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ference from them with me-of any ef “But could not Mr. Barnes revile tbe fort to draw away my people from my Liturgy of the Church adequately, without ministry, or in any manner to injure my VOLUNTARY misrepresentations --P. 33, reputation, or to embarrass me in my he says, “ There is not even permission work. I have never felt the slightest hese given to the minister to select and read a itation to dismiss any one of my members portion of Scripture that shall have any who preferred that communion; nor have relation to the subject of his discourse. I supposed they have had any reluctance If his text should be, God so loved the to dismiss those to unite with my church world that he gave his only begotten Son,' who have preferred the Presbyterian and the lesson for that day should hap. mode of worship. The interchange of pen to be that chapter of the Book of members, if the phrase may be employed, Chronicles which commences thus, ' Ad. has been to me of a pleasant character. am, Sheth, Enosh, Mahalaleel, Jared, HeI have honorable testimonials and recom noch, Methuselah, Lamech,' all that the mendations from the Episcopal church in minister is to do is to say, · Here beginmy possession ; and in the passing from neth such a chapter,' and read on." one church to another, there has been no "On this the editors are pleased to make such disparity of numbers as to cause on the following remarks :my part even momentary jealousy. I “Mr. Barnes knew, for he professes to have always supposed, that from numer have accurately examined this Prayer ous causes, there are those in a commu Book, that no such lesson is appointed on nity who would prefer the Episcopal any Sunday or week day throughout the mode of worship to the Presbyterian, and whole year. And yet he can allow himwho, perhaps, wonld be more edified in self to make this deliberately false insinusuch a communion; and on the other ation, for the purpose of casting an inhand, I have supposed that there were vented reproach upon a book, against those who would prefer the Presbyterian which he can find 80 few real objections. to the Episcopal, the Methodist, or the The glory of the Prayer Book is ihe honBaptist. This is a land of freedom. Ev. or which it gives to the word of God, — ery man has a right to select his mode of requiring no less than eight distinct porworship; every minister will find his tions of Holy Scripture to be read on erproper level in the estimation of the com ery Sabbath and other day of public wor. munity; every one who is worthy of pub- ship, selected with the most remarkable lic confidence will find those who will be wisdom,t to teach continually the great willing to sit under his ministry; and doctrines and truths of the Bible, while thus far in life, I for one at least, have had Presbyterian ministers, in many instan. no reason to complain that the public have ces, read nothing of it, and Presbyterian not shown me all the respect which is my congregations hear nothing of it, but the due.
single iext which has been selected as the “ The public will excuse the reference to subject for preaching, -and in no instance these personal matters. They would not is more than one single chapter or part of have been troubled with it, if the course a chapter read during any occasion of their of the Recorder had not seemed to de- public worship. Which body will be mand it. I shall make no further allu- found to have paid the most honor to the sion of this kind."--pp. 32–37.
word of God, this with other facts may
help to decide.' Before entering upon the body of “I would have avoided the occasion for his argument, Mr. Barnes corrects these reflections, if I had supposed that a misapprehension on the part of such a construction would have been put the Recorder, respecting one of his But such an idea never occurred to me.
on what I said, or that it was possible. criticisms upon the Liturgy. The I never meant to be understood as saying misapprehension affords such a per that the passage from Chronicles was fect illustration of the spirit of the among the lessons' that were appointed
to be read, nor do I now see that it is the Recorder, and the correction is made fair construction of what I said. I dewith such Attic grace, that our read- signed merely to show that the minister ers will excuse us for introducing was not at liberty, from the rules of the another quotation.
Prayer Book, to select the portion of
Scrípture to be read where his text occur“ Correction of a Misapprehension.-Be- red, or to select one that would be perti: fore proceeding to notice the main sub nent to his subject; and all that I wished jects of the argument, there is one state to say was, that if his text was one that ment in my Tract, in itself of little importance, which, having been misappre * This is gravely urged as a reason for cirhended, I could wish had been otherwise. culating the Prayer Book gratuitously. Why It occurs on p. 33, and is introduced by not distribute the Bible with the same means? the Editors in the following manner : † Some of them from the Apocrypha.
