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of my Son, on the oth instant; I have named him Alexander, after my father. 1775.
I now write, as I suppose your fellow traveller, Mr. Thrale, will return to Arat. 66.
London this week to attend his duty in parliament, and that you will not
stay behind him.

I send another parcel of Lord Hailes's “ Annals.” I have undertaken to
solicit you for a favour to him, which he thus requests in a letter to me :
" I intend soon to give you the · Life of Robert Bruce,' which you will be
pleased to transmit to Dr. Johnson. I wish that you could assist me in
a fancy which I have taken, of getting Dr. Johnson to draw a character of
Robert Bruce, from the account that I give of that prince. If he finds
materials for it in my work, it will be a proof that I have been fortunate in
selecting the most striking incidents.'

“ I suppose by The Life of Robert Bruce,' his Lordship means that part
of his · Annals' which relates the history of that prince, and not a separate
work.

« Shall we have “ A Journey to Paris” from you in the winter? You will,
I hope, at any rate be kind enough to give me some account of your French
travels very soon, for I am very impatient. What a different scene have
you viewed this autumn, from that which you viewed in autumn 1773!
I ever am, my dear Sir,
Your much obliged, and affectionate humble fervant,

“ JAMES Boswell."

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TO JAMES Boswelt, Esq. « DEAR SIR,

“ I am glad that the young Laird is born, and an end, as I hope, put to the only difference that you can ever have with Mrs. Boswell?. I know that she does not love me, but I intend to persist in wishing her well till I get the better of her.

“ Paris is, indeed, a place very different from the Hebrides, but it is to a hasty traveller not so fertile of novelty, nor affords so many opportunities of remark. I cannot pretend to tell the publick any thing of a place better known to many of my readers than to myself. We can talk of it when we meet.

“ I fall go next week to Streatham, from whence I purpose to send a parcel of the History' every post. Concerning the character of Bruce, I

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3 This alludes to my old feudal principle of preferring male to female fucceffon,

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1975. can only say, that I do not see any great reason for writing it, but I shall not Ætat. 66. easily deny what Lord Hailes and you concur in desiring.

“ I have been remarkably healthy all the journey, and hope you and your family have known only that trouble and danger which has so happily terminated. Among all the congratulations that you may receive, I hope you believe none more warm or sincere, than those of, dear Sir,

- Your most affectionate, « November, 16, 1775.

SAM. Johnson."

TO Mrs. Lucy PORTER, in Lichfield 4. « DEAR MADAM,

« THIS week I came home from Paris. I have brought you a little box, which I thought pretty; but I know not whether it is properly a snuff-box, or a box for some other use. I will send it, when I can find an opportunity. I have been through the whole journey remarkably well. My fellow-travellers were the same whom you saw at Lichfield, only we took Baretti with us. · Paris is not so fine a place as you would expect. The palaces and churches, however, are very splendid and magnificent; and what would please you, there are many very fine pictures; but I do not think their way

of life commodious or pleafant. “ Let me know how your health has been all this while. I hope the fine summer has given you strength sufficient to encounter the winter.

Make my compliments to all my friends ; and, if your fingers will let you, write to me, or let your maid write, if it be troublesome to you. I am, dear Madam,

. Your most affectionate humble servant, 19 Nov. 16, 1775.

SAM. JOHNSON."

To the same. 4 DEAR MADAM,

“ SOME weeks ago I wrote to you, to tell you that I was just come home from a ramble, and hoped that I should have heard from you. I am afraid winter has laid hold on your fingers, and hinders you from writing. However, let somebody write, if you cannot, and tell me how you do, and a

There can be no doubt that many years previous to 1775, he corresponded with this lady, who was his step-daughter, but none of his earlier letters to her have been preserved

17735

Ætat. 66.

little of what has happened at Lichfield among our friends. I hope you
are all well.

~ When I was in France, I thought myself. growing young, but am afraid
that cold weather will take part of my new vigour from me. Let us, how-
ever, take care of ourselves, and lose no part of our health by negligence.

“ I never knew whether you received the Commentary on the New Testament, and the Travels, and the glasses.

« Do, my dear love, write to me; and do not let us forget each other. This is the season of good wishes, and I wish you all good. I have not lately seen Mr. Porter", nor heard of him. Is he with you ?

“ Be pleased to make my compliments to Mrs. Adey, and Mrs. Cobb, and all my friends; and when I can do any good, let me know. I am, dear Madam,

“ Yours most affectionately, « December, 1775.

SAM. Johnson."

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It is to be regretted, that he did not write an account of his travels in France; for as he is reported to have once said, that “he could write the Life of a Broomstick,” so, notwithstanding so many former travellers have exhausted almoft every thing subject for remark in that great kingdom, his very accurate observation, and peculiar vigour of thought and illustration, would have produced a valuable work. During his visit to it, which lasted but about two months, he wrote notes or minutes of what he saw. He promised to shew me them, but I neglected to put him in mind of it; and the greatest part of them have been lost, or, perhaps, destroyed in that precipitate burning of his papers a few days before his death, which must ever be lamented : One small paper-book, however, entitled “ FRANCE, II.” has been preferved, and is in my poffeffion. It is a diurnal register of his life and observations, from the 10th of October to the 4th of November, inclusive, being twenty-fix days; and shews an extraordinary attention to various minute particulars. Being the only memorial of this tour that remains, my readers, I am confident, will peruse it with pleasure, though his notes are very short, and evidently written only to assist his own recollection.

