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the treasury makes the issues to meet those grants out Chapter
XXII. of the Consolidated Fund. Grants of The drafts upon the Consolidated Fund authorized by Part III. supply, and ways and the resolutions of the committee of ways and means must means, to
od not exceed the amount of supply which has previously been
granted for the service of the year; and it is the duty of
can, by reduction, be brought into conformity with the The royal grants made by the committee of supply. The royal order,
which is the final authority for the issue of a supply grant,
appropriated by Parliament to the service of the year.
appointed to consider an exceptional occasion for expen-
Fund pursuant to statutory authority.
of the sessional Consolidated Fund and Appropriation Acts,
i The vote of resolutions by the committees of ways and means, and of supply, to authorize and to meet the issue of exchequer bills to defray the temporary requirements of the executive government, used to form one of the functions of these com mittees. Resort to this procedure is now obviated by the insertion of clauses in the sessional Consoli. dated Fund Acts, which authorize the Bank of England, on application from the treasury to advance the sums required for the public service,
in respect of any services voted during the same session to the amount covered by the Act. Since 1902 the Acts have also empowered the Treasury to borrow for this purpose by the issue of Treasury Bills, 2 Edw. VII. c. 30, s. 2.
? The Speaker superintends the procedure of the house,-a responsi. bility which justifies to a certain extent a statement, otherwise unfounded, that the duty thus discharged by the Public Bill Office devolves upon the Speaker himself.
Chapter are available for the supply of any service belonging to
$11._ the financial year to which those Acts apply : but the
Nor are the drafts made to meet the supply voted in one
Besides the drafts made upon the Consolidated Fund to Permanent
Appropriation of the grants for the annual services.— The Grants on sums of money granted, in advance, by the committee of “co supply for the service of the year, are issued, as has been
explained, during the first six months of every session, Sessional under the authority of the Consolidated Fund Acts (see p. close of financial 557), because the Appropriation Bill, which gives complete
3. legal sanction to those issues, cannot be introduced until
the financial arrangements of the year are concluded.? Accordingly, when all the supply grants necessary for the The Appro
u priation service of the year have been voted, the resolution finally act. Ways and proposed in the committee of ways and means is for a grant
See out of the Consolidated Fund, which provides the balance
of ways and means required to cover the supply grants
Public Moneys Report, Parl. Paper
57 H. D. 3 s. 458.
that resolution, the Appropriation Bill is brought in, which Chapter
XXII. authorizes the issue of the remaining sums necessary for the
Part II. service of the year out of the Consolidated Fund. The bill also enacts that each grant voted during the session shall be expended upon the service to which it is thereby appropriated, according to the terms prescribed by the resolutions voted in the committee of supply; and the bill also ratifies the application of the surpluses upon the army and navy grants, which is described upon p. 549.
When, during the course of a session, an increase in the ranks of the army above the number specified in the annual estimates has been obtained under a vote of credit or otherwise 2 (see pp. 552, 554), it was formerly necessary to include among the provisions of the year's Appropriation Act a statement of the number of that additional force : but this statement is no longer required, as permanent provision is made to meet such additions to the army by sect. 2 of the
Army Annual Acts.
to the bill, and must be confined to the conduct or action
1 110 O. J. 443; 145 ib. 579. Owing to their formal character, the Consolidated Fund and the Appropriation Bills are not printed for general circulation, but copies can be obtained on application; see also p. 468.
2 140 C. J. 161. 180. 320.
