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mittee in Commons (on bill), 790. 824.
827. 828; (as to adjournments), 828 ;
(as to witnesses), 825-6; (special re-
ports), 826; of committee in the Lords,
847. 854. 858. 862; reports as to costs,
820, et seq. ; and in the case of Pro-
visional Order bills, 892-4; reports from
public departments regarding a private
bill, to be referred to committee, 791.850.
See also Private Bills; Resolutions.
Reporters' Galleries; Lords' and Com-
mons', dates of, 73, n. See also Debates ;
Representative Peers of Ireland. See
Representative Peers of Scotland. See
Reprimand. See Speaker, III.
Reserved Speech; in debate, 321.
Resolutions; duration of, 148; obser-
vance of, ib.; are questions resolved in
the affirmative, 288; rescinded, 300;
notice required, 301 ; or modified by
other resolutions, 301 ; procedure on, in
committee of the whole house, 384;
notice of, not needed, 383; cannot be
postponed, 368; considered by select
committees, 461; communicated at con-
ferences, 437; laid before the sovereign,
456; before members of the royal family,
ib.; bills ordered upon, 463. 629;
amendments to question for second read
ing of bills in the form of resolutions,
472; abstract resolutions regarding ex-
penditure, 572. See also Reports.
Restitution Bills; originate with the
Lords, 460. 862; King's consent signi-
fied before first reading in Commons,
Restoration (1860); Parliament met,
and chose Speaker of its own authority,
Return of Members, Proof of; book
delivered by Clerk of the Crown to
Clerk of the House of Commons, 150;
names of members read from, on call
of the house, 181; certificate of returns
after a general election, 169; delay
therein, 169, n., 170.
Returning Officers; how far disqualified
for election, 30; hold elections, 35;
casting vote of, 653.
Returns. See Accounts and Papers ;
Elections, Controverted; Unopposed
Returns; Writs for New Members.
Revenue Departments; estimates for,
Revenue Officers and elective
Revising Barristers, 27.
Revival of Committees; select, 414;
of the whole house, 264; of supply,
611; on private bills, in Commons, 828.
Revolution of 1688; effect of, on the
Constitution, 2. 4; Parliament met, and
chose Speaker of its own authority, 39.
158; freedom of speech confirmed at,
99; practice of petitioning respecting
public measures introduced after, 528 ;
no taxes by prerogative since, 587.
Rex v. Merceron; cited, 130.
Rex v. Wright; cited, 101.
Richard II. ; petition to, respecting the
annual holding of Parliament, 40,
Rochdale Election; alleged tampering
with witness, 87 ; debate whether ac-
cused party is bound to criminate him-
Rolls of Parliament; 202, n., 515.
Roman Catholic Clergy ; excluded
from sitting in Parliament, 31.
Roman Catholic Faith; a disability
for holding Crown, 4; declaration
against, by sovereign, 5.
Roman Catholics ; oaths formerly taken
by, 160; now the same oath for ali
Roman Senate; forms of putting ques-
tions in, 297, n.
Rothschild, Baron de; case of, 162:
committee respecting his contracting
for government loans, 32; chosen of a
committee and conference prior to
taking oath, 169 ; certificate of Clerk of
Crown being first read, 170.
Royal Assent to Bills ; the final stage,
510; bills passed cannot be withheld
from, ib.; custody of bills prior to, ib.;
session not concluded by, 511, n.; given
by commission, 511 ; forms of commis-
sion for declaring the prescribed by
Order in Council, 511, n.; form of giving
assent, 512; of refusing, 513; given by
the sovereign in person, 514; to civil
list bills, ib. ; in the sovereign's absence
from the realm, 515; assent to appro-
priation bills, 513. 596 ; informalities
Royal Commissions ; questions to
members of, 249; report of, held to be
a parliamentary paper, 102, n. ; irregular
publication of reports, 416, n.; address
for appointment with power to take
evidence on oath, 454, n.
Royal Family; peer of, takes oath in
House of Lords, singly, 153; adjourn-
ment of the Commons on funerals of,
187; messages for provision for, 446;
condolence by Parliament on death of,
454; messages to, 456; communica-
tions from, ib.
