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Chapter whether orders of the day or notices of motion, as they s. 0. 5, VIII.

f13, Appenmay think fit, a motion to give priority to a notice of dis i. motion over the orders of the day is now rarely needed on those sittings; though such a motion might be rendered necessary if, in case the occasion arose, the government desired to take the opinion of the house, whether priority should be given to an unofficial motion (see p. 268).

When priority has been given by the order of the house to a notice of motion over the orders of the day, the Speaker calls on the member in whose name the notice stands, and when the motion has been considered, the house reverts to the orders of the day. The arrangements fixed by the standing orders for the Arrange

ments on twelve o'clock sittings on Fridays (prior to 1902 Wednes- Friday

sittings. days) are rarely disturbed. Still those standing orders have been wholly suspended, or suspended as regards the S. 0. 1, 2,

3, Appeninterruption of business, and the rising of the house at six dix 1. o'clock, in the case of certain orders of the day, subject to the immediate adjournment of the house when those orders were disposed of Government orders have also occasionally been given precedence at these sittings.8 Sittings Saturday on Saturdays are occasionally held subject to the standing orders which regulate the Friday sittings, or to an order that, as soon as government business is concluded, the adjournment of the house shall take place without question put.* Precedence is occasionally given to certain orders of the Arrange

ments for day over all other orders of the day and notices of motion. the fur.

therance of

govern> 4th July, 1865, the house sat on tion moved, 11th Feb. 1893, p. ment the 5th, at a quarter before four, 244, n. 2.

business, instead of twelve, 120 C. J. 449; 140 5 Protection of Persons, &c. (Ireib. 407.

land) Bill, 1881, 136 C. J. 32; 258 H. 2 7th Aug. 1872, 127 ib. 426 ; 15th D, 3 s. 1744; Prevention of Crime July, 1874, 129 ib. 303 ; 144 ib. 293. (Ireland) Bill, Arrears of Rent (Ire- Closure 447.

land) Bill, 1882, 137 C. J. 224. 289. resolutions 3 147 ib. 325; 150 ib. 34; 157 491; Rules of Procedure, 142 ib. 72;

in 70. on bills,

sce p. 342, ib. 26. See also order appropriating 151 ib. 57; 157 ib. 36; Criminal 0. 3. Friday sittings to government busi. Law Amendment (Ireland) Bill, 142 ness, 157 ib. 437.

ib. 140; Consolidated Fund Bill, * 143 ib. 427. 493; 144 ib. 434. 144 ib. 73; Customs, &c., Bill, 145 ib. 453; 145 ib. 531. 553; see resolu- 334; Tithe Rent-Charge Bill, 146 ib.

sittings.

VIII.

Proceedings on the reports of the resolutions of the com- Chapter
mittee of ways and means and of committees authorizing
public expenditure other than the committee of supply, are,
early in each session, exempted by a sessional order from
interruption under standing order No. 1; and as the day
for the prorogation draws nigh, all the government busi-
ness is set free, during the remainder of the session, from
every restriction on the transaction of business imposed
by the standing orders ; and an objection taken to the
form of the motion on which these orders are obtained on
the ground that the provisions contained in those motions
include several, and, to a certain extent, distinct, proposi-
tions was overruled.

Amendments to motions relating to the business of the
house must be strictly relevant to the terms and purpose
of the motion; and amendments stating, as an argument
against the motion, that the house had no confidence in the
government, or that motions giving precedence to govern-
ment business might be rendered unnecessary by altering
the procedure of the house, were therefore ruled to be out
of order.

Except in the case of motions amounting to a distinct

Amend.
ments to
motions
(business
of the
house).

Facility
given by

81; Purchase of Land, &c. (Ireland)
Bill, 146 ib. 247; Financial Business,
147 ib. 114 ; 149 ib. 10; Government
business, 148 ib. 177. 538; Voluntary
Schools Bill, 152 ib. 63; Address in
answer to King's speech, 158 ib. 11.

1 160 C. J. 112. The reports of
the committee of supply were
formerly included in this motion,
144 ib. 145; 145 ib. 239; 147 ib.
95. The motion was not moved in
session 1902, and was negatived in
1904, 159 ib. 49.

? 16th July, 1891, 146 ib. 449 ; 9th June, 1892, 147 ib. 325.

3 19th March, 1889, 334 H. D. 3 s. 142.

