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Chairman of Committees of the Chairmen of Standing Committees
whole House-continued.

-continued.
604. See also Chairman of Ways and from, to Speaker, 397; casting vote of,
Means and Private Business.

394.
Deputy chairman, appointment, 604; | Challenges and Quarrels; by or to
acts as deputy Speaker, 197 ; takes members, prevented or punished, 79.336.
chair at Speaker's request, ib.

Chamber of Agriculture; locus standi
Temporary chairmen, 381, 604; of, in Lords, 819. ·
closure not enforceable under temporary Chancery Fee Funds; not public
chairman, 386.

money under the standing orders, 601.
Chairman of Ways and Means, and Chaplain (Mr. Speaker's); prayers

Private Business; his general super read by, 159 ; instances of his absence,
vision of all private bills, 688. 707-8. ib. n.; reference to the origin of the
754; duties in dividing bills between office, ib. n.
houses before introduction, 705. 708-9; Charges upon the People. See Crown ;
bills laid before him and examined Public Charges; Supply, &c.
(before introduction), 707; (as sub Charities; charities, orders, schemes, &c.,
mitted to committee), 708. 753-4; laid before Parliament, 543.
(as amended by committee), 833; Provisional schemes relating to, made
duties on proposed amendments on con by Charity Commission, 883; and pro-
sideration of bill, 833-4; and Lords' cedure on confirming bill, ib.
amendments, 836; reports special cir Bills relating to, in Lords, 815.
cumstances regarding a bill, 753; reports Charles I.; prosecuted Sir J. Eliot, &c.,
that unopposed bill should be treated 99; noticed debates in the Lords, 329.
as opposed, 753. 790; duties on un Charles II. ; on restoration of, Parlia-
opposed bills, 688. 789; as chairman of ment met on its own authority, 39;
committee on unopposed bills, 747.789. dissolved Parliament in person, 48;
790. 807. 826, n.; other duties (Court noticed disorders of the Lords, 444, n.
of Referees), 761; (reports regarding Charlton, Mr. Lechmere ; case of, 120.
witnesses), 825, n.; (Government con Chedder's Case; referred to, 104.
tract bills), 727; (parliamentary agents) Chiltern Hundreds; grant of the

stewardship to members, 642; refused,
Duties, in conjunction with the Lords' 613; no writ thereon during recess,
chairman of committees, under the ib.; granted to unsworn members, 615.
Private Legislation Procedure (Scotland) Church of England; Crown the head
Act, 898, et seq.; in the framing of the of, 5; acceptance by the Crown of bills
“general orders,” 896; in dispensing relating to, 449.
with the general orders, 900; in con- Cinque Ports ; terms abolished in writs,
sidering and reporting on orders applied 14, n.: lord wardenship of, racates
for under the Act, 898; in the appoint seat, 641.
ment of commissioners, 901 ; and in Cities and Boroughs; elective fran-
making recommendations regarding pro chise of, 25.
posed orders, 902. 903, 901. See also Citizens and Burgesses; position of,
Private Legislation Procedure (Scot in the legislature, 21; their wages, 22;
land) Act.

property qualification of abolished, 28;
Chairman of Private Bill Commit the titles, &c., abolished in writs, &c.,

tees (Commons); appointment of, 14, n.
746-7; absence of, 757 ; casting vote, City of London; bills relating to, 675.
791. 829; special duties of, in reporting Civil List Bills; form of royal assent
bill, 823. 821.

to, 514.
Chairmen of Select Committees : Civil Power; assistance of, in support

Lords.- Vote like other peers, 403; of parliamentary authority, 66.
sign orders for witnesses' expenses, 434. Civil Service Departments; estimates,

Commons.-Witnesses summoned by, &c., 547; grants on account for, 519,
406. 425. 426; sign orders for their ex debate on grants for, 620.
penses, 434; casting vote of, 411; the Clauses; procedure on, in committtee,
votes of chairmen of private and hybrid 484; on new clauses and schedules,
bill committees, 411. -

489 ; money clauses, 560; clauses added
Chairmen of Standing Committees; on report, 495; clauses involving local

(Commons), duties of, 396; power of, taxation, 599; bills recommitted for
to shorten discussion, ib.; no appeal addition of, 497 ; closure on clauses, 220.

