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The offence must arise in the house, and be dealt with at Chapter
once. No motion can be made that a suspended member
be heard at the bar.1

Temporary provision was also made by the urgency
resolutions of sessions 1881 and 1882, to facilitate the
consideration of several important bills ; 2 and in sub-
sequent sessions resolutions have been agreed to by the
house prescribing the conditions under which, and the
times at which, the outstanding stages of bills should be

concluded. 8 8. O. 22. Limitations were also placed by standing orders No. 22. 23. and 30, 20 m

1: 23. and 30, passed during session 1882, amended session

1888, upon obstructive motions for adjournment, and

vexatious divisions (see p. 316), and provision was made, 8. O. 19, by standing order No. 19, to check irrelevance or repetition

' in debate. These standing orders, during session 1888,

received increased stringency; and the transaction of

business was also furthered by providing for the classifica8. O. 6, tion, on the notice paper, of bills other than government Appendix I.

"bills, after Whitsuntide (see p. 260), and for the appoint8. 0. 11. ment of motions for the introduction of bills, and for the Appendix I.

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withdraw from the house, and of members suspended from its service prior to standing order No. 20, see 136 C. J. 227; 261 H. D. 3 s. 182.

1 313 ib. 1126–1128.

? Pursuant to these resolutions, a minister of the Crown, by a motion which declared that the state of public business was urgent (the question being put thereon forth. with, and decided by a majority of three to one in a house of not less than 300), was enabled to vest in the Speaker “the powers of the house for the regulation of its business.” The Protection of Person and Property (Ireland) Bill, the Peace Preservation (Ireland) Bill, and the Prevention of Crimes (Ireland) Bill, 1881, 1882, were dealt with accordingly under rules laid upon the table of the house by the

Speaker. A power conferred by these rules of ensuring the completion, at a prescribed hour, of the consideration of a bill in committee and on report was used in 1881, 136 C. J. 84. 93. 113. 116. A motion to apply urgency to votes in supply failed, 136 ib. 124.

3 Criminal Law (Ireland), &c., Bill, 142 ib. 285. 332; the Members of Parliament (Charges, &c.) Bill, 143 ib. 420; Government of Ireland Bill, 148 ib. 400, 513; Evicted Tenants (Ireland) Arbitration Bill, 149 ib. 334; Education (England and Wales) Bill, 157 ib. 473; Licens. ing Bill, 159 ib. 291; Aliens Bill, 160 ib. 294. A similar course was adopted for dealing with the outstanding business of supply that had to be concluded before the 31st March, 1905, 160 ib. 70.

XI.

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observed by

their

Chapter nomination of select committees at the commencement of

business (see p. 256). By standing order also, with few
exceptions, the Speaker leaves the chair forthwith for a S. 0.51,
committee of the house (see p. 380). And the Speaker or *
the chairman can direct a member whose conduct is grossly s. 0. 20,
disorderly, to withdraw from the precincts of the house for *
the remainder of that day's sitting (see p. 350). .

II. The rules to be observed by members present in the Rules to be
house during a debate are (1) to keep their places ; (2) to members
enter and leave the house with decorum ; (3) not to cross mot spe
the house irregularly ; (4) not to read books, newspapers,
or letters; (5) to maintain silence; (6) not to hiss or
interrupt.1

(1) By standing order No. 19, the lords are directed to To keep keep their dignity and order in sitting, and not to move places. out of their places without just cause; and that when they Lords. cross the house, they are to make obeisance to the cloth of

estate. See Seis By the resolutions of 10th February, 1698, and 16th Commons. jeant's duties, p.

February, 1720, members of the House of Commons are
ordered to keep their places, and not walk about the house,
or stand at the bar or in the passages.?

If, after a call to “order," members who are standing at
the bar or elsewhere do not disperse, the Speaker orders
them to take their places ; when it becomes the duty of the
Serjeant-at-arms to clear the gangway, and to enforce the
order of the Speaker, by desiring those members who still
obstruct the passage immediately to take their places (see
p. 204). If they refuse or neglect to comply, or oppose the
Serjeant in the execution of his duty, he may report their
names to Mr. Speaker.

(2) Members of the Commons who enter or leave the house Commons.
during a debate must be uncovered, and should make an
obeisance to the chair while passing to or from their
places.

1 For the order, “That no member : 12 ib. 496; 19 ib. 425. do presume to take tobacco in the 3 D'Ewes, Journal, 282; 2 Hatgallery of the house or at a com- sell, 232. mittee table,” see 11 C. J. 137.

204.

XII.

Crossing

(3) In the Lords, it has been seen that care should be Chapter before members

taken in the manner of crossing the house, and it is especially speaking. irregular to pass between the woolsack and any peer who is . Lords.

addressing their lordships, or between the woolsack and the Commons. table. In the Commons, members are not to cross between

the chair and a member who is speaking,' nor between the
chair and the table, nor between the chair and the mace,
when the mace is taken off the table by the Serjeant. When
they cross the house, or otherwise leave their places, they
should make obeisance to the chair.

(4) They are not to read books, newspapers, or letters in
their places. This rule, however, must now be understood
with some limitations; for although it is still irregular to
read newspapers, any books and letters may be referred to
by members preparing to speak, but ought not to be read
for amusement, nor for business unconnected with the
debate.

