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1774.

columnæ, the booksellers expect another book. I am impatient to see your
Tour to Scotland and the Hebrides. Might you not send me a copy by the Ætat. 65.
post as soon as it is printed off?”

TO JAMES BOSWELL, Ejq, " DEAR SIR,

“ YESTERDAY I returned from my Welch journey. I was sorry to leave my book suspended so long; but having an opportunity of seeing, with so much convenience, a new part of the island, I could not reject it. I have been in five of the six counties of North Wales; and have seen St. Asaph and Bangor, the two seats of their bishops ; have been upon Penmanmaur and Snowden, and passed over into Anglesea. But Wales is so little different from England, that it offers nothing to the speculation of the traveller.

“ When I came home, I found several of your papers, with some pages of Lord Hailes's Annals, which I will consider. I am in haste to give you some account of myself, lest you should suspect me of negligence in the pressing business which I find recommended to my care , and which I knew nothing of till now, when all care is vain.

“ In the distribution of my books I purpose to follow your advice, adding such as shall occur to me. I am not pleased with your notes of remembrance added to your names, for I hope I shall not easily forget them.

“ I have received four Erse books, without any direction, and suspect that they are intended for the Oxford library. If that is the intention, I think it will be proper to add the metrical psalms, and whatever else is printed in Erse, that the present may be complete. The donor's name should be told.

“ I wish you could have read the book before it was printed, but our diftance does not easily permit it.

“ I am sorry Lord Hailes does not intend to publish Walton; I am afraid
it will not be done so well, if it be done at all.

I purpose now to drive the book forward. Make my compliments to Mrs.
Boswell, and let me hear often from you. I am, dear Sir, ,

" Your affectionate humble servant,
" London, Oétob. I, 1774.

SAM. JOHNSON.

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4 I had written to him, to request his interposition in behalf of a convict, who I thought was very unjustly condemned,

1774.

Ætat. 65.

This tour to Wales, which was made in company with Mr. and Mrs. Thrale, though it no doubt contributed to his health and amusement, did not give occasion to such a discursive exercise of his mind as our tour to the Hebrides. I do not find that he kept any journal or notes of what he saw there. All that I heard him say of it was, that instead of bleak and barren mountains, there were green and fertile ones; and that one of the castles in Wales would contain all the castles that he had seen in Scotland.

Parliament having been dissolved, and his friend Mr. Thrale, who was a steady supporter of government, having again to encounter the storm of a contested election, he wrote a short political pamphlet, entitled “ The Patriot, addressed to the electors of Great-Britain ; a title which, to factious men, who consider a patriot only as an opposer of the measures of government, will appear strangely misapplied. It was, however, written with energetick vivacity; and, except those passages in which it endeavours to vindicate the glaring outrage of the House of Commons in the case of the Middlesex election, and to justify the attempt to reduce our fellow-subjects in America to unconditional submission, it contained an admirable display of the properties of a real patriot, in the original and genuine sense,-a sincere, steady, rational, and unbiased friend to the interests and prosperity of his King and country. {t must be acknowledged, however, that both in this and his two former pamphlets, there was, amidst many powerful arguments, not only a considerable portion of sophistry, but a contemptuous ridicule of his opponents, which was very provoking.

TO JAMES BOSWELL, Esq. " DEAR SIR,

“ THERE has appeared lately in the papers an account of a boat overset between Mull and Ulva, in which many passengers were lost, and among them Maclean of Col. We, you know, were once drowneds; I hope, therefore, that the story is either wantonly or erroneously told. Pray satisfy me by the next post.

“ I have printed two hundred and forty pages.-I am able to do nothing much worth doing to dear Lord Hailes's book. I will, however, send back the sheets; and hope, by degrees, to answer all your reasonable expectations.

“ Mr. Thrale has happily surmounted a very violent and acrimonious opposition; but all joys have their abatements : Mrs. Thrale has fallen from

s In the newspapers.

her

1774

her horse, and hurt herself very much. The rest of our friends, I believe, are well. My compliments to Mrs. Boswell. I amn, Sir,

“ Your most affectionate servant, “ London, Octob. 27, 1774.

SAM. JOHNSON."

Ætat. 65.

This letter, which shews his tender concern for an amiable young gentleman to whom we had been very much obliged in the Hebrides, I have inserted according to its date, though before receiving it I had informed him of the melancholy event that the young Laird of Col was unfortunately drowned.

To James Boswell, Esq.
DEAR SIR,

“ LAST night I corrected the last page of our · Journey to the Hebrides.' The printer has detained it all this time, for I had, before I went into Wales, written all except two sheets. · The Patriot' was called for by my political friends on Friday, was written on Saturday, and I have heard little of it. So vague are conjectures at a distance'. As soon as I can, I will take care that copies be sent to you, for I would wish that they might be given before they are bought; but I am afraid that Mr. Strahan will send to you and to the booksellers at the same time. Trade is as diligent as courtesy. I have mentioned all that you recommended. Pray make my compliments to Mrs. Boswell and the younglings. The club has, I think, not yet met.

“ Tell me, and tell me honestly, what you think and others say of our travels. Shall we touch the continent?? I am, dear Sir,

“ Your most humble servant, « Nov. 26, 1774.