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Clauses-continued.

| Clerk of the Parliaments-continued.
(Private bills) clauses inserted by the Lords, 424; certifies their expenses,
Commons' committee, 753-5. 790; on 434; bears messages to Commons, 437.
railway and other bills, 793, 797, et seq.; 503; reads messages from the Crown,
clauses considered in committee, 814, 446 ; indorses bills, 509; and Acts, 515;
et seq.; clauses proposed on consideration his duties regarding the royal assent, 513.
of bill as amended (Commons), 833-5; regarding taxation of costs (private
laid before chairman of ways and means, bills), 914. 915.
ib.; where referred to committee on Clerk of the Parliaments Office;

standing orders, ib. ; notice of, in votes, deposit at, of private bills, 693. 840.
' ib., 713; consideration of, postponed 855; of memorials relating to private
(in Cominons), 730. 835.

bills, 841; of certificates of compliance
Clauses Consolidation Acts; incor with standing orders, 840. 855, n.; of
poration of, in private bills, 694.

orders under the Private Legislation
Clergy; of the Church of England, and Procedure (Scotland) Act, 897. 90+.

Rome, not capable of election, 31; dis- | Clerks Assistant (Commons); ap-
ability ceases when office of priest is pointment of, and duties, 200; second
relinquished, ib.; formerly taxed them clerk assistant, ib.; carry messages to
selves, 586.

House of Lords, 437. 503; clerk assist-
Clerk of the Crown; delivers return ant officiates in committees of the whole

book to the Clerk of the House of Com house, 393; indorses bills in absence of
mons, 150; certifies the election of Clerk, 509, n.; duty of, on the ballot
representative peers of Scotland, 152; for notices, 241; (Lords), duties of,
and of Ireland, 153; his certificate of 199; reading clerk, ib.; appointment
return of member, 169. 171; if no re of, ib. n.; bear messages to Commons,
turn be made, attends to explain, 640; 437.
ordered to attend and amend returns, Clerks, &c., of the House; evidence of,
171. 639. 658.

431.
Warrants directed to him, to issue Closed Doors; breaches of privilege for-
new writs, 632. 636. 638; examined re- | merly inquired into with, 88; select and
garding error in delivery thereof, 638; secret committees, deliberate with, 410;
when directed to Clerk of the Crown private bill committee, 806.
and Hanaper in Ireland, 638; copy of Closure; procedure thereon, 217; form
Speaker's appointment of members to of, 218; claim thereunder, ib.; neces-
issue writs, deposited with, 638.

sary majority for, 218; failure of motion
Duties of, on royal assent being given through insufficient majority, ib. n.;
to bills, 513.

closure upon the words of a clause, 220;
Clerk of the House of Commons; closure at moment of interruption, 224;

his appointment and duties, 200; his questions claimed under previous closure
duties on election of Speaker, 154; and motion, 225; reflections on vote of, out
on retirement of Speaker, 156 ; formerly of order, 326; questions to ministers, re-
read prayers in Speakers' absence, 159, specting, out of order, 248, n.; cannot be
N.; records absentees from call of house, enforced under temporary chairman,
181; takes down words, 337; reads 381 ; or under deputy chairman without
orders of the day, 260; reports of com announcement of absence of chairman
mittees of the whole house, 391; titles of ways and means, 381; or in a stand-
of bills, 467; and petitions, 532; signs ing committee, 396; analogous motions,
the summons to witnesses before the 219, n.
house, 424; and orders for their ex Cochrane, Lord; privilege not ex-
penses, 434; sanctions production of tended to, on criminal commitment of,
documents, 432; bears messages to 116.
House of Lords, 437. 503; indorses Coke, Sir Edward; his opinions; on
bills, 509; has custody of Speaker's the separation of the two houses ; 20;
appointment of members to issue writs, on minors being members, 29; on
638.

authority and privileges of Parliament,
Clerk of the Parliaments; records 38. 133; on the law of Parliament, 62;
names of lords attending the house, on freedom of speech, 98; moved that a
179; his duties, 198; authenticates bill be torn in the house, 475.
extracts from journals, 202; receives Colonies; legislation regarding, 37;
money bills from the Speaker, 513.596 ; governorship of, vacates seat in the
signs the summons to witnesses before house, 641.