appertained to the richest truths of the visions in the liturgy for promoting gospel, the lesson' that was to be read
their peculiar and distinctive efforts, was prescribed, even thongh it might be as remote as possible from the subject of
or which contemplate such efforts, bis discourse. I regret the occasion giv. (p. 133.) en for the misconstruction of the passage These several positions he triumin my Tract the more, because it was en
phantly establishes. The Recorder tirely unnecessary if I had designed to refer to a lesson actually appointed to be rejoined to this reply of Mr. Barnes; read, wbich would have illustrated the but though there was no improvepoint before me.
ment in its style of argument, there " There are numerous parts of the prescribed lessons' in the Prayer Book,
was a great improvement in its style which would have been as pertinent to
of expression. The dialect of Bilmy purpose as the chapter from Chroni- lingsgate was exchanged for the lancles, and among others the following: guage of Christian courtesy. The have answered my design just as well explanation of this gratifying fact and my reference may be thus amended : was given in the announcement that There is not even permission given to the Rev. Dr. Tyng had withdrawn from minister to select and read a portion of the editorial corps ; and a wish was Scripture that shall have any relation to the subject of discourse. If bis text
intimated that he would carry on should be, 'God so loved the world that the controversy on his own responhe gave his only begotten Son,' and the sibility. But whether Dr. Tyng has
lesson' for that day should happen to be renounced the Evangelical party that chapter of the Book of Nehemiah (x,) which commences thus, Now those that according to promise, or whether he were sealed were Nehemiah the Tirsha thought that now the name of Mr. tha, the son of Hachaliah, and Zidkijah, B. could no longer make his book riah, Malchijah, Hattush, Shebaniah, Mal-worthy of notice, or whether he was luch, Harim, Meremoth, Obadiah, all silenced by argument, and felt una. that the minister is to do, is to say, ' here ble to compete with candor, courbeginneth such a chapter,' and read on.” tesy, and truth, silent he remains to pp. 37–39.
this day! We commend Mr. Barnes' After these preliminaries, Mr. “Reply" to the attention of all EpisBarnes proceeds to enlarge upon copalians. We invite them not onand maintain the three leading posi- ly to read it, but to study it. If it is tions in his first tract; viz. 1. That it weak and false, they need not be has never been possible permanently afraid to read it; if it is true, they to connect the religion of forms with ought not to be afraid to read it. Evangelical religion. (N. E. Vol. We wish it understood, also, that II, p. 120.) 2. That the low church though Mr. B. has avowed the paterparty are compelled to use a liturgy nity of the article which appeared which counteracts the effect of their in our columns, we are still responteaching. (p. 125.) And 3. That sible for its positions and ready to there are no arrangements or pro- maintain them.
A Memoir of the late Timothy which are very valuable because
Dwight; with the sermon deliv- of their rarity, and their peculiar ered on the occasion of his death. adaptation to benefit the great By JOSEPH P. THOMPSON. New body of Christians. We have a Haven : 1844. 12mo. pp. 148. multitude of religious biographies ;
but the greater part of them are This is one of a class of memoirs the biographies of missionaries, or
of eminent and beloved ministers. vate and public, for the upbuilding They are read with interest. But of the Redeemer's kingdom. the characters which they portray,
For the same reason we value though admired, are deemed exam the memoir before us. It is the me. ples to be imitated only by those moir of a strong-minded, cultivated, who occupy, or expect to occupy, a practical, zealous, and active Chrissimilar sphere of labor. We have tian layman. It is well fitted to often lamented that we have no teach a multitude in the church how more memoirs of pious and em to be welcome and efficient assistinently useful laymen—-memoirs ants of their pastors, and successful which will teach laymen how to live soldiers in the sacramental host. In and labor for God. Our churches the language of the memoir, do not exert a tenth, no, not a hun.
