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communi, cated to
This analogy between a royal speech, and a message Should be under the sign manual, is supported by several circumstances common to both. A speech is delivered to both both houses, and every message under the sign manual should also be sent, if practicable, to both houses : but when they are accompanied by original papers, they have occasionally been sent to one house only. The more proper and regular course is to deliver them on the same day: but from the casual circumstance of both houses not sitting on the same day, or other accidents, it has frequently happened that messages have been delivered on different days. Another form of communication from the Crown to either Verbal
messages. house of Parliament, is in the nature of a verbal message, delivered, by command, by a minister of the Crown, to the house of which he is a member. This communication is Members used whenever a member of either house is in custody in prisoned. order to be tried by a military court martial.
The other modes of communicating with Parliament are by the royal“ pleasure," "recommendation," or "consent,” being signified. The King's pleasure is signified at the commencement King's
pleasure of each Parliament, by the lord chancellor, that the signified. Commons should elect a Speaker; and when a vacancy in the office of Speaker occurs in the middle of a Parliament, a communication of the same nature is made by a minister, in the house (see p. 157). His Majesty's pleasure is also signified for the attendance of the Commons in the House of Peers ; in regard to the times at which he appoints to be attended with addresses; and concerning matters personally affecting the interests of the royal family. At the end of a session, also, the royal pleasure is signified, by the lord chancellor, that Parliament should be prorogued. Under this head may likewise be included the approbation of the Speaker elect, signified by the lord chancellor. The King's recommendation is signified to the Commons King's re
in commendaby a minister of the Crown, on receiving petitions, on tion.
For procedure upon the
1 2 Hatsell, 366, n.; 66 L. J. 958: 89 C. J. 575; 82 L. J. 368; 105 C. J.
: 86 ib. 460.
consent to bills.
448 KING'S RECOMMENDATION AND CONSENT.
commendagrant is to be made in the committee of supply, or any tion, see p. other committee; or which would have the effect of re
leasing or compounding any sum of money owing to the King's Crown (see p. 561). The King's consent is given, by a privy
councillor, to motions for leave to bring in bills ; 1 or to
bills, see p. be read a third time and passed, the proceedings have 460.
been declared null and void. Amend. In June, 1874, notice having been given of an amendcommittee ment in committee on the Valuation of Property Bill, render
inging Crown property rateable, doubts arose whether, as the the Crown.
consent of the Crown had not been signified, the question
1 106 C. J. 232; 107 ib. 142; 117 ib. 79. In 1853, the Queen's consent and recommendation were signified to the Land Revenues Bill, 108 ib. 625.
· 101 ib. 843; 107 ib. 321; 124 ib. 222.
3 Second reading, 108 ib. 375; 110 ib. 290; third reading, ib. 115, &c.
4 Civil List Bill, 1837, 93 ib. 204.
98 ib. 287; 99 ib. 309; 104 ib. 192; 105 ib. 338; 23 H. D. 1 s. 474. 551.
• 107 C. J. 157.
Chapter Several precedents were found, in the previous century, in
which amendments affecting the interests of the Crown had
Another form of communication, similar in principle to Crown the last, is when the Crown “places its interest at the disposal of Parliament,” which is signified in the same the
posal of manner, by a minister of the Crown. In 1833, the King Parlia
aces its terests at
i Offences against Customs and Excise Laws Bill, 12th May, 1736, 22 C. J. 714; Murder of Captain Porteous Bill, 15th June, 1737, 22 ib. 899; Westminster Bridge Bill, 23rd March, 1740, 23 ib. 693 ; Tenure of Ward-holding (Scotland) Bill, 22nd May, 1747, 25 ib. 392.
2 220 H. D. 3 s. 641.
3 1st & 2nd Rep. 76 ib. 122. 294. 422. 591.
· 121 C. J. 423.
6 Church Temporalities (Ireland)
had referred, in his speech from the throne, to a measure Chapter
XVIII. relating to the church temporalities in Ireland, and before -going into committee upon that subject, his Majesty's recommendation had been signified. Yet objection was taken upon the second reading of the bill, that the King had not formally placed his interests in the Irish bishoprics at the disposal of Parliament ;' and a communication, in proper form, was afterwards made to that effect. In 1868, the Government being unwilling to advise the Queen to place her interest in the temporalities of the bishoprics and benefices in Ireland at the disposal of Parliament, the House of Commons voted an address to her Majesty, praying that such interest should be placed at their disposal. In reply, the Queen desired that her interest should not stand in the way of the consideration of any measure relating to the Irish Church, and the bill for suspending appointments to bishoprics and benefices in Ireland was proceeded with, and passed by the Commons, in opposition to the ministers of the Crown. A similar course was adopted by the Lords,
in 1875, in regard to Irish peerages. 3 Constitu- These several forms of communication are recognized
- as constitutional declarations of the Crown, suggested by these com- the advice of its responsible ministers, by whom they are
announced to Parliament, in compliance with established
tional cha. racter of
: 225 H. D. 3 s. 1210.
1 17 H. D. 3 s. 966. ? 123 C. J. 160. 170.
Chapter Having enumerated all the accustomed forms in which How
: the royal will is made known to Parliament, it may now be ledged.
shown, in the same order, in what manner they are severally
The forms observed on the meeting and prorogation of Addresses
by commission (see p. 173)."
prompt provision, made by that house (see p. 588), is
address. Examples When the house is informed, by command of the Crown, To verbal
messages. communi- of the arrest of a member to be tried by a military court
o martial, it immediately resolves upon an address of thanks p. 117.
to his Majesty, “ for his tender regard to the privileges of
1 109 C. J. 169; 132 H. D. 3 s. 307.
? 82 C. J. 114, &c.; assassination of the Emperor of Russia, 1881, 136 ib. 223; calling out the reserve force, 1882, 137 ib. 399.
: 85 ib. 466 ; 89 ib. 578; 95 ib.
70 ib. 70. An address was also voted in reply to the communication of Lord George Gordon's arrest in 1780, 37 ib. 903.