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Commencement of Public Business ; | Committees of the whole House –
time of, 255. See also Business of the continued.
House.

When Speaker leaves the chair forth-
Commission; for opening Parliament, with, 380 ; exceptions to this rule, ib.;

42. 149. 171; for prorogations and when instructions are moved, ib.; matters
further prorogations, discontinued, 43; committed, 383; royal message read,
for King's approval of Speaker in 384.
certain cases, 150, n.; a commission Order of debate therein, 385; closure
makes a house, 232; for giving royal in committee, 217; powers of the chair-
assent to bills, 511; to investigate man, 386; to repress irrelevance, &C.,
corrupt practices at elections, 656. ib.; disorder, ib.; no appeal from his
661 ; of inquiry, on orders under the decision to the Speaker, 385; disorder
Private Legislation Procedure (Scot in committee dealt with by the house,
land) Act, 901-3.

386; divisions in abuse of rules, ib.
Commissions; when acceptance of, does Resolutions proposed in, 384; motions
not vacate a seat, 649.

in, not seconded, 383; previous question
Commitment; the right of both houses, not admitted, 385; questions of sums
63; assistance of the civil power, 66; and dates, 384; resolution proposed in,
causes of commitment cannot be in cannot be postponed, 388; amendments
quired into by courts of law, 69; need moved in, 384; quorum, 231; committee
not be stated, 70; persons sent for in cannot adjourn, 389 ; motions to report
custody, ib.; arrests without warrant, progress, &c., ib.; order of day for a
71 ; commitments by Speaker, 87; for committee dropped, 390; revived, 263.
offences in a former session, 90 ; by the Report of proceedings, 391 ; till report
Lords for fixed time, 91; petitions for made, proceedings of committee not to
release, 93; by Commons concluded by be referred to, ib.; report of grant of
prorogation, 94; but not by adjourn public money received on future day,
ment, 95, n. See also Fees on Commit-
ment.

Speaker entitled to speak and vote in,
Committee of Privileges, 88. 392.

368; proceedings entered in journals,
Committee on Public Petitions, 534. 392; clerk assistant officiates in, as clerk,
See also Petitions, Public

393; oath administered by, 430.
Committees, Grand; discontinued, Bills originating in committee, 404;
392.

provisions in a bill not to be considered
Committees,' Joint; of both houses, by a concurrent committee, 465; pro-
421. See also Joint Committees.

ceedings in committees on bills, 483;
Committees of the whole House :

in committees of supply, and ways and
I. Lords.-Appointment of, 380; pro means, 603 ; private bills recommitted
cedure in, 381; chairman of, 380; to committee, 680, n., 727. 832; pro-
quorum, 210; members speak more visions, or petitions for additional pro-
than once, 385; house resumed, ib.; vision, in private bills, considered in
vote by proxy discontinued, 371 ; mode committee, 726. See also, Instructions;
of obtaining adjournment of, 389; pro Standing Committees, Supply, and Ways
ceedings of, entered in journals, 393; and Means.
consideration in, of local or provisional Committees, Select :
order bills, 854. 892.

I. Generally.Libels on, 83; wit-
II. Commons.-Appointment of com nesses before, 124-128; protected, by
mittees, 380; on bills, 477; instructions the Witnesses (Public Inquiries) Protec-
to, 383. 478; conduct of business in, tion Act, 125; documents referred to,
381; functions of, 382; chairman of 401; power of obtaining, 406.
ways and means the usual chairman, General province of, 400; order of
381 ; his casting vote, 382; when to reference, and instructions, ib.; secret
report progress on interruption of busi committees, 410; sessional committees,
ness, 214; temporary chairmen, 381. 402. 405; joint committees, 421; of

Committees on public charges, 558; both houses communicating with each
sitting of committee suspended, 389, n.; other, 423; committees to examine siek
divisions in committee, 370 ; interrup witnesses, 412; to inspect journals, 307;
tions in committee, 388; witnesses ex Lords' amendments, 508; matters of
amined by, 383. 424; members may privilege, 405 ; to consider questions re-
speak more than once in, 385; to speak garding members' seats, 656.
standing, ib.

Printed minutes of evidence, 414;

Committees, Select-continued.

alterations to be confined to correction
of inaccuracies, 415; publication of, be-
fore report, a breach of privilege, 74.
416.