Royal Household; addresses presented | Secretaries of State, &c.; vacation of
by members of, 175, 176. 453.
seats, on appointment, 640; not on
Royal Order; supply grants, 545. 591. transfer between offices, 645; or on re-
Royal Pleasure; signified, 447; an sumption of office prior to appointment
of successor, 646; number of, in House
Royal Titles Act, 6.
of Commons limited, 647; case of five
Running Powers; in tramway bills, under secretaries inadvertently sitting,
800 ; locus standi, against (railway 647; under secretaries do not vacate
their seats, 646.
Secretary for Scotland ; powers and
Sadleir, Mr. James ; expelled the house, duties under the Private Legislation
having fled from justice, 58.
Procedure (Scotland) Act, 690. 883.
St. Paul's Cathedral; attendance of 895, et seq. ; in the framing of the
both houses at, 186.
“ general orders” regulating proceed-
Salmon Fisheries ; provisional orders, ings under the Act, 896; petition to,
for a provisional order under the Act,
Salomons, Alderman; proceedings in 895, 897; duties of, on the application
regard to his taking the oaths, 162.
for an order, 897-900; report to, of the
Saturday; usual hour of meeting on, two chairmen (Lords and Commons),
213; no interruption of business or regarding proposed orders, 898; takes
adjournment under standing order, 227; proposed orders into consideration, 900;
appointment of sitting on, 265; special may direct an inquiry to be held on
arrangements respecting, 267; as to order, 901 ; duties of, in the appoint-
committees sitting on, 413. 828-9, n., ment of commissioners to hold inquiries,
901–2; refusal to issue an order, 903;
Savings Banks; bills relating to, when issues order, with or without modifi-
founded on resolutions of committees,
cations, 903-4; determines in which
house the confirming bill is first intro-
Schedules to Bills; proceedings on, duced, 904, n.
490; accidentally omitted from private Provisional orders made by, under
bill on presentation, 723, n.; scheduled other Acts, 883. 895. 905, n.; and the
agreements (private bills), 792. 850. procedure thereon, ib.
Scotland; obligation of the sovereign to Seditious Libels; a breach of privilege,
maintain the Presbyterian Church in, 5; 116.
peers of, represented in Parliament, 10; Select Committees. See Committees,
their privileges, 10. 110. 670; order of Select.
Scottish peerage, 10; when a representa- | Selection, Committee of, (Commons);
tive peer becomes peer of Great Britain, a sessional committee, 745 ; constitution
11; Scottish peers and judges ineligible
to House of Commons, 30; representa Duties of, in classifying private bills
tive peers must be of full age, i2, judi for consideration by committee, 745 ;
cature of Lords over seats of, 50 ; certi in regard to the committee on unopposed
ficate of election from Clerk of Crown, bills, 746, 747 ; and in appointing ordi-
152; number of representatives for, 24; nary committees on opposed private or
elective franchise of, 26; Scotch judges, provisional order bills, 745. 746. 892 ;
places for, in House of Lords, 198, n.; other duties in regard to private bill
Scotch estate bills, 857. 896; Scotch committees, 747-9.
provisional order bills, 883-6. 889. See
Duties of, in nomination of special
also Private Legislation Procedure committees on private bills, 749-752.
(Scotland) Act; Secret-iry for Scotland. 805 ; of committees on hybrid bills,
Sea Fisheries (Scotland) provisional 469 ; of the standing committees, 393-4;
of the parliamentary panel, or of a
Seats of Members in the House. See Places. joint committee, under the Private
Second Reading; of public bills, 470; Legislation Procedure (Scotland) Act,
of private bills ( in the Commons), 729 ; 901. 906; and of other committees,
(in the Lords), 846. 861 ; of provisional 404. 836.
order bills, 892; of confirming bills Selection, Committee of, (Lords), 846.
under the Private Legislation Procedure 901.
(Scotland) Act, 905-7.
Separatists. See Quakers, &c.
Second Speech ; when permitted, 321. Septennial Act (1 Geo. I. c. 38); re-
Secret Committees, 410.
Serjeant-at-Arms; (Lords), his duties, | Sheriffs-continued.
199; (Commons), supported by the King's writ, 35; ordered to assist Ser-
house in execution of their orders, 64, jeant in executing a warrant, 66.
