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Chairman of Committees of the Chairmen of Standing Committees
604. See also Chairman of Ways and from, to Speaker, 397; casting vote of,
Means and Private Business.
Deputy chairman, appointment, 604; | Challenges and Quarrels; by or to
acts as deputy Speaker, 197 ; takes members, prevented or punished, 79.336.
chair at Speaker's request, ib.
Chamber of Agriculture; locus standi
Temporary chairmen, 381, 604; of, in Lords, 819. ·
closure not enforceable under temporary Chancery Fee Funds; not public
money under the standing orders, 601.
Chairman of Ways and Means, and Chaplain (Mr. Speaker's); prayers
Private Business; his general super read by, 159 ; instances of his absence,
vision of all private bills, 688. 707-8. ib. n.; reference to the origin of the
754; duties in dividing bills between office, ib. n.
houses before introduction, 705. 708-9; Charges upon the People. See Crown ;
bills laid before him and examined Public Charges; Supply, &c.
(before introduction), 707; (as sub Charities; charities, orders, schemes, &c.,
mitted to committee), 708. 753-4; laid before Parliament, 543.
(as amended by committee), 833; Provisional schemes relating to, made
duties on proposed amendments on con by Charity Commission, 883; and pro-
sideration of bill, 833-4; and Lords' cedure on confirming bill, ib.
amendments, 836; reports special cir Bills relating to, in Lords, 815.
cumstances regarding a bill, 753; reports Charles I.; prosecuted Sir J. Eliot, &c.,
that unopposed bill should be treated 99; noticed debates in the Lords, 329.
as opposed, 753. 790; duties on un Charles II. ; on restoration of, Parlia-
opposed bills, 688. 789; as chairman of ment met on its own authority, 39;
committee on unopposed bills, 747.789. dissolved Parliament in person, 48;
790. 807. 826, n.; other duties (Court noticed disorders of the Lords, 444, n.
of Referees), 761; (reports regarding Charlton, Mr. Lechmere ; case of, 120.
witnesses), 825, n.; (Government con Chedder's Case; referred to, 104.
tract bills), 727; (parliamentary agents) Chiltern Hundreds; grant of the
stewardship to members, 642; refused,
Duties, in conjunction with the Lords' 613; no writ thereon during recess,
chairman of committees, under the ib.; granted to unsworn members, 615.
Private Legislation Procedure (Scotland) Church of England; Crown the head
Act, 898, et seq.; in the framing of the of, 5; acceptance by the Crown of bills
“general orders,” 896; in dispensing relating to, 449.
with the general orders, 900; in con- Cinque Ports ; terms abolished in writs,
sidering and reporting on orders applied 14, n.: lord wardenship of, racates
for under the Act, 898; in the appoint seat, 641.
ment of commissioners, 901 ; and in Cities and Boroughs; elective fran-
making recommendations regarding pro chise of, 25.
posed orders, 902. 903, 901. See also Citizens and Burgesses; position of,
Private Legislation Procedure (Scot in the legislature, 21; their wages, 22;
property qualification of abolished, 28;
Chairman of Private Bill Commit the titles, &c., abolished in writs, &c.,
tees (Commons); appointment of, 14, n.
746-7; absence of, 757 ; casting vote, City of London; bills relating to, 675.
791. 829; special duties of, in reporting Civil List Bills; form of royal assent
bill, 823. 821.
Chairmen of Select Committees : Civil Power; assistance of, in support
Lords.- Vote like other peers, 403; of parliamentary authority, 66.
sign orders for witnesses' expenses, 434. Civil Service Departments; estimates,
Commons.-Witnesses summoned by, &c., 547; grants on account for, 519,
406. 425. 426; sign orders for their ex debate on grants for, 620.
penses, 434; casting vote of, 411; the Clauses; procedure on, in committtee,
votes of chairmen of private and hybrid 484; on new clauses and schedules,
bill committees, 411. -
489 ; money clauses, 560; clauses added
Chairmen of Standing Committees; on report, 495; clauses involving local
(Commons), duties of, 396; power of, taxation, 599; bills recommitted for
to shorten discussion, ib.; no appeal addition of, 497 ; closure on clauses, 220.
| Clerk of the Parliaments-continued.