Preparation of report, 416; power to
report, 417; special report, 418; power
to report from time to time, ib. ; report
of evidence by a reappointed committee,
ib. ; publication of draft reports, 419;
reports cancelled, ib.; presented, 420;
consideration of reports, 420; recom-
mittal of, ib. ; evidence referred to a
secretary of state, 421; reports recom-
mending grant of public money, 416;
offering reward for absconding witnesses,
426.

Bills committed to select committees,
400. 499; power of a committee over a
bill, 491. 499; over private bills, 469,
n., 729. 813; power of select committees
to take evidence, 402. 406.

Bills referred as documents to select
committees, 401, n.

II. Lords.-Appointment of, 401; by
ballot, ib. ; sessional committees, 402;
select committees may sit, notwith-
standing any adjournment, 402; ap-
pointment of chairman, ib.; chairman
has no casting vote, 403; quorum, 401,
406; minutes of proceedings, 402 ;
witnesses or documents procured, 402.
425. 429; preliminary examination into
evidence, 408; absconding witnesses,
424; oaths, 402. 429 ; presence of
strangers, 408; of lords not of the com-
mittee, ib.; select committees, ib., 410;
divisions, 403.

III. Commons.-Seats in house of
members serving on, 178; obligation of
members to attend, 182; appointment,
constitution, and practice of, 403; notice
of nomination of, ib.; of discharge
therefrom, ib., 405; on privilege cases
without notice, 403; nomination of, by
ballot, ib.; by committee of selection,
404. 469. 750; of members per-
sonally interested in bills, 405. 829;
nomination of, at commencement of
public business, 257; to serve without
voting, 404; members added and dis-
charged, 405; motion to raise number
of committee above fifteen, 403.

Quorum, 405; if no quorum named,
ib. ; procedure on want of, 406; evi-
dence taken in absence of quorum re-
ported, ib.; power to send for persons,
&c., ib. ; for papers and records only,
407; production of documents before,
ib.; appointment of committees dis-
charged, 408; revived, 414.

Committees, Select-continued.

Presence of strangers, 408; of mem-
bers, ib.; secret committees, 410; di-
visions, 411; choice of chairman, ib.;
casting voice of, ib.; adjournment of
committees, 413; from place to place,
412 ; sitting whilst house sits, 413; after
adjournment of house, ib. ; notice of
prayers, ib. ; sittings on Ascension Day,
413; on Saturdays, ib.

Counsel heard, 414; witnesses sum-
moned, 425; absconding, ib.; examined,
414; on oath, 430; indemnified, 431;
their expenses, 434; attendance and
examination of members, 426 ; of peers,
ib.; of officers, &c., 427.

Procedure on money clauses in, 416.
500; no previous question in, 281. 420.
n. See also Private Bills ; Provisional
Order Bills; Sub-Committees; Wit-
nesses.
Committees, Standing. See Standing

Committees.
Commons, House of; elected under

writ from Crown, 6; third estate of
realm, 14; origin of, 14-20; knights of
the shire, and citizens and burgesses, 16;
early instances of writs of summons, 18;
originally sat with the Lords, 19; when
separated, 21; number of members at
different periods, 22–24; wages of, 22.

Effects of the Reform Acts (1832),
23; (1867) 23; Redistribution of Seats
Act, 1885.. 24; present number of
members, and classification of constitu-
encies, 24; the electors, 24; Scottish
and Irish franchises, 26; registration,
27 ; qualification of voters, 27; and of
members, 28; mode of election, 35;
and of summons, 41.

Powers of the house, in adjournment,
46; in impeachments, 51, 663; in
voting supplies, 52. 603; demand of
Crown for aid, 515. 587 ; in vote of
taxation, 588; in determining elections,
and issuing new writs, 52. 54. 631; in
suspension of members, 56 ; in expulsion
of members, 56; privileges of the
house, 59; in ordering attendance of
persons, 64; punishments inflicted by,
91-94; claim of, to be a court of record,
92; imprisonment by, 93; terminated
by prorogation, 94.

