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Chapter etc., bill, by the general committee-to the Committee s. 0. 109.
XXVII.

on Unopposed Bills, which consists of five members, viz."
the chairman of ways and means (who when present is
ex officio chairman), the deputy chairman, two members-
who are selected from time to time, by the chairman of
ways and means, from a panel appointed by the com-
mittee of selection at the commencement of every session-
and the counsel to Mr. Speaker.1
The committee of selection may not consider any bill as an What bills

the com opposed bill unless—within the time appointed, by standing mittee of

selection order No. 128, for the presenting of petitions against bills— regard als a petition has been presented against it, in which the opposed.

S. O. 107, petitioners pray to be heard by themselves, their counsel, 128. 83. or agents; or unless the chairman of ways and means reports to the house that any unopposed private bill ought to be treated as opposed (infra, p. 753). Each member of a committee on an opposed private bill, Members

of conor group of such bills, before he is entitled to attend and mittees on vote, is required to sign a declaration “that his con- bilis stituents have no local interest, and that he has no per

sign declasonal interest” in the bill; "and that he will never vote s. 0. 117. on any question which may arise without having duly heard and attended to the evidence relating thereto." In the case of an unopposed private bill, no member of the and on un

opposed committee on the bill who is locally or otherwise interested bills not to

h : vote when may vote on any question that may arise, although he is locall entitled to attend and take part in the committee's interested.

S. 0. 138. proceedings. Under standing order No. 110, the committee of selec- Notice to

be given to tion is required to give each member

members

to serve on “Not less than seven days' notice, by publication in the votes or committee. otherwise, of the week in which it will be necessary for him to be in S. 0. 110.

1 The quorum of this committee personally interested, may act as is three.

chairman of the committee. In the absence of the chair- ? Cf. supra, p. 378. man of ways and means, or in See also p. 789, for the proceedcase he is locally or personally ings of the committee on uninterested in the bill, the deputy opposed bills. And for unopposed chairman, or the next member in bills in the Lords, see pp. 849-850. rotation, who is not so locally or

111.

attendance for the purpose of serving, if required, as a member, not Chapter locally or otherwise interested, of a committee on a private bill." XXVII.

And by standing order No. 111

“The committee of selection shall give to each member sufficient notice of his appointment as a member of a committee on any private bill, or group of such bills, and, in every case where a declaration is required to be signed and returned by such member, shall transmit to him a blank form of the declaration required, with a request that it may furthwith be returned properly filled up and signed.”

Members If a member neglect to return the declaration in due
returning 1:
no answer. time, or do not send a sufficient excuse, the committee of
S. 0. 113. selection will report his name to the house, and he will be

ordered to attend the committee on the bill; 1 or to attend
the house in his place, where, on offering sufficient apology

for his neglect, he will be ordered to attend the committee.?
Members If the committee of selection be dissatisfied with his
refusing to
attend.

excuse, they will require him to serve upon a committee;
when his attendance will become obligatory, and if neces-
sary will be enforced by the house. On the 5th May,
1845, a member did not attend a committee, to which he
had been nominated, on a group of railway bills, and his
absence was accordingly reported to the house in the pre-
scribed manner. He stated to the house that a corre-
spondence had taken place between the committee of
selection and himself, in which he had informed them
that he was already serving on two public committees,
and that his serving on the railway group committee was

incompatible with those duties. But the house ordered Case of Mr. him to attend the railway committee. In 1846 the com

mittee of selection, not being satisfied with the excuses of
Mr. Smith O'Brien, nominated him a member of a com-
mittee on a group of railway bills in the usual manner.
He did not attend the committee; his absence was accord-
ingly reported to the house; and he was ordered to attend

· 103 C. J. 590. 627; 115 ib. 138 ; standing order (No. 122) under 117 ib. 91 ; 120 ib. 369 (in this case which a report must be made to no order was made).

the house of the absence of mem2 115 C. J. 94, 99. 106.

bers of committees. .: See infra, p. 756, as to the 100 C. J. 399; 80 H. D. 3 s. 166.

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terval between

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First

Chapter the committee on the following day. Being again absent,
XXVII.

his absence was again reported; he attended in his place
in the house and stated that he refused to attend the com-
mittee; upon which he was declared guilty of a contempt,
and was committed to the custody of the Serjeant-at-arms.

The committee of selection have the power of discharging
any member or members of a committee, and substituting bay

tortin One memother members. On the 4th May, 1869, two members tuted for

another. were added by the house to the committee on a group of s. 0. 113. private bills, but without the power of voting.2

An interval of six dayş is required to elapse between the second reading of erery private bill and the first sitting of second

reading of the committee, except in the case of name bills, naturaliza- private bill tion bills, and estate bills (not relating to the Crown, church commit or corporation property, &c.), when there are to be three s. 0. 211. clear days between the second reading and the committee. Subject to this general order, the committee of selection, sitting of or, in the case of railway and canal bills, the general com.co

como fised. mittee-fix the time for holding the first sitting of the s. 0. 105. committee on every private bill.

Cases of In all these matters the committee of selection ordinarily departure proceed in compliance with the standing orders; but where from

Mere ordinary any departure from the standing orders, or the usual procedure

in commit. practice of the committee, is deemed advisable, or where, ment of for any other reason, a particular mode of dealing with Dilicat any bills is desired by the house, special orders have been made, or special directions to the committee of selection have been given. For example, the house has directed the committee of selection to refer two or more bills to the same committee, or to form all the bills of a certain class into one group ; 4 to refer a bill to another committee ; 5 to remove a bill from a group, and refer it to a separate

1 101 C. J. 566. 582. 603 ; special to attend, see 155 C.J. 297. 305; 157 Rep. of committee of selection, ib. 382; 158 ib. 197; 160 ib. 67. 24th April, 1846 ; 85 H. D. 3 s. 1071. ? 124 C. J. 177. Cf. also supra, p. 1152. 1292. 1300. 1351; and 86 ib. 404. 966, 1198.

