« 이전계속 »
Appropriation Act having been passed. On the occasion Chapter
account, as in the case of the army and navy departments,
exceeded the requirements of the current financial year, required.
statements were presented, by command, showing the
Supplementary grants.—A supplementary estimate may
556, inci by statute, or to meet the cost created by an unexpected dental emergency, such as an immediate addition to an existing charges. service, or the purchase of land, or of a work of art. Supplementary estimates for the army and navy services Debate on a were presented during the session of 1884-5, to meet m increased expenditure caused by operations in Egypt and gram South Africa, and to provide for an increase of the ranks of the army. This method of placing before Parliament
tary int, see
"On the advice of Mr. Pitt in 1784, and of Lord Grey in 1831. The Commons, in 1784, resolved that the persons who acted on supply grants, unsanctioned by an Appro. priation Act, would be guilty of a
high crime and misdemeanour, 39
: 69 C. J. 18. 449; 111 ib. 172.
140 ib. 26. 27. 92.
Chapter the demand for a supply created by that occasion, was
because a fairly definite estimate could be formed of the
mental anservice is not infrequently caused by the system in force to ticipation ensure the control of Parliament over public expenditure.
Excess grants.-An estimate for an excess grant arises
1 285 H. D. 3 s. 672. 873. The same course was adopted in connection with the South African War (1899), 154 C.J.435; 155 ib. 47.50, &c.
? In consequence of the difficulty experienced in getting the supple. mentary estimates voted in session 1901 a revised estimate stating in one sum the supplementary amount still required for civil services for the year ending 31st March, 1901, was presented, following the form used in the case of the army and navy supplementary estimates and the vote on account. This change in the form of the supplementary
estimates for civil services was discussed on a motion for the adjournment of the house, 156 C. J. 82. See also the Speaker's remarks, 91 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 261. 1161. The civil services supplementary estimates were presented in this form in the following session, when the matter was again discussed on a motion for the adjournment of the house. The estimate was withdrawn and an estimate in ordinary form of the separate supplementary sums required for the various civil services was presented, 157 C. J. 42. 55. 57; 102 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 876, et seq., 1001.
excesses, the Commons resolved, 30th March, 1849, that Chapter
privilege, which has been explained (see p. 548), these
Demands for excess grants, having been first brought
Grant of a vote of credit.—Unexpected demands upon the resources of the United Kingdom for the defence of the empire, or for a warlike expedition, which, on account of See also
supplementhe magnitude or indefiniteness of the service, cannot be tary grants,
1 104 O. J. 190.
On two occasions, in order to give facilities for further discussion, excess votes have not been taken
until a late date in the session, 104
Chapter stated with the detail given in an ordinary estimate, are
laid before Parliament by an application, based on an Part I.
estimate of the total sum required, for a vote of credit. tion of the Sums obtained upon a vote of credit are, like other grants Consoli. dated Fund, of supply, available solely during the financial year when see p. 592. the vote was made. Committees Exceptional grants.—An exceptional grant may be re. Escep
Ohio tional tional ex- quired to meet the cost of an imperial undertaking which char
reforms no part of the current service of the year, such as the see p. 630.
20,000,0001. granted to facilitate the abolition of slavery
shares. Demands also for pecuniary aid are made by a Reception message from the sovereign, bearing the sign manual; the Messages of royal
from the sages, object of these messages being usually to obtain a grant for Crown. P. 445.
the maintenance of the dignity and well-being of the Crown,4
estimate, according to the nature of the demand. A grant Committee based upon an exceptional demand, or a royal message, may on a message, ques- be voted either by the committee of the whole house that
is appointed to consider the matter, or wholly or partially chair, see by the committee of supply. For instance, the grant for p. 380.
| 1856, 111 C. J. 269; 1884, 140 ib. 105 ib. 539; Princess Royal, 1857, 173, &c. The practice of demanding 112 ib. 153; Prince of Wales, 1863, a vote of credit by a message from resolutions agreed to nem. con., 118 the Crown, has, since 1854, 109 ib. ib. 69; Prince Albert Edward, 1889, 432, been discontinued.
144 ib. 290, &c. ? 285 H. D. 3 s. 875.
s Sir H. Havelock, 1857, 113 ib. • West India Relief, 1832, 87 C. 9; Sir Rowland Hill, 1864, 119 ib. J. 452; Slavery, 20,000,0001. grant, 293; widow of Earl of Elgin, 1864, 1833, 88 ib. 482; Sardinia and 119 ib. 293; Lords Alcester and Turkish Loans, 1855 and 1856, 110 Wolseley, 1883, 138 ib. 146. 217; ib. 142. 406; 111 ib. 273; Fortifica Lord Kitchener, 1899 and 1902, 154 tions and Works, 1860, 1862, 1863, ib. 230; 157 ib. 261 ; Lord Roberts, and 1867, 115 ib. 403. 441, &c. 1901, 156 ib. 352.
• 43 L. J. 566 ; 86 C. J. 719; 156 6 112 ib. 153 ; 121 ib. 99; 144 ib. ib. 60; Duke of Cambridge, 1850, 355.
the emancipation of the negro was voted in a committee ;1 Chapter
XXII. the grant for the purchase of the Suez Canal shares was voted in committee of supply; 2 and in the case of the
Part I. demands occasioned by the marriage of the Princess Royal, 1857, the marriage portion, paid out of the revenues of the year, was voted upon estimates by the committee of supply, whilst the annuity granted to the princess was charged upon the Consolidated Fund by a resolution originating in a committee of the whole house, a practice which has been followed on similar occasions.
The grants voted in the committee of supply are dealt with by the Appropriation Act, and the grants voted in a special committee, by a bill brought in for that
purpose (see p. 592).
Incidental charges necessary to carry on the public service,
ompuneve plementary of novel duties upon the executive government by the grants.
legislation of the session. Messages, Messages from the sovereign also are sent to inform Parliament militia and
Parliament, when an emergency occasions the calling more sun
1 88 C. J. 383.
3 112 ib. 170. 175. For earlier
* 1815, 70 ib. 399; 1854, 109 ib. 242; 1878, 133 ib. 156; 1882, 137 ib. 399; 1885, 140 ib. 51. 124; 1899, 154 ib. 432; 30 & 31 Vict. cc. 110, 111, ss. 10. 8; 45 & 46 Vict. c. 48, s. 12; 45 & 46 Vict. c. 49, s. 18.