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chair, the question, having been entered on the minutes, is, Chapter
superseded, the order of the day must be revived (see p. 263). Motions for When a motion for adjournment has been negatived, it Similar adjourning
w motions in the house may not be proposed again without some intermediate co
proceeding; hence arises the practice of moving alternately, see p. 390.
question which they may be prepared to support. If, at
of the house, or of the debate, has been proposed from the
chair, such motion lapses without question put, pursuant S. 0.1, , to the provision in standing order No. 1; and other Appendix I.
restrictions placed upon the use of these motions, for
debate 5 (see p. 316).
the decision of the house a motion that has been proposed
"2 Hatsell, 109, note; 2 Lord Col. chester's Diary, 129.
• Sce proceedings, 23rd Nov. 1819, 41 H. D. 136; Ecclesiastical Titles Bill, 12th May, 1851, 106 C. J. 216; Election Petitions Bill, 29th June, 1857; Night Poaching Prevention Bill, 1st Aug. 1862, 117 ib. 388; Protection of Person and Property (Ireland) Bill, 1881, 136 ib. 49-51, &c.
3 184 H. D. 3 s. 1450.
- An instance of this occurred on the 23rd March, 1848, on a motion relative to the game laws, 97 ib. 963; and again on the 2nd March, 1875, on Mr. Fawcett's motion relating to education in rural districts.
5 See Mr. Speaker's evidence before committees on public business, 1848,1854; and Report of Committee on Public Business, 1858.
Chapter from the chair, by a motion which compels the house to
decide, in the first instance, whether the original motion
The previous question has been moved upon the various Previous
1 71 L. J. 581; 74 ib. 87; motion respecting Russia, &c., 28th Jan. 1808, 110 ib. 22. This form of previous question was used by the Commons, 6th Sept. 1641, 2 C. J. 281.
? 146 ib. 96. The Speaker, with the concurrence of the house, first put the previous question in these words, 20th March, 1888, 143 ib. 112, because the motion, " That the question be now put," is akin to the closure motion (see p. 218). The new form of motion also enables the members who support the previous question to vote “ aye," when that question is put from the chair, For illustrations of the former practice, see 2 Hatsell, 122, n.; Lex. Parl.
292; Harbours of Refuge, 19th June, 1860, 115 C. J. 316; 2 Lord Sidmouth's Life, 136; 1 Twiss, Life of Eldon, 232.
31 C. J. 226. 825; 7 ib. 420; 8 ib. 421; 30 ib. 418; 99 ib. 504; 113 ib. 220; 116 ib. 103. 135. 177; 130 ib. 356; 135 ib. 261, &c. + 2 Hatsell, 116.
Previous question moved, after amendments proposed and negatived, 117 C. J. 129; 118 ib. 269. Previous question moved to main question as amended, 94 ib. 496. See also proceedings relative to Kagosima, 119 ib. 45 ; Denmark, ib. 179; 174 H, D. 3 s. 1976; Malt Duty, 120 C. J. 117; 212 H. D, 3 s. 926.
the meeting of the house, nor in any committee 2 (see pp. Chapter 385, 394, 420 n.). Nor can the motion for the previous – question be amended.
question on The motion for the previous question may be superseded matters of
privilege, by a motion for adjournment, and debate thereon may be see p. 275.
plained on p. 289 : but here such amendments only will be
Treaty of Amiens, in a long statement of facts and argu-
Speaker's private ruling, 30th May, 1892.
? The report of the committee on privilege (Mr. Gray), 1882, was recommitted to enforce this rule, 137 C. J. 509.
3 131 C. J. 45, &c.
* 24 ib. 650; 30 ib. 70; 52 ib. 203; 93 ib. 418; Mr. Churchward, 19th March, 1867; employment of Indian Troops in Europe, 1878, 133 ib. 240, &c.
Chapter whereby an address was resolved upon which justified the
This practice has often been objected to as unfair; but the objection is unfounded, as the weaker party must always anticipate defeat, in one form or another. If no amendment be moved, the majority can negative the question itself, and affirm another in opposition to the opinions of the minority. On the very occasion a'ready mentioned, of the 7th May, 1802, after the address of thanks for the removal of Mr. Pitt had been defeated by an amendment, a distinct question was proposed and carried by the victorious party, “ That the Right Hon. W. Pitt has rendered great and important services to his country, and especially deserves the gratitude of this house.” 2 Thus, if no amendment bad been moved, the position of Mr. Pitt's opponents would have been but little improved, as the majority could have affirmed ordenied whatever they pleased. It is in debate alone that a minority can hope to compete with a majority. The forms of the house can ultimately assist neither party: but, so far as they offer any intermediate advantage, the minority have the greatest protection in forms, while the majority are met by obstructions to the exercise of their will.
These are the modes by which a question may be inten- Questions tionally avoided or superseded : but the consideration of a inte
a rupted. question is also liable to casual interruption and postponement from other causes, which are described on p. 269.
The ancient rule that when a complicated question is pro- Compliposed to the house, the house may order such question tions
to be divided, is observed in the following manner. Such ab. When two or more separate propositions are embodied in jection not permissible a motion or in an amendment, the Speaker calls the atten
motions tion of the house to the circumstance; and, if objection be relating to the taken, he puts the question on such propositions separately, brusiness of the house, 268 57 C. J. 419. 450; 36 Parl. Hist. of censure on Earl St. Vincent's
598-654. 686; 3 Stanhope's Pitt, naval administration having been 375-379; 43 L. J. 603.
negatived, and a vote of approbation ? A case precisely similar occurred was immediately moved by Mr. Fox, on the 14th May, 1806, when a yote 7H. D. 208.
restricting debate to each proposition in its turn;1 though Coapter
When debate on a question is closed, the question
fully put, served, and precedes (or is supposed to precede) every vote sec p. 31 of the house, except in cases where a vote is a formal direction, in virtue of previous orders.
In the Lords, when the question has been put, the Speaker says, “As many as are of that opinion say, * Content,'" and " As many as are of a contrary opinion say, 'Not content;'" and the respective parties exclaim, “ Content,” or “Not content,” according to their opinions. In the Commons, the Speaker takes the sense of the house
1 324 H. D, 3 s. 1828. See also Mr. Speaker's remarks, 17th July, 1905, 149 Parl. Deb, 4 s. 897. For refer. ences to the ancient and obsolete practice by which a complicated question was divided by order of the house, see 2 C. J. 43; 32 ib. 710; 33 ib. 89; 34 ib. 330; 35 ib. 217 (a question divided into five); 17 Hans. Parl. Hist. 429; 2 Hatsell, 118; see also 1 Cavendish Deb. 460-475; 2 Woodfall's Junius, 139; 22 L. J.73; 24 ib. 466. 467 ; 4 Timberland's Debates of the Lords, 392.
? Debate was, on a memorable oc. casion, closed by the action of Mr. Speaker Brand, who, on the morning of Wednesday, 2nd Feb. 1881, when the house had held a continuous sitting from the previous Monday,
put the question on the motion for leave to bring in the Protection of Person and Property (Ireland) Bill, although members were desirous of continuing the debate, 136 C. J. 50.
: On the 9th April, 1866, the Speaker, on returning to the house after an illness, said that he should claim the indulgence of sitting while putting the questions, 121 C. J. 197.
+ "Order, that nothing pass by order of the house without a question, and that no order be without a question, affirmative and negative" (1614), 1 C. J. 464. “Resolved, that when a general vote of the house concurreth in a motion propounded by the Speaker, without any contradiction, there needeth no question " (1621), ib. 650.