66; assistance of the civil power, ib.; | Shire-Gemót; its character, 14.
power to break open outer doors, 67 ; | Shirley, Sir T.; case of, 106.
may not occupy the premises, 68; Shorthand Writer (Parliament);
returns made by, to writs of habeas appointment and duties of, 199; at-
corpus, 69 ; made arrests under authority tendance at the bar, 200; at select
of mace, 71; arrests persons under committees, 414; not to give evidence
orders of the house, ib.; persons com elsewhere without leave, 431 ; their first
mitted to his custody, 93; appointed by employment by Parliament, 414, n.;
Crown, 204; his duties, ib.; assisted report evidence and judgment upon
by a deputy, 205 ; duties respecting trials of election petitions, 655, n.
strangers, 206; in maintaining order in Short Title of a Bill; amended, 491.
the lobby, 205; enforces Speaker's orders 502.
with regard to members, 343; duty at | Sign-manual; messages under the royal,
divisions, 356; arrests a disorderly mem- 445.
ber, 347; gives notice of prayers to Sittings of the House. See Adjournment
select committees, 413; enforces the of the House ; Meeting of a New Parlia-
attendance of witnesses, 425; attends / ment; Two o'clock Sittings; Quorum;
Lords with witnesses in custody, 427; Saturday, Wednesday Sittings.
witnesses prevaricating, committed to Sodor and Man, Bishop of; has no
75; stands with mace at the bar on ex seat in Parliament, 7, 1.
amination of witnesses in custody, 433; Soldiers in Uniform; admitted to
introduces peers, judges, &c., on exami strangers' gallery, 207.
nation at the bar, ib.; sheriffs of Lon- | Solicitor-General; part of the consilium
don presenting petitions, 529; and com-
1 com- | regis, 198.
moners impeached, 665.
Solicitors; privileged when attending
Serjeants-at-Law; formerly part of the the house, 125; appearing before private
consilium regis, 198, n.
bill committees, 807.
Servants of Members; formerly privi South Sea Company; prorogation for
leged from arrest, 59, n., 104. 108.
introduction of new bills, 308; evidence
Session; question when decided on, not on oath taken by committee on (1720),
to be offered again in the same session, 430, n.
300; not concluded by royal assent to Sovereign; debate on conduct of, on
bills, 511, n.; public bill suspended till motion, 278; rule applies to represen-
following session, 309, n.; proceedings tatives of the sovereign, ib. ; reflection
on private bills suspended and resumed not to be cast on, by a question, 248.
in another session, 837-8.
250; or in debate, 332.
Sessional Committees; Lords, 402; | Speaker :
I. Of the House of Lords.-The lord
Sessional Orders; their nature and du chancellor, or lord keeper, 43. 189;
ration, 148. 168. Appendix I.; debate | prorogues Parliament by royal com-
on making, standing orders, 317; re mand, 43; duties of, 190; not neces-
lating to private and provisional order sarily a peer, 189; when great seal in
bills in the Lords, 845. 856. 857. 891. commission, ib. ; on meeting of new
Settlement, Act of; disables a Roman Parliament, 149, et seq.; takes the oath,
Catholic from holding the Crown, 5; 152; signifies approval of Commons'
declares that pardon is not pleadable in Speaker, 156; reads the royal speech
bar of impeachment, 667.
to the house, 174; sits on the woolsack,
Sewage Works; standing orders (pri 177 ; has written to desire the attend-
vate bills) relating to, 802. 851.
ance of peers, 180; obligation to attend,
Seymour, Sir Ed. (Speaker); seized | 189, n.; deputy Speakers, 190 ; Speaker
Mr. Serjeant Pemberton, 87; royal pro tempore, ib.; his place when he ad-
approbation of, refused, 158.
dresses the house, 191, n.; attended by
Shareholders ; locus standi of, 778-9; Serjeant-at-arms with mace, 199.
dissentient, standing orders respecting, Prorogues Parliament, 208; omits ob-
700. 779. 842-4. 848. See also jectionable words from motion, 279; pro-
poses questions, ib.; puts the question,
Sheriffs; how far disqualified for elec 286; effect of his limited authority
tion, 30; hold elections in pursuance of upon the conduct of debates, 311. 323.