66 Accustomed to hear his father disdredth part of the religious influ course upon theological science in the pulence which they would exert, if pit and in the social circle, Mr. Dwight
ristian laymen understood and became versed in the various doctrines of practiced this lesson. There is a
Scripture and the proofs of those doc
urines, and unusually competent to give great amount of moral power in the instruction to others in the religious con. church which is wasted, or rather ference or the Bible class, on the great disused, “ buried in a napkin.” Our
truths of the Christian system.”—p. 15. ministers are overburdened with la. pressed with a deep sense of his personal
“Early in his Christian life he was im. bors. They have to perform not responsibility as a follower of the Lord only the duties which were incum. Jesus for the advancement of his king. bent on and sufficient for their fa
dom. This feeling seemed to increase as
he advanced in life, and may be regarded thers and predecessors in the sacred as the secret of his constant and self-deoffice, but are also obliged to be nying efforts to bring others to a saving the chief agents in those varying knowledge of the iruth. He was not and multiplying labors of philan. for the spiritual state of the church with throphy, literary, moral, and reli- the
the pastor. He felt that every member gious, with which this age of be- of the church had a share in that respon. nevolent enterprise is illumined and sibility, and was bound to co-operate with blessed. Thus many are prema- himself rooted and grounded' in the
the pastor in plans of usefulness. Being turely worn out or broken down, faith, and having some degree of fluency while there are multitudes of lay. in speech, he often rendered great service men fully competent, not only to gious meetings in the outskirts of the city, take a part of this burden, but and in neighboring villages. The system also to do many things which are of church government under which he now left undone, who yet do very
was trained is well suited to promote the little except by silent example. To their resources, pecuniary, intellectual
usefulness of the laity, and to call out all bring out this latent and rusting en and moral, in behalf of the Redeemer's ergy of the church into well direc- kingdom. Under such a system the talted, vigorous, and effective action,
ents and zeal of Mr. Dwight found ample is greatly to be desired.
scope. He was not denied the privilege
of laboring for the edification of his For this purpose we highly es brethren, and the conversion of sinners, teem such a biography as that of nor was he slow to improve it."-pp. 17,
18. Harlan Page. It is worth more than ten memoirs of eminently use We have alluded to that which ful ministers—not because it records constitutes the chief value of this a life of greater usefulness than memoir. The author has skillfully theirs, but because it is an example and ably delineated the character of for a much larger part of the church, a layman, who was in many re. and a part which needs more than spects a bright example of intellithe other, to be taught the practica. gent and successful Christian ac. bility and duty of direct effort, pri- tivity. We render him our thanks
for thus contributing to the bringing personal responsibility, and to call out into the field of efficient labor, out their energies in the active disthat vast amount of talent and piety charge of that responsibility, he in the church, which to a great ex• would yet, by no means be under. tent lies inactive.
stood to intimate that the duty of of the desirableness of accom- solving this great problem belongs plishing this purpose, the author exclusively to the pastors of Congreseems to be fully aware. He well gational churches, or that the pasobserves, that
tors of all the churches of Christ of “ The great problem to be solved by whatever name, ought not to do the pastors of our Congregational church- what in them lies for this end. es, is not how can we best control the Christ redeems believers that they laity, and restrict their influence?'—but, how can we bring every individual mem
may be “his peculiar people zealber of our churches to feel the deep- ous of good works”—his own instruest personal concern for their prosperity, ments in carrying forward his kingand to do the most to promote it?' . How dom of righteousness, peace and joy shall we fully employ the moral power of every man, woman and child who bears in the earth. And it is pitiable inthe name of Christ?”. The moral power deed, when a Christian minister gets of individual churches and individual the idea that he has exclusive auChristians has never yet been felt as it should be, or as it must be before the thority to teach religious truth in his world is brought to the knowledge of congregation ; or, what amounts to Christ. Here, for example, is a church the same thing, has such an idea of a hundred members, in a population of the peculiar propriety and order. such a church commonly felt to its full liness of his own teaching, as leads extent in restraining wickedness and up- him to suppress the well directed holding truth? If one hundred closets activity of his people. He either were daily occupied by praying souls, if sadly misunderstands his duty in were daily shining in all the walks of this respect, or what is perhaps life, would not the effects be always visi. worse, has such imperfection of ble in the community around? Would spirit as interferes with his performnot the kingdom of Christ continually
ance of it. gain upon the kingdom of Satan? I had almost said that scarce a tenth part of the
Though the chief value of this moral power actually within the compass memoir is that to which we have of our churches, the power of prayer and alluded, yet it is not its only value. upon an ungodly world.' In many places, ted to various movements for the holy living, is ordinarily brought to bear Mr. Dwight was so intimately relawere all the professors of religion to
shine as lights in the world, holding promotion of religion, that much of forth the word of life,' there would be ihe religious history of his times is Do spot so dark that iniquity could lurk in it unseen, or vice appear with an un- naturally, if not necessarily, incor. blushing front. In future revivals of re- porated with this account of his life. ligion, and above all, in the work of evan. A very interesting narrative is given gelizing the world, the great problem will from Mr. D.'s papers and from other be, how to arouse ibe energies of each individual Christian, and bring out and apply sources, of the remarkable revival the now latent power of the church." of religion in New Haven and genPp. 99, 100.