3 Compare Appropriation Acts, 1870 and 1882, with the Act of 1885.
+ 143 H. D. 3 s. 558. 641; 12th April, 1859 (Admiralty Board), 153 ib. 1626 ; 23rd July, 1863 (Foreign Relations); 26th June, 1865 (Irish Constabulary); 14th Aug. 1867 (Turkey and Greece); 5th Aug. 1870 (Fortifications, and State of the Navy); 8th Aug. 1872 (Kew Gardens); 11th Aug. 1876 (Outrages
in Bulgaria); 15th Aug. 1882, on
Chapter legislation cannot be discussed. As an illustration of this
_.rule, it may be mentioned that discussion has been perPart III.
mitted on the state of Europe, so far as it depended on the
priation debate and amendments in the committee on the Appro- Bill com
mittee priation Bill. No grant of supply is effected by the bill ; p its provisions are solely administrative; the sole object of the bill is to ensure the application of the grants made by Parliament to the objects defined by the resolutions of the committee of supply. Accordingly, debate or amendment must be restricted to the matter of appropriation; and the conduct of the officials or of the departments who receive the supply grants cannot be challenged in the committee on the bill. Nor can amendments be moved to its clauses, or to the schedule, to effect the omission or reduction of the amount of a grant,5 or of the appropriations
in aid of it, or an alteration in the destination of a grant.? Procedure Nor are the enacting words of the bill open to amendment.8 on bills, see P. 485.
1 99 Parl, Deb. 4 s. 1092; 140 ib. Deb. 4 s. 881. 531 ; 143 ib. 1243; 151 ib. 691.
5 292 H. D. 3 s. 588; 332 ib. 977. · 176 H. D. 3 s. 1859 ; 180 ib. 836; 980-983.985 ; 29 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 410. 231 ib. 1119. 1160; 256 ib. 472. 1232; 415. 265 ib. 736, 768; 321 ib. 536; 29 Parl. 140 Parl, Deb. 4 s. 484. Deb, 4 s. 408 ; 35 ib. 296; 140 ib. 527. i 256 H, D. 3 s. 1240. 3 127 Parl. Deb. 4. s. 869.
$ 332 H. D. 3 s. 993. 1010; 339 ib. 4 340 H. D. 3 s. 609; 148 Parl. 219; 80 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 1364.
Royal as- A Consolidated Fund or an Appropriation Bill that has Chapter sent to the word
e passed both houses 1 is returned into the custody of the ation Bill. Commons; and when that house is summoned to the Part
Form of House of Lords, to attend the sovereign or the lords royal as
at the sent, see p. commissioners, the bill is handed by the Speaker, at the si bar of the House of Lords, to the Clerk of the Parliaments, to receive the royal assent. The passing of the Appropriation Bill takes place, ordinarily, but not necessarily, on the day appointed for the prorogation of
Parliament; as on several occasions, when special circumAdjourn. stances have demanded an adjournment, instead of a ments after passing of prorogation, the royal assent has nevertheless been given Prolonyed Appropria- to the Appropriation Act; and on the meeting of Parlia- ments, see
ment, after the adjournment, the outstanding business has P. 46.
í Appropriation bills, in common with bills brought in upon royal recommendation, are, by usage (see p. 501), not passed through more than one stage at each sitting of the House of Commons.
2 On the 12th Oct. 1799, the Appropriation Act received the royal assent, when both houses adjourned till the 21st Jan. 1800. On the 24th July, 1820, the Appropriation Act received the royal assent; and on the 26th, the Commons adjourned and continued adjournments, and the transaction of business, until 23rd Nov. On the 17th Aug. 1882, the Appropriation Act received the royal assent; and on the following day both houses adjourned until 23rd Oct. On the reassembling of Parlia ment, the regularity of the adjourn
ment was challenged in the Com. mons, on the ground that, the Appropriation Act having been passed, no further business could be proceeded with. But the adjournment was approved by a large majority, 137 C. J. 489; 274 H. D. 3 s. 3. On the 22nd September, 1893, the Appropriation Act received the royal assent and the Commons adjourned till the 2nd November, when the house reassembled and continued the transaction of business till the 5th March 1894, 148 C. J. 576. In 1902 the royal assent having been given to the Appropriation Bill on the 8th August, both houses adjourned till the 16th October, and then sat until the 18th December, 157 C. J. 432.