349; has, by courtesy, precedence in
speaking, 311; appoints tellers on a
division, 358; votes from woolsack, 359 ;
writes to desire the attendance of peers
and peeresses as witnesses, 424; reads
messages from the Crown, 446; presents
joint address of both houses to the
sovereign, 455; reports answer to
addresses, ib.; has notice when a com-
mission for royal assent to bills is
II. Of the House of Commons.-
1. Generally.-Earliest mention of the
office, 20, and n.; his rank, 195; words
of, taken down, 337.
2. Choice of Speaker.-Chosen by
Commons at desire of Crown, 150. 447';
election of Speaker, 154; vacancy
during session, 157; retirement of, 156 ;
member who has not taken the oaths
and seat cannot be proposed as, 157, n.;
royal approbation of, 156; refused,
158; elected without, 157; duration of
office, 156; after a dissolution, 195.
3. His Duties and Authority.--Peti.
tions for Commons' privileges, 59. 156;
power of committal, 87; libels on, 81 ;
admonishes or reprimands culprits, 93;
entry of his words, 191, n.; his duties
at the opening of a new Parliament,
159 ; calls on members to take the
oath, ib. ; takes the oath, ib.; has read
prayers, ib., n.; waits in Clerk's chair
till approach of Black Rod, 172; goes
up with Commons to hear the royal
speech, ib. ; reads it to house, 174; his
speech on presenting a money bill,
judgment on impeachments, 666 ; di-
rects arrest of offenders, 71. 87 ; issues
warrants, 191; orders disorderly mem-
bers to withdraw from the precincts,
350; libels on, 81 ; debates on conduct
of, 277. 293. 332; words of, entered on
the journal, 94. 191, n.
Questions.-Formerly framed by him,
279; proposed by him, 280 ; takes
pleasure of house on withdrawal of
motions, 280; puts question, 286. 311;
permitted to do so sitting, 286, n.;
ruling by, that a member's voice deter-
mines his vote, 287; states amend-
ments to questions, 290; calls attention
when the same question is twice offered,
Debates.-Addressed by members,
310; calls upon members to speak,
311; powers with regard to irrelevance
and repetition in debate, 316 ; his duty
regarding words taken down, 337; the
suspension of members, 340; the order
directing disorderly members to with-
draw, 350; disorder in the lobbies, 348;
maintains order in debate, 344; his
authority, 319;, refers doubtful cases to
the judgment of the house, ib.; is always
to be heard, 350.
Divisions.-Enforces rule that mem-
bers voting must be present when ques-
tion put, 354; orders strangers to with-
draw, 356; puts the question, 356 ;
again states the question, 358; division
on an amendment, 358; directs the
division, 361; appoints tellers, ib.; de-
clares the numbers, 362 ; his casting
voice, 364; assigns reasons, ib.; pre-
cedents, ib.; rulings regarding per-
sonal interest in a vote, 373; overrules
objections to votes, 374; procedure on
divisions frivolously claimed, 370.
Committees of the whole House.-In
committee entitled to speak and vote,
368; cases, ib. ; leaves the chair, upon
house going into committee, 380; after
Resumes the Chair.-To put the
question on election of chairman, 603;
on disorder in committee, 386 ; on sum-
mons by Black Rod, 388; when quorum
is not present in committee, 231.
Witnesses.—Issues warrants for at-
tendance of witnesses in custody, 425 ;
authorizes, in the recess, attendance of
officers of the house at trials, 432;
examines witnesses and prisoners at
the bar, 432.
Messages and Addresses, &c.--Reads
written messages from the Crown, 446 ;
Summary of the Speaker's duties,
191-195 ; fixes hour of meeting of
house, 212; his duty at interruption of
business, &c., 214; regarding closure,
218; his duties at commencement of
public business, 255; duty regarding a
quorum, 229; no printed question to,
247; duty regarding questions to mem-
bers, ib.; notices of motions, 243;
regarding a motion for a charge, 559;
power to adjourn house or suspend sit-
ting in case of disorder, 194.
Appointment and duties of the deputy
Speaker, 195; Speaker can request
chairman of ways and means or deputy
chairman to take the chair, 197; re-
sumes the chair, 197.
Peruses votes of the house, 201; his
duties at prorogation, 208 ; calls mem-
bers to bring up bills, 466 ; to bring
up papers, 540; authorizes delivery of
papers to members, 542; demands
Standing Orders; character of, 147;
presents addresses to sovereign, 455; L authorized collections of, published, 148;
mode of approach to palace, ib.; pre suspension of, ib. ; suspended, Lords, in
sentation of addresses, ib.; reports respect of bills, 517.
answers, ib.; communications from Standing Orders relative to Private
royal family to him, by letter, 456.
