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Bill passed.

has been customary to consider the bill as amended, and Chapter to read it a third time, immediately."

A bill has been read a third time, and further proceedings upon the question, “ That this bill do pass," have been adjourned to a future day. Such a course is impossible in the House of Commons, as, according to established practice, that question, being practically obsolete, is invariably omitted, though the form is preserved upon the journal ; 8 and thus, according to established usage, a bill, when read the third time, has passed, and consequently the question thereon is not put from the chair. An entry is occasionally made in the journal, at the discretion of the house, that a bill was read the third time and passed,

nemine contradicente.5
Title of In the Lords, the original title of a bill is amended at
amended. any stage at which amendments are admissible, when

alterations in the body of the bill have rendered any change
in the title necessary. In the Commons, in addition to
the opportunities offered by the committee (see p. 491) and
report (see p. 497) stages, amendments may be offered to
the title on the third reading stage of a bill. When
amendments to a bill are material, the short title by which
the bill is distinguished in the votes is also altered.? It may

bill

New Zealand Government Act Duty Bill, 1853, 108 ib. 692; EduAmendment Bill, 7th Aug. 1857, cation (Scotland) Bill, 12th July, 112 C. J. 384; Stamp Duties Bill, 1855, 110 ib. 372; 117 ib. 383. 31st March, 1860, 115 ib. 174; 144 258 H. D. 3 8. 1832; 289 ib. ib. 309. 381; 160 ib. 401.

1583. ? After the third reading of the Mr. Speaker's Retirement Bill, Queen's Degradation Bill in the 1857, was passed nem. con., whereon House of Lords, 10th Nov. 1820, the Speaker addressed his acknowthe further consideration of the bill ledgments to the house, 112 O.J. 110. was put off for six months, 53 L. J. See debate and motion regarding 762.

this entry on the occasion of the 3 Under the former procedure, Representation of the People Bill, the question, “That this bill do 26th and 27th June, 1884, 139 C. J. pass," has been negatived, and de- 321. 324; 289 H. D. 3 s. 1561. bate and divisions have taken place • 104 C. J. 581 ; 105 ib. 338; 117 thereon, 76 C. J. 413; 80 ib. 617; 89ib. 378. ib. 497; Tests Abolition (Oxford) ? 109 ib. 316; 111 ib. 309; 112 ib. Bill, 1864, 119 ib. 388; Reform Bill, 384; 116 ib. 373. 392; 135 ib. 48. 1831, 86 ib. 860; Ecclesiastical Titles 323. Bill, 1851, 106 ib. 335; Succession

not to be

herwise

ommons.

Chapter be as well to recall to mind, in this place, that standing Temporary XIX. dan N ARA _order No. 45 of the Commons directs that the precise dura

s. 0. 45, tion of every temporary law shall be expressed in a distinct Appendix 1. clause at the end of the bill.

By Act 48 Geo. III. c. 106, if a bill be in Parliament for the continuance of any temporary Act, and such Act expires before the royal assent is given to the bill, the Act to be

continued does not lapse in the interval. Alteration Throughout all these stages and proceedings, the bill The bill of bill after :1.

ad itself continues in the custody of the Clerk or other officers altered ing, see p. of the house, and no alteration whatever is permitted to be 468. made in it, without the express authority of the house or amend

ment. a committee, in the form of an amendment regularly put from the chair, and recorded by the clerks at the table or by the chairman in committee.? The next step is to communicate the bill to the other Communi

cated from house. It has been already stated (p. 436) that the Lords Lords to ordinarily send their bills to the Commons by the Clerk Comm of the Parliaments, or a clerk at the table. When the bill has originated in the Lords, " a message is ordered to be sent to the House of Commons to carry down the said bill, and desire their concurrence.” If the bill has been sent up from the Commons, and has been agreed to without amendment, the Lords send a message " to acquaint them that the Lords have agreed to the said bill without any amendment,” but do not return the bill : but if they have made amendments, they return the bill with a message, " that the Lords have agreed to the same with some amendments, to which their lordships desire their concurrence.” The Commons send up their bills to the Lords by their From

Commons
Clerk, or by one of the clerks at the table, who delivers it to Lords.
at the bar, to one of the clerks at the table of that house.
The form of message adopted by the Commons in sending
bills to the upper house is similar, mutatis mutandis, to that
used by the House of Lords. The Lords, by standing order

I See de bate, 3rd June, 1782, as the ingrossment of a bill for regulat-
to alterations alleged to have been ing the pay office, 23 Parl. Hist.
made without authority by Mr. 989; 3 Wraxall's Mem. 431.
Burke, paymaster of the forces, in

No. 38, direct “ that when a bill brought from the House Chapter of Commons shall have remained on the table of this house for twelve sitting days, without any lord giving notice of the second reading thereof, such bill shall not any longer appear among the bills in progress, and shall not be further proceeded with in the same session, except after eight sitting days' notice given by a lord of the second reading thereof; provided that such notice shall not be given after the first day of August.” And in 1873, the Public Worship Facilities Bill, brought from the Commons, having come under the operation of this order, was accordingly removed from the minutes. But on the 20th May, the standing order was suspended in respect of that bill, which was allowed to proceed. Again, in 1870, the Common Law Procedure Bill, having fallen under the operation of this order, was revived on the 26th April, with a slight alteration in the title. In 1886, however, the Lords refused to suspend standing order No. 38 in the case of the Copyhold Enfranchisement Bill.

