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motion. Hence it was defeated by a small majority of 12 Chapter
by a very large majority (ayes 49, noes 346).
Ireland, an amendment to add other words was superseded
On the 21st June, 1870, a motion being made “ That it is
drawal of the original motion. To insert or 3. In the case of an amendment to insert or add words, For pracadd words.
w tice regardthe proceeding is more simple. The question is merely in an put, that the proposed words “ be there inserted” or ments to
amond“added.” If it be carried, the words are inserted or added ments, see accordingly, and the main question, so amended, is put: but if negatived, the question is put as it originally stood,5
1 141 C. J. 85. Again, see 19th March, 1886, 141 ib. 106.
? 77 ib. 356.
3 113 ib. 10. For examples of similar proceedings, see 131 ib. 139;
132 ib. 40; 135 ib. 60. 74; 136 ib.
+ 125 ib. 270.
Chapter unless it be afterwards proposed to insert or add other
_ words. Amend. It is an imperative rule that every amendment must be rele- Amend.
, ments to be business of vant to the question on which the amendment is proposed. relevant. the house
As the conduct of the persons mentioned on p. 278 can Restriction motions,
on amendsee p. 268. only be debated upon a substantive motion, embodying ments.
therein a specific charge, reflections upon their conduct
Nor, following the principle laid down regarding motions Amend. (see p. 278), can an amendment be moved which revives a (Previous question already decided, which anticipates a motion or
amendment of which notice has been given, or matters consee p. 283.
tained in an order of the day, or which is inconsistent with
of proposbut subject to these restrictions. 1. No amendment can be ing's made in the first part of a question, after the latter part has amer
ments. been amended, or has been proposed to be amended, if a question has been proposed from the chair upon such amendment: but if an amendment to a question be withdrawn, by leave of the house, the fact of that amendment having been proposed will not preclude the proposal of another amendment, affecting an earlier part of the question, so long as it
1 120 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 806; 121 ib. 506; 144 ib. 1497. This principle was asserted for the first time in the 9th edition, p. 325; 70 H. D. 3 s. 213; 266 ib, 1846; 11th May, 1882, 269 ib. 461. An illustration may be given of the former licence in amendments. To the question for the Speaker's leaving the chair for the committee on the Reform Bill, 6th Aug. 1831, an amendment was moved for the production of papers on the state of Poland ; and on an analogous proceeding, 9th May, 1834, the Speaker stated “ that, according to the forms of the house and the
law of Parliament, there was no necessity that an amendment should be akin to the question,” 86 0. J. 758; 89 ib. 271; 23 H. D. 3 s. 785.
? 6th Feb. 1884, 284 ib. 98; 17th Feb. 1887, 310 ib. 1800. 1830; 1st March, 1887, 311 ib. 965; 9th March, 1887, 311 ib. 1633; 4th March, 1889, 333 ib. 851; 20th Feb. 1890, 341 ib. 762; 20th April, 1894, 23 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 997 ; 14th Feb. 1899, 66 ib. 922.
3 136 C. J. 26; 9 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 456; 146 ib. 991. For an amendment negativing the first part of a motion, see 157 C. J. 492.
does not extend further back than the last words upon which Chapter the house have already expressed an opinion; for the with- _ drawal of the first amendment leaves the question in precisely the same condition as if no amendment had been proposed. Each amendment should be proposed in the order in which, if agreed to, it would stand in the amended question ; 1 and should a member be in the act of moving an amendment, another member, before the question upon such amendment has been proposed from the chair, may intimate his wish to move an amendment to an earlier part of the question, and that wish may be carried out, if the member, who is in possession of the house, consents to resume his seat. But if the question has been already proposed from the chair upon an amendment, no other amendment can be moved, unless the first be, by leave of the house, withdrawn. 2. When the house have agreed that certain words shall stand part of a question, it is irregular to propose any amendment to those words, as the decision of the house has already been pronounced in their favour: but this rule does not exclude an addition to the words, if proposed at the proper time.3 In the case of a second reading or other stage of a bill, however, it is not allowable to add words to the question, after the house has decided that words proposed to be left out should stand part of that question. Every stage of a bill, being founded upon a previous order of the house, is passed by means of a recognized formula, and may be postponed or arrested by acknowledged forms of amendment: but when any such amendment has been negatived, no other amendment, by way of addition to the question, can be proposed, which is not, in some degree, inconsistent with the previous determination of the house; and it has, therefore, never been permitted.4 Nor can an amendment
Amendments on stages of bills.