(Private bills) clauses inserted by the Lords, 424; certifies their expenses,
Commons' committee, 753-5. 790; on 434; bears messages to Commons, 437.
railway and other bills, 793, 797, et seq.; 503; reads messages from the Crown,
clauses considered in committee, 814, 446 ; indorses bills, 509; and Acts, 515;
et seq.; clauses proposed on consideration his duties regarding the royal assent, 513.
of bill as amended (Commons), 833-5; regarding taxation of costs (private
laid before chairman of ways and means, bills), 914. 915.
ib.; where referred to committee on Clerk of the Parliaments Office;
standing orders, ib. ; notice of, in votes, deposit at, of private bills, 693. 840.
' ib., 713; consideration of, postponed 855; of memorials relating to private
(in Cominons), 730. 835.
bills, 841; of certificates of compliance
Clauses Consolidation Acts; incor with standing orders, 840. 855, n.; of
poration of, in private bills, 694.
orders under the Private Legislation
Clergy; of the Church of England, and Procedure (Scotland) Act, 897. 90+.
Rome, not capable of election, 31; dis- | Clerks Assistant (Commons); ap-
ability ceases when office of priest is pointment of, and duties, 200; second
relinquished, ib.; formerly taxed them clerk assistant, ib.; carry messages to
House of Lords, 437. 503; clerk assist-
Clerk of the Crown; delivers return ant officiates in committees of the whole
book to the Clerk of the House of Com house, 393; indorses bills in absence of
mons, 150; certifies the election of Clerk, 509, n.; duty of, on the ballot
representative peers of Scotland, 152; for notices, 241; (Lords), duties of,
and of Ireland, 153; his certificate of 199; reading clerk, ib.; appointment
return of member, 169. 171; if no re of, ib. n.; bear messages to Commons,
turn be made, attends to explain, 640; 437.
ordered to attend and amend returns, Clerks, &c., of the House; evidence of,
171. 639. 658.
Warrants directed to him, to issue Closed Doors; breaches of privilege for-
new writs, 632. 636. 638; examined re- | merly inquired into with, 88; select and
garding error in delivery thereof, 638; secret committees, deliberate with, 410;
when directed to Clerk of the Crown private bill committee, 806.
and Hanaper in Ireland, 638; copy of Closure; procedure thereon, 217; form
Speaker's appointment of members to of, 218; claim thereunder, ib.; neces-
issue writs, deposited with, 638.
sary majority for, 218; failure of motion
Duties of, on royal assent being given through insufficient majority, ib. n.;
to bills, 513.
closure upon the words of a clause, 220;
Clerk of the House of Commons; closure at moment of interruption, 224;
his appointment and duties, 200; his questions claimed under previous closure
duties on election of Speaker, 154; and motion, 225; reflections on vote of, out
on retirement of Speaker, 156 ; formerly of order, 326; questions to ministers, re-
read prayers in Speakers' absence, 159, specting, out of order, 248, n.; cannot be
N.; records absentees from call of house, enforced under temporary chairman,
181; takes down words, 337; reads 381 ; or under deputy chairman without
orders of the day, 260; reports of com announcement of absence of chairman
mittees of the whole house, 391; titles of ways and means, 381; or in a stand-
of bills, 467; and petitions, 532; signs ing committee, 396; analogous motions,
the summons to witnesses before the 219, n.
house, 424; and orders for their ex Cochrane, Lord; privilege not ex-
penses, 434; sanctions production of tended to, on criminal commitment of,
documents, 432; bears messages to 116.
House of Lords, 437. 503; indorses Coke, Sir Edward; his opinions; on
bills, 509; has custody of Speaker's the separation of the two houses ; 20;
appointment of members to issue writs, on minors being members, 29; on
authority and privileges of Parliament,
Clerk of the Parliaments; records 38. 133; on the law of Parliament, 62;
names of lords attending the house, on freedom of speech, 98; moved that a
179; his duties, 198; authenticates bill be torn in the house, 475.
extracts from journals, 202; receives Colonies; legislation regarding, 37;
money bills from the Speaker, 513.596 ; governorship of, vacates seat in the
signs the summons to witnesses before house, 641.