Every bill received from the Lords, except appropriation bills (see p. 596), when passed, with or without amendments, is returned to them by the Commons, the House of Lords

being the place of custody for bills, prior to the royal assent. Bills sent If a bill or clause be carried to the other house by mistake, by mistake. or if any other error be discovered, a message is sent to have

the bill returned, or the clause expunged, or the error otherwise rectified by the proper officer. In 1844, an amendment made by the Lords, in the Merchant Seamen’s Bill, was omitted from the paper of amendments returned with the bill to the Commons. After all the amendments received by the Commons had been agreed to, they were informed by the Lords that an amendment had been omitted, by mistake, desiring their concurrence : but, at the instance of the

1 118 L. J. 261.

? 1 C. J. 132; 75 ib. 447; 78 ib. 317; 80 ib. 512; 91 ib. 639. 646; 92 ib. 572. 609; Lunatic Asylums Bill, 100 ib. 804 ; Poor Employment (Ireland) Bill, 101 ib. 1277; Cruelty

to Animals Bill, 103 ib. 736; Burial Acts Amendment Bill, 1857, 112 ib. 420; Hereford and Brecon Railway Bill, 1859, 114 ib. 241; 119 ib. 370. 374.

ents.

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Chapter Speaker, the Commons declined to take the amendment into
XIX.

*_ consideration, and the Lords did not insist upon it." Motions By standing order, No. 43, Lords' amendments to public Consideramade with

tion of out notice, bills are appointed to be considered on a future day, unless, Lords”

he amendsee p. 245. according to ordinary usage, the house shall order that the mer

amendments be considered forthwith ;2 though if objection s. O. 43, Procedure on orders be taken, the consideration of the amendments may be de- A! of the day, see p. 260. ferred. Occasionally, also, if the proceeding be required by

the state of public business, the reading of the orders of the
day has been interrupted by the communication of a Lords’
message to the house (see p. 269), and the amendments
to the bill thereby transmitted to the Commons have been
considered forthwith. Amendments more than verbal are,
if it be desirable, ordered to be printed and circulated with
the notice paper; and an order has been made that the bill,
as amended by the Lords, be printed. When the order of
the day is read for considering Lords' amendments to a bill,
a question is put, “That the Lords' amendments be now
taken into consideration;" but it is not permissible to dis-
cuss thereon the provisions of the bill. An amendment
may be moved, to leave out “now," and add “this day
three months,” or to leave out “now taken into considera-
tion,” and add "laid aside: "6 but generally the house
proceeds to the consideration of the amendments, which,
after being read a second time, are severally agreed to, or
otherwise disposed of. The order for the consideration of
Lords' amendments has also been read and postponed.
And during the consideration of such amendments certain
amendments have been read and postponed, and subse-
quent amendments taken into consideration.? Where the
Lords have added a clause, leaving a blank for a penalty,
the house has gone into committee on the clause, and

i 99 C. J. 637. 638. 644; 76 H. D. 3 s. 1994.

? 110 C. J. 458. 464, &c.; 135 H. D. 3 s. 1411; 225 ib. 650. 38th June, 1891, 146 C. J. 340.

111 ib. 312. 324; 131 ib. 365. 5 28 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 1489 ; 87 ib.

113 C. J. 349; 97 ib. 278; 99 ib. 572; 108 ib. 393.

i 90 ib. 624; Irish Land Law Bill, 12th Aug. 1887, 319 H. D. 3 8. 263-304; 142 C. J. 456; see also Tithe, &c., Bill, 19th March, 1891, 351 H. D. 3 s. 1470.

rocedure

293.

ments

to or amended.

filled up the blank. When the question for agreeing to Chapter
an amendment is before the house, an amendment to insert
"not" is inadmissible, as that question may be voted Pr

on amend-
against, and negatived, when put from the chair. In ments, see
debate on a Lords' amendment no reply or second speech
is permitted on the motion that the house do agree or
disagree thereto: 8 debate also must be confined to the
amendment, and may not extend to the general merits of

the bill.4
Amend. If one house agree to a bill passed by the other, without
agreed any amendment, no further discussion or question can arise

upon it; but the bill is ready to be put into the commission,
for receiving the royal assent. If a bill be returned from
one house to another with amendments, these amendments Agreement
must either be agreed to by the house which had first passed

Sseu ments in the bill, or the other house must waive their amendments : sisted upon

by the other otherwise the bill will be lost. Sometimes one house agrees house, see to the amendments, with amendments, to which the other vil.eu house agrees. Occasionally, this interchange of amendments is carried even further, and one house agrees to amendments with amendments, to which the other house

agrees with amendments; to which, also, the first house in Consequen- its turn agrees. In some cases the Lords have left out tial amendo

clauses or words, to which amendments the Commons have
disagreed: but on restoring such clauses or words have, at
the same time, proposed to amend them.' A Lords' amend-
ment has been divided, and a separate question put upon
each part of it. Sometimes one house does not insist upon

amend.

ments.

1 123 C. J. 345; 125 ib. 398; 126 ib. 420.

3 12th Aug. 1876, 231 H. D. 3 s.
1176.

3 197 ib. 1949.
4 241 ib. 846. 1059.

5 90 C. J. 624. 626. 629. The title
of a bill has been amended, to make
it conform to the Lords' amend.
ments, 109 ib. 486.

6 111 ib. 373; 112 ib. 416; 118 ib. 381. 412; 125 ib. 384 ; 127 ib. 158. 413; 128 ib. 128. 357; 138 ib. 478. 486. For examples of an inter

change of amendments between the two houses, see the proceedings on the Land Law (Ireland) Bill, 1881, and the Arrears of Rent (Ireland) Bill, 1882.

* Municipal Corporations (Ireland) Bill, 4th Aug. 1838, 93 ib. 824-826; 118 ib. 326. 365; 125 ib. 346; 127 ib. 305. 343; 128 ib. 346. 356; 136 ib. 461.

8 Irish Church Bill, 1869, 124 ib. 332; Local Government (England and Wales) Bill, 1893-4, 148 ib. 672.

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