1

“ Oct. 10. Tuesday. We saw the Ecole Militaire, in which one hundred and fifty young boys are educated for the army. They have arms of different

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5. Son of Mrs. Johnson, by her first husband,

1775. fizes, according to the age ;-—Aints of wood. The building is very large, but mirat. Gu. nothing fine, except the council-room. The French have large squares in the

windows ;—they make good iron palisades. Their meals are gross.

“ We visited the Observatory, a large building of a great height. The upper stones of the parapet very large, but not cramped with iron. The flat on the top is very extensive; but on the infulated part there is no parapet. Though it was broad enough, I did not care to go upon it. Maps were printing in one of the rooms.

“ We walked to a small convent of the Fathers of the Oratory. In the reading-desk of the refectory lay the Lives of the Saints.

“Oct. 11. Wednesday. We went to fee Hôtel de Chatlois, a house not very large, but very elegant. One of the rooms was gilt to a degree that I never saw before. The upper part for servants and their masters was pretty.

“ Thence we went to Mr. Monville's, a house divided into small apartments, furnished with effeminate and minute elegance.Porphyry.

“ Thence we went to St. Roque's church, which is very large ;-the lower part of the piilars incrusted with marble.—Three chapels behind the high altar ;—the last a mass of low arches.--Altars, I believe, all round.

“ We passed through Place de Vendôme, a fine square, about as big as Hanover-square.— Inhabited by the high families.-Lewis XIV. on horseback in the middle.

“ Monville is the son of a farmer-general. In the house of Chatlois is a room furnished with japan, fitted up in Europe.

“ We dined with Boccage, the Marquis Blanchetti, and his lady.—The sweetmeats taken by the Marchioness Blanchetti, after observing that they were dear.-Mr. Le Roy, Count Manucci the Abbé, the Prior, and Father Wilson, who staid with me, till I took him home in the coach.

« Bathiani is gone.

“ The French have no laws for the maintenance of their poor.-Monk not necessarily a priest.–Benedictines rise at four ;-are at church an hour and half; at church again half an hour before, half an hour after dinner; and again from half an hour after seven to eight. They may neep eight hours.-Bodily labour wanted in monasteries.

“ The poor taken to hospitals, and miserably kept.-Monks in the convent fifteen :--accounted poor.

“ Oct. 12. Thursday. We went to the Gobelins.Tapestry makes a good picture ;-„imitates flesh exactly.-One piece with a gold ground ;—the birds not exactly coloured. -Thence we went to the King's cabinet ;- very neat,

not,

1775•

not, perhaps, perfect. Gold ore.-Candles of the candle-trec --Seeds.-Woods.—Thence to Gagnier's house, where I saw rooms nine, furnished with

Ætat. 66. a profusion of wealth and elegance which I never have seen before. --Vases. Pictures. The dragon china.-The lustre said to be of crystal, and to have coft 3,5col.-The whole furniture said to have cost 125,000l.-Damask hangings covered with pictures.-Porphyry.- This house ftruck me.-Then we waited on the ladies to Monville's.-Captain Irwin with us :--Spain. County towns all beggars.-At Dijon he could not find the way to Orleans.-Cross roads of France very bad.-Five foldiers.-Woman.-Soldiers escaped.-The Colonel would not lose five men for the death of one woman. -The magistrate cannot seize a foldier but by the Colonel's permission.-Good inn at Nismes.-Moors of Barbary fond of Englishmen.—Gibraltar eminently healthy ;-it has beef from Barbary.—There is a large garden. --Soldiers sometimes fall from the rock.

Oct. 13. Friday. I staid at home all day, only went to find the Prior, who was not at home.--I read fomething in Canus ?:-Nec admiror, nec multum laudo.

Oct. 14. Saturday. We went to the house of Mr. Argenfon, which was almost wainscotted with looking-glasses, and covered with gold.--The ladies' closet wainscotted with large squares of glass over painted paper. They always place mirrours to reflect their rooms.

“ Then we went to Julien's, the Treasurer of the Clergy :-30,000l. a year.-—The house has no very large room, but is set with mirrours, and covered with gold.-Books of wood here, and in another library.

“ At D's I looked into the books in the lady's closet, and, in contempt, shewed them to Mr. T.-Prince Titi; Bibl. des Fées, and other books. She was offended, and shut up, as we heard afterwards, her apartment.

“ Then we went to Julien Le Roy, the King's watch-maker, a man of character in his business, who shewed a small clock made to find the longitude.-A decent man.

“ Afterwards we saw the Palais Marchand, and the Courts of Justice, civil and criminal.—Queries on the Sellette.—This building has the old Gothick passages, and a great appearance of antiquity. Three hundred prisoners sometimes in the gaol.

“ Much disturbed ;-hope no ill will be 8.

6 The rest of this paragraph appears to be a minute of what was told by Captain Irwin.

? Melchior Canus, a celebrated Spanish Dominican, who died at Toledo, in 1560. He wrote a treatise De Locis Theologicis, in twelve books.

This passage, which some may think fuperftitious, reminds me of Archbishop Land's Diary.

.

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