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Labyrinthine erring course of life, and calls up the Good, who, by Fortune disappointed of their shining hours, have vanished from before me. . . That which I grasp I see as in the distance, and that which has disappeared, to me becomes reality."

R. T.

The Nash, Kempsey, near Worcester,
October 1883.

POLITICAL LESSONS OP CHINESE HISTORY.

[Paper real before the Royal Historical Society, in London, April 1883.]

FACB

Political and strategic geography of China — Mongol invasion turning-

point in Chinese history — Early Chinese civilization before that

event — Gallant and patriotic resistance on the part of the Chinese

against their Mongol invaders — Mongol conquest of China com-

pleted A.d. 1270 — Character of Mongol rule there — Restoration of

native Chinese dynasty — Its decay after lasting two centuries —

Local insurrection of a strange character arising — Prepares the way

for accession of the Manchus — Origin of the Manchu Tartars —

They overrun China after a noble resistance by the people — Their

dominion established over China — Character of their rule up to the

nineteenth century — Eminent sovereigns of their race — Beginning

of their degeneracy ......... 43

CHAPTER IV.

LAKE REGION ON THE FRONTIER OF EASTERN TIBET.

[Speech delivered before the Royal Geographical Society, in London,

February 1882.]

Extraordinary picturesqueness of the Eastern Himalayas — Road from

Bengal to the border of East Tibet — Line dividing the empires of

England and China — Mountain passes in that quarter — Series of

lakes situated there — Beauty of their aspect — Pine scenery around

them — Altitude too high for vegetation — Temperature and climate

— Forests in lesser altitudes — Snowy mountains within Tibet —

Views of remarkable splendour or interest — Geological features . G8

CHAPTER V.

RAILWAY FROM THE INDUS TOWARDS CANDAHAR.

[Speech delivered before the Royal Geographical Society in London,

June 1880.]

Distance from the Indus to Candahar — Natural divisions of the country

— The position of Sakkar on the Indus — Construction of the

railway through the desert — Gorges and rifts in the hills of

Southern Afghanistan — Desolate plain near Quetta — Fine situation

of Quetta — Valley of Pishin — Its political importance — Khojak

range dividing it from Afghanistan — Dust-storm over Afghan

plains — General view of Candahar — Its historic sieges — Garden

cultivation around it 93

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CHAPTER VI.

LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT IN BRITISH INDIA.

[Beprinted from the ' Contemporary Bevitw' for March 1883.]

PAGE

Political importance of teaching Indian natives to manage their own

affairs — Former measures relating to local government and taxation

in India—Additional measures since 1881 — The elective principle

in rural tracts constitutes a new departure—Declaration of principle

by the Government of India — District boards to consist of elected

members—Local funds to be administered by them — Elections

already held in cities and towns — Facilities for holding elections in

villages — Electoral qualifications ready made—Electors will for

the most part be peasant proprietors — Adverse influences likely to

arise at first — Still the Government determined that beginning

shall be made—Favourable testimony of some among the Pro-

vincial Governments in India ....... 116

CHAPTER VII.

RELIGIOUS MISSIONS IN THE EAST.

[part I. Speech delivered before the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel

in Foreign Parts, at Lincoln, November 1881. — Past II. Speech

delivered before the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian

Church in the United States, at New York, November 1882.—Part III.

Speech delivered before the Baptist Missionary Society, in London,

April 1883.]

Futility of objections raised against missions — Satisfactory statistics

of mission work — Good character of native Christians—High re-

pute of the missionaries — Large results already attained — the

battle with ancient systems — Converts from all classes — Effects of

national education—The elevation of Indian women . . . 131

CHAPTER VIII.

EFFECT OF RBLIGIOCS THOUGHT AMONG INDIAN NATIVES.

{Beprinted from the ' Fortnightly Beview' for January 1883.]

Intellectual and spiritual crisis impending in India—Opportunity thus

offered to Christendom — Men looking retrospectively towards a

golden age — The old-fashioned style of natives — The new style of

educated men — Their national aspirations — Germ of representative

institutions — Muhammadan expectations of an earthly Messiah —

Brahmoism a new religion—Prospect of Christianity in India—Theo-

logical mysticism arising — Jealousy between rival creeds — Ideal of

native existence—Tendency of religious sentiment . . . 166

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