Commencement of Public Business ; | Committees of the whole House –
time of, 255. See also Business of the continued.
When Speaker leaves the chair forth-
Commission; for opening Parliament, with, 380 ; exceptions to this rule, ib.;
42. 149. 171; for prorogations and when instructions are moved, ib.; matters
further prorogations, discontinued, 43; committed, 383; royal message read,
for King's approval of Speaker in 384.
certain cases, 150, n.; a commission Order of debate therein, 385; closure
makes a house, 232; for giving royal in committee, 217; powers of the chair-
assent to bills, 511; to investigate man, 386; to repress irrelevance, &C.,
corrupt practices at elections, 656. ib.; disorder, ib.; no appeal from his
661 ; of inquiry, on orders under the decision to the Speaker, 385; disorder
Private Legislation Procedure (Scot in committee dealt with by the house,
land) Act, 901-3.
386; divisions in abuse of rules, ib.
Commissions; when acceptance of, does Resolutions proposed in, 384; motions
not vacate a seat, 649.
in, not seconded, 383; previous question
Commitment; the right of both houses, not admitted, 385; questions of sums
63; assistance of the civil power, 66; and dates, 384; resolution proposed in,
causes of commitment cannot be in cannot be postponed, 388; amendments
quired into by courts of law, 69; need moved in, 384; quorum, 231; committee
not be stated, 70; persons sent for in cannot adjourn, 389 ; motions to report
custody, ib.; arrests without warrant, progress, &c., ib.; order of day for a
71 ; commitments by Speaker, 87; for committee dropped, 390; revived, 263.
offences in a former session, 90 ; by the Report of proceedings, 391 ; till report
Lords for fixed time, 91; petitions for made, proceedings of committee not to
release, 93; by Commons concluded by be referred to, ib.; report of grant of
prorogation, 94; but not by adjourn public money received on future day,
ment, 95, n. See also Fees on Commit-
Speaker entitled to speak and vote in,
Committee of Privileges, 88. 392.
368; proceedings entered in journals,
Committee on Public Petitions, 534. 392; clerk assistant officiates in, as clerk,
See also Petitions, Public
393; oath administered by, 430.
Committees, Grand; discontinued, Bills originating in committee, 404;
provisions in a bill not to be considered
Committees,' Joint; of both houses, by a concurrent committee, 465; pro-
421. See also Joint Committees.
ceedings in committees on bills, 483;
Committees of the whole House :
in committees of supply, and ways and
I. Lords.-Appointment of, 380; pro means, 603 ; private bills recommitted
cedure in, 381; chairman of, 380; to committee, 680, n., 727. 832; pro-
quorum, 210; members speak more visions, or petitions for additional pro-
than once, 385; house resumed, ib.; vision, in private bills, considered in
vote by proxy discontinued, 371 ; mode committee, 726. See also, Instructions;
of obtaining adjournment of, 389; pro Standing Committees, Supply, and Ways
ceedings of, entered in journals, 393; and Means.
consideration in, of local or provisional Committees, Select :
order bills, 854. 892.
I. Generally.—Libels on, 83; wit-
II. Commons.-Appointment of com nesses before, 124-128; protected, by
mittees, 380; on bills, 477; instructions the Witnesses (Public Inquiries) Protec-
to, 383. 478; conduct of business in, tion Act, 125; documents referred to,
381; functions of, 382; chairman of 401; power of obtaining, 406.
ways and means the usual chairman, General province of, 400; order of
381 ; his casting vote, 382; when to reference, and instructions, ib.; secret
report progress on interruption of busi committees, 410; sessional committees,
ness, 214; temporary chairmen, 381. 402. 405; joint committees, 421; of
Committees on public charges, 558; both houses communicating with each
sitting of committee suspended, 389, n.; other, 423; committees to examine siek
divisions in committee, 370 ; interrup witnesses, 412; to inspect journals, 307;
tions in committee, 388; witnesses ex Lords' amendments, 508; matters of
amined by, 383. 424; members may privilege, 405 ; to consider questions re-
speak more than once in, 385; to speak garding members' seats, 656.