4 19th March, 30th April, 1889, Mr. Bradlaugh's and Mr. E. Robert son's notices of amendments; 16th July, 1891, 355 H. D. 3 s. 1433. Mr. Seton-Karr's notices of amendments,

31st May, 1894 ; Notices of Motions, p. 1080, 25 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 49; and 29th April, 1895; Notices of Motions, p. 1215, 33 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 53; Mr. Elliott Lee's notice of amendment, 28th February, 1895, Notices of Motions, p. 385, 31 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 78. Amendments, “ gambling," &c., to motion (Derby day adjournment), 30th May, 1892 and 1893, Notices, pp. 1593, 1980. See also Mr. Chamberlain's notice of an amendment to a motion prescribing procedure for the report stage of the Government of Ireland Bill as stated, 18th Aug. 1893, and as moved, 21st Aug. 16 Parl, Deb. 4 s. 532. 654 ; 148 C. J. 513. An amend. ment to the motion relating to the sitting of committees on Ascension day is out of order, 40 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 1263.

Chapter vote of want of confidence in the government, proposed or governVIII. sanctioned by the leader of the opposition, the question unofficial

ment to whether the government should concede priority to a notice motions. of motion, or to an order of the day in the charge of an: unofficial member, is left entirely to their discretion.

Incidental interruptions to proceedings.-Besides the interruption of business, at the moment prescribed by the standing orders (see p. 213), or by a member rising to move

the closure of debate (see p. 211), proceedings in Parliament Oriler, may be interrupted by a matter of privilege, or order, gries see p. 323.

of which calls for the immediate interposition of the house on

a matter of recent occurrence (see p. 270); by occasions of
sudden disorder in the house, and by the suspension of
inembers, or other proceedings thereby occasioned (see
p. 340); by a message from the sovereign or the lords
commissioners, commanding or desiring the attendance of
the house in the House of Peers ; by the presentation of
the answer to an address to the Crown (see p. 455); by a
message from the other house, and by proceedings taken
thereon 4 (see p. 505); by a conference with the Lords;5 by
a report of reasons for disagreeing to Lords' amendments 6

1 217 H. D. 3 s. 1256; 303 ib. 1374. Urgency Facilities were afforded, 1868, to Rules, see Mr. Gladstone's resolutions upon p. 342.

the Irish Church, 191 H. D. 3 s. 31–
35. 826. 1746; 24th April, 1872,
Dublin University Tests Bill; Land
Tenure (Ireland) Bill, 131 C. J. 295;
Sale of Intoxicating Liquor on Sun
day (Ireland) Bill, 133 ib. 156 ; 26th
Feb. 1883, Kilmainham prisoners,
210 H. D. 3 s. 1754 ; 277 ib. 850;
Contagious Diseases Acts Repeal
(No.2) Bill, 141 C.J. 118; Financial
Relations (England and Ireland), 152
ib. 144; 155 ib. 112; British South
Africa (Select Committee), 152 ib.
388; Public Accounts Committee
(Reports), 160 ib. 359; Post-office
Telephone Agreement, 160 ib. 408;
see also Mr. Gladstone's remarks,
24th March, 1893, in giving facilities
for a motion relating to the conduct
of the executive in Ireland, 10 Parl.
Deb. 4 s. 1044.

293 C. J. 227; 106 ib. 443 ; 159 ib. 116. On the 20th April, 1863, the reading of a petition was so interrupted, and was resumed on the return of the Speaker from the Lords.

3 108 C. J. 438; 125 ib. 377 ; 17th Dec. 1878. This rule, however, does not apply to a message from the Crown. On the 5th June, 1866, a message relating to the marriage of Princess Mary of Cambridge was brought up between one motion and another : but not so as to interrupt a debate.

By the recent practice, a message brought by the Clerk does not ordinarily interrupt the business under discussion; but there are occasions when such an interruption can arise, 126 C. J. 57.

5 98 ib. 347. 484.

« Ground Game Bill, 3rd Sept. 1880, 135 C. J. 431 ; 137 ib. 452.

(see p. 508); by the clerk of the Crown attending by order Chapter
of the house to amend a return" (see p. 658); and by a _
report from the Serjeant-at-arms regarding the execution
of the orders of the house.?

Examples occur of an interruption caused by a motion
for reading an Act of Parliament, an entry in the journal,
or other public document: but the practice by which such
documents have been permitted to be read, after the com-
mencement of the debate, though not absolutely without

recognition in modern times, may be regarded as obsolete.3 Causes of When the cause of interruption has ceased, or the prointerrup

ceeding thereon has been disposed of, the debate, or the
business in hand which was interrupted, is resumed at
the point where the interruption had occurred ; 4 though
the resumption of a proceeding, subjected to an interrup-
tion, has been sometimes delayed by the occurrence of

further interruptions.5
Privilege Consideration of matters of privilege.—The proceedings of

. the house may be interrupted at any moment, save during

tion.

interru

tions,

1 93 C. J. 276. 308.