1 2 Hatsell, 123.
2 22nd Aug. 1887, 319 H. D. 3 s.
the Speaker gave priority of speech
*4th June, 1866, 183 H. D. 3 s. 1918; 186 ib. 1285; 240 ib. 1602; 347 ib. 743.
cept as to
Chapter be made, by the addition of words to the question, for read
ing a bill a second time. In like manner, an established
The principle : applied to amendments to the questions No amendproposed on the stages of a bill, namely, that established missible to
wment ad. forms of procedure can only be dealt with by recognized 9 forms of amendment, is also applied to motions for adjourn- ment, exment; for whilst motions for the adjournment of the house time. or of the debate, moved as dilatory motions (see p. 281),
cannot be amended, so to a motion that the house at its rising Motions for do adjourn till a future day, no amendment is permissible adjournment, see unless it relates to the time of adjournment. On the question debate
27; of adjournment from Friday till Monday, an amendment was thereon, see proposed relating to a day of thanksgiving on the restorap. 316.
tion of peace, the Speaker ruled such an amendment to be
But when a member desires to move an amendment to a Arrangepart of the question proposed to be omitted by another taking amendment, or to alter words proposed to be inserted, it is amend
ments. sometimes arranged that only the first part of the original amendment shall be formally proposed, in the first instance, so as not to preclude the consideration of the second amendment. This course, which is followed in committees on bills (see p. 484), is resorted to in the house only on the 1 334 H. D. 3 s. 929.
has been ruled out of order, 50 Parl. : On the same principle an amend. Deb. 4 s. 979. ment to a motion of thanks for a 325th April, 1856, 141 H. D. 3 s. sermon preached before the house 1541; 242 ib. 2076.
With drawal of amend. ments.
consideration of a bill on report or of motions of an ex- Chapter
mirino drawal of the house, withdrawn, after the words of the original an motion had been negatived, and the question had been ment and proposed for adding the words of the amendment. An p. 280. amendment, following the practice regarding a motion (see p. 280), cannot be withdrawn in the absence of the member who moved it.
Another proceeding may also be resorted to, by which an amendment is intercepted, as it were, before it is offered to the house, in its original form, by moving to amend the first proposed amendment. In such cases the questions put by
Amendments to proposed amend. ments.
1 114 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 604.
? 17th Feb. 1879, 243 H. D. 3 s. 1336; 26th Feb. 1880, 250 ib. 1450; and in 1882, 274 ib. 46. 247. 252, Feb. 1887, 311 ib. 204. 207; 10th June, 1887, 315 ib. 1616-1619; 23rd Feb. 1888, 322 ib. 1252; 29th June, 1893, 14 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 366; 20th Feb. 1896, 37 ib. 717; 23rd Feb. 1899, 67 ib. 309; 11th Nov. 1902, 114 ib. 604; 159 C. J. 281; 160 ib. 293; 2nd April, 1906, 155 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 200, 217. In session 1902 a general discussion of the proposed new rules of procedure was
taken on a motion, " That the proposals of the government on the order paper relating to the procedure of the House be now considered," 102 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 548. The consideration of sessional orders is not exempted from the ordinary rules of debate, 89 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 1317; 98 ib, 1550.
3 Mr. Duncombe's amendment (Education), 22nd April, 1847, 91 H. D. 3 s. 1236; 16th June, 1893, 148 C. J. 360.
+ 142 C. J. 111. 116.