Printed minutes of evidence, 414;
alterations to be confined to correction
of inaccuracies, 415; publication of, be-
fore report, a breach of privilege, 74.
Preparation of report, 416; power to
report, 417; special report, 418; power
to report from time to time, ib. ; report
of evidence by a reappointed committee,
ib. ; publication of draft reports, 419;
reports cancelled, ib.; presented, 420;
consideration of reports, 420; recom-
mittal of, ib. ; evidence referred to a
secretary of state, 421; reports recom-
mending grant of public money, 416;
offering reward for absconding witnesses,
Bills committed to select committees,
400. 499; power of a committee over a
bill, 491. 499; over private bills, 469,
n., 729. 813; power of select committees
to take evidence, 402. 406.
Bills referred as documents to select
committees, 401, n.
II. Lords.-Appointment of, 401; by
ballot, ib. ; sessional committees, 402;
select committees may sit, notwith-
standing any adjournment, 402; ap-
pointment of chairman, ib.; chairman
has no casting vote, 403; quorum, 401,
406; minutes of proceedings, 402 ;
witnesses or documents procured, 402.
425. 429; preliminary examination into
evidence, 408; absconding witnesses,
424; oaths, 402. 429 ; presence of
strangers, 408; of lords not of the com-
mittee, ib.; select committees, ib., 410;
III. Commons.-Seats in house of
members serving on, 178; obligation of
members to attend, 182; appointment,
constitution, and practice of, 403; notice
of nomination of, ib.; of discharge
therefrom, ib., 405; on privilege cases
without notice, 403; nomination of, by
ballot, ib.; by committee of selection,
404. 469. 750; of members per-
sonally interested in bills, 405. 829;
nomination of, at commencement of
public business, 257; to serve without
voting, 404; members added and dis-
charged, 405; motion to raise number
of committee above fifteen, 403.
Quorum, 405; if no quorum named,
ib. ; procedure on want of, 406; evi-
dence taken in absence of quorum re-
ported, ib.; power to send for persons,
&c., ib. ; for papers and records only,
407; production of documents before,
ib.; appointment of committees dis-
charged, 408; revived, 414.
Presence of strangers, 408; of mem-
bers, ib.; secret committees, 410; di-
visions, 411; choice of chairman, ib.;
casting voice of, ib.; adjournment of
committees, 413; from place to place,
412 ; sitting whilst house sits, 413; after
adjournment of house, ib. ; notice of
prayers, ib. ; sittings on Ascension Day,
413; on Saturdays, ib.
Counsel heard, 414; witnesses sum-
moned, 425; absconding, ib.; examined,
414; on oath, 430; indemnified, 431;
their expenses, 434; attendance and
examination of members, 426 ; of peers,
ib.; of officers, &c., 427.
Procedure on money clauses in, 416.
500; no previous question in, 281. 420.
n. See also Private Bills ; Provisional
Order Bills; Sub-Committees; Wit-
Committees, Standing. See Standing
Commons, House of; elected under
writ from Crown, 6; third estate of
realm, 14; origin of, 14-20; knights of
the shire, and citizens and burgesses, 16;
early instances of writs of summons, 18;
originally sat with the Lords, 19; when
separated, 21; number of members at
different periods, 22–24; wages of, 22.
Effects of the Reform Acts (1832),
23; (1867) 23; Redistribution of Seats
Act, 1885.. 24; present number of
members, and classification of constitu-
encies, 24; the electors, 24; Scottish
and Irish franchises, 26; registration,
27 ; qualification of voters, 27; and of
members, 28; mode of election, 35;
and of summons, 41.
Powers of the house, in adjournment,
46; in impeachments, 51, 663; in
voting supplies, 52. 603; demand of
Crown for aid, 515. 587 ; in vote of
taxation, 588; in determining elections,
and issuing new writs, 52. 54. 631; in
suspension of members, 56 ; in expulsion
of members, 56; privileges of the
house, 59; in ordering attendance of
persons, 64; punishments inflicted by,
91-94; claim of, to be a court of record,
92; imprisonment by, 93; terminated
by prorogation, 94.