be taken, the private business that ? 135 ib. 236. The business of could not be considered owing to the house was in former times inter the attendance of the house in the rupted by a motion that candles be House of Peers, was appointed for brought in: but, by order 6th Feb. the evening sitting, or for the fol1717, the Serjeant was charged with lowing day, 158 C. J. 412; 20th and the duty of having the house lighted 21st June, 1905, Private Business, when “ daylight be shut in," 18 ib. pp. 567, 577. 718; and now the direction to that 5 103 ib. 551. 755. effect is given by the Speaker or the This ancient rule was thus exchairman.

pressed in debate by an eminent 3 2 Hatsell, 121. 164; 80 C. J. authority : “ Nothing can be so re537; 93 ib. 204 ; 97 ib. 129; 98 ib. gular, according to the practice of 112; 123 ib. 148; 124 ib. 57. In one this house, as when any member case certain Acts were directed to be brings under the consideration of read, by way of amendment to the the house a breach of its privileges, original question, 19th March, 1854, for the house to hear it-nay, to 109 ib. 124.

hear it with or without notice* When the consideration of whether any question is or is not private business had been inter- before it; and even in the midst of rupted or had not been commenced another discussion, if a member owing to a message requiring the should rise to complain of a breach attendance of the house in the of the privileges of the house, they House of Peers, and the house had have always instantly heard him," not returned until after the time Mr. Williams Wynn 11th Feb, 1836, after which such business could not .31 H, D, 3 s. 274.

see p. 534.

Chapter the progress of a division (see p. 346), by a motion based on VIII.

- a matter of privilege, when a matter has recently arisen Privilege

n which directly concerns the privileges of the house ;) and a petition, in that case, the house will entertain the motion forthwith.2

If complaint of a breach of privilege be made whilst the Privilege, arrest of house is in committee, the committee reports progress members, see p. 115. thereon 3 (see p. 80); or, upon an act of disorder com

mitted in his presence, the chairman has quitted the chair and sent for the Speaker 4 (see p. 387). Such an interruption may arise if a member be insulted or assaulted, or by a sudden act of disorder in the house 5 (see p. 346).

A privilege matter may also be brought forward without notice, before the commencement of public business, and is considered immediately, on the assumption that the matter

is brought forward without delay, and that its immediate Appoint. consideration is essential to the dignity of the house ; yet, committees though, in some respects, a matter of privilege properly

are does not admit of notice, if a member can give notice, and see p. 246.44

the matter is a question of privilege, precedence is conceded to it. The right of complaint is not restricted to

ment of

On

i See the Speaker's ruling, 17th July, 1860, 159 H. D. 3 s. 2035; 17th March, 1864, 174 ib. 190; 21st June, 1880, 253 ib. 433; 17th May, 1881, 261 ib. 694; 16th Feb. 1882, 266 ib. 788.

2 12th May, 1848, interference of a peer with the election for Stam. ford, 98 ib. 931 ; 22nd May, 1848, Sligo election compromise, 98 ib. 1236; Peterborough election, appointment and nomination of committee, 18th and 21st July, 1853, 108 C. J. 691. 703; other election cases, see p. 654. Ameer Ali Moorad's claim, 22nd Feb. 1858, 113 C.J.68; Lisburn election, 21st April, 1864, 119 ib. 184; Azeem Jah (forged signatures to petitions), 8th May, 1865, 120 ib. 247; King's County election, 12th Feb. 1866, 121 ib. 55; complaint of Mr. Plimsoll's book, 20th Feb. 1873; complaint of Mr. Sullivan against Dr. Kenealy, 11th April, 1877 ; 132 ib. 144 ; forged sig.

natures to petitions, 21st March,
1878, 238 H. D. 3 s. 1741; Clare writ,
17th April, 1879; see Mr. Speaker's
ruling, 245 H. D. 3 s.518, &c.; forgery
of a petition, 1829, 84 C. J.187; com-
plaints against newspapers, 93 ib.
306; 106 ib. 320, &c.; complaints
regarding petitions, 228 H, D. 3 s.
1400.

3 143 C. J. 483.
4 142 ib. 407.
5 79 ib. 483; 65 ib. 134.

6 Election compromises, 12th and 22nd May, 1848, 98 H. D. 3 s. 931. 1236; Peterborough election, 18th and 21st July, 1853, 108 C. J. 691. 703 ; expulsion of James Sadleir, 24th July, 1856, and 16th Feb. 1857, 143 H. D. 3 s. 1386 ; 144 ib. 702 ; Mr. Townsend's bankruptcy, 1858, 113 C. J. 229; case of Mr. Bradlaugh, 11th and 12th May, 1881, 261 H. D. 3 s. 218. 282. 431 ; Mr. Davitt, 27th Feb, 1882, 266 ib. 1811, 1842.

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