100 C. J. 95. 224 ; 101 ib. 460 For recent cases in which mem- 106 ib. 280; 124 ib. 48. 63. bers, reported absent from a private - 104 C. J. 248. bill committee, have been ordered - 100 C. J. 607.

VI.

committee ; 1 to withdraw a bill from one group and place it Chapter
in another; to refer private bills to a group of railway bills ; ? _
or to refer a bill to the chairman of the committee on stand-
ing orders, and two other members. Directions have also
been given to appoint the first meeting of committees on
an earlier day,* or forthwith ; 5 or not to fix the sitting of
committees upon certain classes of bills until a later
period ; 6 or otherwise dealing with the first meeting of
committees. In 1855 the Westminster Land Company
Bill was added to a group of private bills directly, by
order of the house, without the intervention of the com-
mittee of selection; and an instruction was given to the

committee on the bill to sit and proceed forthwith.8 Some-
Private times private bills affecting the metropolis orother important
bills re-
ferred by localities, or dealing with a subject which, in the opinion
house to of the house, is of special interest, have been referred—either
ally consti- with, or without, an instruction—to a select committee
tuted com-
mittees. nominated (like the committee on a hybrid billy) partly by

the house and partly by the committee of selection, or
otherwise exceptionally constituted. Thus, in 1871, several
private bills promoted by the Metropolitan Board of Works
were committed to a select committee of ten members, five
to be nominated by the house, and five by the committee of
selection.10 In 1878 an order was made referring every
opposed tramway bill, of that session, which authorized
the use of mechanical power, to a select committee of nine
members, five of whom were nominated by the house and
four by the committee of selection. 11 In 1896 a select
committee was appointed of nine members (four nominated

1 105 C. J. 351.

2 Thames Embankment Bill, and Thames Embankment (Chelsea) Bill, 1868.

Transferences such as those mentioned are now more generally carried out by the committee of selection without directions from

withont directions from the house.

3 Rock Life Assurance Company Bill, 1869, 124 C. J. 137.

+ 120 C. J. 405; 121 ib. 490; 122

ib. 427.

S 103 C. J. 700; 105 ib. 513; 107 ib. 300.

• 105 C. J. 72. 84; 106 ib. 67.

; 109 C. J. 406; 111 ib. 256; 113 ib. 119. 254. 303.

8 110 C. J. 279.
9 Cf. supra, p. 469.

10 126 C. J. 59. 65; and cf. 122 C. J. 65.

11 133 C. J. 52,

Chapter Oy

by the house and five by the committee of selection) to XXVII, whom all bills promoted by the London water companies

were committed. And other private bills have been referred to select committees of eleven members, six to be nominated by the house, and five by the committee of selection; 2 or of nine members of whom five or four were nominated by the house, and four or five by the committee of selection ; 8 or of seven members, all nominated by the committee of selection. In 1882 a private bill was committed to the select committee on a public bill ; 5 and several private bills for electric lighting were referred to the select committee, consisting of fifteen members (nine nominated by the house and six by the committee of selection), upon a public (Electric Lighting) bill. In the session of 1882 all private bills promoted by local authorities and relating to Police or Sanitary regulations were for the first time referred, by an order of the house, to a select committee specially constituted for their consideration by the

1 151 C. J. 116. 117.

? London Streets and Buildings Bill, 1894 ; 149 C. J. 56.

3 Manchester Corporation Water Bill, 1878 (133 C. J. 62); Liverpool Corporation Water Bill, 1880, (135 ib. 175); London Improve ments and London County Council (General Powers) Bills, 1893 (148 ib. 233. 84); London Water (Transfer) Bills, 1895 (150 ib. 53. 57. 163); Bel. fast Corporation Bill, 1896 (151 ib. 80); Fishguard and Rosslare Rail ways, &c., Bill, 1898 (153 ib. 172); Great Southern and Western, and other Irish Railways, Bills, 1899 (154 ib. 89); and South Eastern and Lon. don, Chatham and Dover Railway Companies Bill, 1899 (154 ib. 96).

In other cases a motion has been made to commit a private bill to a committee constituted in a similar manner, but has been negatived (127 C. J. 75; 128 ib. 73; &c.). Unless the question for committing & private bill to such an excep. tionally constituted committee is put and agreed to, the bill stands referred to the committee of selec

tion, or the General Committee, in the ordinary way.

In 1868 all bills relating to gas companies in the metropolis were referred to a select committee of five members, whom the committee of selection were afterwards ordered to nominate; and a hybrid bill, the Metropolis Gas Bill, was recommitted to this committee (123 C. J. 66. 74. 126). In 1867 the Gas Light and Coke, and the Imperial Gas, Companies' Bills were committed to & specially constituted committee to whom the Metropolitan Gas (a public) Bill had been recommitted (122 C. J. 205. 207. 209) ; and again, in 1875, certain gas bills were referred to the select committee (nominated partly by the house and partly by the committee of selection) on the Metropolis Gas Companies (hybrid) Bill (130 C. J. 216).

- 155 C. J. 101.

5 London Parochial Charities (private) Bill and Parochial Chari. ties (London) (a public) Bill, 1882, 137 C. J. 55. 56. 89.

6 137 C. J. 142. 165.

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