"Proceedings on meeting of Parlia-
ment, 149 ; election and duties of
Speaker, 154. 191 ; deputy Speaker,
196; prayers, 159. 233; oaths taken,
159 ; consideration of royal speech, 175;
call of house, 180; times of meeting,
211; announced in “Votes," 213; sit-
tings of the house, 183. 212; suspension
Commons, House of continued. Consents to Private Bills; to be re-
of or adjournment by Speaker in case ported on by committees in Commons,
of disorder, 194 ; longest sittings, 824; consents in the case of inclosure
183, n.; extraordinary sittings, 183; bills), 801; (estate bills), 857-8;
thanksgiving and fast days, 185; chief (under standing orders, 22. 61-66 of both
officers of, 200; votes and journals, 201 ; houses), 695. 723-5. 842-5.
admission of strangers, 205; proceedings Consequential Amendments ; to bills,
on prorogation, 207; quorum, 228; 477, 836.
counting out, 230; order of business in, Conservators of Commons; locus
232. 257; interruption of business in, standi of, 776.
214; petitions, 522. See also Business, Consilium Regis; the, 50. 192.
Order of ; Adjournment, II.; Members Consolidated Fund; the nature of,
of the House of Commons; Questions to 591 ; drafts upon, ib.; application of,
592; permanent charges on, 593.
Commons, Inclosure and Regula Consolidated Fund Bills; object of,
tion; provisional orders relating to, 878, 557 ; occasions for, ib. ; debate upon,
et seg.; the Select Committee on Com 594; founded on ways and means reso-
mons, 879. See also Metropolitan lutions, 591 ; brought in on resolutions
based on Army and Navy votes only,
Communications from Members of 557, n. See also Appropriation Act.
the Royal Family, 456. See also Consolidation (Clauses) Acts; incor-
poration of, in private bills, 694.
Companies ; standing orders (private Consolidation (Private) Bills; locus
bills) specially relating to, 724. 792-800. standi against, 769.
842. 850-853; Clauses Acts, 694. Constituencies; classification of (Eng.
Competing Bills; before private bill lish), 24; (Scotch), ib. ; (Irish), ib.;
committees, 709, 813.
qualification of electors, 27; registra-
Competition; as a ground of locus tion, 27.
standi (private bills), 773.
Consul or Consul General; accept-
Complaints. See Privileges of Parlia ance of office of, vacates seat, 619.
Contempt of Court; members of both
Completion of Line (Railway Bills); houses liable to commitment and attach-
standing orders to be observed by Com ment by courts of justice for, 119-122 ;
explanation of the liability, 122; not
Complicated Questions ; how dealt extended to commitment for non-pay.
ment of money, 123; nor to cases of
Composite Tax Acts, 584.
contempt of ecclesiastical courts, 122.
Comptroller and Auditor General; Contractors (Government); disquali.
reports of, on public expenditure, 597. fied from serving as members, 31. 642;
Condolence; addresses and messages when not disqualified, 32.
of, on demise of members of the royal Contracts (Packet and Telegraphic);
family, 453. 456.
not binding until approved by the house,
Conduct of Members; when under 601 ; to be laid on table with treasury
discussion member to withdraw, 350. minute, 602.
527, n. ; petitions complaining of, 352; Private bills relating to Gorernment
if complained of, in select committee, to contracts, 727.
be reported to house, 414.
Controverted Elections. See Elections,
Conferences; character and subjects of, Controverted
437; the demand for, ib.; purpose to Convocation; subsidies of clergy voted
be stated, 438; to offer reasons, ib. ; || in, 586 ; origin and summons, ib.
time and method of meeting, ib.; con Copyholds; general Acts passed to facili-
ferences regarding bills, 439. 508; free tate the enfranchisement of, 689.
conferences, 440; other means of com Cornwall, Duke of; Edward the Black
munication, 436. 441 ; bill introduced on Prince created, 8; consent of the Crown
resolutions agreed upon at a conference, and Prince of Wales regarding the duchy
of, 448; to private bill, 835.
Conflict of Opinion between the Two Coronation ; attendance of houses at,
Houses ; instances, 441.
Conquest, The; position of the people Coronation Oath, the ; referred to, 2. 4.
Corporations; petitions from, to be
Consent of the Crown. See Crown, III. | under their common seal, 526. See