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Chapter death of its most distinguished member, Sir Robert Peel ; 1
and on the 14th April, 1863, the like tribute was paid to
On Thursday, 19th May, 1898, in consequence of the
praying for the interment of his remains in Westminster
| 105 C. J. 484. The French As- tioned, in private, by eminent sembly, in their Procès Verbal, ex- statesmen, as invidious distinctions pressed regret at the loss of this might be drawn between the claims eminent statesman, 163 H. D. 3 s. to such an honour.-Mr. Speaker 772.
Denison's Diary, p. 131. · Notwithstanding the universal 3 133 C. J. 264. regard for Sir G. Lewis, tho pro 114 L. J. 139; 137 C. J. 185. priety of this proceeding was ques 5 153 ib. 213.
house sat on that day as usual; and not without due con- Chapter sideration. The funeral was at Windsor, at twelve; and
the house did not meet until a quarter before four. Ascension On Ascension-day, since 1849,- orders have been usually Select day, &c.
committees, made by the House of Commons, that no committees shall see p. 413. have leave to sit until two o'clock, in order to give members an opportunity of attending divine service. This motion was negatived in 1872. In 1873, however, it was carried by a large majority, and has since been repeated in every succeeding year. On the 19th March, 1866, appointed by the Bishop of London as a day of prayer and humiliation, it was ordered that no committees do meet
before one o'clock.
tion of the sixtieth year of Queen Victoria's reign in 1897,
of the Speaker of the Commons, will appear in the various
The house having resolved to S. 901 ; 14th Feb. 1893, 8 Parl. Deb. attend the funeral of the Duke of 4 s. 1397. Wellington adjourned for that pur. 20th May, 1873. pose, 108 C. J. 21. 29.
5 152 C. J.299. For adjournments 2 So far back as 15th May, 1604, over Queen Victoria's birthday when it “ being put to question whether it was kept on a day other than we should sit on Ascension-day, Saturday, see 119 ib. 256; 120 ib. upon division “resolved to sit.” But 298; 124 ib. 219. For many years on the 1st June, 1614, it was re- it was customary to adjourn over solved, upon division, not to sit. the Derby day. This adjournment
3 122 C. J. 255 ; 126 ib. 202 ; 146 was generally moved by the leader ib. 264 ; 147 ib. 283; 159 ib. 179. of the house from 1856 until 1878, This order was repeated on nine and on subsequent occasions the occasions between 1856 and 1871 adjournment was moved by inde. inclusive. For the same purpose pendent members (see p. 256, n). The from 1853 till 1902, when the House motion was negatived, Tuesday, 31st of Commons met on Wednesdays at May, 1892, 147 C. J. 306; but the twelve o'clock, it was customary house was counted out on the followfor the House to meet on Ash ing day. The motion was negatived Wednesday at two o'clock, 28th in succeeding years, until 1896, since Feb. 1854, 109 ib. 106; 214 H. D. 3 which year it has not been moved.
Chapter The lord chancellor, or lord keeper of the great seal of His duty.
to attend, --_England, is Prolocutor or Speaker of the House of Lords, Lord
e of the by prescription ;l and by standing order No. 5, it is deSpeaker, clared to be his duty ordinarily to attend as Speaker: but see p. 359.
if he be absent, or if there be none authorized under the
Lords may choose their own Speaker during that vacancy.?
that sarily a when not a is not necessarily a member. It has even happened that peer. peer, see p. the lord keeper has officiated, for years, as Speaker, without
having been raised to the peerage. On the 22nd November,
When the great seal has been in commission, it was usual Great seal
1 Lord Ellesmere, Office of Lord Chancellor, ed. 1651.
2 See also observations as to the obligations of the lord chancellor to attend, 23rd Aug. 1831, and 20th June, 1834, 6 H. D. 3 s. 453; 7 ib. 646-662; 24 ib. 597. 600. 604.
8 “When Sir Robert Henley was keeper of the great seal, and presided in the House of Lords as lord keeper, he could not enter into debate as a chancellor, being a peer, does, and therefore, when there was an appeal from his judgments in the Court of Chancery, and the law lords then in the house moved to reverse his judgments ... the lord keeper could not state the grounds of his opinions given in judgment
and support his decisions." Lord
- 63 L. J. 114; so also Sir E.
5 66 L. J. 113; 70 ib. 42; 82 ib.
? 67 ib. 291. On the 25th Oct.
being absent, the prince regent appointed Sir R. Richards, Chapter
commission to officiate as Speaker during the absence of the
the royal speech, and prorogued the Parliament.
1 52 L. J. 7. This was said to be 356 L. J. 39; Lord Colchester's in accordance with the precedent of Diary, iii. 311. Sir Robert Atkins, in the reign of 63 L. J. 511. King William, Lord Colchester's 5 267 H. D. 3 s. 1204. For later Diary, iii, 68.
cases of appointments of deputy 2 Lord Sheffield, 80 L.J. 10; 24th Speakers, see 119 L. J. 28; 136 ib. Feb. 1873, Lord Chelmsford ; and 198. again in 1882.
6 97 ib. 639.
“The lord chancellor, when he speaks to the house, is always to speak uncovered, and is not to adjourn the house, or to do anything else as mouth of the house, without the consent of the Lords first had, except the ordinary thing about bills, which are of course, wherein the Lords may likewise overrule; as, for preferring one bill before another, and snch-like; and in case of difference among the Lords, it is to be put to the question ; and if the lord chancellor will speak to anything particularly, he is to go to his own place as a peer."1
Position of The position of the Speaker of the House of Lords is His anomaSpeaker,
lous posisee pp. somewhat anomalous ; for though he is the president of a tion. 311, 323, 349.
deliberative assembly, he is invested with no more authority
proceedings.? Election of, The duties of the Speaker of the House of Commons are Duties of see p. 154.
the ** as various as they are important. He presides over the Speaker
waf of the reprimand, deliberations of the house, and enforces the observance of com see p. 94. His casting all rules for preserving order in its proceedings; he puts toice, see p. 364: his every question, and declares the determination of the house. speech and As “mouth of the house,” he communicates its resolutions tote in com. mittee, see to others, conveys its thanks, and expresses its censure, p. 368; his specch its reprimands, or its admonitions. He issues warrants to (money bills),
execute the orders of the house for the commitment of p. 208. offenders, for the issue of writs, for the attendance of witFires hour of meeting nesses in custody, for the bringing up prisoners in custody, of the house, p. 212. 1 By virtue of his office he goes ib. 121.
to the left of the chamber, above all 3 When the words uttered by Mr. dukes not being of the blood royal, Speaker from the chair are called 31 Hen. VIII. c. 10, 8. 4.
forth by the proceeding then before ? See Debate in the Lords, 22nd the house, his words are entered, June, 1869, in which it was sug- either with or without the order of gested that the chancellor should the house, in the “votes," and upon be invested with more extended the journal. An address, however, powers: but it was pointed out, on delivered from the chair on the 31st the other side, by some peers and by July, 1893, made on the request of the chancellor himself, that as he was the prime minister at the close of a a minister of the Crown, not chosen personal explanation relating to the by the house itself, and was often a disorder which had arisen in commember of the least experience in mittee on a previous day, was the house, he could not properly entered in the journal, on the exercise the same powers as those of motion of the prime minister on the Speaker of the Commons. See the 1st August 148 C. J. 477. also, 136 'Parl. Deb. 4 s. 1394 ; 137