 8. O. 193.

938. Arsenals; abolition when unnecessary.—The Secretary of War is authorized to abolish such of the arsenals of the United States as, in his judgment, may be useless or unnecessary. R. S. 1666; 50 U, S. C. 55.

The arsenal at Detroit, Mich., was authorized to be sold, by act of Mar. 3, 1875 (18 Stat. 510).

The act of May 25, 1920 (41 Stat. 623), directed that certain buildings at Water. town, N. Y., be turned over to the Postmaster General.

9382. Air Corps stations and depots.---That the Secretary of War is hereby authorized and directed to determine in all strategic areas of the United States, including those of Alaska and our overseas possessions and holdings, the location of such additional permanent Air Corps stations and depots as he deems essential, in connection with the existing Air Corps stations and depots and the enlargement of the same when necessary, for the effective peace-time training of the General Headquarters Air Force and the Air Corps components of our overseas garrisons. In determining the locations of new stations and depots, consideration shall be given to the following regions for the respective purposes indicated : (1) The Atlantic Northeast-to provide for training in cold weather and in fog; (2) the Atlantic Southeast and Caribbean areas—to permit training in long-range operations, especially those incident to reinforcing the Panama Canal; (3) the Southeastern States—to provide a depot essential to the maintenance of the General Headquarters Air Force; (4) the Pacific Northwest-to establish and maintain air communication with Alaska; (5) Alaska-for training under conditions of extreme cold; (6) the Rocky Mountain area--to provide a depot essential to the maintenance of the General Headquarters Air Force, and to afford, in addition, opportunity for training in operations from fields in high altitudes; and (7) such intermediate stations as will provide for transcontinental movements incident to the concentration of the General Headquarters Air Force for maneuvers.

In the selection of sites for new permanent Air Corps stations and depots and in the determination of the existing stations and depots to be enlarged and/or altered, the Secretary of War shall give consideration to the following requirements:

First. The stations shall be suitably located to form the nucleus of the set-up for concentrations of General Headquarters Air Force units in war and to permit, in peace, training and effective planning, by responsible personnel in each strategic area, for the utilization and expansion, in war, of commercial, municipal, and private flying installations.

Second. In each strategic area deemed necessary there shall be provided adequate storage facilities for munitions and other essentials to facilitate effective movements, concentrations, maintenance, and operations of the General Headquarters Air Force in peace and in war.

Third. The stations and depots shall be located with a view to affording the maximum warning against surprise attack by enemy aircraft upon our own aviation and its essential installations consistent with maintaining, in connection with existing or contemplated additional landing fields, the full power of the General Headquarters Air Force for such close and distant operations over land and sea as may be required in the defense of the continental United States and in the defense and the reinforcement of our overseas possessions and holdings.

Fourth. The number of stations and depots shall be limited to those essential to the foregoing purposes. Sec. 1, act of Aug. 12, 1935 (49 Stat. 610); 10 U. 8. O. 13452.

To accomplish the purposes of this Act, the Secretary of War is authorized to accept, on behalf of the United States, free of encumbrances and without cost to the United States, the title in fee simple to such lands as he may deem necessary or desirable for new permanent Air Corps stations and depots and/or the extension of or addition to existing Air Corps stations or depots; or, with the written approval of the President, to exchange for such lands existing military reservations or portions thereof; or, if it be found impracticable to secure the necessary lands by either of these methods, to purchase the same by agreement or through condemnation proceedings. Sec. 2, act of Aug. 12, 1935 (49 Stat. 611); 10 U. S. C. 13436.

The Secretary of War is further authorized and directed to construct, install, and equip, or complete the construction, installation, and equipment, inclusive of bomb-proof protection as required, at each of said stations and depots, such buildings and utilities, technical buildings and utilities, landing fields and mats, and all utilities and appurtenances thereto, ammunition storage, fuel and oil storage and distribution systems therefor, roads, walks, aprons, docks, runways, sewer, water, power, station and aerodrome lighting, telephone and signal communications, and other essentials, including the necessary grading and removal or remodeling of existing structures and installations. He is authorized, also, to direct the necessary transportation of personnel, and purchase, renovation, and transportation of materials, as in his judgment may be required to carry out the purposes of this Act. The Secretary of War is further authorized to acquire, by gift, purchase, lease, or otherwise, at such locations as may be desirable, such bombing and machine-gun ranges as may be required for the proper practice and training of tactical units. Sec. 3, act of Aug. 12, 1935 (49 Stat. 611); 10 U. S. C. 13.43c.

There is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury of the United States not otherwise appropriated, such sums of money as may be necessary, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War for the purposes of this Act, including the expenses incident to the necessary surveys, which appropriation shall continue available until expended : Provided, That the provisions of section 1136, Revised Statutes (U. S. O., title 10, par. 1339), shall not apply to the construction of the aforesaid stations, and depots. Sec. 4, act of Aug. 12, 1935 (49 Stat. 611); 10 U.S. C. 13.43d.,501,

$7,000,000 was appropriated by Title III, deficiency appropriation act of June 22, 1936 (49 Stat. 1640), for the establishment of an Air Corps depot in the vicinity of Sacramento, California, under the provisions of this section, approximately $10,000,000 by the military 'appropriation act of July 1, 1937 (50 Stat. 452), for various other developments thereunder, and a similar amount by military appropriation act of June 11, 1938 (52 Stat. 651).

939, Public airports; lease of public lands for.—That the Secretary of the Interior is authorized, in his discretion and under such regulations as he may prescribe, to lease for use as a public airport any contiguous public lands, unreserved and unappropriated, not to exceed six hundred and forty acres in area, subject to valid rights in such lands under the public land laws. Sec. 1, act of May 24, 1928 (45 Stat, 728); 49 U. S. C. 211.

Any lease under this Act shall be for a period not to exceed twenty years, subject to renewal for like periods upon agreement of the Secretary of the Interior and the lessee. Any such lease shall be subject to the following conditions:

(d) That all departments and agencies of the United States operating aircraft (1) shall have free and unrestricted use of the airport, and (2) with the approval of the Secretary of the Interior, shall have the right to erect and install therein such structures and improvements as the heads of such departments and agencies deem advisable, including facilities for maintaining supplies of fuel, oil, and other materials for operating aircraft.

(e) That whenever the President may deem it necessary for military purposes, the Secretary of War may assume full control of the airport. Sec. %, act of May 24, 1928 (45 Stut. 728); 49 U, S. C. 212.

940. Aviation fields; reservation from public lands. muth • Provided, That by order of the President any Government property or unappropriated or reserved

to the

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