erally throughout Connecticut, in the The author says that this is the years 1820, '21, and ’22—of its ori. great problem to be solved by the gin, nature and progress, and of the pastors of Congregational churches. measures by which it was promoted, We presume however, that, though particularly those in which laymen he would maintain, as he does inci. were engaged. To the multitudes dentally and successfully, that the in New Haven and its vicinity, and Congregational system of New Eng. indeed through the State, who were land is peculiarly fitted to create in hopefully renewed during that gra. members of churches a feeling of cious“ refreshing from the presence
of the Lord,” this account will be The association met at the house of one especially grateful, while it will be
of their number every Saturday evening, to all, an instructive and delightful for the past week, and made their
when the brethren reported their labors piece of religious history. It has pointments for the next. For this meetalso an important bearing on the ing Mr. Dwight's house was always open, chief design of the volume, as will
and such was the interest felt in it, that a appear from the following passage :
spacious parlor was generally crowded.
Here originated the plan of visiting sister “ One of the most interesting features
churches by lay-delegates. The memof this revival was the missionary zeal
bers of the association went out two by which it awakened among the brethren of two, by invitation, to visit almost all the the churches, especially in New Haven.
churches in this section of the State, and In the early stages of the work, an asso
even extended their visits to churches six. ciation comprising several of the breth ty or seventy miles distant. Mr. Dwight ren of the two Congregational churches made many of these visits in person; and of this city, was formed for the purpose
when he could not go himself, he would of sustaining neighborhood meetings in
manifest his engagedness in the canse, by the city and vicinity. An arrangement
assuming the sole care of business at was made by this association to hold home, in order to enable his partner, Mr. meetings for prayer and religious confer T. Dwight Williams, (whose name is still ence, in various parts of the city, every
fragrant in the memory of the pious,) to week; and on every Sabbath evening, in engage in these more delightful labors some of the adjacent villages. About
abroad. His horse and carriage were altwenty individuals pledged themselves to ways at the service of the brethren in attend these meetings according to ap
their missionary tours, and were in such pointment. In these labors Mr. Dwight constant employment that the animal bealways bore a conspicuous part.
came extensively known as the missionwould often walk from two to four miles in the evening, without regard to the
“ These visits to neighboring churches weather, to fulfill such an appointment.
were greatly blessed in the promotion of For a long time, he, in conjunction with
revivals of religion. At least twenty five others, held religious meetings on Sab
out of thirty one congregations in New bath evenings in Fair Haven and West Haven county, which were visited by the ville. This was prior to the organization brethren of this association, were soon af. of Congregational churches in these vil. ter savored with an outpouring of the lages, when the people had to come into Spirit, and between fifteen hundred and the city, a distance of two or three miles,
two thousand souls, in this single county, to worship God. It was a great conven
were hopefully converted to Christ. The ience to persons thus situated, to have re
General Association of Connecticut state ligious privileges brought to their very
in their Report in June, 1822, that more doors. Many were induced to attend the
than three thousand had been added to place of prayer who seldom visited the the Congregational churches in the State dislant sanctuary. Mr. Dwight's address. during the year which then closed. We es on these occasions, are said to have have already seen that five thousand were well supplied the place of a sermon, and
added in the preceding year."-pp. 31–
33. to have produced at times remarkable effects. Is any one so scrupulous in regard to lay-preaching as to disapprove such The activity of Mr. Dwight as å labors? Is there not more reason to say, layman, his efforts in communica• Would God that all the Lord's people ting religious truth, his leading agen; were prophets, and that the Lord 'would put his Spirit upon them? Would, es.
cy in these “ visits of the brethren” pecially, that our Western churches bad to various churches in the State, and many such members to carry the Gospel his fondness for the labors of revi. to widen the influence of the ministre dentally
into a discussion of what into the desolate regions around them; val evangelists
, lead the author inci
: of new churches whenever the increase is called “lay.preaching" —of the of population may demand it. What pas. rights and duties of pastors, and of tor burdened with the care of a great the propriety of employing revival moral waste, would not rejoice in such aid ?
evangelists. The views expressed “ These labors were remarkably fruitful. in this discussion, though they may At the several stations where meetings not meet the approbation of all, are were conducted almost exclusively by the brethren of this association, there were
well worth consideration. about one hundred hopeful conversions. The professorship of Didactic