"Proceedings on meeting of Parlia-
ment, 149 ; election and duties of
Speaker, 154. 191 ; deputy Speaker,
196; prayers, 159. 233; oaths taken,
159 ; consideration of royal speech, 175;
call of house, 180; times of meeting,
211; announced in “Votes," 213; sit-
tings of the house, 183. 212; suspension

Commons, House of continued. Consents to Private Bills; to be re-

of or adjournment by Speaker in case ported on by committees in Commons,
of disorder, 194 ; longest sittings, 824; consents in the case of inclosure
183, n.; extraordinary sittings, 183; bills), 801; (estate bills), 857-8;
thanksgiving and fast days, 185; chief (under standing orders, 22. 61-66 of both
officers of, 200; votes and journals, 201 ; houses), 695. 723-5. 842-5.
admission of strangers, 205; proceedings Consequential Amendments ; to bills,
on prorogation, 207; quorum, 228; 477, 836.
counting out, 230; order of business in, Conservators of Commons; locus
232. 257; interruption of business in, standi of, 776.
214; petitions, 522. See also Business, Consilium Regis; the, 50. 192.
Order of ; Adjournment, II.; Members Consolidated Fund; the nature of,
of the House of Commons; Questions to 591 ; drafts upon, ib.; application of,
Members.

592; permanent charges on, 593.
Commons, Inclosure and Regula Consolidated Fund Bills; object of,

tion; provisional orders relating to, 878, 557 ; occasions for, ib. ; debate upon,
et seg.; the Select Committee on Com 594; founded on ways and means reso-
mons, 879. See also Metropolitan lutions, 591 ; brought in on resolutions
Commons.

based on Army and Navy votes only,
Communications from Members of 557, n. See also Appropriation Act.
the Royal Family, 456. See also Consolidation (Clauses) Acts; incor-
Address; Crown.

poration of, in private bills, 694.
Companies ; standing orders (private Consolidation (Private) Bills; locus

bills) specially relating to, 724. 792-800. standi against, 769.

842. 850-853; Clauses Acts, 694. Constituencies; classification of (Eng.
Competing Bills; before private bill lish), 24; (Scotch), ib. ; (Irish), ib.;
committees, 709, 813.

qualification of electors, 27; registra-
Competition; as a ground of locus tion, 27.
standi (private bills), 773.

Consul or Consul General; accept-
Complaints. See Privileges of Parlia ance of office of, vacates seat, 619.
ment.

Contempt of Court; members of both
Completion of Line (Railway Bills); houses liable to commitment and attach-

standing orders to be observed by Com ment by courts of justice for, 119-122 ;
mittees, 797.852.

explanation of the liability, 122; not
Complicated Questions ; how dealt extended to commitment for non-pay.
with, 285.

ment of money, 123; nor to cases of
Composite Tax Acts, 584.

contempt of ecclesiastical courts, 122.
Comptroller and Auditor General; Contractors (Government); disquali.

reports of, on public expenditure, 597. fied from serving as members, 31. 642;
Condolence; addresses and messages when not disqualified, 32.

of, on demise of members of the royal Contracts (Packet and Telegraphic);
family, 453. 456.

not binding until approved by the house,
Conduct of Members; when under 601 ; to be laid on table with treasury

discussion member to withdraw, 350. minute, 602.
527, n. ; petitions complaining of, 352; Private bills relating to Gorernment
if complained of, in select committee, to contracts, 727.
be reported to house, 414.

Controverted Elections. See Elections,
Conferences; character and subjects of, Controverted

437; the demand for, ib.; purpose to Convocation; subsidies of clergy voted
be stated, 438; to offer reasons, ib. ; || in, 586 ; origin and summons, ib.
time and method of meeting, ib.; con Copyholds; general Acts passed to facili-
ferences regarding bills, 439. 508; free tate the enfranchisement of, 689.
conferences, 440; other means of com Cornwall, Duke of; Edward the Black
munication, 436. 441 ; bill introduced on Prince created, 8; consent of the Crown
resolutions agreed upon at a conference, and Prince of Wales regarding the duchy
463.

of, 448; to private bill, 835.
Conflict of Opinion between the Two Coronation ; attendance of houses at,
Houses ; instances, 441.

186.
Conquest, The; position of the people Coronation Oath, the ; referred to, 2. 4.
after, 15.

Corporations; petitions from, to be
Consent of the Crown. See Crown, III. | under their common seal, 526. See

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