Bills ; in both Houses, 148. 692. 695, n.;
Elections and Writs.-Duties of, re compliance with, to be proved before
garding the issue of new writs, 54, 631; the Examiners, 694. 696.723-5. 729.811,
during recess, 636; form of certificates et seq., 891 ; orders to be observed by
to authorize him to issue warrant for committees on private bills (Commons),
new writ during recess, App. V.
790, et seq., 823; (Lords), 850, et seg.;
Private Business.-Authority of, over orders relating to locus standi (Com-
parliamentary agents, 709. 710. 711. mons), 761, et seq. ;(Lords), 848 ; stand-
913; calls on Clerk to read appointed ing orders dispensed with, 711. 721;
private business, 235; rulings of (as suspended, 837. 722; amended, 695, n.,
to what may be deemed private busi- 714. See also Private Bills.
ness), 714, n., 738. 739; (as to a Standing Orders Committee; In the
bill being brought in as public or as Commons : constitution and duties, 716;
private), 675. 682. 684; (as to irre Examiners' reports of non-compliance,
gularity in introduction of bill), 675, n., referred to committee, 696. 716. 726 ;
728, n.; (as to the grounds on which proceedings of, 717, et seq. ; parties not
private bill may be opposed on second usually beard' by, 717; report that
reading), 730, n.; (as to excessive standing orders should or should not be
amendments made by a committee), dispensed with, 718. 719; subject parties
492. 830, n, ; rulings as to instructions to conditions, 718; compliance with
on private bills, 731, et seq.; rules in committee's conditions, how proved, 718.
structions out of order (as dealing with 792, n.; reports of, referred back to
general policy), 737-9; (as outside scope committee by the house, 719. 720;
of bill), 739-742; (on other grounds), special reports of Examiners referred to
731, n., 743; memorandum as to committee, 716. 894, n.; and petitions
government departments before private for dispensing with orders, 721 ; and
bill committees, 815-7, n.; duties of, proposed clauses on consideration of bill,
as to amendments on consideration of 834; other matters referred to com-
bill, 833-4; and Lords amendments, mittee, 699. 721. 726. 728. 798, n.;
836; powers of, regarding taxation of chairman of, 745.
costs, 914. 915.
In the Lords : Constitution and
Speaker's Counsel. See Counsel to Mr. duties, 841. 696 ; proceedings of, on cer-
tificates, and special reports, from Ex-
Special Reports. See Examiners ; Re aminers, 841 ; parties heard before, 842.
Statement of Proofs. See Proofs.
Speech from the Throne; at opening Statutes ; abusive mention of, 332; how
of session, 42. 171. 545; at a proroga enacted, 458. See also Bills.
Steam vessels; standing order (private
Spiritual Lords. See Bishops.
bills) as to power of railways to acquire,
Stamp Duties, imposition of, in private 795. 852 ; locus standi of steamship
owners, 767, n., 774.
Standing Committees : — Commons : Stockdale v. Hansard; case referred
appointment of, 393; constitution of, to, 102. 136. 141.
ib. ; quorum, 394; rules, ib.; appoint Strangers; taken into custody for mis-
ment of chairman, ib.; vote of chairman conduct, 71; regulations of admission,
in, ib.; sitting of, during sitting of house, 205; standing order respecting with-
ib.; procedure in, 395; divisions in, ib.; drawal of, 207; order to withdraw not
duties of, regarding bills, 395; motions applied to ladies' gallery, ib.; presence
not to proceed further with bills in, 397; of strangers during divisions, 355;
authority of chairman in, 396; no appeal soldiers in uniform, 207; in select com-
from chairman to the Speaker, 397 ; mittees of the Lords, 408; of the Com-
procedure on bills reported, 398. Lords : mons, ib.; in private bill committees,
appointment of, ib.; appointment of 806. See also Closed Doors.
chairman, ib.; constitution and proce- | Strode's Case; referred to, 97, 99.
dure, ib.; quorum, ib.; procedure on Sub-Committees; Lords, 398.
bill reported, 399.
Subponas ; privilege regarding, 114,