SAM. JOHNson."

In his manuscript diary of this year, there is the following entry:

“ Nov. 27. Advent Sunday. I considered that this day, being the beginning of the ecclesiastical year, was a proper time for a new course of life. I began to read the Greek Testament regularly at 160 verses every Sunday. This day I began the Acts.

In this week I read Virgil's Pastorals. I learned to repeat the Pollio and Gallus. I read carelessly the first Georgick.”

• Alluding to a passage in a letter of mine, where speaking of his “ Journey to the Hebrides," I say, “ But has not • The Patriot' been an interruption, by the time taken to write it, and the time luxuriously spent in listening to its applauses ?"

We had projected a voyage together up the Baltick, and talked of visiting some of the more northern regions. Lil

Such

1774.

dif

Atat. 65.

Such evidences of his unceasing ardour, both for “divine and human lore,” when advanced into his sixty-fourth year, and notwithstanding his

many turbances from disease, must make us at once honour his spirit, and lament that it should be so grievously clogged by its material tegument. It is remarkable, that he was very fond of the precision which calculation produces. Thus we find in one of his manuscript diaries, “ 12 pages in 4to Gr. Test, and 30 pages in Beza's folio, comprize the whole in 40 days.

1775

Dr. Johnson to John HOOLE, Esq. « DEAR SIR,

“ I HAVE returned your play', which you will find underscored with red, where there was a word which I did not like. The red will be washed off with a little water.

“ The plot is so well framed, the intricacy so artful, and the disentanglement so easy, the suspense so affecting, and the passionate parts fo properly interposed, that I have no doubt of its success. I am, Sir,

" Your most humble servant, “ December 19, 1774.

SAM. Johnson.” The first effort of his pen in 1775, was, “ Proposals for publishing the Works of Mrs. Charlotte Lennox,t” in three volumes quarto. In his diary, January 2, I find this entry: “ Wrote Charlotte's Proposals.” But, indeed, the internal evidence would have been quite sufficient. Her claim to the favour of the publick was thus enforced :

“ Most of the pieces, as they appeared singly, have been read with approbation, perhaps above their merit, but of no great advantage to the writer. She hopes, therefore, that she shall not be considered as too indulgent to vanity, or too studious of interest, if, from that labour which has hitherto been chiefly gainful to others, she endeavours to obtain at last some profit for herself and her children. She cannot decently enforce her claim by the praise of her own performances ; nor can she suppose, that, by the most artful and laboured address, any additional notice could be procured to a publication, of which Her MAJESTY has condescended to be the PATRONESS."

TO JAMES BOSWELL, Ejq. " DEAR SIR,

“ YOU never did ask for a book by the post till now, and I did not think on it. You see now it is done. I fent one to the King, and I hear he likes it. 8 « Cleonice.”

« I shall

1775.

Ætat. 66.

« I shall send a parcel into Scotland for presents, and intend to give to many

of

my friends. In your catalogue you left out Lord Auchinleck.
“ Let me know, as fast as you read it, how you like it; and let me know
if
any

mistake is committed, or any thing important left out.
could have seen the sheets. My compliments to Mrs. Boswell, and to Vero-
nica, and to all my friends. I am, Sir,

“ Your most humble servant,
“ January 14, 1775.

SAM. JOHNSON."

I wish you

A

Mr. Boswell to Dr. Johnson.

Edinburgh, Jan. 19, 1775.
“ BE pleased to accept of my best thanks for your Journey to the
Hebrides,” which came to me by last night's post. I did really ask the favour
twice; but you have been even with me, by granting it so speedily. Bis dat
qui cito dat. Though ill of a bad cold, you kept me up the greatest part of
the last night ; for I did not stop till I had read every word of your book. I
looked back to our first talking of a visit to the Hebrides, which was many
years ago, when sitting by ourselves in the Mitre tavern, in London, I think
about witching time o’night; and then exulted in contemplating our scheme
fulfilled, and a monumentum perenne of it erected by your superiour abilities.
I shall only say, that your book has afforded me a high gratification. I shall
afterwards give you my thoughts on particular passages. In the mean time,
I hasten to tell you of your having mistaken two names, which you will cor-
reet in London, as I shall do here, that the gentlemen who deserve the valu-
able compliments which you have paid them, may enjoy their honours. In page
106, for Gordon read Murchison ; and in page 357, for Maclean read Macleod.

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“ But I am now to apply to you for immediate aid in my profession, which you have never refused to grant when I requested it. I enclose you a petition for Dr. Memis, a physician at Aberdeen, in which Sir John Dalrymple has exerted his talents, and which I am to answer as Counsel for the managers of the Royal Infirmary in that city. Mr. Jopp, the Provost, who delivered to you your freedom, is one of my clients, and, as a citizen of Aberdeen, you will support him.

“ The fact is shortly this. In a translation of the charter of the Infirmary from Latin into English, made under the authority of the managers, the same phrase in the original is in one place rendered Physician, but when applied to Dr. Memis is rendered Doctor of Medicine. Dr. Memis complained of this Lll 2

before

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