(5) Silence is required to be observed in both houses. In the Lords, it is ordered, by standing order No. 24

Silen

Lords.

“If any lord has occasion to speak with another lord while the house is sitting, they are to retire to the Prince's Chamber, and not to converse in the space behind the woolsack, or else the Lord Speaker is to call them to order, and, if necessary, to stop the business in agitation."

Commons. In the Commons, all members should be silent, or should

converse only in a whisper. Whenever the conversation is
so loud as to make it difficult to hear the debate, the
Speaker calls the house to order. On the 5th May, 1641,
it was resolved-

"That if any man shall whisper or stir out of his place to the disturbance of the house at any message or business of importance, Mr. Speaker is ordered to present his name to the house, for the house to proceed against him as they shall think fit." 3

Hissing or (6) They are not to disturb a member who is speaking, interrup. hoe

pe by hissing, exclamations, or other interruption; and the

tion.

i Permissible when a member speaks from the third or any higher bench from the floor.

: 4 C. J. 51. 3 2 ib. 135.

whose con

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Chapter resolution of the house, 22nd January, 1693, enjoins " that
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Mr. Speaker do call upon the member, by name, making
such disturbance; and that every such person shall incur

the displeasure and censure of the house.” 1
Members This rule is too often disregarded. In the House of
duct is Commons, disorderly noises are sometimes made, which,

ise from the fulness of the house, and the general uproar
ordered out maintained when five or six hundred members are im-
of the
house, see patiently waiting for a division, it is scarcely possible to
p. 350.

repress. On the 19th March, 1872, while strangers were
excluded, notice was taken of the crowing of cocks, and
other disorderly noises, proceeding from members, prin-
cipally behind the chair ; and the Speaker condemned
them as gross violations of the orders of the house, and
expressed the pain with which he had heard them.

Without such noises, there are words of interruption "Hear, which, if used in moderation, are not unparliamentary ; but

when frequent and loud, cause serious disorder; such as Call to the cry of “ question,” “order, order,” or “hear, hear,” order, see

which has been sanctioned by long parliamentary usage, in p. 323.

both houses. When intended to denote approbation of the
sentiments expressed, and not uttered till the end of a
sentence, the cry of “ hear, bear,” offers no interruption to
the speech. But the same words may be used for very
different purposes, and instead of implying approbation,
they may express dissent, derision, or contempt. When- Members

named, &c
ever exclamations of this kind are obviously intended to
interrupt a speech, the Speaker calls to “order," and, if
persisted in, he names the disorderly members according
to ancient usage ; 8 or puts in force standing order No. 18
or No. 20.

A gross form of interruption, by loud cries of “shame,” has been strongly condemned by the Speaker, who declared

110.J.152. 473; see also motions against hissing, &c., 1604, 1 ib. 243. 935; 11 ib. 66.

: 210 H. D. 3 s. 307. 31 C. J. 483; 2 ib. 135; see anecdotes of Mr. Speaker Onslow

and Sir F. Norton, as to the calling of members by name; 1 Lord Sidmouth's Life, 692; Fox's speech, 23rd April, 1804. The case of Major O'Gorman, 6th August, 1878, 242 H. D. 3 8. 1380. 1438.

the house.

bis intention to take notice of the committal of the Chapter offence.1

XII. Misbe- On the 15th December, 1792, Mr. Whitmore, having dishaviour to members in turbed the debate by a disorderly interruption, was "named”

by the Speaker, and directed by the house to withdraw.
On the 8th June, 1852, “complaint being made by a member
in his place, that Mr. Feargus O'Connor had been guilty of
misbehaviour to him, Mr. Speaker informed Mr. O'Connor
that if he persisted in such conduct, it would be necessary
for him to call the particular attention of the house towards
him, in order that the house might take such steps as would
prevent a repetition of it for the future. Upon which Mr.
O'Connor rose in his place, and addressed the house, without
expressing his regret for what had occurred. Whereupon
Mr. Speaker called upon him by name; and Mr. O'Connor
then apologized to the house for his misconduct.”2 On the
3rd February, 1881, Mr. Dillon, Mr. Parnell, Mr. Finigan,
Mr. O'Kelly, and Mr. O'Donnell, having persisted in repeated
interruptions of Mr. Gladstone, who had been called upon Disorder in

the lobby,
by Mr. Speaker to move a resolution of which he had given see p. 348.
notice, and was in possession of the house, were named and
suspended. On the 2nd September, 1886, whilst a division
was in progress, complaint was made of offensive words
addressed by one member to another. They were heard Breach of

order sitting and covered ; and then the Speaker recommended during a that the division should be completed. After the declaration see

on see p. 357. of the numbers, the Speaker informed the house that, as the words had been uttered in the house, the matter came under his cognizance; and that he was authorized by both the members to tender to the house due expressions of regret and of apology for the occurrence. Again, 4th May, 1887, complaint having been made of insulting words directed against certain members of the house by a member standing below the bar, the Speaker directed the Clerk to take down the words. The Speaker then, having sought

livision

1 310 H. D. 3 s. 166; 12 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 731. 790; 14 ib. 469. 472.

2 48 C. J. 11. 13; 30 Parl. Hist. 113; 107 C. J. 277.

3 136 ib. 55; 258 H. D. 3 s. 68.

• 141 C. J. 347; 308 H. D. 3 s. 1165.

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